Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Rev. John Cotton

Male 1640 - 1699  (59 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Rev. John Cotton was born on 15 Mar 1640 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts (son of Rev. John Cotton and Sarah Hawkredd); died on 18 Sep 1699 in Charleston, South Carolina.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 22 Mar 1640, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
    • Alternate death: 17 Sep 1699, Charleston, South Carolina

    Notes:

    "John Cotton Jr. (1639–1699) was the second son of one of the most famous clergymen of New England's founding generation. At the age of twenty-two, already the pastor of the church in Wethersfield, Connecticut, he lost his ministry as a result of a sexual scandal. Disgraced and jobless, Cotton moved his family to distant Martha's Vineyard to start anew as a missionary to the Indians. Within a few years, Cotton had managed to rehabilitate his reputation, and he accepted a call to the church in Plymouth. He kept the Plymouth pulpit for nearly thirty years before losing it, once again to scandal and factional church politics. Cotton retired to Cape Cod for a short time before accepting one final call, this time to Charleston, South Carolina, where he died in less than a year of yellow fever." [Descriptive copy for The Correspondence of John Cotton Jr. ed. Sheila McIntyre and Len Travers, 2009.]

    Here's a very interesting interview, about the life and letters of John Cotton, with the two editors in the citation above.

    John married Joanna Rossiter on 7 Nov 1660 in of Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut. Joanna (daughter of Dr. Bray Rossiter and Elizabeth Alsop) was born in Jul 1642; died on 12 Oct 1702 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Rev. Rowland Cotton was born on 27 Dec 1667; died on 22 Mar 1722.
    2. Josiah Cotton was born on 8 Jan 1679 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts; died on 19 Aug 1756 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Rev. John Cotton was born on 4 Dec 1585 in Derby, Derbyshire, England (son of Roland Cotton and Mary Hurlbert); died on 23 Dec 1652 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    From Wikipedia:

    John Cotton (4 December 1585 – 23 December 1652) was a clergyman in England and the American colonies and, by most accounts, the preeminent minister and theologian of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He studied for five years at Trinity College, Cambridge and another nine at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He had already built a reputation as a scholar and outstanding preacher when he accepted the position of minister at Saint Botolph's Church in Boston, Lincolnshire in 1612. As a Puritan, he wanted to do away with the ceremony and vestments associated with the established Anglican Church and preach in a simpler manner. He felt that the English church needed significant reforms, yet he was also adamant about not separating from it; his preference was to change it from within. Many ministers were removed from their pulpits for their Puritan practices, but Cotton thrived at St. Botolph's for nearly 20 years because of supportive aldermen and lenient bishops, as well as his very conciliatory and gentle demeanor. By 1632, however, the Anglican church had greatly increased its pressure on the non-conforming clergy, and Cotton was forced to go into hiding. The following year, he and his wife boarded a ship for New England.

    Cotton was highly sought as a minister in Massachusetts and was quickly installed as the second pastor of the Boston church, sharing the ministry with John Wilson. He generated more religious conversions in his first six months than had been made the previous year. Early in his Boston tenure, he became peripherally involved in the banishment of Roger Williams, who blamed much of his troubles on Cotton. Soon after, Cotton became embroiled in the colony's Antinomian Controversy, when several adherents of his "free grace" theology (most notably Anne Hutchinson) began criticizing other ministers in the colony. He tended to support his adherents through much of that controversy; near its conclusion, however, he realized that many of his followers held theological positions that were well outside the mainstream of Puritan orthodoxy, which he did not condone.

    Following the controversy, Cotton was able to mend fences with his fellow ministers, and he continued to preach in the Boston church until his death. A great part of his effort during his late career was devoted to the governance of the New England churches, and he was the one who gave the name Congregationalism to this form of church polity. A new form of polity was being decided for the Anglican Church in the early 1640s, as the Puritans in England gained power on the eve of the English Civil War, and Cotton wrote numerous letters and books in support of the "New England Way". Ultimately, Presbyterianism was chosen as the form of governance during the Westminster Assembly in 1643, though Cotton continued to engage in a polemic contest with several prominent Presbyterians on this issue.

