Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Francis Mathews

Male 1634 - Bef 1675  (~ 46 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Francis Mathews was born between 24 Mar 1628 and 1634 (son of Samuel Mathews and Frances Greville); died before 16 Feb 1675 in York County, Virginia.


    Captain of militia and a justice of York County.

    Family/Spouse: (Unknown) Baldwin. (Unknown) (daughter of William Baldwin) died in 1675 in England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Baldwin Mathews was born about 1670 in of York County, Virginia; died on 28 Feb 1737 in York County, Virginia.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Samuel Mathews died before Mar 1658 in London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between Nov 1657 and Mar 1658


    Entertainingly, for years many historians conflated this Samuel Mathews with his son, also named Samuel Mathews, who was governor of the Virginia colony from 1656 to his death in 1660. This is understandable given that the older Samuel Mathews lived a life of well over 70 years' duration, the last four decades of which were heavily involved in the business and politics of the colony, whereas the younger one died not older than 31, having had a remarkably long, eventful, and consequential political career for a man so young.

    From Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers 1607-1635 (citation details below):

    Samuel Mathews I came to Virginia sometime prior to 1618 as a servant to Sheriff Johnson of London. By his own admission, Mathews lived in Jamestown for a while and then went to Shirley Hundred to oversee some of his employer's men. Later, he went to Arrohattock after Deputy Governor Samuel Argall (1617-1618) made him a captain and placed him in charge of a group of men. In mid-November 1619, when William Weldon and some Virginia Company servants went to Arrohattock to seat the land set aside for the College, they found that Mathews already was established there and had built two houses. Virginia Company records indicate that he had seated the land on behalf of Sir Thomas Middleton. In April 1622, when 32-year-old Samuel Mathews testified in an English court, he said that he was from Arrohattock. However, he withdrew from the property and in November 1622 asked the Virginia Company to give him a patent, as he was taking 100 people to Virginia. He returned to Virginia, arriving in December 1622 on the Southampton, a few months after the Indian attack. In 1623, Captain Samuel Mathews received a commission to lead an offensive against the Tanx Powhatan Indians. That same year he served as a burgess for the Warwick River area. In April 1623 Treasurer George Sandys criticized Samuel Mathews for being preoccupied with the cultivation of tobacco. That summer Mathews led a march against the Indians in the Chickahominy River basin, and later in the year he and three others were instructed to obtain information on Virginia on behalf of the king. He also signed the rebuttal to Alderman Johnson's claims about the colony's wellbeing between 1607 and 1619.

    By February 16, 1624, Samuel Mathews had seated himself on the lower side of the James River, across from Jamestown. In August 1624 he was added to the Council of State. When a list of patented land was sent back to England in May 1625, he was credited with some acreage on the lower side of the James River, just west of Hog Island's neck, and some land at Blunt Point, near the mouth of the Warwick River. It was the latter tract that he developed into his plantation called Denbigh or Mathews Manor. On February 4, 1625, when Samuel Mathews was living on his property near Hog Island, he was in possession of three storehouses, a dwelling, and 23 servants. He was well supplied with corn and defensive weaponry and had two boats at his disposal. Treasurer George Sandys brother, the Rey. David Sandys, shared Samuel Mathews' home. Mathews made several appearances in court during 1625. He asked Hugh Crowther to exchange his acreage at Hog island for some land at the College or at Martin's Hundred. He said that he had seated part of Captain William Powell's land at Hog Island at the request of Powell's widow, and that he had cleared part of that acreage. In December 1625 Mathews asked for more land at Blun Point. Within two years, he had sold his acreage near Hog Island and focused his attention on his Blunt Point plantation, Mathews Manor.

    In 1626 Samuel Mathews was authorized to trade for corn with the Indians of the Chesapeake Bay, a privilege that was renewed three years later. He went to court from time to time, to give testimony or to assist in the settling of estates. In January 1627, when the colonists were warned about the possibility of foreign invasion, orders were given for all women, children, and cattle from the lower peninsula to be brought up to Mathews Manor if enemy ships were sighted. Captain Mathews was authorized to raise an army of volunteers to lead a march against the Pamunkey Indians or other natives considered enemies of the colony. He also led an offensive against the Warresqueak Indians and in 1629 was among those who agreed to seat on the York River within the Chiskiack Indians' territory. Around 1628 Samuel Mathews I married the twice-widowed Frances Grenville, who had outlived Nathaniel West and cape merchant Abraham Peirsey.

