Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John de Mowbray

Male 1286 - 1322  (35 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John de Mowbray was born on 4 Sep 1286 in of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England (son of Roger de Mowbray and Rose de Clare); died on 23 Mar 1322 in York, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Church of the Dominican Friars, York, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 21 Nov 1286

    Notes:

    Summoned to Parliament by writs from 26 Aug 1307 to 15 May 1321.

    Hanged after the Battle of Boroughbridge, in which he sided with Thomas, 2nd Earl Lancaster, against Edward II.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    In 1311 on the death of Roger Lestrange, the second husband of his paternal grandmother, Maud de Beauchamp (d. 1273), Mowbray was entitled to succeed to her share of the lands of her father William (II) de Beauchamp of Bedford in Bedfordshire (including Bedford Castle), in Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, and Kent. This represented the largest accrual of land since the original grants made to the Mowbrays in 1106. It is somewhat curious that, at some time before Lestrange's death, possibly at the time of Mowbray's marriage, William de Briouze had petitioned the king to allow Mowbray to enfeoff his father-in-law with all the estates that Lestrange was holding by courtesy. In 1316 Mowbray secured a licence to grant the Beauchamp manors of Hawnes, Stotfold, and Willington, Bedfordshire, to Briouze for life and in the first collaborative action with Edward II's favourite, Hugh Despenser the younger, Briouze agreed to allow the king to grant the reversion of Mowbray's manors to Hugh. In the same year Briouze secured a licence to settle his Sussex lands upon John and Alicia, expressly excluding the lordship of Gower from the settlement, possibly because he was considering its sale. Although in June 1322 a royal commission of inquiry stated that Briouze had never given Gower to Mowbray, it does appear that by a special grant, of unknown date, Briouze had given the couple the lordship, with reversion to Humphrey (VII) de Bohun, fourth earl of Hereford.

    Somewhat precipitately, Mowbray entered Gower in 1320 without royal licence, possibly because he had discovered that his father-in-law was proposing to sell the estates; Bohun indeed had paid a deposit on the lordship. Clearly without scruples, at about the same period Briouze was also bargaining with Roger Mortimer of Chirk, Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, and, most dangerous of all, Hugh Despenser the younger. For the latter, as lord of Glamorgan, acquiring neighbouring Gower was an attractive prospect, so he used Mowbray's entry without a licence to persuade the king to seize the lordship. Mowbray argued that as the lordship was a marcher territory where the king's writ did not run, he had had no need of a licence. In this he was supported by the other marcher lords, ever anxious to maintain marcher immunity and by then fearful of Despenser empire building in south Wales. Mowbray's reaction was violent and briefly successful. He ignored the king's order to him and twenty-nine other lords not to assemble and joined in the ravaging of Glamorgan. It was probably on this account that he was accused of the murder of John Iwayn, although later John Fornaux confessed to Iwayn's decapitation. Edward II was forced to give way; Mowbray attended the parliament that condemned the Despensers in July 1321 and on 20 August received a pardon.

    John married Aline de Brewes in 1298 in Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales. Aline (daughter of William de Brewes and Agnes) was born about 1290 in of Bramber, Sussex, England; died before 23 Jun 1324. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. John de Mowbray was born on 29 Nov 1310 in Hovingham, Yorkshire, England; died on 4 Oct 1361 in York, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Friars Minor, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Roger de Mowbray was born about 1257 in of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England (son of Roger de Mowbray and Maud de Beauchamp); died in 1296; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate death: Bef 21 Nov 1297, Ghent, Flanders

    Notes:

    Summoned to Parliament by writ 24 Jun 1295, and again 26 Aug 1296.

    Summoned for service in Wales, 1282 and 1283; in Scotland, 1291; on the King's service in Gascony, Sep 1294.

