Nielsen Hayden genealogy

(Unknown) de Burgh


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  (Unknown) de Burgh (daughter of Richard de Burgh and Gille de Lacy).

    Family/Spouse: Gerald de Prendergast. Gerald (son of Philip de Prendergast and Maud de Quincy) was born in in of Enniscorthy in Templeshanbo, Wexford, Ireland; died in Aug 1251. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Maud de Prendergast was born about 1242; died before 1276.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Richard de Burgh was born about 1193 (son of William de Burgh and (Unknown)); died in 1242.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1200, Connaught, Ireland
    • Alternate death: Bef 17 Feb 1243, Gascony, France


    Seneschal of Munster; Keeper of Limerick Castle; Lord of Connaught; Justiciar of Ireland 1228-32.

    Richard married Gille de Lacy before 21 Apr 1225. Gille (daughter of Walter de Lacy and Margaret de Briouze) was born in in of Dublin, Ireland; died in 1242. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Gille de Lacy was born in in of Dublin, Ireland (daughter of Walter de Lacy and Margaret de Briouze); died in 1242.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 22 Feb 1247


    Also called Egidia de Lacy.

    1. 1. (Unknown) de Burgh
    2. Margery de Burgh died after 1 Mar 1253.
    3. Walter de Burgh was born about 1229; died on 28 Jul 1271 in Galway Castle, Galway, Ireland; was buried in Athassel-on-the-Suir, Tipperary, Ireland.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  William de Burgh was born in in of Askeaton, Limerick, Ireland (son of Walter de Burgh and Alice); died in 1205.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef Mar 1206


    Seneschal of Munster, 1201. "Closely associated with John, lord of Ireland, he probably accompanied him on his expedition to Ireland in 1185, and became John's principal agent in the conquest and organization of northern Munster. While other leading Anglo-Norman invaders are vividly described by Gerald of Wales, knowledge of this turbulent frontier lord has to be gleaned from hostile Gaelic sources or administrative records. Perhaps the best clue to his character lies in the study of the imposing sites of his castles at Kilfeacle, Carrigogunnell, and Shanid, among others, which reveals a powerful personality capable of impressing his authority on fiercely contested borders."

    William married (Unknown) before 1193. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 5.  (Unknown)


    "Said to be a daughter of Domnall Mór Ua Briain, King of Limerick." [Royal Ancestry]

    "According to one Irish source de Burgh was married to a daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, which is consistent with the fact that he was frequently accompanied by his Ó Briain allies, hereditary enemies of the Mac Carthaig and the Ó Conchobhair, in his numerous campaigns in Desmond and Connacht. Presumably this alliance gave him the means to prosecute his territorial interests in Desmond and Connacht, while leaving his castles on the Thomond frontier secure from attack." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    1. 2. Richard de Burgh was born about 1193; died in 1242.

  3. 6.  Walter de Lacy was born about 1172 (son of Hugh de Lacy and Rohese de Monmouth); died before 24 Feb 1240.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1173, of Ewyas, Herefordshire, England
    • Alternate death: Feb 1241
    • Alternate death: Bef 24 Feb 1241


    Died after going blind. "He was one of the great land holders in Ireland and was constantly involved in the disturbances of that province. The 13th century historian Matthew Paris calls him 'the most eminent of all the nobles in Ireland' and in the Annals of the Four Masters he is called 'the bountifullest foreigner in steeds, attire, and gold, that ever came to Erin.'" [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz]

    Walter married Margaret de Briouze before 19 Nov 1200. Margaret (daughter of William de Briouze and Maud de St. Valéry) was born about 1181; died after 25 Jun 1245. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 7.  Margaret de Briouze was born about 1181 (daughter of William de Briouze and Maud de St. Valéry); died after 25 Jun 1245.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1254

    1. Pernel de Lacy died after 25 Nov 1288.
    2. 3. Gille de Lacy was born in in of Dublin, Ireland; died in 1242.
    3. Gilbert de Lacy was born in in of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire, England; died before 1230.

Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Walter de Burgh was born in in of Burgh near Aylsham, Norfolk, England.


    Richardson gives this Walter de Burgh as definitely the father of William de Burgh and Hubert de Burgh. Boyer says that William de Burgh and Hubert de Burgh were "probably" brothers and that they "may have been" sons of this Walter; further, that William "was not identical with William Fitz Adelm, Justiciar of Ireland under King Henry II."

    The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says that William and Hubert were definitely brothers ("William's son would later refer to Hubert as uncle") and that their mother is known to have been named Alice because "in his grant (c. 1230) of the advowson of the church of Oulton to the prior of Walsingham, Hubert stated that the gift was 'for the soul of my mother Alice who rests in the church at Walsingham.'" However, the ODNB says only that it is "possible, though doubtful" that their father was Walter de Burgh of Burgh in Norfolk; and they also note that Hubert "has been wrongly said to have been the son of a brother of William fitz Aldhelm, steward of Henry II."