    In May 1630 Samuel Mathews was given the responsibility of building a fort at Old Point Comfort. In compensation, he was given a year's monopoly on Indian trade in the Chesapeake Bay. During the mid-1630s, while Mathews was a councilor, he had many disagreements with Governor John Harvey and ultimately was highly instrumental in Harvey's ouster. By that time Mathews had married the daughter of Sir Thomas Hinton, whom Harvey had dismissed from his council. Samuel Mathews, as a result of his overt opposition to Harvey, was summoned to England and placed on trial for mutiny. When he was released on bail, he protested against Harvey's actions and illegal seizure of his opponents' personal property, which Mathews alleged had been given to one of Harvey's favorites. Samuel Mathews spent three years in England because of his problems with Sir John Harvey and returned to Virginia around 1637. Dutch mariner David Devries stayed briefly at Mathews' plantation, Mathews Manor, in March 1633 and described it as elaborately developed. In the 1640s the plantation was said to have "a fine house and all things an- swerable to it." His workers included weavers, flax makers, tanners, shoemakers, and other craftsmen. His agricultural operations were so extensive that he sold substantial quantities of wheat, barley, and beef to other colonies. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Mathews, who sided with the Commonwealth government, continued to support the Virginia colony's interests. He served on the Council of State until his death sometime after November 1657 but before March 1658.

    From Adventurers of Purse and Person (citation details below):

    A tract, published in London, 1649, says "Worthy Captaine Matthews, an old Planter of above thirty yeares standing, one of the Counsell ... hath a fine house and all things answerable to it ...; he keeps Weavers, and hath a Tan-house, causes Leather to be dressed, hath eight Shoemakers employed in their trade, hath forty Negro servants ...; he married the Daughter of Sir Tho. Hinton, and, in a word, keeps a good house, lives bravely, and a true lover of Virginia; he is worthy of much honour."

    Samuel married Frances Greville after 24 Mar 1628. Frances died before 10 May 1633. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Frances Greville died before 10 May 1633.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1635


    An unnamed writer on her WikiTree page notes the various theories that have been ventured about her origins.

    She could not have been the Frances Greville who was daughter of Giles Greville of Lymington (who appears in the 1623 visitation of Gloucestershire), because that Francis married (1) Giles Backhouse in Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire in 1636, and (2) Walter Currier in the same place in 1654.

    She was also not the daughter of Edward Greville of Nazing, Essex and his wife Jane Grey. Edward was a brother of Fulk Greville (1535-1606), who was in some way related to the wife of William Tracy, with which couple Frances Greville arrived in Virginia in 1620 on the Supply. (John Frederick Dorman, citation details below, says that Fulke Greville was an uncle of William Tracy's wife.) But the Frances Greveille who was born to Edward Greville and Jane Grey, born in 1578, married John Chamberlain.

    The Wikitree writer concludes: "Another possibility for Frances's parents is the spendthrift and ultimately destitute Sir Edward Greville of Milcote and wife Joan Bromley (married 1583). This Edward Greville, second cousin and neighbor of the above-mentioned Fulk Greville, had seven daughters, three of whom never married (presumably for lack of dowries). (The names of his seven daughters are given in this old Greville genealogy. Could there have been an eighth daughter Frances who escaped a life of impoverished spinsterhood by accompanying her kinswoman, Mary (Conway) Tracy (sister-in-law of Eleanor (Greville) Conway, daughter and sister of Fulk Greville, Sr. and Jr. to Virginia?"

    1. 1. Francis Mathews was born between 24 Mar 1628 and 1634; died before 16 Feb 1675 in York County, Virginia.
    2. Samuel Mathews, Governor of Virginia was born about 1629; died in Jan 1660 in Virginia.