    Cotton became more conservative with age. He battled the separatist attitude of Roger Williams, and endorsed severe punishment -- including death -- of those whom he deemed heretics, such as Samuel Gorton. He was a scholar, an avid letter writer, and the author of many books, and was considered the "prime mover" among New England's ministers. He died in December 1652 at age 67, following a month-long illness. His grandson Cotton Mather also became a prominent New England minister and historian.

    John married Sarah Hawkredd on 25 Apr 1632 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England. Sarah (daughter of Anthony Hawkredd and Isabel Bonner) was born about 1601; died on 27 May 1676. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Sarah Hawkredd was born about 1601 (daughter of Anthony Hawkredd and Isabel Bonner); died on 27 May 1676.

    Notes:

    The Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire gives her maiden name as Hawkredd. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says it was Hawkridge.

    Robert Charles Anderson's entry on John Cotton in The Great Migration Begins leaves her maiden name blank, but his entry on the Rev. Richard Mather in The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume V, M-P calls her "Sarah (Hawkredd) (Story) (Cotton), daughter of Anthony Hawkredd".

    Children:
    1. Rev. Seaborn Cotton was born on 12 Aug 1633 in At sea; died on 20 Apr 1686 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire.
    2. 1. Rev. John Cotton was born on 15 Mar 1640 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 18 Sep 1699 in Charleston, South Carolina.
    3. Maria Cotton was born on 16 Feb 1642 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Roland Cotton was born in in of Derby, Derbyshire, England; died after 29 Jan 1604.

    Notes:

    A lawyer.

    Roland married Mary Hurlbert on 16 Aug 1582 in Derby, Derbyshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Mary Hurlbert
    Children:
    1. 2. Rev. John Cotton was born on 4 Dec 1585 in Derby, Derbyshire, England; died on 23 Dec 1652 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

  3. 6.  Anthony Hawkredd was born before 3 Aug 1561 (son of William Hawkredd and Cassandra Claymond); died on 28 Apr 1628; was buried on 29 Apr 1628 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 3 Aug 1561, St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

    Anthony married Isabel Bonner on 27 Apr 1595 in Frieston, Lincolnshire, England. Isabel (daughter of Robert Bonner and Mabel Harrison) was born before 12 Feb 1570; died before 22 Jun 1615; was buried on 22 Jun 1615 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Isabel Bonner was born before 12 Feb 1570 (daughter of Robert Bonner and Mabel Harrison); died before 22 Jun 1615; was buried on 22 Jun 1615 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 12 Feb 1570, St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    The second half of John Anderson Brayton's 2007 article (citation details below) says she was buried in Boston on 22 Jun 1614, rather than 1615.

    Children:
    1. 3. Sarah Hawkredd was born about 1601; died on 27 May 1676.


Generation: 4

  1. 12.  William Hawkredd was born before 1520 (son of Thomas Hawkredd and Anne); died before 15 Apr 1575; was buried on 15 Apr 1575 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    He was an alderman of Boston.

    William married Cassandra Claymond before 1560. Cassandra (daughter of John Claymond) was born about 1528 in Frieston, Lincolnshire, England; died before 10 May 1565; was buried on 10 May 1565 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 13.  Cassandra Claymond was born about 1528 in Frieston, Lincolnshire, England (daughter of John Claymond); died before 10 May 1565; was buried on 10 May 1565 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 6. Anthony Hawkredd was born before 3 Aug 1561; died on 28 Apr 1628; was buried on 29 Apr 1628 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

  3. 14.  Robert Bonner died before 14 Feb 1581; was buried on 14 Feb 1581 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Robert married Mabel Harrison about 1569. Mabel died before 5 Nov 1599; was buried on 5 Nov 1599 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 15.  Mabel Harrison died before 5 Nov 1599; was buried on 5 Nov 1599 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 7. Isabel Bonner was born before 12 Feb 1570; died before 22 Jun 1615; was buried on 22 Jun 1615 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.