Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Ralph de Mortimer

Male - 1246


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Ralph de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (son of Roger de Mortimer and Isabel de Ferrers); died on 6 Aug 1246; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Constable of Clun Castle, Shropshire.

    "In 1216 he had been one of a deputation sent by King John to William de Briwere, after his forced adhesion to the Barons during their occupation of London, to arrange for his return to the King's service; and in September 1217 he had witnessed at Lambeth the articles drawn up between Henry III and Louis of France. On 23 November 1227 he gave £100 as relief for the lands of his brother Hugh, and the King took his homage; and on 8 July 1229, for his faithful service, he was pardoned all except £500 of the debts of his father and brother. In October 1230 he obtained a charter for a fair at Knighton and free warren at Stratfield, and in 1231 he was made custodian of Clun Castle and honour during pleasure. In June 1233, with the other Lords Marchers, Ralph exchanged hostages with the King de fideli servicio, quousque regnum sit ita securatum quod firma pax sit in regno Anglie. On 7 November following he attested a charter of Henry III at Hereford. He was present on 28 January 1235/6 at the confirmation of Magna Carta at Westminster, and in the same year he and the other Lords Marchers claimed the right to find and bear the silvered spears which supported the canopies held over the King and Queen in their Coronation procession; but the right of the Barons of the Cinque Ports to carry both canopies being allowed, the Marchers' claim was rejected as frivolous. In 1241 he was first of the pledges to the King for his sister-in-law Senana, wife of Griffith ap Llewelyn; but in August that year Meredith ap Howel and the other Welsh lords of Kerry made a permanent peace with Henry III, whether they should be at war with Ralph de Mortimer or not. In June 1242 he was summoned to come to the King's aid in Gascony as soon as possible." [Complete Peerage]

    "Ralph [...] was continually engaged on the Welsh marches. At first he stood on the defensive, unable to make much impression on Llywelyn's power. No doubt it was for this reason that in 1230 he married Gwladus Ddu (d. 1251), daughter of Llywelyn and widow of Reginald de Briouze. It was only after the death of his father-in-law in 1240 that Mortimer was able to take the military initiative again, with attacks upon the Welsh. In the summer of 1241 there was war in Maelienydd, and this time the Mortimers prevailed, ending Welsh control of the lordship of Gwrtheyrnion. Ralph (II) died on 6 August 1246 and was buried at Wigmore Abbey, where he was remembered as a warlike and energetic man' (Dugdale, Monasticon, 6, pt 1, 350)." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Ralph married Gwladus Ddu before 26 Oct 1230. Gwladus (daughter of Llywelyn Fawr ap Iorwerth and Joan of England) died in 1251 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Roger de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Herefordshire, England; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Roger de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (son of Hugh de Mortimer and Maud le Meschin); died before 19 Aug 1214; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Some sources (including Leo van de Pas) say that this Roger de Mortimer was married twice, once to a Millicent de Ferrers, parentage unknown, and once to Isabel de Ferrers, daughter of Walkelin de Ferrers. In this model, Ralph is a son of Isabel whereas Joan is a daughter of Millicent. We have been unable to find a plausible source for any of this. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Complete Peerage, Ancestral Roots, etc., all show this Roger de Mortimer married only once, to Isabel.

    "He was a benefactor of Gloucester Abbey, of Kington, St. Michael, Wilts, of Cwmhir, of Jumièges, and of Saint-Victor-en-Caux. Between 1182 and 1189 he attested at Rouen a charter of Henry II to the monks of Barbey (diocese of Bayeux). In 1191, upon a charge of conspiring with the Welsh against the King, he was forced to surrender his castles and to abjure the country for three years. In April 1194 he was in England again, and witnessed a charter of Richard I, after his second Coronation at Winchester. Roger was a strenuous Lord Marcher, and in 1195 drove the sons of Cadwallon out of Maelienydd, and restored Cwmaron Castle; but next year Rhys, Prince of South Wales, defeated a well-equipped force of cavalry and foot under Mortimer and Hugh de Say, of Richard's Castle, with much slaughter, near Radnor. He was one of the magnates who refused to serve personally in France in 1201, but his fine was remitted. On 1 April 1207 he witnessed a charter of the King at Montfort-sur-Risle, and he appears to have been with John at Bonport in July following. On the loss of Normandy in 1204 Roger adhered to John and forfeited his Norman lands. In 1205 he landed at Dieppe, and being captured by John de Rouvray, bailiff of Caux, was compelled to pay a ransom of 1,000 marks. He was in England again by June 1207, when he was directed to hand Knighton Castle to the custody of a successor; in that year his wife Isabel had a grant of Oakham for life. In 1210 some of his knights served in the King's invasion of Ireland. In 1212 he proffered 3,000 marks for the marriage of the heir of Walter de Beauchamp, to whom he married his daughter Joan. In May 1213 he was one of the sponsors for John's good faith in his reconciliation with Archbishop Langton at the command of the Pope." [Complete Peerage]