    Richardson notes the same evidence indicating that William and Hubert's mother was named Alice. He also gives them two further brothers. Thomas de Burgh, knight of Upper Arley, Staffordshire (now Worcestershire), married Nesta de Cockfield and died in or before March 1227 without issue. Geoffrey de Burgh was Treasurer of the Exchequer and Bishop of Ely, and died without issue 17 Dec 1228. Further according to Richardson, in a charter recorded in Norfolk Portion of the Chartulary of the Priory of St. Pancras of Lewes (Norfolk Records Society 12, 1939), the manor of the late Thomas de Burgh at Upper Arley was granted by the king to his brother, Hubert de Burgh. This charter calls the late Thomas son of Walter de Burgh, and was witnessed by Geoffrey de Burgh. Geoffrey evidently also served as witness for other charters made by Thomas de Burgh in Thomas's lifetime. This seems like enough evidence to establish that William and Hubert's father was named Walter, whether or not he was the Walter de Burgh of Burgh near Aylsham.

    Walter married Alice. Alice was buried in Walsingham, Norfolk, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 9.  Alice was buried in Walsingham, Norfolk, England.
    1. 4. William de Burgh was born in in of Askeaton, Limerick, Ireland; died in 1205.
    2. Hubert de Burgh was born about 1170; died in 1243; was buried in Black Friars, Holborn, London, England.

  3. 12.  Hugh de Lacy was born in in of Meath, Ireland (son of Gilbert de Lacy); died on 25 Jul 1185.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 26 Jul 1186, Durrow, Westmeath, Ireland


    Justiciar of Ireland. Major Anglo-Norman magnate. Participant in the Norman invasion of Ireland, subsequent to which Henry II granted him the lands of the Kingdom of Meath (Mide). The resulting Lordship of Meath was the most extensive seignorial liberty in Ireland.

    Henry's reasons for so empowering de Lacy had as much to do with checking the power of Strongbow and the Geraldines as anything else. De Lacy and Henry were not themselves the best of friends.

    "Hugh de Lacy was assassinated at Durrow on 26 July 1186. He was beheaded with an axe by Gillaganinathair Ó Miadaig of Bregmuine at the direction of In Sinnach Ua Ceithernaig, king of Tethba, perhaps to avenge the killing of the latter's son in battle against the Anglo-Normans eight years earlier. The annals of Loch Cé describe Lacy at the time of his death as 'king of Mide and Bréifne, and Airgialla', and further state that 'it was to him that the tribute of Connacht was paid' (Annals of Loch Ce?, 1.173). Roger of Howden and William of Newburgh claim that news of Lacy's death was welcomed by Henry II, while Newburgh adds that the king intended to send John back to Ireland to seize Lacy's lands and castles." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Note that there is persistent doubt whether Hugh de Lacy was in fact the son of Gilbert de Lacy as shown here, and also about the exact shape of his descent from the de Lacys of the Norman Conquest. We are following the model put forth in W. E. Wightman's 1966 volume The Lacy Family in England and Normandy 1066–1194, published by Oxford University Press. Unsurprisingly, this is also the model followed by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

    Hugh married Rohese de Monmouth before 1155. Rohese (daughter of Baderon de Monmouth and Rohese fitz Gilbert) was born between 1135 and 1140; died about 1180. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 13.  Rohese de Monmouth was born between 1135 and 1140 (daughter of Baderon de Monmouth and Rohese fitz Gilbert); died about 1180.


    Also called Roysya de Monemue.

    1. (Unknown) de Lacy
    2. 6. Walter de Lacy was born about 1172; died before 24 Feb 1240.
    3. Hugh de Lacy was born about 1176; died before 26 Dec 1242; was buried in Convent of the Franciscan Friars, Carrickfergus, Antrim, Ireland.

  5. 14.  William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France (son of William de Briouze and Bertha of Hereford); died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Bramber, Sussex, England
    • Alternate death: Sep 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France


    "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    "He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).]

    William married Maud de St. Valéry. Maud (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda) was born about 1150; died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  6. 15.  Maud de St. Valéry was born about 1150 (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda); died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1210, Corfe Castle, Dorset, England


    Also called Maud de Braose; Moll Wallbee; Lady of La Haie.

    From Wikipedia:

    "In 1208, William de Braose quarrelled with his friend and patron King John. The reason is not known but it is alleged that Maud made indiscreet comments regarding the murder of King John's nephew Arthur of Brittany. There was also a large sum of money (five thousand marks) de Braose owed the King. Whatever the reason, John demanded Maud's son William be sent to him as a hostage for her husband's loyalty. Maud refused, and stated loudly within earshot of the King's officers that 'she would not deliver her children to a king who had murdered his own nephew.' The King quickly led troops to the Welsh border and seized all of the castles that belonged to William de Braose. Maud and her eldest son William fled to Ireland, where they found refuge at Trim Castle with the de Lacys, the family of her daughter Margaret. In 1210, King John sent an expedition to Ireland. Maud and her son escaped but were apprehended in Galloway by Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick. After being briefly held at Carrickfergus Castle, they were dispatched to England.

    "Maud and her son William were first imprisoned at Windsor Castle, but were shortly afterwards transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset where they were placed inside the dungeon. Maud and William both starved to death. [...]

    "Maud de Braose features in many Welsh legends. There is one which says that Maud built the castle of Hay-on-Wye single-handed in one night, carrying the stones in her apron. She was also said to have been extremely tall and often donned armour while leading troops into battle."

    1. William de Briouze died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. Reynold de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died between 1227 and 1228.
    3. Bertha de Briouze
    4. Matilda de Briouze died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.
    5. 7. Margaret de Briouze was born about 1181; died after 25 Jun 1245.