Nielsen Hayden genealogy


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From Rosie Bevan, 27 May 2007, post to soc.genealogy.medieval, as corrected by Rosie Bevan, 27 May 2007, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

[EYC = Early Yorkshire Charters, as cited below; SGM = soc.genealogy.medieval; RB = Rosie Bevan]

Alan has presented some very significant evidence for the resolution of the conflicting pedigree of the Constable family in EYC XII ff p. 145, which gave Robert I Constable married to an unnamed daughter of of William Tison, and his son, Robert II, as married to "Eufemia dau. & coh. of Maud sister and coh.of William and mag. Roger Arundel". It is clear from the quitclaim that they are co-parcenors in Holme.

When looking at the question back in 2003, because of Clay's placement, I was unable to resolve the problem that John de Beauveur was an heir of Roger Arundel, yet there was no explanation for his Arundel connection. Clay comments on the problem in a footnote on p. Exc. e Rot. Fin. i, 66. [RB -- the fine which John Ravilious presented to SGM in 2003]. The reference shows that John de Beauveur had a share in the Arundel lands with the Constables, with whom he also shared the Tison coheirship. This and other references are given in EYC XI, pp. 198-200 to show John de Beauveur's interest in the Arundel coheirship. The reason for this, however, is obscure. If, as appears, he was a first cousin of Robert Constable, William's father, they may have married sisters; John's wife in that case being Alice, Eufemia's sister; but there is no evidence for this, and, indeed, Maud, John's wife in whose right he held lands in Winksley (p. 10 above), would have to have been a second wife. On the other hand, it is difficult to see how John could have acquired an interest in the Arundel coheirship by inheritance. With regard to Alice, Eufemia's sister, a consideration of the Tison chronology now suggests that it is impossible that she was Alice, the wife of William Tison, as was tentatively suggested in EYC XI p.199.

Clay's conclusion stems from a charter of John de Beauveur, which Robert Constable of Holm attests [EYC XII p. 69]. He assumed that John Beauveur was a first cousin of Robert Constable. In fact they were nephew and uncle, the latter witnessing by right of his wife. The subsequent skewing of the generations has resulted in Clay's account of the early Constables in which he confuses both Roberts. Eufemia, wife of Robert II Constable was coheiress to both the Tison and Arundel fees, with her sister Maud, mother of John de Beauveur. Robert I Constable was not married to a Tison heiress at all. In fact I think the question as to whether or not Robert I and Robert II are the same individual needs to be resolved.

I have used the details from Clay's Tison pedigree on EYC XII p. 5 to present the following solution:

1.Gilbert Tison d, 1115-1130
2. Adam Tison d.1154-1159
+ Emma
3. William Tison holding 15 knight's fees of Roger de Mowbray
in 1166, d.bef Mich. 1180
+ Alice
4. Eufemia Tison
+ Robert Constable II of Flamborough occ 1185
5. William Constable, co-parcenor in Holme
4. Constance Tison d.s.p.
+ Ralph de Beauveur, steward of Roger Mowbray occ. 1185
4. Maud Tison
+ Robert de Beauveur occ 1185
5. Sir John de Beauveur, co-parcenor in Holme, d. 1246-51
+ Maud (m. secondly William de Weighton)
6. Robert de Beauveur
5. Robert
5. Thomas
4. Agnes Tison d.s.p.
+ Hugh son of Malger de Steeton

On the deaths of two of the Tison heiresses, which occurred during the
lifetime of Maud, (she refers to her moiety of land by hereditary
right in Holm), the fee was afterwards divided between the Constables
and the Beauveurs.

On the strength of the above, the following is an amended pedigree of
the heirs of Roger de Arundel.

1. William de Arundel fl 1175
2. William de Arundel d.s.p.
2. Mag. Roger de Arundel d.s.p.c.1210
2. Cecily de Arundel
+ Jordan Lenveise
3.Joan de Lenveise
+ John de Birkin d.1230 - he married secondly Agnes de
(widow of Wm Percy of Kildale d.1203)
4.Thomas de Birkin d.s.p.
4. Isabel Birkin d.c.1252
+ Robert de Everingham d.1246. Had issue
3.Denise de Lenveise
+(1)William de Glanville d.s.p.
+(2) Hubert de Anesty d.1210 (He married secondly Maud de
4.Nicholas de Anesty b.c.1193
5.Denise de Anesty d.1304
+ (1)Walter Langton d.1234
+ (2)Warin de Munchensy d.1255
6.William de Munchensy d 1287
+ Amice
7.Denise de Munchensy d.s.p.1313
+ (3)Robert Butyller
2.Maud de Arundel
+ NN
+ William Tison
4.Eufemia Tison
+ Robert Constable of Flamborough d.bef 1208
5.William the Constable of Flamborough
+ Juliana had issue
4.Maud Tison
+ Robert de Beauveur
5. John de Beauveur, had issue
2.Agnes de Arundel
+Robert de Hothum
3.Thomas de Hothum
4.Robert de Hothum 
Constable, Robert (I3430)
Arnulf "The Bad" (I5287)
Durham, Mary (I6603)
Brent, Richard (I26098)
Baildon, Richard (I27491)
Titus, Robert (I28141)
Knightley, Richard (I31575)
Parker, Lucy (I34358)
9 "'Alexander Carpenter of Wrington' was on 16 December 1600 witness at the Amsterdam marriage of 'Antoine Fetcher' and 'Jenneken Richeman'. He was at Leiden by 1611. In a letter of 19 August 1644 or 1646 to Mary Carpenter of Wrington, sister of his wife Alice (Carpenter) (Southworth) Bradford, William Bradford noted that the mother of the Carpenter sisters had recently died, and invited Mary to join them in Plymouth, which she soon did." [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, citation details below, p. 314]

