Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Dr. John McDowell

Male 1750 - 1825  (75 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Dr. John McDowell was born in 1750 in Cecil County, Maryland (son of Rev. Alexander McDowell and Ann Craighead); died on 1 Jan 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Notes:

    From "The McDowell Family", citation details below:

    John was born in Cecil county, Maryland, in 1750; was educated as a physician at the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania. He married Martha Johnston, at New London Cross Roads, Chester County. About the year 1804 he removed to Steubenville, Ohio and died there January 1, 1825. He was an officer and surgeon in the Continental and United States army. In the Revolutionary War he served with distinction and honor; was engaged in the 'Crossing of the Delaware,' the battle of Princeton, Trenton and others. Congress presented him with a sword. He was a close personal friend of Gen. George Washington, and one of the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati. His military record is as follows: First lieutenant and surgeon's mate, Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion, Jan 9, 1776; first lieutenant, no date, and captain Seventh Pennsylvania March 20, 1777; transferred to First Pennsylvania, Jan. 1, 1783, and served to Nov. 3 1783; surgeon United States infantry regiment, Aug. 1, 1784; resigned July 24, 1788.

    He served his State as a member of the Executive Council for three years and was also a member of the Legislature.

    John married Martha Johnston in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania. Martha (daughter of Alexander Johnston and Martha) was born in in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Alexander Johnston McDowell was born in 1788 in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania; died on 6 Dec 1871 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; was buried in Union Cemetery, Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Rev. Alexander McDowell was born in 1721 in Gleno, Raloo, Antrim, Ireland (son of John McDowell); died on 13 Jan 1782; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.

    Notes:

    "John had a son Alexander, who became an eminent Presbyterian clergyman. He was educated in Glasgow, Scotland, and prepared for the ministry at the University of Edinburg, Scotland. He was pastor of Rock congregation in Cecil county, Maryland; principal of the classical academy, afterwards Delaware College, Newark, Delaware." ["The McDowell Family," citation details below.]

    "He was Principal of New London Academy, Pa., 1752. It was removed by him first to Elkton, Md., and then to Newark, Del. Rev. Matthew Wilson was associated with him in 1754, and it was chartered in 1769 by the Proprietary, John Penn. It flourished for many years, and finally formed the basis on which Delaware College was established." [The Craighead Family: A Genealogical Memoir, citation details below.]

    Alexander married Ann Craighead. Ann (daughter of Thomas Craighead and Margaret Brown) was born on 1 Jul 1725 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Ann Craighead was born on 1 Jul 1725 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware (daughter of Thomas Craighead and Margaret Brown); was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.

    Notes:

    Also called Alice Craighead.

    Children:
    1. 1. Dr. John McDowell was born in 1750 in Cecil County, Maryland; died on 1 Jan 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  John McDowell was born in in Ulster, Ireland (son of Ephraim McDowell); died on 14 Dec 1742 in Virginia.

    Notes:

    "Capt. John McDowell was of Scotch descent and born in the Province of Ulster, Ireland. In early manhood he came to America, settling first in Pennsylvania, and then in Virginia. He became one of the surveyors of Benjamin Borden and was killed by the Indians, December 14, 1742, in the first battle between the whites and Indians in the Virginia valley. He left a family of three children. In 1744 Benjamin Borden married his widow. In Lexington, Va., a monument is erected to the memory of the McDowells." ["The McDowell Family," citation details below.]

    Children:
    1. 2. Rev. Alexander McDowell was born in 1721 in Gleno, Raloo, Antrim, Ireland; died on 13 Jan 1782; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.

  2. 6.  Thomas Craighead was born in 1702 in Ireland (son of Rev. Thomas Craighead and Margaret Wallace); died in Aug 1735 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.

    Thomas married Margaret Brown in near Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Margaret (daughter of George Brown and Margaret Macky) was born in 1702 in Ireland; died on 13 Sep 1765; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  3. 7.  Margaret Brown was born in 1702 in Ireland (daughter of George Brown and Margaret Macky); died on 13 Sep 1765; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.
    Children:
    1. 3. Ann Craighead was born on 1 Jul 1725 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Ephraim McDowell

    Notes:

    "Ephraim McDowell sailed from Londonderry, Ireland, on May 9, 1729, in the George and Ann, landed at Philadelphia; settled ?rst in Hunterdon county, New Jersey, then moved to Somerset county, on the Raritan. He is buried in the Leamington churchyard. He had two sons, Ephraim and John, who in 1736, in the John and Margaret, brought settlers to the Borden Tract, Berkeley county, Virginia." ["The McDowell Family," citation details below.]

    Children:
    1. 4. John McDowell was born in in Ulster, Ireland; died on 14 Dec 1742 in Virginia.

  2. 12.  Rev. Thomas Craighead was born about 1670 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland (son of Rev. Robert Craighead and Agnes Heart); died in Apr 1739 in Newville, Cumberland, Pennsyvania.

    Notes:

    One of TWK's eleven "gateway ancestors." He arrived, with his sister Katherine (also an ancestor of TWK), at Boston in October 1714, on the Thomas and Jane out of Londonderry, William Wilson, master.

