Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William de Briouze

Male - 1211


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France (son of William de Briouze and Bertha of Hereford); died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Bramber, Sussex, England
    • Alternate death: Sep 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France

    Notes:

    "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    "He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).]

    Family/Spouse: Maud de St. Valéry. Maud (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda) was born about 1150; died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. William de Briouze died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. Reynold de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died between 1227 and 1228.
    3. Bertha de Briouze
    4. Matilda de Briouze died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.
    5. Margaret de Briouze was born about 1181; died after 25 Jun 1245.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William de Briouze was born about 1100 in of Bramber, Sussex, England (son of Philip de Briouze and Aenor de Totnes); died about 1180.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1179
    • Alternate death: Abt 1192
    • Alternate death: Abt 1193

    Notes:

    Sheriff of Hereford, 8 Apr 1173-75.

    "Briouze-Saint-Gervais (formerly Braiose), arrond. of Argentan, dept. of Orne. His descendants spelt the name Brewes. In some 25 early references to this name, not in charter latin, it appears as Breouse, Breuse, or Brewys (the last of which still exists as a surname), but never as Braose, the form adopted in peerages, for which it seems doubtful if there be any good authority." [Complete Peerage I:21, note (e).]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze in Normandy, and of Bramber, Sussex, s. and h. of Philip de B., of the same, by Aenor, da. and h. of Juhel son of Alvred, Lord of Barnstaple and Totnes. He m., in or before 1150, Bertha, 2nd sister and coh. of William of Hereford abovenamed, being da. of Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Gloucester. Sheriff of Hereford, Easter 1173-1175, at which earlier date probably he already possessed the Lordship of Over Gwent. He was living in 1179." [Complete Peerage I:21-22, as corrected in volume XIV.]

    Chris Phillips' Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage notes that Miles was earl of Hereford, not of Gloucester.

    William married Bertha of Hereford about 1150. Bertha (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché) was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Bertha of Hereford was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarché).

    Notes:

    The first heir to Miles of Gloucester as was his son Roger of Hereford, king's constable, who died as a monk in 1155

    His brother Walter of Hereford, king's constable, died 1157-59.

    His brother Henry of Hereford, king's constable, died 1159-63, slain on an Easter eve by Seisyll ap Dyvnwal at Castle Arnold near Abergavenny.

    His brother Mahel of Hereford, king's constable, died sometime after Jan 1164.

    His brother William of Hereford, king's constable, died before 1166, mortally hurt by a stone dropped from Bronllys Tower, co. Brecon.

    Which is how the honor of Abergavenny passed to their sister Bertha and to her husband William de Briouze.

    Children:
    1. 1. William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France; died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Philip de Briouze was born before 1066 (son of William I de Briouze); died between 1131 and 1139.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1070
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1075

    Philip married Aenor de Totnes. Aenor (daughter of Juhel de Totnes) was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Aenor de Totnes was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England (daughter of Juhel de Totnes).

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1084, Barnstaple, Devon, England

    Children:
    1. 2. William de Briouze was born about 1100 in of Bramber, Sussex, England; died about 1180.

  3. 6.  Miles of Gloucester was born about 1100 (son of Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres); died on 24 Dec 1143; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Constable and hereditary sheriff of Gloucester. Constable of the Court to the Empress Maud. Created Earl of Hereford 25 Jul 1141. Killed in a hunting accident.

    Also called Milo; Miles Fitz Walter.

    Miles married Sibyl de Neufmarché in 1121. Sibyl (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern) was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Sibyl de Neufmarché was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern); was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. Margaret of Hereford died before 29 Sep 1197; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    2. 3. Bertha of Hereford was born in in of Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales.
    3. Lucy of Hereford died after 1219; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William I de Briouze (son of Gunnor); died between Dec 1093 and Mar 1096.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1093 and 1096

    Children:
    1. 4. Philip de Briouze was born before 1066; died between 1131 and 1139.

  2. 10.  Juhel de Totnes was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England (son of Alvred de Totnes); died between 1123 and 1130.

    Notes:

    Also called Johel, Judael.

    Children:
    1. 5. Aenor de Totnes was born in in of Totnes, Devon, England.

  3. 12.  Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres (son of Roger de Pîtres); died about 1126 in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Walter of Gloucester. In Domesday as a tenant-in-chief. Hereditary sheriff, and probably constable, of Gloucestershire.

    Children:
    1. Maud of Gloucester
    2. 6. Miles of Gloucester was born about 1100; died on 24 Dec 1143; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

  4. 14.  Bernard de Neufmarché was born in in of Neuf-Marche, Normandy, France (son of Geoffrey de Neufmarché and Ada de Hugleville); died in 1093.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1121 and 1125

    Notes:

    Lord of Brecon, according to CP, which cites Round, Ancient Charters, no. 6. Henry James Young (citation details below) calls him "lord of Brecknock."

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    He was in England by 1086-7, witnessing William's 'foundation charter' to Battle Abbey. He does not appear in Domesday Book. Between 1086 and 1088 he was granted lands in Herefordshire (including Burghill, Brinsop, and Much Cowarne) by either William I or William II. At about the same time, Bernard married Nest (also known as Agnes), daughter and heir of the Herefordshire lord Osbern fitz Richard, and granddaughter of the north Welsh king Gruffudd ap Llywelyn. [...]

    In 1088, Bernard de Neufmarché participated in the rebellion against William II, joining the force which attacked Worcester. He may have been drawn into the rebellion by his father-in-law, and was apparently not punished for his actions. Also in 1088, he seems to have embarked upon his conquest of the minor Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog, for late in 1088 he made a grant of Glasbury in Brycheiniog, together with Much Cowarne church, to St Peter's, Gloucester. This may have been a 'first fruits' offering. By 1093, Bernard was probably in possession of the Welsh capital of Brycheiniog, Talgarth, and in that year, the south Welsh king Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed near Aberhonddu by the Norman invaders of Brycheiniog. His death cleared the way for Bernard to annex the whole region, establishing himself and his feudal vassals in new castles and fiefs there.

    Bernard married Nest ferch Osbern between 1086 and 1088. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 15.  Nest ferch Osbern (daughter of Osbern fitz Richard and Nest ferch Gruffydd).

    Notes:

    Also called Agnes.

    Children:
    1. 7. Sibyl de Neufmarché was born in in of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.