Note that Mary Lovering Holman's 1919 Scott Genealogy, which Anderson cites as the best treatment of Alexander Carpenter, misdates William Bradford's aforementioned letter to Mary Carpenter, and thus implicitly Mary Carpenter's emigration, saying that Bradford's letter was written and sent in 1664, which would be seven years after Bradford's death. This error probably came from a too-hasty reading of the original article in which Bradford's letter was published, Frederic Kidder's "Letter of Mary Carpenter", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 14:195, July 1860. Kidder was working from a copy of Bradford's letter made "a long time previous", and transcribes the letter's date as "August 19, 1664", but in a footnote he says "This is so in the copy, but it must be an error; probably the original read 1644 or 1646, as there is internal evidence that the letter was written around that time."

Also note that William Bradford's letter of 1644 or 1646 says that, Mary Carpenter's mother having recently died, Mary is "in a solitary condition." From which it seems evident that Alexander Carpenter had died earlier. 
Carpenter, Alexander (I16324)
10 "'Goodwife Stearns Senior' was one of several Watertown residents warned to town meeting to answer for not 'attending their seats in the meetinghouse appointed them by the town.'" [The Great Migration BeginsBarker, Mary (I11483)
11 "'Shudrack Hopgood aged 14' was registered aboard the Speedwell of London, at Gravesend 30 May 1656, Robert Lock, Master, bound for New England." [Paul C. Reed and Dean Crawford Smith, "Dorothy _______, the Key in Our Search for Shadrack Hapgood," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 150, April 1996.] Arrived in Boston in July.

Killed by the Nipmuck Indians in King Philip's War, in "the Surprise of Captains Hutchinson and Wheeler at Brookfield." [Harvard History, quoted in The Hapgood Family]

Many variations of his given name--Shadrack, Shudrack, Sidrache, etc. Also Hopgood, Hapgood, Habgood, etc. 
Hapgood, Shadrach (I7034)
12 "...Doctor of Canon Law, Judge of the Admiralty, Advocate of the Canterbury Court of Arches, London. He was born in 1533, and received three degrees at Oxford University, namely B.A., 1542, B.C.L., 1554, and Doctor of Canon Law, 1565. He was Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford; also an original Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford, 1571. He was appointed Dean of St. Asaph 4 April 1559 (deprived 3 Nov. following)." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below]

"His name in the Welsh form was John Lloyd ap David Lloyd, and he was claimed to have been of the family line known as the Griffiths of Cefn Amwleh in Llyn, Caernarvonshire, Wales, also given as Cevn Amwlch in Lleyn. He was said also to have resided at some time at Harteshorne, Derbyshire, England. The Griffiths of Cefn Amwlch, Penllech, Llyn, 'claimed descent from Rhys ap Tewdr Mawr, prince of Deheubartha, through Trahaern Goch, Lord of Cymydmaen but the first of the family to be definite ly described as of Cefn Amwlch is one Dafydd Fychan who WAS alive in 1481' (DWB 288)." [Robert Joseph Curfman, citation details below] 
Lloyd, Dr. John (I38443)
13 "...[T]here is no proved descent from any member of the Merovingian dynasty to any later medieval or modern person. They were subjected to the triple historical indignities of usurpation by the Carolingian Pippin, damnatio memoriae in the Carolingian accounts of that usurpation (such as Einhard's Vita Karoli magni), and finally the broad early-medieval problem of the scarcity of written records. The result is that a large and many-branched family appears to peter out in the historical record. The most accessible careful prosopography of this family is Christian Settipani's book, La préhistoire des Capétiens, Nouvelle histoire généalogique de l'auguste maison de France, gen. ed. Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, vol. 1 part 1 (Villeneuve d'Asq: Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, 1993). With detailed and thorough citations to both primary sources and the interpretive secondary literature, Settipani summarizes each (if not all) of the commonly claimed gateways from the Merovingian dynasty. The assertion that Bertrada, founder of the abbey of Prüm, was of Merovingian royal blood, is not implausible but it was a suggestion, first made by Maurice Chaume, based essentially on onomastics (the fact that members of her family appear to have used names also found in the royal dynasty)." [Nathaniel Lane Taylorof Prum, Bertrada (I1483)
14 "1310. Feb 28. Westminster. License to John de Merkyngfeld, king's clerk, to crenellate his dwelling house at Merkyngfekd, co. York." [Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1307-1313]

