Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Robert Tailboys

Male Abt 1451 - 1494  (~ 43 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Robert Tailboys was born about 1441-1451 in of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tailboys and Elizabeth Bonville); died on 31 Jan 1494; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1451
    • Alternate death: 30 Jan 1495


    MP for Lincolnshire 1472-75, 1478; Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1480-1.

    The attainder of his father was reversed in 1472. He was admitted a member of Corpus Christi Guild at Boston, Lincolnshire in 1488.

    Ancestor of George Washington:

    Sir Robert Talboys = Elizabeth Heron
    Sir George Talboys = Elizabeth Gascoigne
    Anne Talboys = Sir Edward Dymoke
    Frances Dymoke = Sir Thomas Windebank
    Mildred Windebank = Robert Reade
    Col. George Reade of VA = Elizabeth Martiau
    Mildred Reade = Augustine Warner Jr.
    Mildred Warner = Lawrence Washington
    Augustine Washington = Mary Ball
    George Washington = Mrs. Martha Dandridge Custis

    Robert married Elizabeth Heron before 1467. Elizabeth (daughter of John Heron and Elizabeth Heron) died before 30 Jan 1495; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Maud Tailboys
    2. George Tailboys was born about 1467; died on 21 Sep 1538; was buried in Bullington, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William Tailboys was born about 1415 (son of Walter Tailboys and (Unknown first wife of Walter Tailboys)); died on 26 May 1464 in Sandhills, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried in Grey Friars Church, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1418
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1416-1419, of South Kyme, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: 20 Jul 1464, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England


    "The identity of William's mother is unknown, but his father married in 1432 Alice, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford and widow of Sir Edmund Cheyne, which made him one of the wealthiest men in Lincolnshire, and he was also very active on local commissions." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Justice of the peace in Lincolnshire and Northumberland, 1441 onwards. Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire 1445. King's esquire. Captain of Alnwick Castle 1462. Styled "Earl of Kyme" upon inheriting the castle and estate of Kyme.

    Described in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article on his father-in-law William Bonville as "one of Suffolk's henchmen," referring to William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, beheaded 1450. Described in the first line of his own Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry as "Tailboys, Sir William (c.1416–1464), landowner and gang leader."

    From Foundation: The History of England from its Earliest Beginnings to the Tudors by Peter Ackroyd (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2011):

    John Paston wrote of one hired gang that 'no poor man dare displease them, for whatsoever they do with their swords they make it law'. He had direct experience of such violent behaviour. In a petition to the archbishop of York he wrote of 'a great multitude of riotous people, to the number of a thousand persons or more' who 'broke, despoiled, and drew down' his manor house at Gresham; they 'drove out my wife and servants there being, and rifled, took, and bore away all the goods and chattels'. The gang then fortified the manor, and kept out Paston himself as well as the king's Justice of the Peace.

    Another gang, commanded by William Tailboys, was under the protection of Suffolk; it will be remembered that Suffolk, with the queen, helped to control the council of the realm. Tailboys and his 'slaughterladdes' were accused of three murders as well as charges of trespass and assault; but Suffolk helped him to escape justice. 'On lordship and friendship', it was said, 'depends all law and profit.' The spirit of misrule prevailed over the land, and the king could do nothing about it.

    From Wikipedia:

    William Tailboys, de jure 7th Baron Kyme (c. 1415-26 May 1464) was a wealthy Lincolnshire squire and adherent of the Lancastrian cause during the Wars of the Roses.

    He was born in Kyme, Lincolnshire the son of Sir Walter Tailboys and his first wife. Sir Walter had inherited considerable estates in Northumberland and Lincolnshire (with the main estate being at Goltho, Lincolnshire), and had been High Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1423. William gained a reputation as a troublemaker, continually disputing with his neighbours, particularly Lord Cromwell, the ex-Treasurer.

    He was Justice of the Peace for Lincolnshire and for Northumberland from 1441 and in 1445 became Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire. However his unruly character led to his temporary imprisonment in the Marshalsea, London in 1448 for a series of murders and trespasses. He was also accused of having attempted to murder Lord Cromwell in the Star Chamber in 1449.

    He espoused the Lancastrian cause and was knighted at the Second Battle of St Albans in 1461. He also fought at the Battle of Towton in 1461, escaped and was declared a rebel and had his property confiscated by King Edward IV. He was with Queen Margaret in Scotland in 1461 and was Captain of Alnwick Castle for the restored King Henry VI in 1462.

