Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Rev. John Heart

Male 1617 - 1687  (~ 71 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Rev. John Heart was born between 1616 and 1617 in Scotland (son of David Heart and Jean Mowat); died on 8 Jan 1687; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland
    • Alternate death: 8 Jan 1688


    His gravestone at Taughboyne reads:


    (Here lieth the body of Master John Hart of noble descent, a watchful pastor, a devout philosopher, a distinguished divine, who labored for over 30 years preaching Christ with much success in the church of Taughboyne, and after much suffering for Christ's sake at length gave up his ripened spirit to God on 8th January 1687 aged 70 years.)

    Much documentation for the life of the Rev. John Heart/Hart, compiled by Janet Wolfe, can be found here.

    It had long been noted that "David Heart of Rusland, William and Mr. John Heart, his sons" witnessed a charter by Mr. Patrick Grahame of Rothisholm, dated at Kirkwall (in the Orkney islands), 8 Feb 1638. (Calendar of the Laing Charters, citation details below, pp. 529-30.) But then:

    Jan Wolfe, on soc.genealogy.medieval, 9 May 2017:

    Document SC11/5/1644/11, held at the Orkney Archives, is the marriage agreement, dated 21 February 1644, for Margaret Heart, daughter of David Heart and Jean Mowat, and James Grahame. The NAS catalog description is here:

    I recently ordered an image of this document from the Orkney Archives.

    The contract specifies that James Grahame's part of the agreement is to be done by the "advyse of the said Dauid Heart if he sall be on lyff And failyeing of him throw deceas be the advyse of the said [William] Heart his eldest sone and of Mr John Heart Minister his secund sone or ather of thame."

    With this evidence, I think that we can now confidently identify the parents of John Heart as David Heart and Jean Mowat. Jean's mother, Christian Stewart, was a daughter of Earl Robert Stewart of Orkney, and Robert was a son of King James V of Scotland by Euphame Elphinstone.

    John Heart, who received his M.A. at St. Andrews in May, 1637, was ordained at Crail on March 22, 1643.

    Agnes Heart, daughter of John Heart and Agnes Baxter, married Robert Craighead. Their children include colonial immigrants Thomas Craighead, husband of Margaret Wallace, and Katherine Craighead, wife of William Homes. Thomas and William were both Presbyterian ministers. Thomas and Margaret lived in Freetown, Bristol County, Massachusetts, and then in Pennsylvania. Katherine and William lived in Chilmark, Dukes County, Massachusetts (on Martha's Vineyard) where William was the minister from the fall of 1715 until his death in 1746.

    From "Fasti of the Irish Presbyterian Church" (citation details below):

    HART, JOHN: b. Scotland; educ. St. Andrews; M.A. (St. And.) 1637; ord. at Crail, 22 March 1642/3; mar. 1644, Agnes Baxter; res. 1646; inst. Dunino, 30 Dec. 1646; res. 1650; inst. Dunkeld, 1650; joined the Protesters 1651, and was dep. 1652; inst. Hamilton (2nd charge), 23 Jan. 1653. In Oct. 1655, a Commissr. from Taughboyne appeared at the Syn. of Glasgow and Ayr with a call to Mr. Hart. Inst. Taughboyne (Monreagh) 1656. Recd. £150 a year as from 29 Sept. last, from the Protectorate on the petition of the inhabitants and report of Drs. Winter and Harrison, and Mr. Mather as to his piety, etc., and that he had been there near half a year and had a great charge of children (25 March 1656). Dep. for non-conformity, 1661, but continued to minister.

    On a visit to Dublin in the winter of 1662/3 some of those engaged in Blood's Plot applied to Mr. Hart for his concurrence. When examined later as to his complicity he incautiously dropped a word that brought trouble to Mr. Thos. Boyd, M.P. for Bangor. In vindicating himself he said that when the plot was revealed to him he expressed his abhorrence, as Mr. Boyd in Dublin knew. This led to Mr. Boyd's arrest and subsequent expulsion from the House of Commons. Hart seems to have been liberated on bail to appear when called upon. Excommunicated and imprisoned in Lifford, 1664-70, for disobeying a summons, issued by Robt. Leslie, Bp. of Raphoe, to appear before his court. Fined 20 and imprisoned 8 months for his connexion with a Fast (17 Feb. 1681), appointed by Laggan Presby.

    Died 8 Jan. 1687, aged 70; int. at Taughboyne.

    John married Agnes Baxter on 2 Apr 1644 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Agnes (daughter of William Baxter and Catharine Downie) was born before 15 Feb 1619; died before 21 May 1689; was buried on 21 May 1689 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Agnes Heart was born before 17 Dec 1648.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  David Heart was born in in of Rusland, Harray, Orkney, Scotland; died after 8 Mar 1656.


    Much documentation for the life of David Heart/Hart and Jean Mowat, compiled by Janet Wolfe, can be found here.