"Sir John was a dignitary of the Church, and also the holder of a high office under the Crown, being Prebendary of Wartill and Studley, in the church of Ripon, as well as rector of Escrick. He was the most distinguished of the name of Markenfield. About the year 1310 he obtained from King Edward II licence to crenelate his house at Markenfield, and the present mansion dates from that time. He was also appointed by the same King, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and was much employed in affairs of State. He was executor of William de Hamilton, Dean of York and Lord Chancellor of England, with whom he had a long and intimate friendship. Toward the close of his life he got into trouble, and was excommunicated on account of mal-administration of the trusts of the above-mentioned will." [Yorkshire Anecdotes, citation details below.] 
Markenfield, John (I7413)
15 "1394. July 10. Westminster. Pardon to Thomas, son of Thomas de Merkyngfeld, knight, imprisoned in the gaol of the late queen Anne's castle of Richmond, for the death of Peter Fraunke of Eryom, as it appears by the record of John Woderove and the other justices of gaol-delivery that he killed him in self-defence." [Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1391-1396Markenfield, Thomas (I11462)
16 "1715. Mar. 23. A melancholy Relation of a barbarous murder committed at Rhoad Island, by one Jeremiah Meacham, a man of ab' 40 years of age, born, at Salem Village, but had liv'd in y' colony ab' 20 years: who one evening kill'd his wife with whom he had liv'd well, and had children; and also his wife's sister; both without any known reason or provocation, but by a diabolical impulse. He first cut them with his hatchet, and then his wife's a throat with a penknife. A man coming to them he also dangerously wounded; and then set fire to his house, and cut his own throat; but the fire being extinguished, and his wound not mortal, he was apprehended & committed." ["Memoranda from the Rev. William Cooper's Interleaved Almanacs", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 30:435, 1876]

He was executed in Newport on 12 Apr 1715.

He is known to have married in 1698, but the identity of his wife is unclear. She is widely said to have been Freelove Bliss, daughter of Maj. John Bliss and Damaris Arnold, but as this Jeremiah Meacham's Wikitree page points out, this doesn't add up. Freelove Bliss was married to Peter Barker before 1698, she bore twins the year that Jeremiah's daughter Jemima was born, and she died before Barker remarried in 1712. Also, while the records of Jeremiah Meacham's trial and execution show that he murdered both his wife and his wife's sister, there is no record of a second daughter of Maj. John Bliss being murdered by Jeremiah.

Jeremiah's estate, minus the costs of his trial and execution, went to Maj. John Bliss for the support of Jeremiah's orphaned children, and Maj. Bliss wrote his will shortly afterward, keaving a sum to the Meacham oprhans. This is probably the origin of the idea that Jeremiah Meacham's wife was Freelove Bliss, but it would appear that Maj. Bliss's involvement was motivated by something else. 
Meacham, Jeremiah (I28504)
17 "1734, July 7. Mr. Stephen Hedges, died abt. one of ye clock in the morning, I suppose not wanting quite six months of an hundred years old." [Records of the Town of East-Hampton, citation details below] Hedges, Stephen (I38785)
18 "Dr. Douglas A. Payne. Services for Dr. Douglas A. Payne, an ear, nose and throat surgeon in Chicago for nearly 60 years who died yesterday, will be held at 2 p.m. tomorrow in the chapel at 5107 North Clark street. Dr. Payne was 92 years old. A graduate of Johns Hopkins university, Dr. Payne was instructor for many years at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Chicago. He is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Veda Macdonald. His home was at 1058 Catalpa avenue." [Chicago Tribune, 25 Nov 1943, p. 39.