    In 1464 he fought at the Battle of Hexham, where the Lancastrian forces were totally routed, but managed to escape the field. He was later discovered hiding in a coal pit near Newcastle with some 3000 marks (2000 pounds) of Lancastrian funds which had been intended as pay for the army. He was taken to the Sandhills in Newcastle and there beheaded.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Nothing is known of William Tailboys's early life but he may have been 'the young layman by name Tailboys' who was living at Bardney Abbey in 1437 and 'did most foully browbeat and scold' one of the monks there (Virgoe, 462). By 1441 he was one of the king's household retainers, and remained so until at least 1448. His inheritance of his father's lands brought him election as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in 1445 and appointment to the Northumberland and all three Lincolnshire commissions of the peace. But he rapidly became involved in a series of disputes which led to a great deal of violence. By 1448 he and his followers were accused of involvement in three homicides and many other crimes. Tailboys saw Lord Cromwell of Tattershall Castle as his greatest enemy and John, Viscount Beaumont, and William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, as his patrons. When writs of exigent were issued against Tailboys and his followers in 1449 Suffolk persuaded the sheriff of Lincolnshire, Mauncer Marmyon, not to execute them, promising Marmyon a pardon -- incidents that formed part of the charges against Suffolk in his impeachment in 1450. Near the beginning of the parliament of November 1449 Tailboys and his band of 'slaughterladdes' assaulted and allegedly tried to kill Lord Cromwell at a meeting of the king's council. The Commons, perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell, brought an impeachment against Tailboys -- the first for over half a century -- demanding that he, 'named and noysed for a comon murderer, mansleer, riottour and contynuell breker of your peas', be put in the Tower of London, to stay there for twelve months while actions could be brought against him (RotP, 5.200). The king was forced to agree to the main clause and it is clear that this impeachment formed the model for the much more serious impeachment of the duke of Suffolk in January 1450, also perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell.

    [...] Tailboys remained in the Tower for a year and then in the custody of the sheriffs of London for another four years. After the Yorkist victory of St Albans in 1455 Tailboys received a general pardon and was restored briefly to the peace commission in Kesteven. He was certainly much damaged by his years of imprisonment, even though in 1457 Lord Cromwell's executors forgave him much of the £2000 awarded seven years earlier. His activities over the next three years seem to have been equally violent and in the Coventry parliament of 1459 the Commons petitioned that he, then living at Enfield, and other criminals be imprisoned.

    As the civil wars grew closer, however, Tailboys's influence in Lincolnshire, where he presumably remained friendly with Viscount Beaumont, became increasingly important to Henry VI. He served loyally on the Lancastrian side during the last four years of his life, being knighted in February 1461 at St Albans, where Lord Bonville, whose daughter, Elizabeth (d. 1491), he had married, was executed. He fought at Towton, defended, then surrendered Alnwick, and finally fought at the battle of Hexham in May 1464. After this battle he was discovered hiding in a coalmine near Newcastle with some 3000 marks intended for the Lancastrian forces. He was executed on 20 July 1464 at Newcastle and buried at the Greyfriars in Newcastle.

    William married Elizabeth Bonville. Elizabeth (daughter of William Bonville and Margaret Grey) died on 14 Feb 1491. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Elizabeth Bonville (daughter of William Bonville and Margaret Grey); died on 14 Feb 1491.
    1. 1. Robert Tailboys was born about 1441-1451 in of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England; died on 31 Jan 1494; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Walter Tailboys was born in in of Goltho, Lincolnshire, England (son of Walter Tailboys and Margaret); died on 13 Apr 1444.


    Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1423; Justice of the Peace for Lincolnshire 1442-3. MP for Lincolnshire.

    Walter married (Unknown first wife of Walter Tailboys). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 5.  (Unknown first wife of Walter Tailboys)
    1. Margaret Tailboys
    2. 2. William Tailboys was born about 1415; died on 26 May 1464 in Sandhills, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried in Grey Friars Church, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England.

