Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Maud de Clare

Female - 1325


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Maud de Clare (daughter of Thomas de Clare and Juliane fitz Maurice); died on 1 Feb 1325.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 4 Mar 1327 and 24 May 1327

    Maud married Robert de Clifford on 13 Nov 1295. Robert (son of Roger de Clifford and Isabel de Vipont) was born about 1 Apr 1274; died on 24 Jun 1314 in Bannockburn, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Idoine de Clifford was born in in of Appleby, Westmorland, England; died on 24 Aug 1365; was buried in Beverley Minster, Yorkshire, England.
    2. Margaret de Clifford died on 8 Aug 1382.
    3. Robert de Clifford was born on 5 Nov 1305 in of Appleby, Westmorland, England; died on 20 May 1344; was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Thomas de Clare was born between 1243 and 1248 (son of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy); died on 29 Aug 1287 in Ireland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Between 1245 and 1246, of Thomond in Connacht, Clare, Ireland
    • Alternate birth: Between 1245 and 1246
    • Alternate death: Feb 1288

    Notes:

    Constable of Colchester Castle; Steward of the Forest of Essex; King's Lieutenant in Gascony; Governor of London; Warden of the Forest of Dean; Constable of St. Briavel's Castle.

    Studied at Oxford 1257-9.

    "He joined his brother, Gilbert, against King Henry III and was knighted by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, before the Battle of Lewes 14 May 1264. He subsequently deserted the baronial cause with his brother, Earl Gilbert. In May 1265 Thomas arranged the gift of a speedy horse to Prince Edward, by means of which Prince Edward escaped from Simon de Montfort at Hereford. Thomas fought for the king at the Battle of Evesham 4 August 1265. In 1267 he took the cross at St. Paul's, London, being moved by the preaching of the papal legate, Ottobuono. [...] He went on crusade to the Holy Land with Prince Edward in 1271, and returned in 1272." [Royal Ancestry]

    This Thomas de Clare was identified in early volumes of the Complete Peerage as a son of Sir Richard de Clare d. 1262, and then removed in volume 14 in the articles on Badlesmere and Clare. Despite this, it appears to be correct; Chris Phillips lays out the details here.

    Thomas married Juliane fitz Maurice before 18 Feb 1275. Juliane (daughter of Maurice fitz Maurice and Maud de Prendergast) was born in in of Offaly, Ireland; died before 24 Sep 1300. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Juliane fitz Maurice was born in in of Offaly, Ireland (daughter of Maurice fitz Maurice and Maud de Prendergast); died before 24 Sep 1300.
    Children:
    1. 1. Maud de Clare died on 1 Feb 1325.
    2. Margaret de Clare was born between 1286 and 1287; died in 1333.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Richard de Clare was born on 4 Aug 1222 in of Clare, Suffolk, England (son of Gilbert de Clare and Isabel Marshal); died in Jul 1262 in Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 15 Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England

    Notes:

    Earl of Gloucester; Earl of Hertford; High Marshal and Chief Butler to the Archbishop of Canterbury; Privy Councillor 1255, 1258; Warden of the Isle of Portland, Weymouth, and Wyke, 1257.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Richard de Clare was a minor at the time of his father's death, and heir to one of the greatest collections of estates and lordships in all of England and Wales. His wardship and marriage were thus matters of the keenest interest to the politically powerful and ambitious of the day. The justiciar Hubert de Burgh, using his position in the government of Henry III, managed to have custody of Richard assigned to himself. On Hubert's fall from power in 1232, the king transferred custody of both Richard and his lands to the new royal favourites, Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester, and his nephew Peter des Rivaux. Hubert de Burgh's wife, in an apparent effort to rescue the family fortunes, secretly married Richard de Clare to her daughter Margaret; but the marriage was apparently never consummated, and was in any event mooted by Margaret's death in 1237. In the meantime both Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux had themselves fallen from power in 1234, and thereafter King Henry kept the wardship in his own hands, although allowing custody of at least some of the Clare lands to be secured by Richard de Clare's uncle Gilbert Marshal, earl of Pembroke. During this time the king began searching for a suitable marriage. A proposed arrangement with the great French comital family, the Lusignans, fell through, and in 1238 Richard de Clare was married to Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. The prime mover in the marriage negotiations seems to have been the king's brother, Richard of Cornwall, who was Richard de Clare's stepfather, having married the widowed Isabel Marshal in 1231. Notwithstanding his marriage Clare remained the ward of the king until 1243, when he came of age and received both official seisin of his inheritance and formal dubbing to knighthood.