Note that the statement that he was 92 years old at death is almost certainly an exaggeration; multiple records point to a birth year of 1857, making him 86 when he died. 
Payne, Dr. Douglas Amos (I34990)
19 "Guise Guerrajat; °~1177, a quelques biens près de Montpellier provenant de son père Domini Guidonos Garrechati [Archives Nationales, fonds Doat, Vol.38, fol.20-22]. Ses parents sont donc Gui de Pouget dit Guerrajat, Guido Guerregiatur, & Mathia et frère de Guilhem de Montpellier &1156 Mathilde de Bourgogne, voir les Guilhems, Seigneurs de Montpellier. Les parents de Gui de Pouget dit Guerrajat sont donc Guilhem de Montpellier &1129 Sybille di Saluzzo." [Ludovic Noirie, citation details below.] Guerrajat, Guise (I12576)
20 "Aulay (a name which is very variously spelt), named in 1217, who had grants of the lands of Faslane, and of Roseneath, Gleufruin, and others on the Gareloch, from his brother Earl Maldouen, confirmed by King Alexander II. 31 May 1226. He made liberal grants to the Abbey of Paisley, especially a large range of net fishing in the Gareloch, reserving to himself every fourth salmon taken. He was also a witness to various charters by his brother the Earl, and was still alive in 1250." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Aulay (I25546)
21 "Aulay, who is named with his father in a charter of uncertain date, and also in a charter by Earl Maldouen in 1250." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Aulay (I25545)
22 "COCKING was held of Edward the Confessor by Azor, and in 1086 it was held of Earl Roger by Robert (son of Tetbald), as 12 hides, of which ½ hide was held by Turald. There were 5 mills, and there was one haw in Chichester attached to the manor. Robert's estates constituted the honor of Petworth, later acquired by the family of Percy, and Cocking was held of that honor. In 1187 when the honors of Arundel and Petworth were in the king's hands, Cocking was tallaged among other royal demesnes at 2 marks. In 1195, shortly after Henry de Percy had recovered the honor of Petworth, Brian fitz Ralph disputed his right to the honor, which he himself claimed in right of his wife Gunnor, who was great-granddaughter of Aveline, heiress and probably granddaughter of Robert son of Tetbald. Eventually Brian and Gunnor remitted to Henry de Percy their rights in the honor but retained the whole of the vill of Cocking (except 2 virgates which Henry de Hesset held as appurtenant to ½ knight's fee in Heyshott), with Linchmere and 2 1/20 fees in Selham (and Minstead). It was arranged that these fees should be held of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who should hold of Percy, and this arrangement still held good in 1314." [Victoria County History of Sussex, citation details below, volume 4, "Cocking," pp. 43-47] Fitz Ralph, Brian (I30341)
23 "CP, 2: 89 states Eve de Grey (No. 20741), the wife of Walter Beke (No. 20742) was the niece of Walter de Grey, Archbishop of York, 1216-1255. Yet, neither CP, 6: betw 128-129, in its 'Pedigree of Grey' or OGHBE: 258 in its account of 'Grey, of Rotherfield' nor even HAB, 1: 160 in its 'Pedigree of De Grey, of Rotherfield' shows any niece of Bishop Walter married to a Beke." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Grey, Eve (I13296)
24 "Duncan, who is referred to as Duncan, son of Aulay, in various writs, and attained the rank of knighthood. He is named as a juror in 1271 he was a knight in 1294, and he was still alive in 1306 and had joined Bruce, as a request was made to the English King for his lands." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Duncan (I25544)
25 "Nepos Huberti." [J. Horace Round, citation details below.] Sheriff of London in 1125. Died on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Roger (I1825)
26 "Suo jure Countess of Lennox […O]nly known child and successor of her father, Donald, Earl of Lennox, although no known record styles her Countess of Lennox." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below] of Lennox, Margaret (I27407)
27 "Sylvanus de Hersewella occurs in the pipe rolls of 1130 when he rendered an account of 1 mark in Yorkshire." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] de Harswell, Silvan (I5846)
28 "The Visitation of the North dated c. 1480-1490 identifies Christian, second wife of Sir William de Plumpton, as 'filia Mowbray,' that is, 'daughter of Mowbray,' but does not record the given name of her father [see Harvey et. al. Vis. of the North 3 (Surtees Soc. 144) (1930): 82-84 (Plumpton ped.)]. Supporting contemporary evidence of Christian's family name is provided by an entry in the Close Rolls dated 12 Dec. 1333 which indicates that Chistian, then widow of Richard de Emelden, appointed John de Moubray "her brother" and Henry de Haydok, clerk, to set her dower [see C.C.R. 1333-1337 (1898): 185, citation courtesy of Paul M. Gifford]. Regardless, in the absence of additional evidence, it has been impossible place Christian with any certainty among the various branches of the Mowbray family then in England and Scotland." [Royal Ancestryde Mowbray, Christian (I13489)
29 "[A]lias Joan Okeston, legally the daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander Okeston of Modbury, Devon." [Wikipedia] de Cornwall, Joan (I7647)
30 "A benefactor of Le Bec, Saint-Père at Chartres, Coulombs, and Saint-Evroul. [...] He became a monk at Le Bec and died there, but the dates of both events are uncertain." [Complete Peeraged'Ivry, Robert (I4041)
31 "A benefactor to the Abbey of Glastonbury; justice of Ford, and other lands in Somerset, Wilts, co. Hertford, and Essex." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Brent, Robert (I8321)
32 "A chancery action, initiated in Bedford County in 1783, apparently by his uncle Charles, refers to Mitchell as an infant son and heir of Caleb Ewing, deceased."

According to Alicia Towston (citation details below), an 1830 suit to partition his estate named children Mary "Polly", Caleb, Robert M., William, Elizabeth Jane, Samuel R., James David, Charles Henry, and Albert Mitchell. It is unknown which of these was a child of which mother. 
Ewing, Mitchell (I37155)
33 "A charter of viscount Geoffroy of Châteaudun of 1031×2 names Melisende as his mother. [...] Thus, if the attribution of Fulcois as the paternal grandfather of Rotrou is correct, he would be the husband of Melisende." [The Henry Project] Melisende (I11096)
34 "A copy of the will for Francis Wheatley, dated 19 Oct 1808 [is] in the Wheatley Book. The will leaves property to his children, including several slaves. His wife is not mentioned, leading us to believe she died earlier. -- George Roberds (Roberds, Coleman and Related Families --" [Quoted on Reed-Claggett-Neff]

From his will: "To son John Wheatly, negro Matilda." 
Wheatley, Francis (I2869)
35 "A cousin of the celebrated Roger Sherman of Connecticut." [Genealogy of the Brownings in America, citation details below]

He served in the Revolution as a lieutenant in Colonel Ward's Massachusetts regiment. 
Sherman, Asaph (I33619)
36 "A daughter Matilda is known from a reference in Domesday Book". [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyMatilda (I1247)
37 "A farmer at Southampton, 'a godly man,' and deacon for 40 years in the Congregational Church." [The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong, citation details below.] Strong, Deacon Roswell (I18200)
38 "A graduate of Magdalen College, Oxford (A.B. 1597, A.M. 1602), minister at Leverlegkish near Laughgaid, Armagh, Ireland, at Plymouth, Hull, Cape Ann, and Salem, Mass., and in Va." [Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, citation details below.]

He arrived in New England in 1624, possibly on the Charity. A Church of England sympathizer, he was banished by the Plymouth separatists, and within a few years removed to Virginia, where he died. 
Lyford, Rev. John (I13996)
39 "A justice of the common pleas in Essex and Hertfordshire 1272; a knight in May 1276; Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 1278-1288 when he was removed. Ordered to be imprisoned in the Tower of London, Feb 1290, and to be granted to him his life and limbs if he will confess his felony and abjure the realm." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz]

