Nielsen Hayden genealogy

St. Fernando III, King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville

Male 1201 - 1252  (~ 50 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  St. Fernando III, King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville was born between Jun 1201 and Jul 1201 in En route between Salamanca and Zamora (son of Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia and Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo); died on 30 May 1252 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa María, Seville, Andalusia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1199
    • Alternate birth: 1200
    • Alternate birth: 30 Jul 1201, Monte de Valparaíso, Spain
    • Baptised: Bef 5 Aug 1201
    • Alternate birth: Between 5 Aug 1201 and 19 Aug 1201, En route between Salamanca and Zamora
    • Alternate birth: 5 Aug 1201, Monte de Valparaíso, Spain
    • Alternate death: 15 Mar 1252
    • Alternate death: 30 May 1253

    Notes:

    "[H]e was born near but not at at the monastery [of Valparaíso], which was moved to his birthplace afterwards. Ferdinand was called 'montesino' because he was born on the mountain, by the road between Salamanca and Zamora." [Peter Stewart, citation details below]

    Canonized in 1671 by Clement X. His feast day is 30 May.

    Fernando married Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen on 30 Nov 1219 in Burgos, Castile, Spain. Elizabeth (daughter of Philip II, King of Germany and Irene Angelina) was born between Mar 1205 and May 1205; died on 30 Nov 1235. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Alfonso X, King of Castile and León was born on 21 Nov 1221 in Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; died on 4 Apr 1284 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain.

    Fernando married Jeanne de Dammartin before 31 Oct 1237 in Burgos, Castile, Spain. Jeanne (daughter of Simon II de Dammartin and Marie of Ponthieu) was born about 1220; died on 15 Mar 1279 in Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France; was buried in Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England was born in 1240; died on 28 Nov 1290 in Hardby, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born on 15 Aug 1171 in Zamora, León, Spain (son of Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura and Urraca of Portugal); died on 24 Sep 1230 in Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1166

    Notes:

    Called "el Barboso," "the Slobberer," supposedly because he was subject to fits of rage during which he foamed at the mouth. Despite this, he is also notable for having founded the University of Salamanca and for convening what was arguably the first parliament in Western Europe that included representatives of the urban bourgeoisie. Our theory is that he was a marooned time-traveler from the future: if you found yourself stuck in twelfth-century Spain, you'd foam at the mouth once in a while too.

    From Wikipedia:

    In spite of the democratic precedent represented by the Cortes and the founding of the University of Salamanca, Alfonso is often chiefly remembered for the difficulties his successive marriages caused between him with Pope Celestine III. He was first married in 1191 to his first cousin, Theresa of Portugal, who bore him two daughters, and a son who died young. The marriage was declared null by the papal legate Cardinal Gregory for consanguinity.

    After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile. For this second act of consanguinity, the king and the kingdom were placed under interdict by representatives of the Pope. In 1198, Pope Innocent III declared Alfonso and Berengaria's marriage invalid, but they stayed together until 1204. The annulment of this marriage by the pope drove the younger Alfonso to again attack his cousin in 1204, but treaties made in 1205, 1207, and 1209 each forced him to concede further territories and rights. The treaty in 1207 is the first existing public document in the Castilian dialect.

    The Pope was, however, compelled to modify his measures by the threat that, if the people could not obtain the services of religion, they would not support the clergy, and that heresy would spread. The king was left under interdict personally, but to that he showed himself indifferent, and he had the support of his clergy. Berengaria left him after the birth of five children, and the king then returned to Theresa, to whose daughters he left his kingdom in his will.

    Alfonso married Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo before 17 Dec 1197 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain. Berenguela (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England) was born in 1171; died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born in 1171 (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England); died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1179-1180
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1180
    • Alternate birth: Between Jan 1180 and Jun 1180
    • Alternate birth: Bef Aug 1180, Burgos, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate death: 8 Nov 1246, Las Huelgas, near Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Berengaria.

