Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Israel Wilcox

Male 1656 - 1689  (33 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Israel Wilcox was born on 19 Jun 1656 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut (son of John Wilcox, Jr. and Katherine Stoughton); died on 20 Dec 1689 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut.

    Israel married Sarah Savage on 28 Mar 1678 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut. Sarah (daughter of John Savage and Elizabeth Dublin) was born on 30 Jul 1657 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut; died on 8 Feb 1724 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Samuel Wilcox was born on 26 Sep 1685 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut; died on 19 Jan 1728 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut; was buried in Old Burying Ground, Cromwell, Middlesex, Connecticut.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  John Wilcox, Jr. was born about 1620 in England (son of John Wilcox and Mary); died on 24 May 1676 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut.

    John married Katherine Stoughton on 18 Jan 1650 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut. Katherine (daughter of Thomas Stoughton and Elizabeth Tompson) was born before 12 May 1622; died about 1660. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Katherine Stoughton was born before 12 May 1622 (daughter of Thomas Stoughton and Elizabeth Tompson); died about 1660.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 12 May 1622, Great Coggeshall, Essex, England

    1. 1. Israel Wilcox was born on 19 Jun 1656 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut; died on 20 Dec 1689 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut.
    2. Samuel Wilcox was born on 9 Nov 1658 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut; died on 16 Mar 1714 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  John Wilcox was born in in England; died on 1 Oct 1651 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut.


    Also called Wilcock, Wilcocks. In Hartford by 1639. He was a "payle-maker" and appears to have made a decent living at it, enough to provide for two apprentices, a boy and a girl. His name (as "John Wilcock") is on the Founders Monument in downtown Hartford.

    John married Mary. Mary died in Dec 1668 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 5.  Mary died in Dec 1668 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut.
    1. Sarah Wilcox was born about 1618; died before 15 Jan 1690; was buried on 15 Jan 1690 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut.
    2. 2. John Wilcox, Jr. was born about 1620 in England; died on 24 May 1676 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut.

  3. 6.  Thomas Stoughton was born before 9 Jul 1588 (son of Rev. Thomas Stoughton and Katherine); died on 25 Mar 1661 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 9 Jul 1588, Naughton, Suffolk, England


    A probable "gateway ancestor" of AP, depending on whether the mother of his great-great grandmother Joan Roberts (~1484-1548) was in fact Isabel Culpepper (d. 1491), as seems circumstantially likely.

    In about 1624 he and his wife moved to Aller, Somerset, very likely because of his brother John's appointment as vicar at Aller that year. According to Robert Charles Anderson in Puritans and Pedigrees (citation details below), "During his years at Aller, Thomas Stoughton would have become acquainted with the network of West Country puritan ministers with whom John Stoughton was associated, including Rev. John White of Dorchester, Dorset, the instigator and organizer of much of the migration from the West Country to New England in the 1620s and 1630s. This would explain why Thomas Stoughton, presumably accompanied by his three surviving children — Sarah, Katherine, and Thomas — appeared at Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1630, having almost certainly been passengers on the Mary & John. The Stoughton-Cudworth connection explains how an East Anglian family migrated to New England on a ship carrying mostly West Country families from a West Country port."

    Along with the rest of the Mary & John contigent, he was a founder of Dorchester, Massachusetts. From Puritans and Pedigrees again: "As the population density began to increase in the original Massachusetts Bay towns, pressure grew to remove to hospitable inland locations. In 1635 and 1636 many of the West Country immigrants went west to settle the town of Windsor on the Connecticut River. Thomas Stoughton joined that migration…Thomas Stoughton remained in Windsor for the remainder of his life…He was frequently addressed by the honorific 'Mr.' and served as Deputy from Windsor to the Connecticut General Court on several occasions from 1639 to 1648."

    He spent his final years, over a decade, excommunicate, having stubbornly taken the position that the Sabbath began on Sunday morning rather than, as the consensus of other Puritan divines coalesced upon, Saturday evening. In 1648, the last year in which he was a deputy to the Connecticut General court, he signed a letter "Thomas Stoughton, son & heir of Thomas Stoughton deceased suffering," thus (as Robert Charles Anderson has pointed out) explicitly connecting his punishment of 1648 to his father's deprivation of 1606. "Thomas Stoughton definitely proved himself to be his father's son, stubbornly refusing for more than a decade to budge on what was in his case a quite narrow point of ecclesiastical practice."