Sources differ over whether he died in exile. He appears to have been among the Parisian experts consulted in 1292 by a representative of Edward I on the question of the Scottish succession. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says that he was ultimately pardoned by Edward, probably in 1297, and allowed to return home. 
de Weyland, Thomas (I13246)
40 "A knight by 4 Sept 1297. Fought in Scotland 1297, 1298 and 1301; went to the Court of Rome for the King 1298." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Weyland, John (I13244)
41 "A knight in 1226/7. Fought at the battle of Kildare and was taken prisoner on the side of Richard le Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, being pardoned at the intercession of the Countess, the King's sister. Sheriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire 1250 and 1265." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Grendon, Robert (I13289)
42 "A knight of Henry II. It has been suggested that he supported the King against Archbishop Thomas á Becket." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Alvers, William-Geoffrey (I11524)
43 "A knight when taking part in the tournament at Stepney, Feb 1309. On 16 Mar 1322, as a Knight Banneret, he was captured in arms against the King at the battle of Boroughbridge (Barons' Revolt). Knight of the Shire for Hereford, 1324; Justice of South Wales, 23 Oct 1330-24 Feb 1346." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Talbot, Gilbert (I17291)
44 "A leader of the Fourth Crusade, Apr 1202. Defeated at the battle of Adrianople, Mar 1205, by the forces of Kaloyan, Tsar of the Bulgars, he was taken prisoner and executed, though the circumstances of his death are not precisely known. The Byzantine historian George Acropolites reports that the Tsar Kaloyan had Baudouin's skull made into a drinking cup." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzof Flanders, Baldwin I Latin Emperor of Constantinople (I16988)
45 "A lighter side of Richard's life is shown in one of the 'Extracts from the Steyning Church-Book,' a paper read by Rev. Thomas Medland on 12 July 1855 and published in 1856. On 13 May 1519 'Rychard Pellet and Willyam Gardener, lat wardens of the kyng play ... made ther accompt for the time of ii yere, and all thyngs accomptyd and allowyd, ther remaynyth clerely to the sayd churche iiili viis iiiid, and the said Richard and Willyam to be clerely dischargyd and acquit.' A footnote explains that 'kyng-play' was a popular entertainment in which the leading characters played the part of a king, such as King of May or King (or Lord) of Misrule." [Michael Johnson Wood, citation details below] Pellett, Richard (I4794)
46 "A militant Quaker, he was constantly in difficulty after Mass. took over the gov. [of Maine]. In 1653 he was disenfranchised for entertaining travelling Quakers, and in 1655, charged with blasphemy, he was in danger of losing his life, but the Gen. Ct. decided that he was not so guilty that he ought to die. Elected a Dep. to the Gen. Ct. in 1656, he was not allowed to sit and the town was censured for choosing him." [Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, citation details below.] Nason, Richard (I20291)
47 "A Norman knight." [Ancestral Roots]

"Gilbert. The name of the father of the first De Lancaster is known, as is his apparent wife’s name Godith (mentioned in a benefaction of her son to St Mary de Pré in Leicester), but almost nothing else is known about either of them with any security. He is often referred to by genealogists with second names such as 'de Taillebois', 'de Lancaster', 'Fitz Ketel', or 'de Furness' (de Furnesio). However I can find no contemporary references like this. So like Eldred he is apparently mainly (or perhaps only) known from references to progeny, William de Lancaster I, and his brothers." [Andrew Lancaster, citation details below.] 
Gilbert (I10183)
48 "A noted Royalist. [...] He was admitted scholar of New College, December 10th, 1624; Fellow, January 15th, 1626; LL.D., 1638; Advocate of Arches Court; Principal of Magdalen Hall, 1643; resigned his Fellowship, September 21st, 1645, and Edward Farmer, of the parish of St. Helen's, Abingdon, was admitted in his place. He had a king's letter in his favour, dated March 31st, 1624; and in 1642 trailed a pike for King Charles in the university, and served his Majesty in the army, but on the decline of the king's cause changed his religion and became a secular priest; esteemed a good scholar and civilian." [John Meredith Read, citation details below]

According to John Bennett Bodie (citation details below), the Linkenholt parish register says he was baptized 18 Oct 1604, earlier than the 1606 birth year given by other sources. 
Reade, Dr. Thomas (I36834)
49 "A Paphlagonian nobleman who may have served as governor of the theme of Moesia." [Wikipedia] Doukas, Andronikus (I4955)
50 "A patron of North Tawton Church in 1274; he was a knight in 1280 and was summoned to serve against the Welsh in 1294." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below] de Valletort, John (I35316)
51 "A person of great importance and wealth, for in 1158 she owed the King no less than 1,000 marks, and in 1167 was fined £200 for having her son knighted while in the King's custody. It has been said, though I can find no corroboration for it, taht she was the illegitimate daughter of William Rufus." [Walter Rye, citation details below] Aveline (I30578)
52 "A piece of Lucca cloth was sent from the King's Wardrobe into Somerset, to be laid upon the body of the wife of Sir Richard Lovel on the day of her burial, 25 Feb 1318." [Complete PeerageSoules, Muriel (I2175)
53 "A poet did mention Hugh for his part in the seige of Caerlaverock in 1300: 'Hugh Mortimer, who well-knew how to make himself beloved.' Whether the poet was being ironic, or Hugh simply never used the talent with his wife, Matilda, is not known, but she killed him by poison on 5 August 1305. Queen Margaret seems to have thought the action was not entirely reprehensible and interceded to obtain a pardon for her." [The Whilton Dispute, 1264-1380: A Social-Legal Study of Dispute Settlement in Medieval England by Robert C. Palmer (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984)] de Mortimer, Hugh (I27925)
54 "A supporter of King John, he served as Sheriff of Wiltshire 1207, of co. Cornwall 1208, and of Yorkshire 1216 and 1218. King's Chamberlain 1208; Seneschal of Gascony 1214, of Poitou 1215 and of both 1218-1221." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Neville, Geoffrey (I3851)
55 "A tanner in the part of Dorchester known as Squantum, and actively engaged in various kinds of business; was captain and selectman of the town, and was well known as Captain John Breck." [Genealogy of the Breck Family, citation details below.] Breck, John (I22786)
56 "A tenant in chief in Essex." [Complete Peeragele Breton, William (I4152)
57 "A weaver of cloth, he was appointed Constable [of Portsmouth] for the terms beginning 1 June in the years 1668, 1674, and 1676; he also served in the colonial legislature in 1672 and 1678. On 12 Sept. 1680 he was of record as tax collector." [Ancestral Lines, citation details below.] Wilbore, William (I4436)
58 "A yeoman farmer and overseer of the Digby family's properties." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