    M.A., University of Edinburgh, 28 Jul 1691.

    From The Craighead Family, citation details below:

    Thomas was educated in Scotland as a physician, and married the daughter of a Scotch laird. After practicing medicine for a time, he became much depressed in spirits, and his wife inquiring the cause, he informed her that his conscience upbraided him for not preaching the Gospel. She at once assured him, that she would not stand in the way of what he considered his duty. Accordingly, he soon after abandoned the practice of medicine, studied divinity, and was a pastor for several years in Ireland, principally at Donegal. In consequence, however, of the oppressions endured by the Presbyterians of that countiy from the government and from the Established Church, and their past experience giving them but little hope of any permanent relief, large numbers of the people determined to emigrate to America.

    Among these emigrants was Thomas Craighead, who came to New England in 1715, accompanied by Rev. William Homes, who was married to Mr. Craighead's sister Catharine. Mr. Homes settled at Martha's Vineyard, and is buried with his wife, at Chilmark. Their eldest son Robert was a sea-captain, resided in Boston, and married Mary, a sister of Benjamin Franklin.

    The first public mention made of Thomas Craighead in this country is by Cotton Mather, who speaks of him as preaching at Freetown, which was about forty miles south of Boston, and urges the people to do all in their power to have him settle among them. He appears to have been a relative of Mr. Hathaway, of that town, and probably had gone there in the first instance at that gentleman's invitation. Mather writing to a friend entreats the people "to give a demonstration of the wisdom that is from above," by encouraging Mr. Craighead in his work, and says, "That he was a man of an excellent spirit, and a great blessing to the plantation; a man of singular piety, meekness, humility, and industry in the work of God. All that are acquainted with him have a precious esteem of him, and if he should be driven from among you, it would be such a damage, yea, such a ruin, as is not without horror to be thought of."

    The efforts made for his settlement in Freetown were unsuccessful, for we find a notice in President Stiles's papers of his coming "to the Jerseys" in the spring of 1723. Whether he came direct from this town, or preached in other places in New England previous to his removal, we cannot now determine. On page one hundred and ninety-five of the New England Historical Register we have an extract from the diary of Jeremiah Bumstead, which refers to a meeting held in the Old South Church, Boston, June 19th, 1722, at which Mr. Craighead officiated. In the year 1724 (January 28th) he became a member of New Castle Presbytery, which at that period included portions of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, and is spoken of in the minutes as having "lately come from New England." He received a call from White Clay Creek, Delaware, in February of the same year, and accepted it on the condition that he should have the privilege of preaching every third Sabbath at Brandywine. He was installed September 22d, 1724, and continued his ministry with this people for a period of seven years. According to the Records of the Presbyterian Church, 1706-1788, he was Moderator of the Synod in 1726, and was present at the formal adoption of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms, as also of the Explanation of the Adopting Act.

    Mr. Craighead removed to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1733, and September 3d of the same year, united with Donegal Presbytery, when a call was placed in his hands from the Church at Pequea. This he accepted, and was installed pastor October 31st, Rev. Mr. Anderson presiding. The Presbytery in its minutes always speaks of him as "Father Craighead," either out of respect and veneration for his years, or from a special affection for him. That he was respected for his talents and learning, and loved for his genial spirit and piety, there are abundant proofs. He was very active in planting and building up churches in the region. "His preaching was remarkably fervent, and often attended with revivals. His theology was strictly conformed to the Westminster Confession, for which he displayed a special attachment, and which he was the first to subscribe, both in New Castle and Donegal Presbyteries."

    While pastor at Pequea, in the spring of 1736, the session of the Church complained to the Presbytery because Mr. Craighead debarred his wife from the communion table. The matter was fully considered during its next session, and as there were no hopes of settling the difficulty, Presbytery in September judged it expedient to dissolve the pastoral relation. At the same meeting Mr. Craighead was appointed by the Presbytery to supply "the people of the Conodoguinet," by which was meant the congregation whose place of worship was at Meeting House Springs, from one to two miles northwest of Carlisle, in Cumberland County. After fulfilling this appointment, and a subsequent one at Hopewell, he received a call from the latter people, which he desired to accept; but as there were difficulties respecting "the boundaries" between this congregation and that of Pennsborough, action in the case was delayed. He, in the meantime, supplied the church at Hopewell, whose place of meeting was at "the Big Spring," now Newville.

    The same difficulty which had interfered with his usefulness in his last charge followed him to Hopewell, and was again fully considered at two successive meetings of Presbytery. Both Mr. Craighead and his wife appeared before that body. The former finally consented that the session should allow his wife to come to the Lord's table; and the latter stated that "she had nothing to complain of against her husband except this single act, and that he had uniformly treated her with kindness." By this means the trouble was amicably settled--a trouble which probably arose from there being two families in the same house; for the Presbytery, in consenting to withdraw all action in the case, instructed him that "his son John and family must no longer continue to live with him."