  3. 6.  William Bonville was born on 12 Aug 1391 in Shute, Devon, England (son of John Bonville and Elizabeth Fitz Roger); died on 18 Feb 1461 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1392
    • Alternate birth: 12 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 31 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 13 Aug 1393
    • Alternate birth: 30 Aug 1393
    • Alternate death: 19 Feb 1461


    From Wikipedia:

    Bonville was knighted before 1417 during the campaigns in France of King Henry V. He was Knight of the shire for Somerset in 1421, and for Devon in 1422, 1425 and 1427. In 1423 he was appointed by the king as Sheriff of Devon. He was Seneschal of Aquitaine at various times from 1442 to 1453, and Governor of Exeter Castle from 1453–61. In 1443 Bonville was retained to serve King Henry VI for a one-year term and in 1449 was retained to serve the King at sea. He was summoned to Parliament from 10 March 1449 to 30 July 1460 by writs directed, for the most part, Willelmo Bonville domino Bonville et de Chuton ("To William Bonville, lord of Bonville and Chewton"), by which he is held to have become Baron Bonville. On 8 February 1461 he was nominated to the Order of the Garter.

    In 1441 riots resulted from a dispute over the Duchy of Cornwall between Bonville and Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon, and on 14 December 1455 the two sides fought the Battle of Clyst Heath near Exeter, which resulted in the defeat of Bonville, the sacking of Shute and injury to a number of persons.

    Bonville was to all outward appearances loyal to King Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses until he joined the Yorkist side at the Battle of Northampton in July 1460. Both his son, William Bonville, and his grandson, William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, were slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 31 December 1460.

    Less than two months later in 1460 the Yorkists suffered another defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans, where Lord Bonville and another Yorkist, Sir Thomas Kyriel, were taken prisoner by the victorious Lancastrians. The two men had kept guard over King Henry VI during the battle to see that he came to no harm. The King had been held in captivity by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and transported in the train of the latter's army, but had been abandoned on the battlefield. In return for their gallantry the King promised the two men immunity. However Queen Margaret, who was present at the battle, remembered that Lord Bonville had been one of the men who had held King Henry in custody after the Battle of Northampton in July 1460, and wanted revenge. Disregarding the King's promise of immunity, she gave orders for the beheading of Lord Bonville and Sir Thomas Kyriel the next day, 18 February 1461. It is alleged that she put the men on trial and appointed as presiding judge her seven-year-old son, Prince Edward. "Fair son", Margaret is said to have inquired, "what death shall these knights die?" The young prince replied that they were to have their heads cut off, an act which was swiftly carried out, despite the King's pleas for mercy.

    Bonville was not attainted, as within three weeks of his death the Yorkist King Edward IV came to the throne. Bonville's widow, Elizabeth, was assigned a substantial dower in recognition of his services to the Yorkist cause.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    While his extensive and complex inheritances led to some violent disputes with neighbours during these years, these were on nothing like the scale of disorder that was to characterize Bonville's notorious conflict with the Courtenays during the 1440s and 1450s.

    This power struggle was triggered by the appointment of Bonville in 1437 as royal steward in Cornwall for life. This was seen by the young Thomas Courtenay, thirteenth earl of Devon, recently come of age and in possession of a severely reduced inheritance, as a serious challenge to his own regional authority. The bitterness of the strife that grew from this was symptomatic of a change in the local balance of power and wealth that had over a generation tilted against the Courtenay earls (the traditional leaders of west-country society) in favour of a small group of powerful gentry among whom Bonville was pre-eminent.

    Violence reached an alarming level during the summers of 1439 and 1440, and the situation was worsened by a serious blunder on the part of the government--the appointment of the earl to the stewardship of the duchy of Cornwall, a post so similar to that held by Bonville as to be hardly distinguishable from it. Urgent attempts at even-handedness and arbitration failed, and the dispute was only temporarily resolved by the appointment of Bonville as seneschal of Gascony in December 1442, thereby removing him temporarily from the scene (he sailed from Plymouth in March 1443 but was back in Devon by April 1445). Even though the government, coming increasingly under the influence of the duke of Suffolk, was careful not to antagonize the earl of Devon, the latter was clearly seen to be the principal culprit. Bonville's connection with Suffolk grew stronger. He was a member of Suffolk's entourage at Margaret of Anjou's betrothal ceremonies at Rouen in May 1444, and married his daughter Elizabeth to one of Suffolk's henchmen, Sir William Tailboys. This development culminated in the parliament of 1449, when Bonville was raised to the peerage as Baron Bonville of Chewton.