He and his wife were ancestors of Aaron Burr. 
Hooker, Thomas (I19251)
59 "A. E. Packe finds considerable variation in engraving and workmanship of the coins of the first three Norman kings, and suggests that the good coins were made with dies sent out from London and that some good and many bad coins came from dies made in the local mints. Die engraving was part of the 'mystery' of the goldsmiths. Packe finds a German influence in English die engraving and thinks that Otto was of German extraction. He notes that the moneyers were a distinct class from the die engravers. [...] In 1086, as recorded in Domesday Book, Otto the goldsmith (aurifaber) held the manor of Gestingthorpe in Essex in chief of the king. [...] After the death of William the Conqueror at Rouen on 9 Sept. 1087, his body was buried at Caen in the church of St. Stephen. William Rufus instructed Otto to erect a tomb over his father as a splendid memorial. Otto obeyed the king's orders and completed a tomb shining with gold and silver and precious style. The memorial survived without molestation until 1522, when the tomb was opened on instructions from Rome, and the body, after examination, was reinterred. But in 1562, the tomb was completely destroyed by the Calvinists, and the remains, except for one thigh bone, were scattered and lost." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] Otto (I5543)
60 "A.B. Magdalen College, Cambridge, 1625; came to Plymouth around 1636 and was chosen teacher. Freeman 1637-8. About 1655 he was called to be pastor at Dover and accepted." [Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, citation details below.] Reyner, Rev. John (I13733)
61 "Abiah's identity has long puzzled researchers. Mrs. Barclay eliminated many possible Abiahs from surrounding towns and concluded, after reading deeds and court records of the Ford family, their associates and relatives, that she was probably Abia Pierce, daughter of Capt. Michael Pierce of Hingham and Scituate and his first wife Persis Eames. In the families associated with the Fords the only 'Abia' was in the Pierce family. There is no proof of what became of Abia Pierce, who was living at the time of her father's will, 15 Jan. 1675, and was of the right age to have been the wife of Andrew Ford. She is mentioned twice in the Plymouth records, first in the will of a neighbor, Esther Woodfield, 27 May 1672, secondly in her father's will when she was still unmarried. Andrew Ford's daughter Abia, who married James Bearse, named a son Miall, possibly after her grandfather, Capt. Michael Pierce." [Elizabeth Cobb Stewart, Descendants of Andrew Ford of Weymouth, Mass., citation details below.] Abiah (I3298)
62 "About 1046-47 Lesceline founded the abbey of St.Pierre-sur-Dives, and gave lands to the abbey of Sainte-Catherine du Mont in Rouen in 1049. She entered the religious life when she became a widow around 1040, and she died about seventeen years later." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.] de Tourville, Lesceline (I24498)
63 "About 1230 founded Ardchattan Priory. As Duncan son of Dugal de Ergadia witnesses charter of Maldouen, Earl of Lennox [? 1240-50]. Called Duncan of Lorne; guarantor of peace between England and Scotland, and 'signatory' of letter to the Pope, 1244." [Complete Peerage, citation details below] de Erregeithill, Duncan (I34761)
64 "About 1671, Col. Goffe and Col. Whalley, two of the regicide judges of Charles I, were hidden by Captain Daniel in a little wood back of his house on Lowder street, near a pond. While there secreted, Captain Daniel's daughter, Lydia, carried them their food. Goffe was subsequently sent disguised as a serving-man on horseback to Hadley, where Captain Daniel had friends, remaining there a year in their care." [The Fisher Genealogy, citation details below] Fisher, Capt. Daniel (I31042)
65 "Abraham Shaw, a clothier, came from Northowram, Halifax, Yorkshire, Eng., in the Anne, 1636, to Watertown, Mass. In Oct. 1636, his house and all his goods were burned and he removed to Dedham, where he had twelve acres and was called a planter. In Feb. 1637, he was granted 60 acres and the right to build a corn mill, and was one of the men appointed to govern the town. Freeman, 1637; constable, 1638. He married in Halifax, Eng., June 24, 1616, Bridget Best, who was bapt. Ovenden, Halifax, Eng., Apr. 9, 1592, daughter of Henry Best. Names of their children are from the church records of Halifax, Eng. He probably died in 1638, as his will was proved late in that year. It mentions his oldest son Joseph, dau. Mary, and calls John and Martha infants. His wife had died earlier." [Bassett-Preston Ancestors, citation details below]

H. Minot Pitman's article "Abraham Shaw of Dedham," in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 106:50, January 1952, set forth evidence that this Abraham Shaw was the Abraham Shaw born out of wedlock to Abraham Dobson and Jenet Shaw. But M. L. Bierbrier's "The Origin of Abraham Shaw of Dedham" in The American Genealogist 57:85, 1981, documents an entirely different and much more plausible Halifax origin for the husband of Bridget Best, a man who clearly owned land (and at least one coal mine!) in Halifax and elsewhere. It may be that the union discussed in Pitman's article produced the different Abraham Shaw who was alive in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1641.