    "To the Wigmore chronicler Roger (II) de Mortimer was 'as befitted his years, gay, full of youth and inconstant of heart, and especially somewhat headstrong'. He had served Henry II faithfully during the rebellion of the king's sons in 1173–4, but at the time of his father's death he was in King Henry's prison, because in 1179 his men had killed Cadwallon ap Madog, the ruler of Maelienydd, when the latter was returning from court with a royal safe conduct. He may not have been released until 1182. Roger's conflicts with the Welsh would persist throughout his life, as he struggled to establish his rule over the middle march of Wales. In 1195 he brought Maelienydd under his control, rebuilding the castle at Cymaron. A grant to the abbey of Cwm-hir in Powys in 1199, commemorating 'our men who died in the conquest of Maelienydd', points to casualties as well as achievement (in 1196 his forces were among those heavily defeated at Radnor by the Lord Rhys of Deheubarth), but in 1202 he could be described as supreme in central Wales. [...] In 1191 he was accused by William de Longchamp, the justiciar, of having entered into an unexplained conspiracy with the Welsh against the king, and was forced to abjure the realm, though his exile was much shorter than the three years reported by Richard of Devizes. It is possible that he had become a supporter of Count John, Richard I's brother. But if this was so, he soon transferred his allegiance back to the king, for it was with royal support that he attacked Maelienydd in 1195. However, he later served in Normandy under John as king, and in 1205 was captured when trying to occupy Dieppe, subsequently paying a ransom of 1000 marks. Roger de Mortimer remained loyal to John for the rest of his life. [...] Being overcome by ill health, he transferred his lands to his son, and by 19 August 1214 he was dead. He was buried at Wigmore Abbey. He had at first been on bad terms with the canons, and tried to revoke grants made to them by his father, until the solemnity with which they commemorated Hugh's anniversary reconciled him to them." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Roger married Isabel de Ferrers. Isabel (daughter of Walkelin de Ferrers) died before 29 Apr 1252; was buried in Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Isabel de Ferrers (daughter of Walkelin de Ferrers); died before 29 Apr 1252; was buried in Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Founded the Hospital of St. John the Baptist at Lechlade "in or before 1246" (VCH Gloucester II: 125).

    Lechlade, in Gloucester, is the highest navigable point of the Thames. It is also where, about 350 years later, TNH's 10XG-grandfather Thomas Prence, several-time governor of Plymouth Colony and husband of Patience Brewster, was born.

    Children:
    1. 1. Ralph de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died on 6 Aug 1246; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.
    2. Joan de Mortimer died in 1225.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Hugh de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (son of Hugh de Mortimer and (Unknown first wife of Hugh de Mortimer)); died on 26 Feb 1181.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 29 Sep 1181

    Notes:

    "When Henry, Duke of Normandy (Henry II), made promises of great grants to Ranulph, Earl of Chester, in 1153, the fees of Hugh de Mortimer (and those of others) in Staffordshire were excepted. On succeeding to the throne in December 1154 Henry required from Mortimer Bridgnorth Castle, which had been in his hands for many years; he refused to surrender it, whereupon the King proceeded in person first to Cleobury, which he took and destroyed, 17 June 1155, and then to Bridgnorth, which was taken after several days' vigorous assault on 7 July. Some time before 1161 he or his father conceded to Foucarmont gifts made by Hugh and William de St. Germain. In 1167 he was fined £100 in Hants because he refused at the King's command to give up to one of his own knights certain animals taken in distraint when security was offered. He figures in the returns of knights' fees in Normandy of 1172 as owing service of 5 knights and holding himself 13 1/2 knights' fees. The foundation of Wigmore Abbey was completed before Hugh's death. He was also a benefactor to the Templars in Lincolnshire." [Complete Peerage IX:270-2, XIV:488]