    Roger married Rose de Clare after 15 Jul 1270. Rose (daughter of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy) was born on 17 Aug 1252; died after 1315; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Rose de Clare was born on 17 Aug 1252 (daughter of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy); died after 1315; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1253
    • Alternate birth: Aft 1254

    Children:
    1. 1. John de Mowbray was born on 4 Sep 1286 in of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England; died on 23 Mar 1322 in York, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Church of the Dominican Friars, York, Yorkshire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Roger de Mowbray was born about 1220 in of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England (son of William de Mowbray and Avice); died before 18 Oct 1263; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1220, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: 1266
    • Alternate death: Abt Nov 1266, Axholme, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    "He was sum. for service in Scotland in Jan. 1257/8, and in 1260 was ordered to be at Chester to serve against the Welsh, being appointed in Dec. with James de Audley to dictate, on the King's behalf, the terms of the truce with Llewelyn. He appears to have sided with Henry III, at any rate in the earlier days of the opposition of the Barons." [Complete Peerage]

    Roger married Maud de Beauchamp before 1257. Maud (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Idonea de Longespée) was born in in of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England; died before 4 Apr 1273; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Maud de Beauchamp was born in in of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Idonea de Longespée); died before 4 Apr 1273; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 2. Roger de Mowbray was born about 1257 in of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England; died in 1296; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 6.  Richard de Clare was born on 4 Aug 1222 in of Clare, Suffolk, England (son of Gilbert de Clare and Isabel Marshal); died in Jul 1262 in Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 15 Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England

    Notes:

    Earl of Gloucester; Earl of Hertford; High Marshal and Chief Butler to the Archbishop of Canterbury; Privy Councillor 1255, 1258; Warden of the Isle of Portland, Weymouth, and Wyke, 1257.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Richard de Clare was a minor at the time of his father's death, and heir to one of the greatest collections of estates and lordships in all of England and Wales. His wardship and marriage were thus matters of the keenest interest to the politically powerful and ambitious of the day. The justiciar Hubert de Burgh, using his position in the government of Henry III, managed to have custody of Richard assigned to himself. On Hubert's fall from power in 1232, the king transferred custody of both Richard and his lands to the new royal favourites, Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester, and his nephew Peter des Rivaux. Hubert de Burgh's wife, in an apparent effort to rescue the family fortunes, secretly married Richard de Clare to her daughter Margaret; but the marriage was apparently never consummated, and was in any event mooted by Margaret's death in 1237. In the meantime both Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux had themselves fallen from power in 1234, and thereafter King Henry kept the wardship in his own hands, although allowing custody of at least some of the Clare lands to be secured by Richard de Clare's uncle Gilbert Marshal, earl of Pembroke. During this time the king began searching for a suitable marriage. A proposed arrangement with the great French comital family, the Lusignans, fell through, and in 1238 Richard de Clare was married to Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. The prime mover in the marriage negotiations seems to have been the king's brother, Richard of Cornwall, who was Richard de Clare's stepfather, having married the widowed Isabel Marshal in 1231. Notwithstanding his marriage Clare remained the ward of the king until 1243, when he came of age and received both official seisin of his inheritance and formal dubbing to knighthood.

    The complexities, intricacies, and rivalries involved in the story of Richard de Clare's wardship are an excellent case study of the stakes and resources at issue when contemplating the lives of the upper aristocracy in the thirteenth century. A connection to Richard de Clare was a prize well worth pursuing at full tilt. His inheritance was vast. [...] Richard de Clare was, by every criterion--annual income (close to £4000), knight's fees (nearly 500), and both the sheer number of and the strategic location of his estates and lordships--easily the richest and potentially the most powerful baron, next to the members of the immediate royal family, in the British Isles (excluding Scotland) as a whole.

    From Wikipedia:

    He joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England, where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.

    In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander III, King of Scotland, was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Balliol. If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle, and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defense. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King.

    Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their Castle of Edinburgh's being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland."

    *****

    In July 1258 Richard de Clare and his brother William both fell ill. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes contemporary reports that this was due to an attempted poisoning, "supposedly instigated by King Henry's uncle, William de Valence, earl of Pembroke, in retaliation for Clare's support of the baronial reform movement; and Valence's purported agent in the plot, Clare's seneschal, Walter de Scoteny, was tried and hanged." William died, but Richard survived with the loss of his hair and nails. In 1259 Richard was appointed chief ambassador to the Duke of Brittany, presumably in hopes of frightening the duke by sending a hairless, nailless creature to his court. Three years later, Richard died at Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, on the 15th, the 16th, or the 22nd of July 1262. It was again bruited about that he had been poisoned, this time by the Queen's uncle Peter of Savoy, but the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, noting that "the annals of Tewkesbury Abbey are the single most valuable literary source for the reconstruction of [de Clare] family history for this period", points out that "the silence of the Tewkesbury account on this point strongly indicates that such rumours were unfounded."