    David married Jean Mowat before Oct 1615. Jean (daughter of John Mowat and Christian Stewart) died in May 1682. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Jean Mowat (daughter of John Mowat and Christian Stewart); died in May 1682.
    1. 1. Rev. John Heart was born between 1616 and 1617 in Scotland; died on 8 Jan 1687; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

Generation: 3

  1. 6.  John Mowat was born in in of Hugoland in Northmaven, Shetland, Scotland (son of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch); died in Aug 1617.


    From The Biggings, Papa Stour, Shetland (citation details below):

    Andrew's son and heir by Ursula Tulloch, John, was married to Christian Stewart, illegitimate daughter of Earl Robert of Orkney, which is an indication of the status of the Mowats in the islands at this time. After his father's death John took over 'the heritable tacks from gentlemen of Norway', which he must have recovered from Mr. James Pitcairne. So long as John was alive relations between him and his brothers, James Mowat of Ure and Gilbert, minister of Delting, seem to have been peaceable. Mr Gilbert Mowat was however an ambitious and greedy minister of the Church. He succeeded to the living of Northmaven on the death of James Pitcairne, acting as the latter's executor appearing indeed to have been a beneficiary in the latter's will (dated 1611) to the extent of being left 'the silver wark'. A decade or so later he had succeeded in obtaining what may well have been all Andrew and John Mowat's lands in Northmaven, plus the twelve 'lasts' of the lands of Papa Stour (in the parish of Sandness), with the pertinents (in the parish of Northmaven) i.e. 'Papa guids', for the sum of 5262 merks, 8 shillings Scots 'due to him'. Clearly the trouble which had caused Andrew and John to dispone all their rents and duties to James Pitcairne in 1609 had not been resolved and Mr Gilbert was becoming the legal possessor of the Papa lands of the 'lords of Norroway' due to his brother's default.

    The extent of the trouble which racked Northmaven as a result of the enmity between Mr Gilbert and Ninian Neven, supported by James Mowat of Ure, can be read in the full account of the case between them brought before the Privy Council in 1624. Papa Stour was not apparently a matter of contention at that time, but a few years later the central Scottish records reveal evidence of Mr Gilbert's violent activities on the island. Again it was a woman's legal situation which lay behind the attempts by the strong-armed to gain the advantage of disputed rights to the incomes due. In the 1560s it had been over Ursula Tulloch's rights as her father's designated heiress: in 1631 it was over Christian Stewart's rights as the widow of the former holder of the lands, and her attempt to collect life-rent duties from the tenants. The Complaint which she presented in person to the Privy Council in 1634 gives a vivid account of the assaults she had suffered at the hands of Gilbert Mowat and his accomplices as she attempted to collect her rents from the island. and again at her own lands of Ollaberry. Further violence was perpetrated against the tenants of the 'Papa guids' lands which probably means those in Northmaven in an attempt to get possession of the 'dewteis and maills thairof'. It is very interesting to note that Christian and her brother-in-law James Mowat of Ure attempted to get information about these events to Norway and wrote letters to 'some burgomaisters in Norway to advertise the heretours of the said lands of Papa there of the said Mr Gilbert his cariage aganis the said Christiane'. However Mr Gilbert heard of this and managed to get one of his supporters who was travelling in the same ship to steal the letters from the pouch of her messenger when he was sleeping and bring them back to him. The residual rights of the 'lords of Norroway* were simply ignored by Mr Gilbert and his son James who, as stated in a document written later in the 1630s, 'have intruded themselves in the lands called Papastoure and sindrie uther lands pertaining to the Lords of Norroway and keipis themselves in possesion thairof be bangsterie (violence) and oppression'. This document was written by an opposing Sinclair faction but the evidence already discussed would suggest that it is not exaggerating the extent of the Mowats' aggressive tactics: it moreover claims that they tried to eject the udallers from their lands 'upon the pretext that ther ryghts ar not conforme to the lawes of Scotland' and yet attempted themselves to protect their possession of lands by udal law and custom. Evidence about Mr Gilbert's behaviour as a 'cruell oppressour' who made 'unjust purchase of poore men's lands' had been fully publicised in the case before the Privy Council in 1624. So when Christian Stewart complained to the Privy Council in 1634 that her brother-in-law had rewarded her husband's kindness towards him with 'manie unnaturall and un dewtifull outrages, intolerable in a person of his profession' her statement would have occasioned no surprise.

    John married Christian Stewart. Christian (daughter of Robert Stewart and (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart)) died after 1634. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 7.  Christian Stewart (daughter of Robert Stewart and (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart)); died after 1634.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft Nov 1633


    For an account of the complaint she presented to the Privy Council in 1634, see the entry for her husband John Mowat.

    1. 3. Jean Mowat died in May 1682.

Generation: 4

  1. 12.  Andrew Mowat was born in in of Hugoland in Northmaven, Shetland, Scotland; died in 1609.


