Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William X of Aquitaine

Male 1099 - 1136  (37 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William X of Aquitaine was born in 1099 (son of William IX of Aquitaine and Philippa of Toulouse); died on 26 Mar 1136 in Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Mar 1136, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain
    • Alternate death: 9 Apr 1137

    Notes:

    Called "The Saint." Duke of Aquitaine. Also, as William VIII, Count of Poitou. Also Duke of Gascony.

    William married Aénor de Châtellerault in 1121. Aénor (daughter of Aimery I and Dangereuse) died after 3 Mar 1130. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England was born in 1122; died in 1204; was buried in Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William IX of Aquitaine was born on 22 Oct 1071 (son of Guy-Geoffrey of Poitou and Hildegarde of Burgundy); died on 10 Feb 1126.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 10 Feb 1127

    Notes:

    Also called Guilhèm de Peitieus; Guillaume de Poitiers. Duke of Aquitaine; also, as William VII, Count of Poitou. A leader of the Crusade of 1101, he is much more famous as the first troubador poet whose work has survived.

    "Ab la dolcher del temps novel"
    By William IX, Duke of Aquitaine

    Out of the sweetness of the spring,
    The branches leaf, the small birds sing,
    Each one chanting in its own speech,
    Forming the verse of its new song,
    Then is it good a man should reach
    For that for which he most does long.

    From finest sweetest place I see
    No messenger, no word for me,
    So my heart can't laugh or rest,
    And I don't dare try my hand,
    Until I know, and can attest,
    That all things are as I demand.

    This love of ours it seems to be
    Like a twig on a hawthorn tree
    That on the tree trembles there
    All night, in rain and frost it grieves,
    Till morning, when the rays appear
    Among the branches and the leaves.

    So the memory of that dawn to me
    When we ended our hostility,
    And a most precious gift she gave,
    Her loving friendship and her ring:
    Let me live long enough, I pray,
    Beneath her cloak my hand to bring.

    I've no fear that tongues too free
    Might part me from Sweet Company,
    I know with words how they can stray
    In gossip, yet that's a fact of life:
    No matter if others boast of love,
    We have the loaf, we have the knife!

    Translated by A. S. Kline. © 2009; All Rights Reserved. This work may be freely reproduced, stored, and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose.

    "For any of the later Provençals, i.e., the high-brows, we have to...'put ourselves into the Twelfth Century' etc. Guillaume, writing a century earlier, is just as much of our age as of his own."
    [Ezra Pound, The Spirit of Romance]

    And Poictiers, you know, Guillaume Poictiers,
    had brought the song up out of Spain
    with the singers and viels...
    [Ezra Pound, Canto VIII]

    William married Philippa of Toulouse in 1094. Philippa (daughter of William IV of Toulouse and Emma of Mortain) died on 28 Nov 1117. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Philippa of Toulouse (daughter of William IV of Toulouse and Emma of Mortain); died on 28 Nov 1117.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Nov 1118, Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France

    Notes:

    Also called Mathilda; Maud. Regent of Toulouse.

    Ancestral Roots and other sources to the contrary, she was probably never married to Sancho V Ramirez (1043-94), king of Aragon. Wikipedia's article on Philippa of Toulouse cites two sources to this effect:

    "Szabolcs de Vajay, 'Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende', in Me?langes offerts a? Rene? Crozet, 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, 'The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine', in Journal of Medieval History, vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Sancho's wife Felicie was clearly still married to him just months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable."

    Children:
    1. Agnes of Aquitaine
    2. 1. William X of Aquitaine was born in 1099; died on 26 Mar 1136 in Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.
    3. Agnes of Aquitaine was born about 1105; died about 1159.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Guy-Geoffrey of Poitou was born about 1024 (son of William III of Poitou and Agnes of Burgundy); died on 25 Sep 1086 in Chizé, Deux-Sèvres, Poitou-Charentes, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1025

    Notes:

    As Count of Poitou, he was called William VI; as Duke of Aquitaine, William VIII. Also Duke of Gascony.

    Guy-Geoffrey married Hildegarde of Burgundy in 1069. Hildegarde (daughter of Robert I and Ermengarde of Anjou) was born about 1050; died after 1104. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Hildegarde of Burgundy was born about 1050 (daughter of Robert I and Ermengarde of Anjou); died after 1104.
    Children:
    1. 2. William IX of Aquitaine was born on 22 Oct 1071; died on 10 Feb 1126.

  3. 6.  William IV of Toulouse was born about 1040 (son of Pons II William and Almodis de La Marche); died about 1093 in Jerusalem.

    Notes:

    Duke and Count of Toulouse.

    William married Emma of Mortain before 1080. Emma (daughter of Robert de Mortain and Maud de Montgomery) died after 1134. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Emma of Mortain (daughter of Robert de Mortain and Maud de Montgomery); died after 1134.

    Notes:

    Ancestral Roots and Richardson's Royal Ancestry have a 54-year spread between their two different death dates for Emma of Mortain.

