Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Matilda de Briouze

Female - 1210


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Matilda de Briouze (daughter of William de Briouze and Maud de St. Valéry); died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.

    Family/Spouse: Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys. Gruffudd (son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, King of Deheubarth and Gwenllian ferch Madog) died on 25 Jul 1201 in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Owain ap Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys died on 18 Jan 1236 in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France (son of William de Briouze and Bertha of Hereford); died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Bramber, Sussex, England
    • Alternate death: Sep 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France

    Notes:

    "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    "He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).]

    William married Maud de St. Valéry. Maud (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda) was born about 1150; died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Maud de St. Valéry was born about 1150 (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda); died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1210, Corfe Castle, Dorset, England

    Notes:

    Also called Maud de Braose; Moll Wallbee; Lady of La Haie.

    From Wikipedia:

    "In 1208, William de Braose quarrelled with his friend and patron King John. The reason is not known but it is alleged that Maud made indiscreet comments regarding the murder of King John's nephew Arthur of Brittany. There was also a large sum of money (five thousand marks) de Braose owed the King. Whatever the reason, John demanded Maud's son William be sent to him as a hostage for her husband's loyalty. Maud refused, and stated loudly within earshot of the King's officers that 'she would not deliver her children to a king who had murdered his own nephew.' The King quickly led troops to the Welsh border and seized all of the castles that belonged to William de Braose. Maud and her eldest son William fled to Ireland, where they found refuge at Trim Castle with the de Lacys, the family of her daughter Margaret. In 1210, King John sent an expedition to Ireland. Maud and her son escaped but were apprehended in Galloway by Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick. After being briefly held at Carrickfergus Castle, they were dispatched to England.

    "Maud and her son William were first imprisoned at Windsor Castle, but were shortly afterwards transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset where they were placed inside the dungeon. Maud and William both starved to death. [...]

    "Maud de Braose features in many Welsh legends. There is one which says that Maud built the castle of Hay-on-Wye single-handed in one night, carrying the stones in her apron. She was also said to have been extremely tall and often donned armour while leading troops into battle."

    Children:
    1. William de Briouze died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. Reynold de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died between 1227 and 1228.
    3. Bertha de Briouze
    4. 1. Matilda de Briouze died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.
    5. Margaret de Briouze was born about 1181; died after 25 Jun 1245.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  William de Briouze was born about 1100 in of Bramber, Sussex, England (son of Philip de Briouze and Aenor de Totnes); died about 1180.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1179
    • Alternate death: Abt 1192
    • Alternate death: Abt 1193

    Notes:

    Sheriff of Hereford, 8 Apr 1173-75.

    "Briouze-Saint-Gervais (formerly Braiose), arrond. of Argentan, dept. of Orne. His descendants spelt the name Brewes. In some 25 early references to this name, not in charter latin, it appears as Breouse, Breuse, or Brewys (the last of which still exists as a surname), but never as Braose, the form adopted in peerages, for which it seems doubtful if there be any good authority." [Complete Peerage I:21, note (e).]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze in Normandy, and of Bramber, Sussex, s. and h. of Philip de B., of the same, by Aenor, da. and h. of Juhel son of Alvred, Lord of Barnstaple and Totnes. He m., in or before 1150, Bertha, 2nd sister and coh. of William of Hereford abovenamed, being da. of Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Gloucester. Sheriff of Hereford, Easter 1173-1175, at which earlier date probably he already possessed the Lordship of Over Gwent. He was living in 1179." [Complete Peerage I:21-22, as corrected in volume XIV.]

    Chris Phillips' Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage notes that Miles was earl of Hereford, not of Gloucester.

    William married Bertha of Hereford about 1150. Bertha (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché) was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Bertha of Hereford was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché).

    Notes:

    The first heir to Miles of Gloucester as was his son Roger of Hereford, king's constable, who died as a monk in 1155

    His brother Walter of Hereford, king's constable, died 1157-59.

    His brother Henry of Hereford, king's constable, died 1159-63, slain on an Easter eve by Seisyll ap Dyvnwal at Castle Arnold near Abergavenny.

    His brother Mahel of Hereford, king's constable, died sometime after Jan 1164.

    His brother William of Hereford, king's constable, died before 1166, mortally hurt by a stone dropped from Bronllys Tower, co. Brecon.

    Which is how the honor of Abergavenny passed to their sister Bertha and to her husband William de Briouze.

    Children:
    1. 2. William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France; died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.

  3. 6.  Bernard de St. Valéry was born in in of Hinton Waldrist, Berkshire, England (son of Reginald de St. Valéry); died in 1190.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Isleworth, Middlesex, England
    • Alternate birth: of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England
    • Alternate death: Abt 1191

    Bernard married Matilda. Matilda died about 1151. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Matilda died about 1151.
    Children:
    1. 3. Maud de St. Valéry was born about 1150; died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Philip de Briouze was born before 1066 (son of William I de Briouze); died between 1131 and 1139.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1070
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1075

    Philip married Aenor de Totnes. Aenor (daughter of Juhel de Totnes) was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Aenor de Totnes was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England (daughter of Juhel de Totnes).

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1084, Barnstaple, Devon, England

    Children:
    1. 4. William de Briouze was born about 1100 in of Bramber, Sussex, England; died about 1180.

  3. 10.  Miles of Gloucester was born about 1100 (son of Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres); died on 24 Dec 1143; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Constable and hereditary sheriff of Gloucester. Constable of the Court to the Empress Maud. Created Earl of Hereford 25 Jul 1141. Killed in a hunting accident.

    Also called Milo; Miles Fitz Walter.

    Miles married Sibyl de Neufmarché in 1121. Sibyl (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern) was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Sibyl de Neufmarché was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern); was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. Margaret of Hereford died before 29 Sep 1197; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    2. 5. Bertha of Hereford was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales.
    3. Lucy of Hereford died after 1219; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

  5. 12.  Reginald de St. Valéry was born in in of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England (son of Bernard de St. Valéry); died after 1147.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1164

    Notes:

    Also called Rainald, etc. "He became seneschal of Normandy ('dapifer Normannie') under Geoffrey, duc de Bretagne, son of Henry II, king of England. Renaud went on Crusade, and in 1158 fought at the siege of Caesarea. Baudouin III, king of Jerusalem, gave him custody of the castle of Harenc. Renaud II died in 1166. He was succeeded by his son Bernard IV." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.]

    Children:
    1. 6. Bernard de St. Valéry was born in in of Hinton Waldrist, Berkshire, England; died in 1190.