    In a perfectly medieval series of postmortem events, Richard de Clare's body was borne to the Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury, where his entrails were buried before the altar of St. Edward the Confessor; it was then taken to the Collegiate Church of Tonbridge, Kent, where his heart was buried; finally, what remained of his body was taken to Tewkesbury Abbey in Gloucestershire where it was buried in the choir at his father's right hand.

    Richard married Maud de Lacy about 25 Jan 1238. Maud (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy) died in 1288-1289. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Maud de Lacy (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy); died in 1288-1289.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1288
    • Alternate death: Bef 10 Mar 1289

    Children:
    1. Thomas de Clare was born between 1243 and 1248; died on 29 Aug 1287 in Ireland.
    2. Gilbert de Clare was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire, England; died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. 3. Rose de Clare was born on 17 Aug 1252; died after 1315; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William de Mowbray was born in in of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England (son of Nele de Mowbray and Mabel); died before 25 Mar 1224; was buried in Newburgh Abbey, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate death: Bef Apr 1224, Axholme, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    Magna Carta surety.

    Seigneur of Montbrai in Normandy. Constable of York Castle.

    "He would appear either to have been in the King's company on his return from Palestine or to have waited upon him in Germany, because on 20 Nov. 1193 he witnessed a charter of Richard I at Spiers. He was, moreover, one of the pledges in Germany for King Richard's ransom, and did not obtain possession of his inheritance until 1194, paying a relief of £100. In 1197 he was present when the pact against France was made in Normandy between King Richard and Baldwin, Count of Flanders. On the death of Richard, Apr. 1199, he fortified his castles, and was one of the magnates who swore fealty to John only on receiving an undertaking that each should receive his rights. He had exemption from the first scutage of John of 2s. per fee. In 1200 William de Stuteville, as great-grandson and heir of Robert de Stuteville who had been dispossessed after Tinchebrai, renewed the claim of his family to certain of the Mowbray lands, and a settlement was made whereby the claimant was allowed 12 librates of land (Brincklow, co. Warwick) and the service of 9 knights in addition to the fee of 10 knights already held by him of Mowbray. William was abroad in the King's service in 1201 and 1203. On 25 Feb. 1203/4 he witnessed a royal charter at York. On the loss of Normandy in 1205 he adhered to John, and his Norman lands, including Montbrai, were taken into the French King's hand and forever lost to the family. He was with the King on his expedition to Ireland in 1210. In the King's quarrel with the Barons he sided with the latter, and at Runnymede in June 1215 demanded as his hereditary right the custody of the forests in Yorkshire and of the castle of York, the latter being committed to him pending inquiry as to his rights. He was one of the 25 Barons appointed to enforce the provisions of Magna Carta. As he continued in opposition to the King, his lands were forfeited, and he was among the Barons whose excommunication the King procured from Innocent III. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Lincoln, 20 May 1217, fighting for Louis against the young King Henry, but in Oct. he returned to his allegiance, and his lands were restored to him. In Feb. 1220/1 he accompanied the King to the siege of Byham. He defaulted in his service against the Welsh in 1223, and his lands were again taken into the King's hand, but he was repossessed in Dec." [Complete Peerage]

    William married Avice. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Avice

    Notes:

    Or Agnes. Often claimed as a daughter of William D'Aubeney and Mabel of Chester, but this is unproven.

    Children:
    1. 4. Roger de Mowbray was born about 1220 in of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England; died before 18 Oct 1263; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 10.  William de Beauchamp was born about 1185 (son of Simon de Beauchamp and Isabella); died before 9 Oct 1260.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1186, of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England
    • Alternate death: Aft 28 Dec 1260

    Notes:

    Baron of the Exchequer. Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire 1235-37.

