Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Ebenezer Bush

Male 1687 - 1757  (70 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Ebenezer Bush was born on 24 Jul 1687 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts (son of Samuel Bush and Mary Goodenow); died on 10 Nov 1757 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; was buried in Old Burying Ground, Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.

    Ebenezer married Mary Miriam Taylor in Jul 1710 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts. Mary (daughter of Samuel Taylor and Ruth Cogan) was born in 1682 in Springfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; died on 13 Jul 1752 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Ebenezer Bush was born on 2 Jun 1713 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; died on 14 Dec 1753 in Becket, Berkshire, Massachusetts.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Samuel Bush was born about 1651 (son of John Bush and Elizabeth); died on 7 May 1733 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; was buried in Old Burying Ground, Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    The magisterial and fastidious Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton (citation details below) is certain that this Samuel Bush was the father of Ebenezer Bush who was born 24 Jul 1687, and certain that this Samuel Bush's wife was Mary Goodenow, daughter of Capt. John Goodenow, but considers it only probable ("almost surely") that this Samuel Bush was a son of John and Elizabeth Bush.

    Samuel married Mary Goodenow about 1 May 1677. Mary (daughter of Capt. John Goodenow and Mary Axtell) was born on 19 Oct 1659 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Aug 1687 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Mary Goodenow was born on 19 Oct 1659 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts (daughter of Capt. John Goodenow and Mary Axtell); died on 2 Aug 1687 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    Torrey identifies the woman married by Samuel Bush "(?1642-1733)" in or by 1677 as "Mary GOODWIN (-1687), dau. John", although one of his citations is James Cox Brady and His Ancestry (citation details below), which gives the Goodenow model presented here. We are opting for the Goodenow model based on its development in volume 3 of The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908 (1996-2004), citation details below.

    Children:
    1. 1. Ebenezer Bush was born on 24 Jul 1687 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; died on 10 Nov 1757 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; was buried in Old Burying Ground, Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  John Bush was born about 1626; died on 1 Jan 1663 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    Husbandman; never became a freeman. First seen in New England records in 1650.

    John married Elizabeth about 1651. Elizabeth was born about 1631; died on 4 May 1705 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Elizabeth was born about 1631; died on 4 May 1705 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
    Children:
    1. 2. Samuel Bush was born about 1651; died on 7 May 1733 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts; was buried in Old Burying Ground, Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.

  3. 6.  Capt. John Goodenow was born about 1635 in England (son of Capt. Edmund Goodenow and Anne); died on 6 Aug 1721 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1634, England

    Notes:

    Emigrated as an infant, with his family. Town clerk of Sudbury. "It was probably he who was engaged by the town in 1652 to beat the drum every Sabbath twice, also also for service on lecture day." [James Cox Brady and His Ancestry, citation details below.]

    Former Sudbury town historian George Don Max, quoted on the Goodenow Family Association site:

    Some years ago I was reading the diaries of the Rev. Mr. Israel Loring. His entry for Aug. 6, 1721 reads; "Dyed Capt. John Goodenow. I was with him on Saturday, the day before he Dyed. Told me then, that he was like a Pelecan in the Wilderness, and an Owl in the Desert. And pray'd that God would humble him down to Hell, but not throw him in there." The reference is Psalms 102:6, which is a "prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed, and poureth out his complaint before the Lord."

    John Goodenow's plaintive plea calls out for the reason for its utterance. I sought the answer in the Sudbury town tecords wherein I traced his career of service to the town. Finally the records revealed a set of circumstances, which still did not resolve the question. In 1699 John Goodenow was elected to the offices of Selectman, Town Clerk, and Assessor; he had filled these positions several times earlier. In 1701 his name does not appear as a holder of a Town Office. In 1702 and 1703 he served as Highway Surveyor and was appointed to a committee to survey and locate a new road; likewise in 1704 he was a committee member to "seat the meeting house." At a town meeting held Feb. 4, 1704, the Town proceeded to elect him Selectman, Town Clerk, and Assessor; a resumption to those positions of power so suddenly interrupted in 1699.

    Immediately following his reelection the Town held a Special Meeting on the 31st of March, 1704. The Warrant reads in part: "...Then & There to chuse a Town Clerk & an assessor and a selectman by reason of Capt. John Goodenow Modestly Refuesing in the time of it and dos still continue his Reselution in the Matter for Reasons best known to himself; And allsoe from the advise of our own Respective Justive Brown...and the Town being met chuse John Brigham Selectman, Richard Moore Town Clerk, and Noah Clap Assesser."

    From the record and upon reflection it appeared to me that while John Goodenow's public life was seemingly irreproachable, his private condition had to be examined. Subsequently while in Cambridge at the Middlesex County Probate Court searching out Sudbury Wills and Deeds, I decided to look for John Goodenow in the files of the Middlesex Courts. Here was the answer to the mystery of his fall. What I discovered was substantially what Roger Thompson also found and later reported in his fascinating study, Sex in Middlesex; Popular Mores in a Massachusetts County, 1649-1699, published by the University of Massachusetts Press in 1986.