    Antagonisms hardened after the fall of Suffolk in 1450. The earl of Devon attached himself to the duke of York, and felt confident enough in the summer of 1451 to risk an encounter in the field with Bonville (and his ally, James Butler, earl of Wiltshire). Despite much plunder and violence, a major showdown was avoided when York's unexpected arrival in the west country persuaded the earl of Devon to lift the siege of Taunton Castle, which Bonville had made his headquarters. Although temporarily imprisoned (as were Devon and the other principal malcontents), Bonville was soon able to exploit the dramatically changed political situation that followed the humiliating submission of York and Devon to the king at Dartford on 3 March 1452.

    Between 1452 and 1455 Bonville became the dominant force in west-country politics [...] and the king personally reinforced his position by staying at Bonville's house at Shute on his progress through the west country in the summer of 1452. Bonville was confirmed as steward of the duchy of Cornwall in 1452 (the post that had triggered the violence in 1439), and appointed constable of Exeter Castle in 1453, both posts to be held for life. [...]

    These partisan appointments of Bonville to positions within the earl of Devon's traditional zone of influence forced the earl to take increasingly desperate measures [...] [T]he enmities that had grown over more than twenty years proved irresolvable. The death in 1458 of Bonville's old adversary afforded him little comfort. The new earl of Devon [...] quickly gained favour with Queen Margaret, and this presented enormous risks for Bonville and his family.

    William married Margaret Grey after 12 Dec 1414. Margaret (daughter of Reynold Grey and Margaret de Ros) was born about 1399; died after May 1426. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 7.  Margaret Grey was born about 1399 (daughter of Reynold Grey and Margaret de Ros); died after May 1426.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1426

    1. 3. Elizabeth Bonville died on 14 Feb 1491.
    2. William Bonville died on 31 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.

Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Walter Tailboys was born on 2 Feb 1350 in Hepple, Rothbury, Northumberland, England (son of Henry Tailboys and Eleanor de Boroughdon); died on 20 Sep 1417.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1351
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1351
    • Alternate death: 21 Sep 1417
    • Alternate death: 20 Sep 1418


    Sheriff of Lincolnshire 13 Dec 1389 - 7 Mar 1390.

    Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire, Feb 1383, 1386, Feb 1388.

    HoP and Richardson's RA concur in giving him a birth date of 2 Feb 1350. But RA, AR8, and VCH Durham give his father birth years ranging from 1334 to 1337, making his father 12 to 15 years old when Sir Walter was conceived. Not impossible, but a red flag.

    From the History of Parliament:

    "Although he was still in his early thirties when he moved south, Tailboys had already gained some experience of local government in Northumberland. He was, moreover, a seasoned campaigner, having on his own testimony begun the profession of arms at about the age of 19. His military exploits seem to have been confined to the Anglo-Scottish border, which was the scene of protracted hostilities throughout this period. Indeed, in 1380, he was actually taken captive and ransomed by the Scots, King Richard intervening to authorize an exchange of prisoners and the shipment of grain supplies to Scotland as measures towards his release. Tailboys may well have fought in the retinue of the earl of Northumberland, to whom, as we have seen, his mother became connected by marriage. He certainly took part in Richard II's unsuccessful expedition to Scotland in 1385, although by then his involvement in border society had virtually ceased. Within less than two years of his arrival in Lincolnshre, Tailboys was returned by the county electors to Parliament, and soon after that he began serving regularly as a royal commissioner there. His servants were accustomed to the lawlessness of the northern march, and found it less easy to settle down: in 1384, for example, a commission of oyer and terminer was set up to investigate a robbery committed by them on the widowed Lady Roos's estates at Wragby. Even so, their master soon established himself as a leading member of the local community. He was again returned to the House of Commons in 1386, giving evidence during the session on behalf of Richard, Lord Scrope of Bolton, in his celebrated dispute with Sir Robert Grosvenor over their claim to the same coat of arms.

    "We do not know if Tailboys was an active supporter of the Lords Appellant, but his return to the Merciless Parliament of 1388 in which they secured the downfall of the court party suggests that he had some sympathy with their cause. This is borne out by his decision to sue out royal letters of pardon in April 1398, when Richard had already punished the chief of his enemies of ten years before. On the other hand, however, the King thought sufficiently well of him to entrust him with the difficult task of settling the civic disturbances which affected Lincoln so seriously in the spring of 1393; and although the problem eventually proved too delicate for a routine commission, it is clear that Tailboys was regarded by the authorities as a man of some consequence. [...]