    From The Biggings, Papa Stour, Shetland (citation details below):

    [I]n the period after the death of Fru Inger (1555) [...] there was probably some uncertainty among the five heiresses and their husbands as to continuation of previous administrative arrangements. Certainly there is some evidence that Robert Cheyne, who later had a lease of 'Vaila and Vaila guids', had come to an agreement with the Norwegian proprietors over the Papa property, on which he acted to eject Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch from the island and overturn their right to assume continued control of the income of 'Papa and Papaguids'. The evidence for this comes from letters written by Queen Mary to Jens Split as the chief proprietor (proprietario primario) and to the Norwegian authorities on behalf of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch in September 1566. These refer both to Ursula and Andrew's rights of possession (per te et heredes tuos ex veteris locationis prescripto) and to Robert Cheyne's negotiations, which had enabled him to eject Ursula and Andrew with the proprietors' sanction (titulo vestro) The documents make it clear (in a very tortuous Latin) that there had been attempts to turn people off their lands, causing a very inflamed situation in the island, and it is requested that the accustomed renders (mercede solita) be retained and that the farmers should not have to pay any increase in the annual rent (annue mercede).

    Queen Mary's letters must have had the desired effect, for a few years later Ursula and Andrew acquired the necessary confirmation of their rights in the lands of 'Papa and Papaguids' from the four proprietors, some of whom by this date were grandsons of Fru Inger. The confirmations were granted at different times between 1570 and 1576 by the four different proprietors at their properties in Norway, and one imagines Andrew Mowat travelling round these various places in order to persuade the heirs of Fru Inger separately to grant him and his wife the right to hold the different parcels of land, on payment of 'certane yearly maill and dewitie'. These arrangements were then confirmed in the Scottish courts 'as they had been in James V's time', and a grant was also acquired under the Great Seal in the same year ensuring the Mowats' firm legal right of the lands of 'Papa and Papa guids' according to Scottish law. There are records of other disputes over the lands of the 'lords of Norroway', and it is remarkable how the Scottish crown acted to ensure that peace was maintained in circumstances where the owners of these estates were subjects of another king.

    One of the privileges granted to Andrew Mowat in 1577 was the right to 'build a house and fortress upon the said lands of Papa' and there is no doubt that the Mowats did at some time build themselves a residence at Northouse: Hibbert in the early 19th century describes the gateway of an old mansion of the Mowats and their coat of arms which could still be seen there. But the Mowats do not appear to have taken up residence at Northouse in the 16th century, or indeed in the first half of the seventeenth. Andrew Mowat himself was drawn into the Norwegian social scene (perhaps through his relationship with the 'lords of Norroway'), acquiring lands in Hardanger and making two Norwegian marriages. The first was to a daughter of Axel Gyntersberg of Mel in Kvinnherad and the second to Elsie Trondsdatter Rustung, daughter of Admiral Christopher Rustung--thus founding the powerful family which eventually established the Rosendal barony. In the 1590s Andrew appears to be residing at Gjersvik, his wife's estate in west Norway, and his place of residence in Shetland was usually Ollaberry, Northmaven, and never in Papa Stour as far as the documents reveal.

    The number and variety of documents which have survived show the wide range of administrative and economic activities which Andrew Mowat was involved in (in Norway and Shetland) right up to 1609, when he must have been a good age. In 1591 he claimed that the king of Denmark, whom he calls his 'soverain lord', had written letters to Elizabeth I of England on his behalf because of piratical attacks on his ships and his house at Ollaberry. In 1609 he and his son and heir, John, drew up a contract with Mr James Pitcairne, the minister of Northmaven, in which they disponed to the minister all the rents and duties of their lands in Shetland 'togidder with the lordis of Norways landis presentlie in thair possession' for him to redeem and recover certain lands which were wadset and apparently in danger of not being recovered. A certain income ('landsettertoun') from Papa Stour, as well as 'the fishings in Veaskerie', were omitted from this and kept by Andrew. It is notable that the requirement for the paying of the debts and dues to the 'lords of Norroway' was stipulated as having to take priority.

    Andrew married Ursula Tulloch before 15 Oct 1558. Ursula (daughter of William Tulloch and Barbara Thomasdochter) died between 1577 and 1587. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 13.  Ursula Tulloch (daughter of William Tulloch and Barbara Thomasdochter); died between 1577 and 1587.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Abt 1587


    "On William [Tulloch's] death prior to 1558 his daughter Essila/Ursula (probably ON Auslag) was his heiress and there seems to have been an agreement that the lease [to the lands of 'Papa and Papaguids'] would pass to her and her husband, Andrew Mowat of Hugoland in Northmaven...Andrew was appointed 'tutor and gyder' to William's son John, Ursula's brother, in 1558 which indicates that he was too young to take on the lease." [The Biggings, Papa Stour, Shetland, citation details below]

    1. 6. John Mowat was born in in of Hugoland in Northmaven, Shetland, Scotland; died in Aug 1617.

  3. 14.  Robert Stewart was born about 1533 (son of James V, King of Scots and Euphemia Elphinstone); died on 4 Feb 1593.


    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Robert married (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 15.  (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart)
    1. 7. Christian Stewart died after 1634.