    Presbytery declaring itself satisfied with this settlement of the domestic
    difficulty, and the boundary between the congregations of Pennsborough and Hopewell being fixed, the latter renewed their call, which was accepted, Nov. 16th, 1737. The installation was ordered to take place "at some convenient time before the next stated meeting," and occurred October, 1738, his son, Rev. Alexander Craighead, conducting the services on the occasion.

    Mr. Craighead's pastorate at Newville, however, was of only a short duration. He was now far advanced in life, though his earnestness and power remained unabated. A descendant of his (Mr. Thomas Craighead, formerly of Whitehill, Pa.) states, that under his impassioned sermons not infrequently his audience would be melted to tears, and the emotions of his hearers became so intense that they were unwilling to disperse at the proper time. On one of these occasions, near the close of April, 1739, he became exhausted, and hastened to pronounce the benediction; and waving his hand he exclaimed, "Farewell! farewell!" and sank down and expired in the pulpit. His remains are said to have been placed under the corner-stone of the present house of worship at Newville.

    Thomas married Margaret Wallace. Margaret (daughter of Michael Wallace and Barbara Cunningham) was born about 1664; died in 1738 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  3. 13.  Margaret Wallace was born about 1664 (daughter of Michael Wallace and Barbara Cunningham); died in 1738 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.

    Notes:

    From research published in recent years on soc.genealogy.medieval, Margaret Wallace would appear to be a "gateway ancestor" as well.

    Jan Wolfe, post to soc.genealogy.medieval, 4 Oct 2019:

    Ed Craighead obtained digital images of the court documents in the dispute between Thomas Craighead and Margaret Cunningham (see 1693/94 item in the "Chronicle" for Thomas Craighead and Margaret Wallace on my website, http://www-personal.umich.edu/~bobwolfe/gen/mn/m11456x11467.htm). When Ed requested the documents from the National Archives of Scotland, they were found to be in need of restoration and preservation and that work was completed before the images were provided to Ed.

    The information on my website about the parents of Margaret Wallace is from the documents in the Craighead-Cunningham dispute. With these documents, Ed Craighead has positively identified Margaret's father as Michael Wallace of Ramelton/Rathmelton in co. Donegal, Ireland, and her mother as Michael's relict Barbara Cunningham who was age sixty on 22 February 1694 when she made a deposition in the case. Further, the documents indicate that Barbara was the sister of Margaret Cunningham who was the relict of Alexander Lockhart, writer in Edinburgh, one of the under clerks of sessions. The contract of marriage in which Margaret Cunningham had agreed to pay Thomas Craighead double what she gave to any other nephew or niece was signed on June 20, 1688, and registered in 1691. John Wallace, apothecary and burgess in Edinburgh and brother of Margaret Wallace, had received 3000 Merks from Margaret Cunningham, but there was a dispute about whether that payment was a gift to him as her nephew or for another matter. At the time of the court proceedings which started in December 1693, Master Thomas Craighead was an Alchemist in Edinburgh. One of the witnesses in the case was a John Cunningham younger writer to ye majesty's signet.

    "ravinmaven", post to soc.genealogy.medieval, 7 Oct 2019:

    The two documents that make us think John Cunningham and Janet Lockhart [of Dalkeith / Dankeith] are the parents of Margaret and Barbara:

    Repository: National Records of Scotland
    Reference: GD3/1/9/20/8
    Title: Disposition and assignation by Alexander Lockhart in favour of Margaret Cunninghame
    Dates: 17 Apr 1672
    Access status: Open
    Location: Off site
    Description: Disposition and assignation by Alexander Lockhart in favour of Margaret Cunninghame, his spouse, (lawful daughter to unquhile John Cunninghame, procreat between him and unquhile Janet Lockhart) and the heirs to be procreat between them which failing Margaret, her own nearest and lawful heirs and assignees whomsoever of the foresaid lands reserving his own liferent
    Dated at Wrightshouses near the burgh of Edinburgh
    Level: Item
    Previous numbers: GD3/1/3321

    + + + + + + + +

    Repository: National Records of Scotland
    Reference: GD149/149
    Title: Charter de me by John Conyngham, younger of Dankeithe, and Janet Lockhart, his spouse, to Sir William Conynghame of Caprintoune and Isobel Hamilton, his spouse, of the half merk land of Hoilhous in parish of Symontoune and bailiary of Kylstewart
    Dates: 8 Jan 1634
    Access status: Open
    Location: Off site
    Level: File

    Children:
    1. 6. Thomas Craighead was born in 1702 in Ireland; died in Aug 1735 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.

  4. 14.  George Brown

    Notes:

    "George Brown, merchant, near Derry in Ireland." [The Craighead Family, citation details below]

    George married Margaret Macky. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 15.  Margaret Macky (daughter of (Unknown) Macky and Margaret Craighead).

    Notes:

    The 9 Jul 1756 will of Patrick Macky of Hackney in Middlesex, merchant, bequeaths "five hundred pounds Bank Annuitys Second Subscription" to his neice "Margaret Craighead now living in Pensilvania" who he describes as daughter of "my Sister Margaret."

    Children:
    1. 7. Margaret Brown was born in 1702 in Ireland; died on 13 Sep 1765; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.