Bierbrier's model is further proved in Russell Franklin Shaw's article "The English Ancestry of Abraham Shaw of Dedham, Massachusetts, 1590-1638", which appeared in The Genealogist 10:86, Spring 1989 (actually published 1994). Russell Franklin Shaw brings to bear a mass of evidence viewed in situ in Halifax, Yorkshire, much of it from registers and legal documents that have yet to be transcribed and made public. 
Shaw, Abraham (I5690)
66 "According to her obituary, Hannah was the heroine of the 1708 Indian attack on the Rev. Rolfe's garrison at Haverhill. She is credited with saving several of Rolfe's childern by concealing them under tubs. Other accounts credit Hagar, a black servant, with saving the children, Hannah surviving by hiding under an apple chest and remaining undiscovered." [The Ancestry of Samuel Blanchard Ordway, citation details below.] Corliss, Hannah (I13869)
67 "According to the Candler Manuscript in the British Museum, George Moody was 'famous for his housekeeping & honest & plain dealing.' By his will of 5 Aug. 1607, he left Fryettes to his eldest son, George, with 'sixscore acres of arable land.' He made his son-in-law, Thomas Kilborne, residuary legatee and executor, and gave him in trust for eleven years (with remainder to testator's son George) various lands and tenements. Out of the profits of the eleven years, Kilbourne was to pay £200 to Moody's son Samuel, £200 to his son John, £100 to his eldest daughter Elizabeth, and 100 marks each to his other daughters, Sara, Margaret, Anne, and Mary. Moody must have held his son-in-law in high regard to trust him with this responsibility for the portions of his children." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesMoody, George (I1946)
68 "According to the Curtiss genealogy, Asahel and Elizabeth Armstrong lived at Poughkeepsie, and Newburg, New York, followed by the City of New York." [Port Byron HistoryArmstrong, Asahel (I7550)
69 "According to the memoir of his grandson Chrisman Harrison Parker, John fought in the War of 1812, and was at the Battle of New Orleans when the British General Packenham was killed." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment]

From the memoir of Chrisman Harrison Parker:

"I have heard my grandfather tell how the Torys came and robed his mother while that war was going on; - They come one day; and robed the house; - taking the bedding; emtying the feather-beds or ticks over the ground. The feathers come of them rising above the tops of the trees. They then went into the feild and striped the harness off the horse granfather was plowing, and led Him away. - By this time they had gathered the sheep and cattle; - and horses and drove them away. Lleving my great grandmother and her children destitute - undaunted she geathered leaves to sleep on; living as best she could. Clothed her children and cotten and Flaxe, garments of her own make; - The next morning after the robery; she geathered her children and all the hoes and went into the feild. Those who had hoes howed those who had none pulled weeds and grass: - at last the war ceased, and great grandfather come home, and settled down to honest toil. Where he lived and died.

"My granfather grew up in in North Carolina, and maired there, and when my father was three years olde mooved to Tennsee: where he raised his family. In the War of 1812. Granfather Parker, entered the servis of his country and was at Battle of New Orleans when Pakenham was killed.

"My mother, - Celety - Harrison, Parker lost two brothers in the War of 1812. I have heard my mother say grandmother Harrison kept the clothing of her two lost sons as long as she lived; and once a year would look them over; and weep as she folded them up and laid them carfully away." 
Parker, John M. (I4051)
70 "According to [Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library] projections, the largest family in America today is the posterity of Robert White (b. ca. 1560) & Bridget Allgar, with a Mormon posterity of 430,000 and an American posterity of 29 million. The next five families are Edward Griswold and Margaret, Joseph Loomis and Mary White (daughter of Robert and Bridget above), Gerard Spencer and Alice Whitbread, Thomas Ford and Elizabeth Charde, and Thomas Bliss and Margaret Hulins, each with a Mormon posterity of 270,000 and an American posterity of 18 million." [Michel L. Call and Gary Boyd Roberts, "Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library Acquired by NEHGS," 1985.]

"ROBERT WHITE of Messing, Essex, England who married Bridget Allgar and whose descendants immigrate to Connecticut. His parentage remains unknown. Best research remains: The Ancestry of Thomas Chalmers Brainerd by Thomas C. Brainerd; edited by Donald Lines Jacobus (Montreal, 1948); Mary Walton Ferris, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, 2 vols. (n.p., 1943 and 1931); Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England by Ernest Flagg (1926, reprint 1973), and 'The Children of Robert White of Messing,' NEHGR 55 (1901):22-31." [Martin Hollick, The Slovak Yankee, "Bogus Royal Lines For Gateway Ancestors From Whom I Descend."] 
White, Robert (I9083)
71 "Acting as hereditary constable ('castellan') of Lincoln, she defended the city against the baronial opponents of King John under Earl William of Lincoln, 1216." [John P. Ravilious, citation details below, citing King John by W. L. Warren (Methuen, 1981).]

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (citation details below):

The office of constable passed through her to each of her husbands, and in August 1189 she and Canville crossed to Barfleur, Normandy, to obtain a charter confirming their inheritance in both England and Normandy from King Richard. This included Lincoln Castle as it had been held by Nicola's father and grandfather. It is likely that the shrievalty of the county of Lincoln was also included in the grant, which cost Canville and Nicola 700 marks.