    "Hugh (II) de Mortimer's rising was one of several against the new king at this time, largely prompted by Henry's demand for the return of alienated royal lands and castles. But resistance was unco-ordinated: there was no co-operation, for instance, between Mortimer and his neighbour Earl Roger of Hereford. It was at Easter 1155, according to the Battle Abbey chronicle, that Mortimer, 'estimating the king to be a mere boy and indignant at his activity' (Searle, 159–61), fortified Bridgnorth and refused to submit to royal orders. The king promptly placed Bridgnorth, Cleobury, and Wigmore under siege, surrounding Bridgnorth Castle with a rampart and ditch, so that Mortimer could not leave it. With no choice but to surrender, therefore, on 7 July he made his peace with the king, at an impressive assembly of lay and ecclesiastical magnates. He was treated lightly, for whereas the earldom of Hereford was allowed to lapse when Earl Roger died, also in 1155, Hugh de Mortimer soon recovered Bridgnorth and Wigmore (Cleobury had been destroyed), and retained the privileged status of a tenant-in-chief. The fact that King Henry was himself frequently active in Wales may subsequently have had a constraining effect on Mortimer's activities there. In any event, after 1155 he seems to have turned his attention to the affairs of Wigmore, and especially of its abbey." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Hugh married Maud le Meschin. Maud (daughter of William Meschin and Cecily de Rumilly) was born in in of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, England; died after 1180. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Maud le Meschin was born in in of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, England (daughter of William Meschin and Cecily de Rumilly); died after 1180.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 6 Jul 1189

    Children:
    1. 2. Roger de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died before 19 Aug 1214; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

  3. 6.  Walkelin de Ferrers was born in in of Oakham, Rutland, England (son of Henry de Ferrers).
    Children:
    1. 3. Isabel de Ferrers died before 29 Apr 1252; was buried in Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Hugh de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (son of Ralph de Mortimer and Melisende); died between 1148 and 1150.

    Notes:

    "Hugh de Mortimer attested a charter by Gerold, Abbot of St. Lucien at Beauvais [1100-28], in the time of Stephen, Count of Aumale. When King Stephen, circa 1140, granted to the Earl of Leicester the town and castle of Hereford et lotum comitatum Herefordisc., the fees of Hugh de Mortimer were with others excepted. In 1144 he initiated the reconquest of the Marches after the revolt of the Welsh on the death of Henry I, by successfully reoccupying the cantreds of Maelienydd and Elfael, and repairing the castles of Cwmaron and Colwen. In 1145 he captured and imprisoned the Welsh prince Rhys ap Howel, and in 1146 he slew Meredith, son of Madog ap Idnerth, late chieftain of Elfael and Maelienydd. In 1148 he blinded his prisoner Rhys ap Howel." [Complete Peerage]

    "The two Hughs are not always easily distinguishable in the sources, but it seems clear that the elder Hugh was involved in local Herefordshire feuds arising from the contest between Stephen and Matilda. That he was on the whole a supporter of Stephen may be deduced from that king's exception of Mortimer's lands in Herefordshire from the grant of that shire to Robert, earl of Leicester, probably made in 1144. He was also involved, and with some success, in episodes in the long struggle between the marcher lords and the Welsh for the cantrefs of Maelienydd and Elfael in Powys. [...] Information in the Wigmore chronicle has allowed a depiction of this Hugh as 'a swashbuckling, choleric man given over to pleasures and amusements, an evil-tempered and wilful lord, a quarrelsome neighbour, and a lusty warrior'." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Hugh married (Unknown first wife of Hugh de Mortimer). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  (Unknown first wife of Hugh de Mortimer)
    Children:
    1. 4. Hugh de Mortimer was born in in of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died on 26 Feb 1181.