    "The couple separated due to consanguinity in 1204, after which she returned to her father's dominions, where she became regent for her younger brother, Enrique I, King of Castile. She abdicated the throne of Castile 31 Aug 1217, in favor of her son, Fernando." [Royal Ancestry]

    "Starting in 1198, Pope Innocent III objected to the marriage on the grounds of consanguinity, though the couple stayed together until 1204. They vehemently sought a dispensation in order to stay together, including offering large sums of money. However, the pope denied their request, although they succeeded in having their children considered legitimate. Her marriage dissolved, Berengaria returned to Castile and to her parents in May 1204, where she dedicated herself to the care of her children." [Wikipedia]

    Notes:

    Annulled by Pope Innocent III on grounds of consanguinity.

    Children:
    1. 1. St. Fernando III, King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville was born between Jun 1201 and Jul 1201 in En route between Salamanca and Zamora; died on 30 May 1252 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa María, Seville, Andalusia, Spain.
    2. Alfonso was born between 1203 and 1204; died on 6 Jan 1272 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
    3. Bérenguère of Castile-León was born in 1204; died on 12 Apr 1237 in Constantinople.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura was born in 1137 (son of Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Castile and Berenguela of Barcelona); died on 22 Jan 1188 in Benavente, Italy; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Fernando married Urraca of Portugal in 1165. Urraca (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy) was born about 1150; died on 16 Oct 1188 in Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried in Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Urraca of Portugal was born about 1150 (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy); died on 16 Oct 1188 in Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried in Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1151

    Notes:

    "Su última aparición en la documentación medieval fue en 1211 cuando donó a la Catedral de Zamora la villa de Castrotorafe que había recibido como parte de las arras entregadas por rey Fernando en 1165." [Spanish-language Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 2. Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born on 15 Aug 1171 in Zamora, León, Spain; died on 24 Sep 1230 in Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

  3. 6.  Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura was born on 11 Nov 1155 in Soría, Castile, Spain (son of Sancho III, King of Nájera, Castile, and Toledo and Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile); died on 22 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 5 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain
    • Alternate death: 6 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain

    Notes:

    Also Lord of Gascony. "Defeated by the Moorish Almohad invaders in 1195, but defeated a combined army of the kings of Leon and Navarre the same year. Won a great victory over the Moors at Navas de Tolosa, 1212." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, which gives the date of his marriage to Eleanor as September 1177, unlike other sources which date it to September 1170.]

    Alfonso married Eleanor of England in Sep 1170 in Burgos, Castile, Spain. Eleanor (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England) was born in 1161; died on 21 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Eleanor of England was born in 1161 (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England); died on 21 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 13 Oct 1162, Domfront, Normandy, France
    • Alternate death: 25 Oct 1214, Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Leonor.

    "Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake was the only one who was enabled, by political circumstances, to wield the kind of influence her mother had exercised. In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom. She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of León. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII's court due to Eleanor's patronage." [Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 3. Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born in 1171; died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
    2. Urraca of Castile was born between 1186 and 1187; died on 3 Nov 1220 in Coimbra, Portugal.
    3. Blanche of Castile, Queen Consort of France was born before 4 Mar 1188 in Palencia, Castile, Spain; died in 1252 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Maubuisson Abbey near Pontoise, near Paris, France.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Castile was born on 1 Mar 1105 in Caldas de Reyes, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain (son of Raymond of Burgundy and Urraca, Queen of Galicia, Castile, Leon, and Toledo); died on 21 Aug 1157 in Fresneda, Teruel, Aragon, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa Maria, Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.

    Notes:

    Called "Emperor" (Emperador).

    Alfonso married Berenguela of Barcelona in Nov 1128 in Saldaña, Palencia, Castilla-Leon, Spain. Berenguela (daughter of Ramon III Berenguer and Dulce de Gévauden) was born about 1114; died on 15 Jan 1149 in Palencia, Castile, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Berenguela of Barcelona was born about 1114 (daughter of Ramon III Berenguer and Dulce de Gévauden); died on 15 Jan 1149 in Palencia, Castile, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1116
    • Alternate death: 31 Jan 1149, Palencia, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate death: 3 Feb 1149

    Children:
    1. Sancho III, King of Nájera, Castile, and Toledo was born in 1134; died on 31 Aug 1158 in Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa Maria, Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.
    2. 4. Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura was born in 1137; died on 22 Jan 1188 in Benavente, Italy; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.
    3. Constance of Castile, Queen Consort of France was born about 1138; died on 4 Oct 1160 in France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.
    4. Sancha of Castile, Queen Consort of Navarre was born about 1139; died in 1179; was buried in Pamplona Cathedral, Pamplona, Spain.