    He was not baptized in Naughton on 23 Jan 1593 as reported in volume 3 of Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Begins (page 1778). Wrote Anderson in 2020 in Puritans and Pedigrees (again, citation details below): "The Naughton, Suffolk parish register, which for the years in question is a parchment copy of an earlier paper register has Thomas Sloughe [sic] baptized in 1588 and Thomas Stoughton baptized in 1593. The Archdeacon's Transcripts, which are contemporaneous copies and are better evidence, have Thomas baptized in 1588 and John baptized in 1593, which is in better agreement with later records for these men. My thanks to Randy West for sorting this out."

    Thomas married Elizabeth Tompson on 5 May 1612 in Great Totham, Essex, England. Elizabeth died before 29 Dec 1627; was buried on 29 Dec 1627 in Aller, Somersetshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 7.  Elizabeth Tompson died before 29 Dec 1627; was buried on 29 Dec 1627 in Aller, Somersetshire, England.
    1. 3. Katherine Stoughton was born before 12 May 1622; died about 1660.

Generation: 4

  1. 12.  Rev. Thomas Stoughton was born before 1557 in Sandwich, Kent, England (son of Francis Stoughton and Agnes); died about 1622.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1555
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1556, Sandwich, Kent, England


    Described by Robert Charles Anderson as "a leading light of Elizabethan Puritanism who was silenced in the reign of James I and spent the rest of his life producing theological pamphets." [The Great Migration Begins, volume 3, p. 1777.]

    Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.:

    Matriculated at Queens College, Cambridge 1573 and received the degree of bachelor of arts in 1576-7. Made a Fellow of the College in 1579 and became a Master of Arts in 1580. He was ordained deacon and priest at Lincoln, Feb 13, 1582. In July 1586, he was installed Rector at Naughton in Suffolk. [...]

    Between 1594 and 1600, Thomas assisted the minister at Burstead Magna, Essex, where the birth of his daughter Judith is recorded. In 1600, Thomas became vicar at Coggeshall in Essex. The birth record of Israel appears in this church, as well as the burial of Thomas's wife Katherine. Thomas was "deprived of his vicarage" in 1606, but the reason was not recorded. It may have been nonconformity with the Church, as Thomas was frequently recorded as outspoken. [...]"

    Thomas published a treatise called "Two Profitable Treatises" (British Museum 4371, a.a. 27) in 1616 that was written "from my chamber in the Hospital at St. Bartholomewes by Sandwich Sept. 3, 1616." The treatise says he was born and bred in Sandwich. His treatise "The Christians Sacrifice as set forth in Romans XII, 1, 2" (British Museum 4371, b.20) was printed in 1622 "with the Author's postscript to his children as it were his last Will and Testament unto them."

    Todd Whitesides, writing on

    He was ordained deacon and priest at Lincoln Cathedral on Feb. 13, 1582, and was brought to the attention of Robert, 3rd Lord Rich by John Butler of Thoby Priory, Essex, and continued to benefit from Rich's patronage for many years. He was rector of Naughton from 1586 until 1594, at which time he was made curate of Great Burstead, Essex. He published "A general treatise against poperie, and in defence of the religion by publike avthoritie professed in England and other churches reformed" (Cambridge, 1598), which was dedicated to Lord Rich. In 1600 he was instituted vicar at Coggeshall at Lord Rich's presentation, but due to his nonconformity he was admonished by Bishop Richard Vaughan and deprived of Coggeshall by the High Commission in 1606. Despite being removed from his living it was reported in 1606 that he "doeth often expound the Word in his deske". In 1610 at Great Totham, Essex, he signed the dedicatory epistle to his work "The dignitie of Gods children". By 1616 he had returned to his native Sandwich, where he remained living in poverty until his death.