    "He was [...] summoned as a representative for Lincolnshire to the great councils of August 1401 and 1403; and although he performed comparatively few official duties after this date he remained active for several more years. This is evident from a complaint made by the citizens of Lincoln in the spring of 1411, alleging that Tailboys and a retinue of 'about 160 horsemen' had tried to murder Sir Thomas Chaworth in the city, killing two local men and wounding many others in their attempt. He and his brother-in-law, Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, were, moreover, charged with laying ambushes for local wool merchants on their way to the coast and terrorizing the countryside. The severity with which these crimes was viewed may be gauged from the size of the pledges for good behaviour (£3,000) demanded from Tailboys at this time, and the setting up of a commission of oyer and terminer to examine those concerned."


    Note: The Luttrell that was brother-in-law to Walter Tailboys was Andrew Luttrell (1365-1367), husband of Tailboys' sister Joan, not "Geoffrey." HOP is in error here.

    Walter married Margaret before 1396. Margaret died after Nov 1417. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 9.  Margaret died after Nov 1417.


    Royal Ancestry: "Said to be a daughter of William Deincourt, Lord Deincourt." But the Margaret Deincourt (b. 1344) who was the daughter of William, 2nd Lord Deincourt is well-recorded (AR, MCS, CP, etc) to have been married, 1st, to Robert Tibetot, and 2nd, to John Cheyne. And she died in 1380, before the 1396 given for Walter Tailboys' marriage to this Margaret.

    1. 4. Walter Tailboys was born in in of Goltho, Lincolnshire, England; died on 13 Apr 1444.
    2. John Tailboys was born in in of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England; died on 16 Apr 1467.

  3. 12.  John Bonville was born about 1371 in of Chewton, Somerset, England (son of William Bonville and Margaret d'Aumarle); died on 21 Oct 1396.

    John married Elizabeth Fitz Roger before 18 Oct 1377. Elizabeth (daughter of John Fitz Roger and Alice) was born on 15 Aug 1370 in of Chewton, Somerset, England; died on 15 Apr 1414. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 13.  Elizabeth Fitz Roger was born on 15 Aug 1370 in of Chewton, Somerset, England (daughter of John Fitz Roger and Alice); died on 15 Apr 1414.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 16 Apr 1414

    1. Isabel Bonville
    2. 6. William Bonville was born on 12 Aug 1391 in Shute, Devon, England; died on 18 Feb 1461 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

  5. 14.  Reynold Grey was born about 1362 in of Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales (son of Reynold de Grey and Eleanor le Strange); died on 30 Sep 1440.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 18 Oct 1440


    Governor in Ireland; Privy Councillor to Henry IV.

    Summoned to Parliament by writs, 6 Dec 1389 to 26 Sep 1439.

    Reynold Grey (d. 1440) = Joan Astley
    Robert Grey (d. 1460) = Eleanor Lowe
    Humphrey Grey (d. 1499) = Anne Fielding (d. 1507)
    Marjory Grey (d. >1525) = Richard de St. Barbe (d. 1530)
    Thomas St. Barbe (d. 1563) = Joan (d. 1573)
    George St. Barbe = Mary Warburton
    Ursula St. Barbe = William Ussher (d. 1671)
    Adam Ussher, Archdeacon of Clonfert (1650-1713) = Rebecca Wye (d. 1694)
    William Ussher, Archdeacon of Clonfert (1680-1744) = Mary Jenney
    Mary Jenney Ussher = Richard Molesworth (d. 1758)
    Henrietta Molesworth = John Staples (1736-1820)
    Elizabeth Staples = Rev. Hugh Hamilton
    Rev. Thomas Hamilton (1826-1905) = Mary Warren (1826-1916)
    Florence Augusta Hamilton (1862-1908) = Albert James Lewis (1863-1929)
    Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963)

    Making TNH a half 13th cousin 6 times removed to C. S. Lewis.

    Reynold married Margaret de Ros after 25 Nov 1378. Margaret (daughter of Thomas de Ros and Beatrice de Stafford) was born in in of Helmsley, Yorkshire, England; died before 1415. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  6. 15.  Margaret de Ros was born in in of Helmsley, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Thomas de Ros and Beatrice de Stafford); died before 1415.
    1. Eleanor Grey died before 1434.
    2. John Grey was born in in of Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales; died on 27 Aug 1429.
    3. 7. Margaret Grey was born about 1399; died after May 1426.