    In short, John Goodenow was accused of misuse of power by means of his offices; he was slick at horse trading, drank too much and was brought up before the Church to answer to it; was infrequent at church and when not there enjoyed the company of Hannah Brooks, the wife of John Brooks, with whom he had carried on an adulterous affair for some years. His offences, both moral and civil, had become a public outrage and an embarrassment to the town. Accordingly, Mr. Joseph Noyes, and others in town and some outside of it took Capt. Goodenow to Court in May 1699. Here was a situation that even they could not brook! He escaped prosecution by paying court costs and resigning from his town offices. His misdeeds and years were heavy upon him for the remaining days of his life. This is why in 1721 at the very door of death he beseeched God to "to humble him down to hell, but not to throw him in there."

    ——

    John Goodenow (1635-1721) = Mary Axtell (1639-1704)
    Elizabeth Goodenow (1672-1736) = Josiah Hayden (1669-1730)
    John Hayden (1702-1763) = Lucy Maynard (1709-1774)
    Elizabeth Hayden (1728-1810) = Joseph Young (1729-1769)
    John Young (1763-1839) = Abigail Howe (1765-1815)
    Brigham Young (1801-1877)

    Brigham Young (1801-1877) = Zina Diantha Huntington (1821-1901)
    Zina Presendia Young (1850-1931) = Charles Ora Card (1839-1906)
    Orson Rega Card (1891-1984) = Lucena Richards (b. 1893)
    Willard Richards Card = Peggy Jane Park
    Orson Scott Card (b. 1951)

    Also a direct ancestor of singer-songwriter James Taylor.

    John married Mary Axtell on 19 Sep 1656 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Mary (daughter of Thomas Axtell and Mary) was born before 25 Sep 1639 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; died on 14 Apr 1704 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Mary Axtell was born before 25 Sep 1639 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (daughter of Thomas Axtell and Mary); died on 14 Apr 1704 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 25 Sep 1639, Berkhamsted St. Peter, Hertfordshire, England
    • Alternate death: 16 Apr 1704, Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III (citation details below) gives her death date as 16 Apr 1704, citing "Sudbury VR, 306" as its source, but this seems to be an error, as the 1903 publication of the Vital Records of Sudbury, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (citation details below) clearly says, on page 306, that "Mary [Goodenow], w. Capt. John" died "Apr. 14, 1704".

    Children:
    1. 3. Mary Goodenow was born on 19 Oct 1659 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Aug 1687 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts.
    2. Elizabeth Goodenow was born on 18 Nov 1672 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.


Generation: 4

  1. 12.  Capt. Edmund Goodenow was born about 1611 in Donhead St. Andrew, Wiltshire, England (son of Thomas Goodenow and Ursula); died on 5 Apr 1688 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in North Cemetery, Wayland, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 6 Apr 1688, Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    "Edmund held an official position as church warden of the parish at Donhead St. Andrew. Nevertheless, he was fined in 1636 and sentenced to do public penance for attending 'nonconforming' sermons outside his parish. He was also reprimanded in 1637 for going to church in Shaftsbury, where his brother, Thomas, lived." [The Goodenow Family Association]

    Emigrated with his family April 1638, on the Confidence out of Southampton.

    Deputy, for Sudbury, to the Massachusetts General Court nine times between May 1649 and January 1681.

    "Sudbury was attacked by the Indians during King Philip's War, and he probably commanded the Goodnow Garrison, which probably was, as garrison houses often were, his own home fortified as part of the defenses of the town. Contemporary records speak of a retreat to 'Captain Goodanous Garrison.'" [James Cox Brady and His Ancestry, citation details below.]

    Edmund married Anne about 1635 in England. Anne was born about 1609; died on 9 Mar 1676 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in North Cemetery, Wayland, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 13.  Anne was born about 1609; died on 9 Mar 1676 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in North Cemetery, Wayland, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
    Children:
    1. 6. Capt. John Goodenow was born about 1635 in England; died on 6 Aug 1721 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  3. 14.  Thomas Axtell was born before 26 Jan 1619 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (son of William Axtell and Thomasine); died on 8 Mar 1646 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 26 Jan 1619, Berkhamsted St. Peter, Hertfordshire, England

    Notes:

    "For all practical purposes, Thomas Axtell received only a pittance in the 1638 will of his father. This suggests that, at the tender age of just 20, Thomas had already received his portion, or that he had been apprenticed out in such a way that his estate was already established, or that father and son had come to some insurmountable difference of opinion. It might also be that Thomas's uncle Henry Axtell had bequeathed a good legacy to Thomas and father William found it unnecessary to add to it. Whatever the cause, Thomas's English prospects were sufficiently bleak by 1641 that he considered taking his small family across the ocean to New England." [Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton, volume III, citation details below.]

    Emigrated sometime between 1641 and when he took the Sudbury oath of allegience, 9 Jul 1645.

    Thomas married Mary before 1639 in England. Mary was born about 1616 in England; died after 1672 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 15.  Mary was born about 1616 in England; died after 1672 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
    Children:
    1. 7. Mary Axtell was born before 25 Sep 1639 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; died on 14 Apr 1704 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.