Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Humphrey de Bohun

Male Bef 1144 - 1181  (> 37 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Humphrey de Bohun was born before 1144 in of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Hereford); died in 1181; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1182

    Notes:

    Earl of Hereford. Hereditary Constable of England.

    "Humphrey (III) de Bohun [...] distinguished himself on the king's side in the war of 1173–4. He was in the royal army at Breteuil in August 1173, and with the justiciar Richard de Lucy later sacked Berwick and led troops into Lothian against William the Lion, king of Scots, before having to return south to deal with rebellion in England. In October 1173 he featured prominently in the defeat and capture of the earl of Leicester and others at Fornham near Bury St Edmunds. He witnessed the treaty of Falaise between Henry II and the king of Scots at the close of 1174. Through his marriage, which took place between February 1171 and Easter 1175, to Margaret (d. 1201), daughter of Henry of Scotland, earl of Northumberland (d. 1152), and widow of Conan (IV), duke of Brittany (d. 1171), he became brother-in-law to the king of Scots. He died while a member of the army led into France towards the end of 1181 by Henry II's sons to assist Philippe II against the count of Flanders, and was buried at Llanthony (Secunda) Priory, Gloucestershire." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Humphrey married Margaret of Huntingdon between 29 Sep 1172 and 1 Jan 1175. Margaret (daughter of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne) was born about 1145; died in 1201; was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Henry de Bohun was born about 1175 in of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England; died on 1 Jun 1220 in Palestine; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Humphrey de Bohun was born before 1114 in of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (son of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud of Salisbury); died before 29 Sep 1165.

    Notes:

    "In 1130 Humphrey (II) de Bohun still owed relief for his father's land, plus 400 marks for the purchase of a royal stewardship. As steward he witnessed charters of Henry I towards the end of his reign, and also King Stephen's Oxford charter of liberties in 1136. However, he deserted to the Empress Matilda on her arrival in England in 1139 and successfully defended his castle at Trowbridge against the king. In 1144 he received from the empress confirmation of his lands and of his 'stewardship in England and Normandy', with a grant of other estates. He was loyal to the Angevins in the civil war, witnessing as steward both for the empress in the 1140s and for Henry II, before and after his accession as king, between 1153 and 1157. However, during the year 1158 he was deprived of former royal demesne which he was holding in Wiltshire. None of the royal charters he attested can with certainty be dated to 1158 or later, and it may be that he fell out of the king's favour. On the other hand he was present at the promulgation of the constitutions of Clarendon in January 1164. He was dead by Michaelmas 1165, when his son Humphrey (III) de Bohun owed 300 marks as relief." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Humphrey married Margaret of Hereford. Margaret (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché) died before 29 Sep 1197; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Margaret of Hereford (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché); died before 29 Sep 1197; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef Oct 1198

    Notes:

    Also called Margery; Margaret of Gloucester; Margaret de Bohun.

    "At the time that she became an heiress Margaret was recently widowed and in her forties. She outlived her husband by thirty years or more, never remarrying, and during her lengthy widowhood proved herself an ambitious matriarch, a conscientious donor to the church (clauses in some of her charters suggest that she had a keen and vigorous religious faith), a tough legal adversary, and a striking figure in the history of her family. Not only do certain statements in her charters articulate an intimate concern for the spiritual wellbeing of her immediate family, but Margaret was evidently also determined to see the Gloucester family's material interest, their extensive lands and honours, united in her own descendants. By 1173, if not earlier, her son and heir Humphrey had succeeded to the royal constableship first granted to her grandfather about 1114. After her son's death in 1181, Margaret took custody of her grandson Henry de Bohun and his lands, and shortly after her own death Henry was made earl of Hereford and constable of England by King John. In widowhood Margaret was also actively involved in the religious affairs of her family and, like many long-lived women of the medieval period, appears to have taken her commemorative, spiritual duties seriously--a concern perhaps enhanced by the deaths of a great number of her closest kin during her lifetime. She appears as grantor, confirmer, or witness on no less than thirty-three of her family's charters, most of them issued to her father's Augustinian foundation of Llanthony Secunda, just outside Gloucester, the mausoleum of her natal family and ultimately her own final resting place. Her charters to the Llanthony canons speak of an anxiety to make good on the unfulfilled eleemosynary promises of her brothers and to rescue their souls from the danger of hell (a periculo Inferni). She was also an occasional benefactor to Gloucester Abbey and to Monkton Farleigh Priory in Wiltshire, to which her late husband had been a donor, and on at least one occasion she confirmed the religious gifts of her Gloucestershire tenants. Seigneurial obligations in widowhood also compelled her to issue a series of grants to individuals within the purview of her lordship and connection." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Children:
    1. 1. Humphrey de Bohun was born before 1144 in of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England; died in 1181; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Humphrey de Bohun was born in in of Bishopstrowe, Wiltshire, England (son of Humphrey de Bohun); died about 1129.

