Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Edward IV, King of England and lord of Ireland

Male 1442 - 1483  (40 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Edward IV, King of England and lord of Ireland was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France (son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville); died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Consort of England on 1 May 1464. Elizabeth (daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg) was born in 1437 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England; died on 8 Jun 1492 in Bermondsey Priory, Surrey, England; was buried on 12 Jun 1492 in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 11 Feb 1503 in London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. Edward V, King of England was born on 2 Nov 1470 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died about 1483 in London, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Richard of York was born on 21 Sep 1411 (son of Richard of Conisburgh and Anne de Mortimer); died on 30 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Duke of York. Often called "Richard Plantagenet," a surname which he actually used on occasion in his own lifetime, something not done by any other Plantagenet. Killed in the Battle of Wakefield.

    "[T]he most powerful subject in England, heir of the Mortimer claim to the crown, king's lieutenant in Normandy and Ireland, self-interest mingled in him with a love of justice and desire for administrative reform, he claimed the throne but was defeated and slain in battle." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Richard married Cecily Neville before 18 Oct 1424. Cecily (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort) was born on 3 May 1415; died on 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Cecily Neville was born on 3 May 1415 (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort); died on 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England.

    Notes:

    The "Rose of Raby."

    Children:
    1. 1. Edward IV, King of England and lord of Ireland was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France; died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. Richard III, King of England was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Richard of Conisburgh was born about 1375 in Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, England (son of Edmund of Langley and Isabella of Castile); died on 5 Aug 1415 in Southampton, Hampshire, England; was buried in Southampton, Hampshire, England.

    Notes:

    3rd Earl of Cambridge.

    "[A]mbassador to Denmark 1406, created Earl 1414, Almoner of England, Constable of Brimpsfield Castle, having joined in a failed conspiracy to depose King Henry V, he sought the latter's mercy in most abject terms, which gained him only a beheading without the usual additional punishment for treason, all his honors being attainted." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Richard married Anne de Mortimer before 23 May 1408. Anne (daughter of Roger Mortimer and Eleanor Holland) was born on 27 Dec 1390; died in Sep 1411; was buried in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Anne de Mortimer was born on 27 Dec 1390 (daughter of Roger Mortimer and Eleanor Holland); died in Sep 1411; was buried in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England.
    Children:
    1. Isabel of Cambridge
    2. 2. Richard of York was born on 21 Sep 1411; died on 30 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 6.  Ralph de Neville was born between 1364 and 1367 (son of John de Neville and Maud Percy); died on 21 Oct 1425 in Raby Castle, Durham, England; was buried in Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Staindrop, Durham, England.

    Notes:

    Aside from being the maternal grandfather of Edward IV, he was also the paternal grandfather (through his son Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), and Alice Montacute) of the "Kingmaker," Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471).

    Ralph married Joan Beaufort before 29 Nov 1396. Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet) was born about 1379; died on 13 Nov 1440 in Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Joan Beaufort was born about 1379 (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet); died on 13 Nov 1440 in Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Countess of Westmorland.

    Children:
    1. Eleanor Neville died about 1473.
    2. Anne Neville died on 20 Sep 1480; was buried in Pleshey, Essex, England.
    3. George Neville was born in in of Scampston, Yorkshire, England; died in 1458 in Kislingbury, Northamptonshire, England.
    4. Richard Neville was born about 1401; died on 30 Dec 1460 in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Bisham Priory, Berkshire, England.
    5. 3. Cecily Neville was born on 3 May 1415; died on 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Edmund of Langley was born on 5 Jun 1341 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England); died on 1 Aug 1402 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Cambridge. 1st Duke of York.

    "[C]ampaigned in France and Spain during the Hundred Years War, sharing in the sack of Limoges in 1370, king's lieutenant of Brittany, where his siege of St. Malon was frustrated by du Guesclin, served as regent during Richard II's absences." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Edmund married Isabella of Castile between 1 Jan 1372 and 30 Apr 1372 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Isabella (daughter of Pedro I, King of Castile and Maria García de Padilla) was born in 1355; died on 23 Dec 1392; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Isabella of Castile was born in 1355 (daughter of Pedro I, King of Castile and Maria García de Padilla); died on 23 Dec 1392; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England.
    Children:
    1. Constance of York was born about 1374; died on 28 Nov 1416.
    2. 4. Richard of Conisburgh was born about 1375 in Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, England; died on 5 Aug 1415 in Southampton, Hampshire, England; was buried in Southampton, Hampshire, England.

  3. 10.  Roger Mortimer was born on 11 Apr 1374 in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (son of Edmund Mortimer and Philippe of Clarence); died on 20 Jul 1398 in Kells, Meath, Ireland; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of March.

    Roger married Eleanor Holland about 7 Oct 1388. Eleanor (daughter of Thomas de Holland and Alice Fitz Alan) died in Oct 1405. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Eleanor Holland (daughter of Thomas de Holland and Alice Fitz Alan); died in Oct 1405.

    Notes:

    First of her name. Not to be confused with her younger sister, also Eleanor Holland, who married Thomas Montagu.

    She is erroneously given in The Ancestry of Charles II (citation details below) as a daughter of Thomas Holand and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent." They were her paternal grandparents, not her parents. This error was noted by Greg Cooke on soc.genealogy.medieval, 4 Mar 2019.

    Children:
    1. 5. Anne de Mortimer was born on 27 Dec 1390; died in Sep 1411; was buried in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England.