    He continued to expound on his beliefs, publishing 'Two Profitable Treatises' in 1616, followed up in 1622 with "The Christians Sacrifice", a text of some 251 pages, which was dedicated to his patron, who had since purchased the title Earl of Warwick. He signed the dedicatory epistle to this on 20 Aug. 1622 from "my poore lodging in the poor Hospitall called S. Bartholomewes by Sandwich in Kent", and further stated he was now "ready to be dissolved, and to laye down my earthly Tabernacle...the time of my departing being at hand..." Two days later he appended the work with "The Authors postscript to his Children as it were his Last Will and Testament unto them".

    At the end of his life he recalled being present at Hampton Court 43 years earlier, where he heard ministers preaching before Queen Elizabeth.

    In 1606 Stoughton was a legatee, along with others, in the will of Timothy Saint Nicholas, who "moste humblie thanckinge them for their faithefull endeavor and for their earnest labour and paines for the instruction of my conscience and the consciences of many men in the knowledge of Gods truthe and relligion". Described as "a silenced preacher", he received a bequest in the 1610 will of Alice Wade of Bildeston, Suffolk, and in 1612 was mentioned in the will of his first cousin Thomas Stoughton of St Paul's Parish, Canterbury. In the 1619 will of Charles Eure, esquire, fourth son of William, 2nd Lord Eure, Stoughton being described as of St Bartholomews in Sandwich, Kent received the generous bequest of £10.

    From The Art of Hearing: English Preachers and Their Audiences, 1590-1640 by Arnold Hunt (Cambridge University Press, 2010):

    Thomas Stoughton's Two Profitable Treatises (1616) [...] despite being "much enlarged" for print, was written in the style of an oral sermon so that readers could imagine it " presently by lively voice uttered, than as formerly by dead letter onely written." Whereas Dod and Cleaver had removed colloquial expressions in order to achieve a more dignified style, Stoughton went to the other extreme, filling the text with proverbial and colloqiual remarks ("soft fire maketh sweetest malt"; "Sathan bestirreth his stumps to hurt and destroy") and repetitions ("labour, labour, I beseech you"; "alas, alas"; "take heed, take heed") in order to recreate the experience of hearing a live sermon.

    Rev. Thomas Stoughton (~1555-~1622) = Katherine (1560-~1603)
    Elizabeth Stoughton (~1597-1647) = John Scudder (b. ~1590)
    Elizabeth Scudder (1625-1700) = Samuel Lathrop (1621-1700)
    Samuel Lathrop = Hannah Aldgate
    Hannah Lathrop = Jabez Perkins
    Hannah Perkins = Joshua Huntington
    Lydia Huntington = Ephraim Bill
    Lydia Bill = Joseph Howland
    Susan Howland = John Aspinwall
    Mary Rebecca Aspinwall = Isaac Roosevelt
    James Roosevelt = Sara Delano
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945)

    Rev. Thomas Stoughton (~1555-~1622) = Katherine (1560-~1603)
    Israel Stoughton (1603-1645) = Elizabeth Knight (d. 1681)
    Rebecca Stoughton (1641-1708) = William Tailer (1611-1682)
    Elizabeth Tailer (1667-1734) = John Nelson (d. 1734)1
    Mehitabel Nelson (1691-1775) = Capt. Robert Temple (1694-1754)
    Robert Temple (1728-1782) = Harriet Shirley (d. 1802)2
    Mehitabel Hester Temple (1758-1798) = Hans Blackwood, 3rd Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1758-1839)
    Price Blackwood, 4th Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1794-1841) = Helen Selina Sheridan (1807-1867)3
    Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 5th Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1826-1902), Governor-General of Canada 1872-78; Viceroy of India 1884-88.

    1 One of the leaders of the 1689 revolt against Gov. Andros.

    2 Daughter of William Shirley, colonial governor of Massachusetts and later of the Bahamas.

    3 Granddaughter of playwright and poet Richard Brinsley Sheridan.

    Thomas married Katherine in 1585 in Naughton, Suffolk, England. Katherine was born about 1560; died on 18 Apr 1603 in Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 13.  Katherine was born about 1560; died on 18 Apr 1603 in Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England.


    Her surname is given by some as Montpesson.

    1. 6. Thomas Stoughton was born before 9 Jul 1588; died on 25 Mar 1661 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut.
    2. Elizabeth Stoughton was born about 1595 in Burstead Magna, Essex, England; died before 30 Mar 1647 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts.
    3. Israel Stoughton was born before 18 Feb 1603; died in 1644 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.