    Humphrey married Maud of Salisbury. Maud (daughter of Edward of Salisbury) died in 1146. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Maud of Salisbury (daughter of Edward of Salisbury); died in 1146.
    Children:
    1. 2. Humphrey de Bohun was born before 1114 in of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England; died before 29 Sep 1165.

  3. 6.  Miles of Gloucester was born about 1100 (son of Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres); died on 24 Dec 1143; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Constable and hereditary sheriff of Gloucester. Constable of the Court to the Empress Maud. Created Earl of Hereford 25 Jul 1141. Killed in a hunting accident.

    Also called Milo; Miles Fitz Walter.

    Miles married Sibyl de Neufmarché in 1121. Sibyl (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern) was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Sibyl de Neufmarché was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern); was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. 3. Margaret of Hereford died before 29 Sep 1197; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    2. Bertha of Hereford was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales.
    3. Lucy of Hereford died after 1219; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Humphrey de Bohun was born about 1020; died between 1080 and 1093.

    Notes:

    "HUMPHREY DE BOHUN [nicknamed 'with the beard'], came to England with William the Conqueror. He married three times, but the names of his wives are unknown. By his various marriages, he had three sons, Robert, Richard [de Meri], and Humphrey, and two daughters, including Adele." [Royal Ancestry]

    Children:
    1. Adele de Bohun
    2. 4. Humphrey de Bohun was born in in of Bishopstrowe, Wiltshire, England; died about 1129.

  2. 10.  Edward of Salisbury was born before 1060 in of Chitterne, Warminster, Wiltshire, England; died after 1086.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 9 Sep 1087
    • Alternate death: 1130

    Notes:

    Also called Edward the Sheriff. Sheriff of Wiltshire, possibly as early as Feb 1081. Tenant-in-chief of 33 English manors.

    Children:
    1. 5. Maud of Salisbury died in 1146.
    2. Walter of Salisbury was born in in of Chitterne, Warminster, Wiltshire, England; died after 1142; was buried in Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire, England.

  3. 12.  Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres (son of Roger de Pîtres); died about 1126 in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Walter of Gloucester. In Domesday as a tenant-in-chief. Hereditary sheriff, and probably constable, of Gloucestershire.

    Children:
    1. Maud of Gloucester
    2. 6. Miles of Gloucester was born about 1100; died on 24 Dec 1143; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

  4. 14.  Bernard de Neufmarché was born in in of Neuf-Marche, Normandy, France (son of Geoffrey de Neufmarché and Ada de Hugleville); died in 1093.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1121 and 1125

    Notes:

    Lord of Brecon, according to CP, which cites Round, Ancient Charters, no. 6. Henry James Young (citation details below) calls him "lord of Brecknock."

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    He was in England by 1086-7, witnessing William's 'foundation charter' to Battle Abbey. He does not appear in Domesday Book. Between 1086 and 1088 he was granted lands in Herefordshire (including Burghill, Brinsop, and Much Cowarne) by either William I or William II. At about the same time, Bernard married Nest (also known as Agnes), daughter and heir of the Herefordshire lord Osbern fitz Richard, and granddaughter of the north Welsh king Gruffudd ap Llywelyn. [...]

    In 1088, Bernard de Neufmarché participated in the rebellion against William II, joining the force which attacked Worcester. He may have been drawn into the rebellion by his father-in-law, and was apparently not punished for his actions. Also in 1088, he seems to have embarked upon his conquest of the minor Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog, for late in 1088 he made a grant of Glasbury in Brycheiniog, together with Much Cowarne church, to St Peter's, Gloucester. This may have been a 'first fruits' offering. By 1093, Bernard was probably in possession of the Welsh capital of Brycheiniog, Talgarth, and in that year, the south Welsh king Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed near Aberhonddu by the Norman invaders of Brycheiniog. His death cleared the way for Bernard to annex the whole region, establishing himself and his feudal vassals in new castles and fiefs there.

    Bernard married Nest ferch Osbern between 1086 and 1088. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 15.  Nest ferch Osbern (daughter of Osbern fitz Richard and Nest ferch Gruffydd).

    Notes:

    Also called Agnes.

    Children:
    1. 7. Sibyl de Neufmarché was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.