  5. 12.  John de Neville was born about 1330 (son of Ralph de Neville and Alice de Audley); died on 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1331
    • Alternate birth: Between 1337 and 1340

    Notes:

    "John (de Neville), Lord Neville, son and heir (a), had writs of livery of his father's lands in England and Scotland, after doing homage, October 1367. He was a captain under his father at the battle of Nevill's Cross, 17 October 1346, and was knighted about April 1360. His life of public service was as active as his father's. He served in Aquitaine, 1366 and the following years, and numerous commissions issued to him, December 1367 onwards. In 1368 (September, October) he was joint ambassador to France. K.G. 1369. In 1369 and 1371 trier of petitions in Parliament; Admiral of the North, July 1370, and in November following joint commissioner to treat with Genoa; steward of the King's household, 1372. In July 1372 he sailed for Brittany on an expedition protracted for want of reinforcements. He was then for several years engaged in Scotland and the Marches. In December 1377 he had a patent of the keepership of Bamburgh Castle for life; and in 1378 licence to castellate Raby and Sheriff Hutton in 1382. He was made keeper of Fronsac Castle, on the Dordogne, 3 June, and Seneschal of Gascony in June 1378. Returning to England, he became Warden of the Marches (as above), and in 1381 conservator of the peace, co. Durham and Sedbergh; joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, May 1383 and March 1386/7. In July 1385 he was under orders to accompany the King to Scotland." [Complete Peerage]

    "He was presumably of age when a recognizance was made to him in January 1351/2. His age of 40 and more at his mother's death on 13 Jan. 1373/4 supports this conclusion." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.]

    John de Neville and Maud Percy were great-grandparents of Edward IV and Richard III, making them the most recent common ancestors of TNH and Elizabeth II:

    John de Neville (1330-1388) = Maud Percy (d. 1379)
    Ralph de Neville (1364-1425) = Joan Beaufort (1379-1440)
    Cecily Neville (1415-1495) = Richard of York (1411-1460)
    Edward IV (1442-1483) = Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492)
    Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) = Henry VII (1457-1509)
    Margaret Tudor (1489)-1541) = James IV (1473-1513)
    James V (1512-1542) = Mary of Guise (1515-1560)
    Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) = Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567)
    James VI and I (1566-1625) = Anne of Denmark (1574-1619)
    Elizabeth of Bohemia (1596-1662) = Frederick V of the Palatine (1596-1632)
    Sophia of Hanover (1630-1714) = Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneberg (1629-1698)
    George I (1660-1727) = Sophia Dorothea of Celle (1666-1726)
    George II (1683-1760) = Caroline of Ansbach (1683-1737)
    Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751) = Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719-1772)
    George III (1738-1820) = Charlotte of Mecklenburg (1744-1818)
    Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820) = Victoria of Saxe-Coburg (1786-1861)
    Victoria (1819-1901) = Albert of Saxe-Coburg (1819-1861)
    Edward VII (1841-1910) = Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925)
    George V (1865-1936) = Mary of Teck (1867-1953)
    George VI (1895-1952) = Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002)
    Elizabeth II (1926- )

    boldface: monarchs of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom
    italic: monarchs of Scotland
    boldface & italic: James IV and I, king of both

    TNH is therefore 19th cousin once removed to Elizabeth II, no doubt sharing that distinction with literally hundreds of millions of other people.

    John married Maud Percy before 1362. Maud (daughter of Henry de Percy and Idoine de Clifford) was born about 1345 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England; died before 18 Feb 1379; was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Maud Percy was born about 1345 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (daughter of Henry de Percy and Idoine de Clifford); died before 18 Feb 1379; was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 18 Feb 1379

    Notes:

    Richardson's RA has them married "before 1362." The Ancestry of Charles II says their marriage contract was dated July 1344.

    Children:
    1. Eleanor Neville died after 1441.
    2. Thomas Neville died on 14 Mar 1407; was buried in Worksop Priory, Nottinghamshire, England.
    3. 6. Ralph de Neville was born between 1364 and 1367; died on 21 Oct 1425 in Raby Castle, Durham, England; was buried in Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Staindrop, Durham, England.

  7. 14.  John of Gaunt was born in Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England); died on 3 Feb 1399 in Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 6 Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders
    • Alternate death: 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England

    Notes:

    Duke of Lancaster. 527 other titles. Richest European individual of his day.

    By his first wife, he was a great-great grandfather to Isabelle of Castile; by his second wife, he was a great-grandfather to her. And the parents of the Spanish wife of his retainer Walter Blount were GX3-grandparents to Ferdinand I.

    John married Catherine de Roet in Jan 1396 in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. Catherine (daughter of Payne de Roet) was born about 1350; died on 10 May 1403 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Angel Choir, Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Catherine de Roet was born about 1350 (daughter of Payne de Roet); died on 10 May 1403 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Angel Choir, Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Frequently called Katherine or Catherine Swynford, after her first marriage to Hugh Swynford, even in the context of her subsequent marriage to John of Gaunt.

    Children:
    1. John Beaufort was born about 1371; died on 16 Mar 1410 in Hospital of St.-Catherine-by-the-Tower, London, England; was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.
    2. Henry Beaufort, Cardinal of England was born about 1374; died on 11 Apr 1447 in Wolvesy Palace, Winchester, Hampshire, England.
    3. 7. Joan Beaufort was born about 1379; died on 13 Nov 1440 in Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.