Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Constance of Provence, Queen Consort of France

Female 990 - 1034  (~ 44 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Constance of Provence, Queen Consort of France was born between 985-990 (daughter of Guillaume I "le Liberateur" and Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou); died on 22 Jul 1034 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 986
    • Alternate death: 25 Jul 1032, Château Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France

    Notes:

    Also called Constance de Toulouse; Constance of Arles.

    "Queen Constance was not someone to be caught with down a dark alley, or even a well-lit street -- she was a violent termagant who once poked out a priest's eye with a stick when undertaking crowd control at a heresy trial. She fomented war between her sons over the succession after Robert II's death." [Peter Stewart, SGM, 3 Jun 2022]

    Constance married Robert II, King of France about May 1004. Robert (son of Hugues Capet, King of France and Adélaïde, Queen Consort of France) was born about 970-974 in Orléans, Loiret, France; died on 20 Jul 1031 in Château Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Hedwig of France died after 5 Jun 1063.
    2. St. Adele of France was born about 1003; died about 1063; was buried in Abbey of Messines, Ypres, Flanders.
    3. Henri I, King Of France was born before 17 May 1008; died on 4 Aug 1060; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.
    4. Robert I was born about 1011; died on 21 Mar 1075.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Guillaume I "le Liberateur" was born in 950 (son of Boso and Constance); died after 29 Aug 993; was buried in Sarrians, Vaucluse, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 994

    Notes:

    Count of Arles, 967. Marquess of Provence from before 967 to 993-94. Sometimes enumerated as Guillaume II.

    Guillaume married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou after 984. Adelaide-Blanche (daughter of Foulques II "Le Bon" and Gerberge) was born between 945 and 950; died in 1026 in Montmajour, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou was born between 945 and 950 (daughter of Foulques II "Le Bon" and Gerberge); died in 1026 in Montmajour, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France.

    Notes:

    "Wife of four husbands, and the ancestress of important comital families through three of her marriages, Adélaïde, alias Blanche, was also briefly queen of France, and the mother of another French queen. Yet, in the early nineteenth century, scholars were still confused about her identity. Her story has to be pieced together from various records which, for example, mention an Alaiz, mother of count Pons de Gévaudan, or a Blanca, wife of Louis V, king of France, or an Adelaidis, cui prenomen erat Candida, mother of queen Constance, and only in hindsight is it clear that these records refer to the same woman. The discovery of the work of the historian Richer in the 1830's added a key piece to the puzzle by mentioning three of Adélaïde's marriages, but historians were slow to take advantage of the new information. Nevertheless, by the late nineteeth century, historians had accepted that Adélaïde, alias Blanche, daughter of Foulques II of Anjou, had been successively married to Étienne de Brioude (at the time often incorrectly called count of Gévaudan), king Louis V of France, and Guillaume I (or II) of Provence, and that she was the mother by the last of queen Constance, wife of king Robert II of France, although the marriage to Raymond of "Gothia" was still widely doubted. More recently, in the face of clear proof that Adélaïde was the mother of Guillaume "Taillefer", count of Toulouse, it has been recognized that her marriage to the obscure Raymond was genuine." [The Henry Project]

    Children:
    1. Guillaume II died before 30 May 1018.
    2. 1. Constance of Provence, Queen Consort of France was born between 985-990; died on 22 Jul 1034 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Boso (son of Roubaud); died between 965 and 967.

    Notes:

    Count of Arles, Provence, and Avignon.

    Boso married Constance. Constance died between 961 and 965. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Constance died between 961 and 965.

    Notes:

    Also called Constance of Viennois.

    It has been speculated that she was the daughter of one Charles, son of Louis the Blind, Holy Roman Emperor. This Charles is called by many later chroniclers "Charles Constantine," but he was never called that in his lifetime. Also speculative is the idea that this Charles's mother was Anna of Constantinople, daughter of Byzantine emperor Leo VI and his wife Zoe Zaoutzaina, but the idea that the emperor Louis was ever married to this Anna is much in dispute.

    Children:
    1. Roubaud II was born about 940; died about 1008.
    2. 2. Guillaume I "le Liberateur" was born in 950; died after 29 Aug 993; was buried in Sarrians, Vaucluse, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France.

  3. 6.  Foulques II "Le Bon" (son of Foulques I "Le Reux" and Roscille); died in 958.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between Sep 958 and Sep 960

    Notes:

    Count of Anjou. Common ancestor of William the Conqueror and his wife Maud.

    Foulques married Gerberge in 937. Gerberge died before Sep 958. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Gerberge died before Sep 958.
    Children:
    1. Geoffroi I Grisegonelle died on 21 Jul 987 in Marçon, Sarthe, Pays-de-la-Loire, France; was buried in Saint-Martin de Tours, Tours, Indre-et-Loir, France.
    2. Adele
    3. Bouchard died on 26 Feb 1007.
    4. 3. Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou was born between 945 and 950; died in 1026 in Montmajour, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Roubaud died about 949.

    Notes:

    Also called Rotbald.

    Children:
    1. 4. Boso died between 965 and 967.

  2. 12.  Foulques I "Le Reux" (son of Ingelger); died after 13 Aug 941.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Abt 942

    Notes:

    Viscount of Angers, before 898-931×940; Count of Anjou, 931×940 (or 929)-after 941; Count of Nantes, 907×9-914×9; Viscount of Tours, before 905-before 909; Abbot of Saint-Aubin d'Angers and Saint-Lézin, before 924-after 941.

    Also called Fulk the Red; Fulco Rufus.

    Foulques married Roscille. Roscille (daughter of Warnerius and Tescende) died after 929. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  3. 13.  Roscille (daughter of Warnerius and Tescende); died after 929.
    Children:
    1. 6. Foulques II "Le Bon" died in 958.