  3. 10.  Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal was born on 15 Jul 1110 (son of Henry of Burgundy and Teresa of Leon and Castile); died on 6 Dec 1185 in Coimbra, Portugal; was buried in Monastery of Santa Cruz, Coimbra, Portugal.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 25 Jul 1110

    Notes:

    "Conquistador."

    Affonso married Mafalda of Savoy in 1146. Mafalda (daughter of Amadeo III and Mahaut of Albon) was born about 1125 in Savoy, Italy; died on 4 Nov 1157 in Coimbra, Portugal; was buried in Monastery of Santa Cruz, Coimbra, Portugal. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Mafalda of Savoy was born about 1125 in Savoy, Italy (daughter of Amadeo III and Mahaut of Albon); died on 4 Nov 1157 in Coimbra, Portugal; was buried in Monastery of Santa Cruz, Coimbra, Portugal.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 3 Dec 1157, Coimbra, Portugal

    Notes:

    Also called Mahaut; Maud; Matilda; Mafalda de Saboia.

    Children:
    1. 5. Urraca of Portugal was born about 1150; died on 16 Oct 1188 in Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried in Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain.
    2. Sancho I, King of Portugal was born on 11 Nov 1154 in Coimbra, Portugal; died on 26 Mar 1211 in Coimbra, Portugal; was buried in Santa Cruz de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

  5. 12.  Sancho III, King of Nájera, Castile, and Toledo was born in 1134 (son of Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Castile and Berenguela of Barcelona); died on 31 Aug 1158 in Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa Maria, Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1135

    Notes:

    The Desired (el Deseado).

    Sancho married Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile on 30 Jan 1151 in Calahorra, La Rioja, Spain. Blanche (daughter of Garcia VI Ramirez, King of Navarre and Marguerite de l'Aigle, Queen of Navarre) was born in 1137; died on 12 Aug 1156; was buried in Cathedral Santa Maria la Real, Najera, La Rioja, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile was born in 1137 (daughter of Garcia VI Ramirez, King of Navarre and Marguerite de l'Aigle, Queen of Navarre); died on 12 Aug 1156; was buried in Cathedral Santa Maria la Real, Najera, La Rioja, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1140
    • Alternate death: 24 Jun 1158

    Notes:

    Also called Sancha.

    Children:
    1. 6. Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura was born on 11 Nov 1155 in Soría, Castile, Spain; died on 22 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

  7. 14.  Henry II, King of England was born on 4 Mar 1133 in Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays-de-la-Loire, France (son of Geoffrey V of Anjou and Maud "The Empress"); died on 6 Jul 1189 in Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France; was buried in Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays-de-la-Loire, France

    Notes:

    Also called Henry Fitz Empress; Henry Fitz Geoffrey.

    Henry married Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England on 18 May 1152 in Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, Gironde, France. Eleanor (daughter of William X of Aquitaine and Aénor de Châtellerault) was born in 1122; died in 1204; was buried in Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England was born in 1122 (daughter of William X of Aquitaine and Aénor de Châtellerault); died in 1204; was buried in Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1124
    • Alternate death: 31 Mar 1204, Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
    • Alternate death: 1 Apr 1204

    Notes:

    Also called Alienor, Helienordis. Duchess of Aquitaine.

    Children:
    1. Henry the Young King, Titular King of England was born on 28 Feb 1155; died on 11 Jun 1183 in Castle of Martel, Lot, France.
    2. Matilda of England was born in 1156 in London, England; died on 28 Jun 1189.
    3. Richard I, King of England was born on 8 Sep 1157 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England; died on 6 Apr 1199 in Châlus, Aquitaine, France; was buried in Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.
    4. 7. Eleanor of England was born in 1161; died on 21 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
    5. John, King of England was born about 27 Dec 1166 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England; died on 19 Oct 1216 in Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried in Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England.