    The complexities, intricacies, and rivalries involved in the story of Richard de Clare's wardship are an excellent case study of the stakes and resources at issue when contemplating the lives of the upper aristocracy in the thirteenth century. A connection to Richard de Clare was a prize well worth pursuing at full tilt. His inheritance was vast. [...] Richard de Clare was, by every criterion--annual income (close to £4000), knight's fees (nearly 500), and both the sheer number of and the strategic location of his estates and lordships--easily the richest and potentially the most powerful baron, next to the members of the immediate royal family, in the British Isles (excluding Scotland) as a whole.

    From Wikipedia:

    He joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England, where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.

    In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander III, King of Scotland, was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Balliol. If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle, and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defense. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King.

    Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their Castle of Edinburgh's being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland."

    *****

    In July 1258 Richard de Clare and his brother William both fell ill. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes contemporary reports that this was due to an attempted poisoning, "supposedly instigated by King Henry's uncle, William de Valence, earl of Pembroke, in retaliation for Clare's support of the baronial reform movement; and Valence's purported agent in the plot, Clare's seneschal, Walter de Scoteny, was tried and hanged." William died, but Richard survived with the loss of his hair and nails. In 1259 Richard was appointed chief ambassador to the Duke of Brittany, presumably in hopes of frightening the duke by sending a hairless, nailless creature to his court. Three years later, Richard died at Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, on the 15th, the 16th, or the 22nd of July 1262. It was again bruited about that he had been poisoned, this time by the Queen's uncle Peter of Savoy, but the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, noting that "the annals of Tewkesbury Abbey are the single most valuable literary source for the reconstruction of [de Clare] family history for this period", points out that "the silence of the Tewkesbury account on this point strongly indicates that such rumours were unfounded."

    In a perfectly medieval series of postmortem events, Richard de Clare's body was borne to the Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury, where his entrails were buried before the altar of St. Edward the Confessor; it was then taken to the Collegiate Church of Tonbridge, Kent, where his heart was buried; finally, what remained of his body was taken to Tewkesbury Abbey in Gloucestershire where it was buried in the choir at his father's right hand.

    Richard married Maud de Lacy about 25 Jan 1238. Maud (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy) died in 1288-1289. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Maud de Lacy (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy); died in 1288-1289.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1288
    • Alternate death: Bef 10 Mar 1289

    Children:
    1. 2. Thomas de Clare was born between 1243 and 1248; died on 29 Aug 1287 in Ireland.
    2. Gilbert de Clare was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire, England; died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Rose de Clare was born on 17 Aug 1252; died after 1315; was buried in Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 6.  Maurice fitz Maurice was born about 1238 (son of Maurice fitz Gerald and Juliane); died before 2 Sep 1277.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1286

    Notes:

    Justiciar of Ireland, 1272-3. Also called Maurice fitz Maurice fitz Gerald. Not to be confused with Maurice fitz Gerald (d. 1268) who was the son of his brother Gerald fitz Maurice (d. 1243).

    Maurice married Maud de Prendergast before 28 Oct 1259. Maud (daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and (Unknown) de Burgh) was born about 1242; died before 1276. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Maud de Prendergast was born about 1242 (daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and (Unknown) de Burgh); died before 1276.
    Children:
    1. 3. Juliane fitz Maurice was born in in of Offaly, Ireland; died before 24 Sep 1300.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Gilbert de Clare was born about 1180 (son of Richard de Clare and Amice of Gloucester); died on 25 Oct 1230 in Penrose, Brittany, France; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Hertford. Earl of Gloucester.

    Along with his father, he was among the 25 Magna Carta sureties, as such excommunicated by Innocent III on 16 Dec 1215, despite the fact that he was by then among the group negotiating with the king for peace.

    Fought on the side of Louis of France at the Battle of Lincoln, 19-20 May 1217; taken prisoner by his future father-in-law William Marshal and subsequently released, his lands restored. In later life, led various armies against the Welsh.

    Gilbert married Isabel Marshal on 9 Oct 1217. Isabel (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare) was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died on 17 Jan 1240 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Isabel Marshal was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare); died on 17 Jan 1240 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England.

    Notes:

    Suo jure Countess of Pembroke. Wikipedia: "When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury."