  3. 10.  William Meschin was born in in of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, England (son of Ranulph de Briquessart and Margaret d'Avranches); died before 1135.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Abt 1135

    Notes:

    "The most important member of a tightly knit family group was Ranulf's younger brother William le Meschin (d. 1129x35). William went on the first crusade, where he is mentioned, as 'William son of Ranulf le vicomte' at the siege of Nicaea in 1097 (Ordericus Vitalis, Eccl. hist., 5.59). In Cumbria William le Meschin was first given charge of Gilsland, which he failed to hold against the Scots, and then Egremont (the barony of Copeland). He built the castle at Egremont, and close by on the coast he founded the priory of St Bees, a further daughter house of St Mary's, York. William le Meschin married Cecily de Rumilly, the daughter of Robert de Rumilly and heir to the barony of Skipton in Craven, west Yorkshire, thus creating a substantial cross-Pennine estate. William and Cecily were the founders of the priory of Embsay, which later removed to Bolton in Wharfedale. In addition to the two baronies of Egremont and Skipton, William le Meschin acquired tenancies in several counties, the more significant held of his brother in Lincolnshire (where the Lindsey survey of 1115 - 18 provides detailed record) and in Cheshire. William remained closely linked with Ranulf, whom he survived by just a few years, dying before 1135. An elder son, Matthew, having predeceased him, William's heirs were successively his younger son, also called Ranulf le Meschin, and three sisters, Amice, Alice, and Matilda, who in the course of a total of seven marriages comprehensively dismembered the estate." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    "William le Meschin, Lord of Copeland, br. of Ranulph, 1st Earl of Chester, yr. s. of Rannulf, Vicomte of the Bessin, m. Cicely de Rumilly, Lady of Skipton, da. and h. of Robert de Rumelli, of Harewood and Skipton, co. York (see ped. of Lisle in vol. viii, between pp. 48 and 49), and had 3 daughters and coheirs. (1) Alice, Lady of Skipton, who m., 1stly, William fitz Duncan, s. of Duncan II, King of Scots. See Clay, Early Yorks Charters, vol. vii, pp. 9—10. They had one s., William, 'the Boy of Egremont', who d. in the King's ward after 1155, leaving his 3 sisters his coheirs: (i) Cicely, as in the text; (ii) Amabel, Lady of Copeland (called in the Pipe Rolls and elsewhere, Comitissa de Couplanda, who m. Reynold de Lucy (see vol. iii, pp. 247-8, sub Lucy); (iii) Alice de Rumilly, Lady of Allerdale, who m., 1stly, Gilbert Pipard, Sheriff of cos. Gloucester and Hereford, and 2ndly, Robert de Courtenay, Sheriff of Cumberland and d. s.p. (see vol. ix, pp. 527-8, sub Pipard). Alice, Lady of Skipton, m. 2ndly, Alexander FitzGerold. (2) Avice, Lady of Harewood, who m., 1stly, William de Courcy III, 2ndly, William Paynell, of Drax, co. York, and 3rdly, William de Percy of Rougemont, in Harewood, co. York (see vol. x, p. 319, sub Paynel, and p. 439, sub Percy). (3) Maud, m. 1stly, Philip de Belmeis, of Tong, Salop., and 2ndly, Hugh de Mortimer, of Wigmore, co. Hereford (see vol. ix, p. 271, note sub Mortimer (of Wigmore), and vol. xii, part 2, pp. 930—1, sub Zouche.)" [Complete Peerage I:353, footnote (d), as thoroughly corrected in Volume XIV.]

    William married Cecily de Rumilly. Cecily (daughter of Robert de Rumilly) was born in in of Skipton, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Cecily de Rumilly was born in in of Skipton, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Robert de Rumilly).
    Children:
    1. Avice de Rumilly
    2. 5. Maud le Meschin was born in in of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, England; died after 1180.
    3. Alice de Rumilly was born in in of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, England; died in 1187.

  5. 12.  Henry de Ferrers was born in in of Oakham, Rutland, England (son of (Unknown brother of Robert de Ferrers d. 1139)); died after 1136.
    Children:
    1. 6. Walkelin de Ferrers was born in in of Oakham, Rutland, England.