Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Benjamin Smith

Male 1742 - 1806  (63 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Benjamin Smith was born on 21 Jul 1742 (son of Richard Smith and Elizabeth); died on 26 Feb 1806 in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 22 Feb 1806, Scotland

    Notes:

    He died in debtor's prison.

    Benjamin married Charlotte Turner on 23 Feb 1765. Charlotte (daughter of Nicholas Turner and Anna Towers) was born on 4 May 1749 in London, England; died on 28 Oct 1806 in Tilford, Surrey, England; was buried in Stoke Church, Stoke Park, near Guildford, Surrey, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Richard Smith was born in 1707 in of Islington, London, England; died on 13 Oct 1776.

    Notes:

    From Wikipedia (accessed 2 Sep 2020):

    Richard Smith was an English merchant in the West Indies trade, and director of the East India Company.

    Smith was born in Whitehaven, then in Cumberland, or Appleby, Westmorland. He was a merchant and slave owner in the West Indies. When he moved back from Barbados, where he was a plantation owner, to London, he brought five enslaved people with him.

    Smith's business assets included a warehouse in Cheapside, and Lys Farm near Bramdean in Hampshire, once used for cattle-breeding. Having bought the farm in 1769, he began to transform it into a gentlemanly estate, Brockwood Park, building a country house; a wing was added to the house in 1774, and at the end of his life it was a family home. It is now the site of the Krishnamurti Centre, as Brockwood Park.

    Smith's will left a number of enslaved persons, by name, to his grandchildren. The drafting of the will was intended to keep a substantial estate in trust for Smith's grandchildren; but the effect was otherwise. It was the subject of Chancery proceedings until 1813, when the estate was much diminished. This case has been suggested as one of the inspirations for Jarndyce and Jarndyce in Charles Dickens's Bleak House.

    Benjamin Smith, the younger son, bought sugar plantations in 1781, to provide income from the trust arising from the will. Covered by the will was the advowson for St Mary's Church, Islington, which Richard Smith had purchased in 1771.

    Richard married Elizabeth. Elizabeth died before Jul 1766. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Elizabeth died before Jul 1766.

    Notes:

    When she married Richard Smith, she was the widow of Nathaniel Crowe or Barbados.

    Children:
    1. Mary Smith was born on 12 Dec 1740; died in Aug 1775.
    2. 1. Benjamin Smith was born on 21 Jul 1742; died on 26 Feb 1806 in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England.