Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys

Male - 1201


Generations:      Standard    |    Vertical    |    Compact    |    Box    |    Text    |    Ahnentafel    |    Fan Chart    |    Media    |    PDF

Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys (son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, King of Deheubarth and Gwenllian ferch Madog); died on 25 Jul 1201 in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.

    Family/Spouse: Matilda de Briouze. Matilda (daughter of William de Briouze and Maud de St. Valéry) died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Owain ap Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys died on 18 Jan 1236 in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Rhys ap Gruffydd, King of Deheubarth was born about 1132 (son of Gruffydd ap Rhys and Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd); died on 24 Apr 1197; was buried in St Davids Cathedral, St. Davids, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Apr 1197

    Notes:

    Also called Ys Arglwydd Rhys, "The Lord Rhys."

    Rhys married Gwenllian ferch Madog. Gwenllian (daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog and (Unknown wife or mistress of Madog ap Maredudd)) died in 1160. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Gwenllian ferch Madog (daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog and (Unknown wife or mistress of Madog ap Maredudd)); died in 1160.

    Notes:

    Also called Gwenllian ferch Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ap Gwerystan ap Gwaithfoed ap Gwynnan ap Gwynnog Farfsych ap Lles Llawdeog ap Ceido ap Corf ap Caenog ap Tegonwy ap Teon ap Gwineu Deufreuddwyd ap Bywyr Lew ap Bywdeg ap Rhun Rhudd Baladr ap Llary ap Casnar Wledig.

    Children:
    1. Gwenllian ferch Yr Arglwydd Rhys died in 1236.
    2. 1. Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys died on 25 Jul 1201 in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Gruffydd ap Rhys was born about 1090 (son of Rhys ap Tewdyr, King of Deheubarth and (Unknown wife of Rhys ap Tewdyr)); died in 1137.

    Notes:

    He was definitely a son of Rhys ap Tewdyr. He may or may not have been a son of Rhys's first wife, Gwladus verch Rhiwallon.

    Gruffydd married Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd. Gwenllian (daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan ab Iago, King of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain) died in 1136. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd (daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan ab Iago, King of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain); died in 1136.

    Notes:

    "At the opening of the great Welsh uprising in 1136, she led an attack on the Norman fortress of Kidwelly, in her husband's absence, and was killed fighting outside the town, at a spot still known as Maes Gwenllian." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below]

    Children:
    1. 2. Rhys ap Gruffydd, King of Deheubarth was born about 1132; died on 24 Apr 1197; was buried in St Davids Cathedral, St. Davids, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

  3. 6.  Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog (son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and Hunydd ferch Einudd); died in 1160 in Winchester, Hampshire, England; was buried in St. Tysilio, Meifod, Powys, Wales.

    Madog married (Unknown wife or mistress of Madog ap Maredudd). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  (Unknown wife or mistress of Madog ap Maredudd)
    Children:
    1. 3. Gwenllian ferch Madog died in 1160.
    2. Owain Brogyntyn ap Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, King of Powys
    3. Margred ferch Madog


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Rhys ap Tewdyr, King of Deheubarth (son of Tewdwr Mawr ap Cadell ab Einion ab Owain); died in Apr 1093 in Brycheiniog, Wales.

    Notes:

    From the Dictionary of Welsh Biography:

    RHYS ap TEWDWR (d. 1093), king of Deheubarth; grandson of Cadell ab Einion ab Owain ap Hywel Dda. In 1075 he took possession of Deheubarth on the death of his second-cousin, Rhys ab Owain ab Edwin. In 1081 he was dislodged by Caradog ap Gruffydd , but later in the year, with the help of Gruffudd ap Cynan, he was firmly reinstated after the historic battle of Mynydd Carn. In the same year William the Conqueror made a demonstration of power in South Wales, traversing the land as far as S. Davids; it is reasonably certain that during the visit the two kings came to an agreement as to their future good relations, which lasted to the end of William's reign. A few years later it is recorded that Rhys is paying the king £40 a year for Deheubarth, thereby becoming a vassal of the Norman Crown and establishing a precedent with lasting consequences on Anglo-Welsh relations.

    Henceforth, with the exception of the closing tragedy of his career, Rhys had only to contend with the jealousies of his fellow princes. In 1088 he was attacked by the young rulers of Powys and was obliged to seek refuge in Ireland, but he soon returned and, with Danish help, decisively defeated his opponents (see Madog, Rhiryd, and Cadwgan ap Bleddyn). Again in 1091 he was opposed by a group of his own vassals in Dyfed, who sought to restore the kingship to the senior line of Hywel Dda in the person of Gruffydd ap Maredudd ab Owain. At Llandudoch (S. Dogmaels) on the Teifi the rebels were defeated and Gruffydd killed. Meanwhile the Norman conquest of the south had gathered a new momentum after William's death in 1087, and among the territories then being over-run was the old kingdom of Brycheiniog. It was while resisting the Norman advance in this all-important approach to his own dominions that Rhys was killed in uncertain circumstances near Aberhonddu (Brecon).

    He was virtually the last of the ancient kings of Deheubarth, and it was in a different political setting that the power of the dynasty was eventually revived by his grandson -- Rhys ap Gruffydd. He m. Gwladus, daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn. He was survived by two sons, Gruffydd ap Rhys and Hywel, and by a daughter, Nest.

    Rhys married (Unknown wife of Rhys ap Tewdyr). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  (Unknown wife of Rhys ap Tewdyr)
    Children:
    1. 4. Gruffydd ap Rhys was born about 1090; died in 1137.

  3. 10.  Gruffydd ap Cynan ab Iago, King of Gwynedd was born about 1055 (son of Cynan ab Iago and Radnailt of Dublin); died in 1137.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1139

    Notes:

    "It was part of the traditional lore of the Welsh bards that Gruffudd ap Cynan had made certain regulations to govern their craft, and his name was used to give authority to the 'statute' drawn up in connection with the Caerwys eisteddfod of 1523. There is nothing to substantiate this tradition, but it is not unreasonable to suggest that Gruffudd may have brought bards and musicians with him from Ireland and that these may have had some influence on the craft of poetry and music in Wales. He may also have made some formal changes in the bardic organization. It is clear that a genuine and persistent tradition to this effect existed in the 16th century. It is perhaps worth noting that the History mentions the death in battle of Gellan, Gruffudd's harpist, in 1094." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below.]

    Gruffydd married Angharad ferch Owain about 1095. Angharad (daughter of Owain ab Edwin) died in 1162. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Angharad ferch Owain (daughter of Owain ab Edwin); died in 1162.

    Notes:

    Also called Angharad of Tegaingl.

    Children:
    1. Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd died in 1169; was buried in Bangor Cathedral, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.
    2. Susanna ferch Gruffydd ap Cynan
    3. 5. Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd died in 1136.
    4. Cadwaladr ap Gruffudd ap Cynan, King in Wales died in 1172; was buried in Bangor Cathedral, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.

  5. 12.  Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn was born in in of Powys, Wales (son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Gwynedd & Powys and Haer ferch Cillin); died in 1132.

    Maredudd married Hunydd ferch Einudd. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Hunydd ferch Einudd (daughter of Einudd ap Morien ap Morgeneu ab Elystan ap Gwaithfoed).
    Children:
    1. 6. Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog died in 1160 in Winchester, Hampshire, England; was buried in St. Tysilio, Meifod, Powys, Wales.
    2. Gruffudd ap Maredudd