    Children:
    1. 3. Philippa of Toulouse died on 28 Nov 1117.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William III of Poitou was born in 969 (son of William II of Poitou and Emma of Blois); died on 31 Jan 1030.

    Notes:

    Count of Poitou. Duke of Aquitaine.

    William married Agnes of Burgundy. Agnes (daughter of Otto-William of Burgundy and Ermentrude de Roucy) was born about 995; died on 10 Nov 1068; was buried in Abbey of St. Nicolas de Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Agnes of Burgundy was born about 995 (daughter of Otto-William of Burgundy and Ermentrude de Roucy); died on 10 Nov 1068; was buried in Abbey of St. Nicolas de Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.

    Notes:

    Also called Agnes de Macon. Duchess of Aquitaine.

    Children:
    1. William VII was born about 1023; died in 1058.
    2. 4. Guy-Geoffrey of Poitou was born about 1024; died on 25 Sep 1086 in Chizé, Deux-Sèvres, Poitou-Charentes, France.
    3. Agnes of Poitou was born about 1025; died on 14 Dec 1077 in Rome.
    4. Béatrice de Poitou was born about 1028.

  3. 10.  Robert I was born about 1011 (son of Robert II, King of France and Constance of Provence, Queen Consort of France); died on 21 Mar 1075.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 21 May 1076

    Notes:

    "The Old." Duke of Burgundy.

    "In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032). Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke." [Wikipedia]

    Robert married Ermengarde of Anjou about 1048. Ermengarde (daughter of Foulques III "Nerra" and Hildegarde de Lorraine) was born about 1018; died on 18 Mar 1076. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Ermengarde of Anjou was born about 1018 (daughter of Foulques III "Nerra" and Hildegarde de Lorraine); died on 18 Mar 1076.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 21 Mar 1076

    Notes:

    Also called Ermengarde-Blanche.

    Children:
    1. 5. Hildegarde of Burgundy was born about 1050; died after 1104.

  5. 12.  Pons II William was born about 990 (son of William III of Toulouse and Emma of Provence); died in 1060.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 991

    Notes:

    Count of Toulouse.

    Pons married Almodis de La Marche about 1040, and was divorced after 1053. Almodis (daughter of Bernard I and Amelie) was born about 1010; died on 16 Oct 1071. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Almodis de La Marche was born about 1010 (daughter of Bernard I and Amelie); died on 16 Oct 1071.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1020

    Notes:

    Married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038. After three children, he divorced her "due to consanguinity" and arranged for her to marry Pons of Toulouse. She had several children by Pons and was still married to him in 1053 when she was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, who kidnapped her from Narbonne with help from his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. Ramon married her immediately and set about getting her with children. Pope Victor II excommunicated them both, but the writ was rescinded in 1056.

    From Wikipedia:

    Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding [Almodis, who married Count Pierre of Melgueil]. A few years before, in 1060, [her first husband] Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son [by her second husband] William IV of Toulouse.* Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan [by her first husband], Raymond IV of Toulouse [by her second], and Berenguer Ramon [by her third] all took the Cross.

    *****

    She was murdered in October 1071 by one Pere-Ramon who had been Ramon Berenguer's heir before Ramon married her. Wikipedia: "He was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname 'The Fratricide' when he killed his own twin brother."

    *****

    * See her first husband Hugh V's entry: she seems to have persuaded him to enter the fray on behalf of her son by husband #2, and he lost his life by so doing.

    Children:
    1. Raymond IV of Toulouse died on 28 Feb 1105 in Tripoli, now in Lebanon.
    2. Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles
    3. Almodis de Toulouse died about 1152.
    4. 6. William IV of Toulouse was born about 1040; died about 1093 in Jerusalem.

  7. 14.  Robert de Mortain was born about 1031 (son of Herluin de Conteville and Herleve); died on 8 Dec 1090; was buried in Grestain Abbey, Fatouville-Grestain, Normandy, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1040, of Mortain, Manche, Basse-Normandie, France

    Notes:

    Earl of Cornwall. Count of Mortain. Also called Robert de Mortaigne.

    One of the five additional persons agreed upon by both David C. Douglas and Geoffrey H. White, and recorded in Complete Peerage XII/1 appendix L, as companions of the Conqueror at Hastings, in addition to the fifteen "proven Companions".

    Robert married Maud de Montgomery before 1066. Maud (daughter of Roger de Montgomery and Mabel de Bellême) died between 1082 and 1084; was buried in Grestain Abbey, Fatouville-Grestain, Normandy, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Maud de Montgomery (daughter of Roger de Montgomery and Mabel de Bellême); died between 1082 and 1084; was buried in Grestain Abbey, Fatouville-Grestain, Normandy, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 21 Sep 1082

    Children:
    1. Agnes de Mortain was born in in of Mortagne-au-Perche, Orne, Normandy, France.
    2. 7. Emma of Mortain died after 1134.