    "He joined the baronial host at Stamford in 1215, and entertained them at Bedford as they marched on London. He was among the baronial leaders excommunicated by name in Dec. 1215. [...] He was taken prisoner at Lincoln by the royal forces in May 1217, but made his peace before the end of the year." [Royal Ancestry]

    William married Idonea de Longespée about Jan 1220. Idonea (daughter of William I Longespée and Ela of Salisbury) died after 1266. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Idonea de Longespée (daughter of William I Longespée and Ela of Salisbury); died after 1266.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1270

    Notes:

    Also called Ida de Longespee, but not to be confused with her sister Ida de Longespee.

    Children:
    1. Ela de Beauchamp died before 1265.
    2. Beatrice de Beauchamp died about 1281.
    3. 5. Maud de Beauchamp was born in in of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England; died before 4 Apr 1273; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  5. 12.  Gilbert de Clare was born about 1180 (son of Richard de Clare and Amice of Gloucester); died on 25 Oct 1230 in Penrose, Brittany, France; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Hertford. Earl of Gloucester.

    Along with his father, he was among the 25 Magna Carta sureties, as such excommunicated by Innocent III on 16 Dec 1215, despite the fact that he was by then among the group negotiating with the king for peace.

    Fought on the side of Louis of France at the Battle of Lincoln, 19-20 May 1217; taken prisoner by his future father-in-law William Marshal and subsequently released, his lands restored. In later life, led various armies against the Welsh.

    Gilbert married Isabel Marshal on 9 Oct 1217. Isabel (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare) was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died on 17 Jan 1240 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Isabel Marshal was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare); died on 17 Jan 1240 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England.

    Notes:

    Suo jure Countess of Pembroke. Wikipedia: "When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury."

    Children:
    1. Amice de Clare was born on 27 May 1220; died before 21 Jan 1284.
    2. 6. Richard de Clare was born on 4 Aug 1222 in of Clare, Suffolk, England; died in Jul 1262 in Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Isabel de Clare was born on 2 Nov 1226; died after 10 Jul 1264.

  7. 14.  John de Lacy was born about 1192 in of Pontefract, Yorkshire, England (son of Roger de Lacy and Maud de Clare); died on 22 Jul 1240; was buried in Stanlaw Abbey, Wirrall, Cheshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called John of Chester. Earl of Lincoln. Magna Carta surety.

    Hereditary Constable of Chester; Keeper of Duninton Castle 1214; Constable of Whitchurch Castle 1233; Privy Councillor 1237; Sheriff of Cheshire 1237; Constable of Chester and Beeston Castles 1237.

    "In 1218 he went on the Fifth Crusade with Earl Ranulf of Chester and was present at the siege of Damietta." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

    John married Margaret de Quincy before 21 Jun 1221. Margaret (daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester) was born before 1217; died before 30 Mar 1266 in Hampstead, Middlesex, England; was buried in Church of the Hospitallers, Clerkenwell, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Margaret de Quincy was born before 1217 (daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester); died before 30 Mar 1266 in Hampstead, Middlesex, England; was buried in Church of the Hospitallers, Clerkenwell, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1209

    Notes:

    Identified by Wightman as Margaret de Quincy, but his report of her parentage is wrong.

    "Margaret de Quincy, 2nd Countess of Lincoln suo jure (c. 1206 – March 1266) was a wealthy English noblewoman and heiress having inherited in her own right the Earldom of Lincoln and honours of Bolingbroke from her mother Hawise of Chester, received a dower from the estates of her first husband, and acquired a dower third from the extensive earldom of Pembroke following the death of her second husband, Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke. Her first husband was John de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln, by whom she had two children. He was created 2nd Earl of Lincoln by right of his marriage to Margaret. Margaret has been described as 'one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century'." [Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 7. Maud de Lacy died in 1288-1289.
    2. Edmund de Lacy was born about 1230; died on 2 Jun 1258; was buried in Stanlaw Abbey, Wirrall, Cheshire, England.