    Children:
    1. Amice de Clare was born on 27 May 1220; died before 21 Jan 1284.
    2. 4. Richard de Clare was born on 4 Aug 1222 in of Clare, Suffolk, England; died in Jul 1262 in Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Isabel de Clare was born on 2 Nov 1226; died after 10 Jul 1264.

  3. 10.  John de Lacy was born about 1192 in of Pontefract, Yorkshire, England (son of Roger de Lacy and Maud de Clare); died on 22 Jul 1240; was buried in Stanlaw Abbey, Wirrall, Cheshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called John of Chester. Earl of Lincoln. Magna Carta surety.

    Hereditary Constable of Chester; Keeper of Duninton Castle 1214; Constable of Whitchurch Castle 1233; Privy Councillor 1237; Sheriff of Cheshire 1237; Constable of Chester and Beeston Castles 1237.

    "In 1218 he went on the Fifth Crusade with Earl Ranulf of Chester and was present at the siege of Damietta." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

    John married Margaret de Quincy before 21 Jun 1221. Margaret (daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester) was born before 1217; died before 30 Mar 1266 in Hampstead, Middlesex, England; was buried in Church of the Hospitallers, Clerkenwell, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Margaret de Quincy was born before 1217 (daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester); died before 30 Mar 1266 in Hampstead, Middlesex, England; was buried in Church of the Hospitallers, Clerkenwell, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1209

    Notes:

    Identified by Wightman as Margaret de Quincy, but his report of her parentage is wrong.

    "Margaret de Quincy, 2nd Countess of Lincoln suo jure (c. 1206 – March 1266) was a wealthy English noblewoman and heiress having inherited in her own right the Earldom of Lincoln and honours of Bolingbroke from her mother Hawise of Chester, received a dower from the estates of her first husband, and acquired a dower third from the extensive earldom of Pembroke following the death of her second husband, Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke. Her first husband was John de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln, by whom she had two children. He was created 2nd Earl of Lincoln by right of his marriage to Margaret. Margaret has been described as 'one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century'." [Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 5. Maud de Lacy died in 1288-1289.
    2. Edmund de Lacy was born about 1230; died on 2 Jun 1258; was buried in Stanlaw Abbey, Wirrall, Cheshire, England.

  5. 12.  Maurice fitz Gerald was born about 1190 in of Offaly, Ireland (son of Gerald fitz Maurice and Eve de Bermingham); died in 1257 in Youghal, Cork, Ireland; was buried in Youghal, Cork, Ireland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1194, of Offaly, Ireland

    Notes:

    Justiciar of Ireland.

    "He was knighted in July 1217. As Maurice FitzGerald, lord of Lea, the younger, he was one of the formal witnesses to a covenant of dower made in the great church of Naas in Mar. 1227. In Oct. 1229 he was summoned to London, to accompany the King's expedition to Poitou and Gascony. He was appointed Justiciar of Ireland 2 (or 4) Sep. 1232. His good fame was damaged in 1234 by the report that it was he who (ultimately -- because the wounded Earl was in his care) contrived the death of Richard (Marshal), Earl of Pembroke. In Feb. 1234/5 the King wrote criticising FitzGerald's proceedings in office. He was several times summoned to England as Justiciar, to give counsel upon the affairs of Ireland. In 1245 he laid the foundations of Sligo Castle; and on 4 Nov. of that year was superseded in office by the appointment of John FitzGeoffrey. The King appears afterwards to have regretted the loss of a councillor saved by distance from partisanship on the sore question of his foreign favourites. In 1250 FitzGerald was a commissioner of the Treasury, and of the Council. In Jan. and Feb. 1250/1 he was at Court in England. In Jan. 1253/4 he received an urgent summons from the King. He is said to have m. Juliane. He d. in 1257, at the monastery of Youghal, which he had founded, and was bur. there." [Complete Peerage]

    Maurice married Juliane. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Juliane
    Children:
    1. 6. Maurice fitz Maurice was born about 1238; died before 2 Sep 1277.

  7. 14.  Gerald de Prendergast was born in in of Enniscorthy in Templeshanbo, Wexford, Ireland (son of Philip de Prendergast and Maud de Quincy); died in Aug 1251.

    Notes:

    Or Gerard. Summoned in 1229 for service in Brittany; 1242 for service against the Scots. Founded the priory of St. John near Enniscorthy in 1230.

    Gerald married (Unknown) de Burgh. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  (Unknown) de Burgh (daughter of Richard de Burgh and Gille de Lacy).
    Children:
    1. 7. Maud de Prendergast was born about 1242; died before 1276.