In 1191 Nicola was besieged with her husband at Lincoln Castle when he quarrelled with William de Longchamp (d. 1197), the chancellor and justiciar of England in Richard's absence. In 1194 she fined for the sum of 300 marks with King Richard to marry her daughter, Matilda, according to her will, excepting one of the king's enemies. She continued to account for this debt until 1212, having renegotiated the amount with King John in 1200, and in 1201 she still owed £20, 40 marks, and one palfrey. Nicola enjoyed a cordial relationship with the fickle John. According to a later tradition recorded nearly sixty years after the events, Nicola had met John when he went to Lincoln in 1216. Her husband had recently died, and she went to meet the king leaving the castle by the eastern postern gate with its keys in her hand. She offered them to John saying that she was of great age and unable to continue with the office any longer. John sought her out and said, 'My beloved Nicola, I will that you keep the castle as hitherto, until I shall order otherwise' (Rotuli hundredorum, 1.315). The king granted the shrievalty of Lincoln to Nicola and Philip Marc a few hours before his death on 18 October 1216. The ageing widow was besieged at Lincoln by the rebels under the leadership of Louis of France, and she held the castle for the royalists until she was relieved in 1217. One source alleges that she had been entrusted with the castle 'in exchange for money' and that the castle was relieved since it would have been considered 'dishonourable not to help so brave a lady' (Historical Collections of Walter of Coventry, 2.237–8). The Histoire de Guillaume le Mare?chal narrates that, before the attack by the royalist forces, Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester, penetrated the castle by a secret route and met Nicola to reassure her that the siege would shortly be raised. She was apparently delighted to hear the news, and it seems that her intransigent defence of the castle facilitated a successful attack by the royalists which saw the rout of the rebel forces. The battle at Lincoln on 20 May 1217 was one of two decisive battles that ended the claim of Louis to the throne of England. The ending of the siege was followed by looting and sacrilege. Despite her alleged earlier protestations of age and incompetence, Nicola determinedly held on to the office in the face of repeated attempts by William (II) Longespée, the husband of her granddaughter Idonea and son of the earl of Salisbury, to eject her from it. In 1219 she is recorded as holding dower in Swaton, Lincolnshire, worth £20 annually. Nicola resigned the office of castellan in 1226 and died in Swaton on 20 November 1230.

From Women in Thirteenth-Century Lincolnshire (citation details below):

Significantly, in spite of her legal subordination to her husband, Nicholaa was actively involved in the management of her estates during this marriage. The strongest image of her working in partnership with Gerard can be found in the chronicle of Richard of Devizes and concerns the events of 1191. During the king's absence on crusade, Gerard de Camville became entangled in the violent dispute between the royal chancellor and John, count of Mortain. According to Richard of Devizes, while Gerard was with John, helping him to secure the castles of Nottingham and Tickhill, 'his wife, Nicholaa, not thinking about anything womanly, defended the castle manfully' ('uxor eius Nicolaa nichil femineum cogitans, castellum viriliter custodiebat') against the chancellor's forces. Richard's sympathetic description of Nicholaa's actions contrasts strongly with his less complimentary treatment of her husband: he had characterised Gerard de Camville earlier in his narrative as a 'factious man, prodigal of his allegiance' ('homo factiosus et fidei prodigus'). Richard's choice of language to describe Nicholaa's qualities as a military leader clearly implies that, although the role which she adopted was unusual for a woman, her performance in the author's eyes was all the more praiseworthy because of her sex. Yet it might also have been intended to highlight the less satisfactory conduct of Nicholaa's husband. It was certainly a wise move by Gerard to place Nicholaa, the living focus for loyalties to the la Haye family, in charge of Lincoln castle at a time when their standing in the locality was of paramount importance. Gerard's decision to leave Nicholaa, rather than a male deputy, in command of the garrison on this occasion indicates that she played an important role in the day-to-day running of her inheritance under more stable conditions. Lincoln was, after all, a particularly large and strategically significant castle, situated on a high ridge that looked out to the west over the Trent valley. The pipe roll for 1191 reveals that mercenary soldiers were employed for forty days on the siege of Lincoln castle. It was no mean feat on Nicholaa's part to withstand a siege for over a month. [...]

It was both a measure of Nicholaa's high esteem in [King] John's eyes and a sign of the desperate circumstances in which he found himself that on 18 October 1216, presumably just hours before his death, Nicholaa was appointed joint sheriff of Lincolnshire with Philip Mark. This appointment of a woman as a sheriff was unprecedented and needs explanation. Although Round found a near-contemporary case in Norfolk where a woman, Margaret de Caisneto, had apparently carried her late father's claim to the shrievalty to her second husband, there is no evidence that she ever held or exercised the duties associated with this office in her own right. Nicholaa's appointment might, however, have helped to set a precedent. Ela, the widowed countess of Salisbury, served as sheriff of Wiltshire in 1227-8 and 1231-7, and even appeared at the exchequer in person at Michaelmas 1236 to render account. The reasoning behind King John's apparent disregard for convention in Nicholaa's case emerges from the political conditions in Lincolnshire in 1216. William Morris, commenting on the immediate aftermath of Magna Carta, observed, 'To hold the counties at such a time required strong men'. Many of the men who might otherwise have been appointed sheriff under more peaceful conditions either were or recently had been in rebellion against the king. Thomas of Moulton, Gerard de Camville's successor to the shrievalty in 1205, was one example, and Alexander of Pointon, who accounted as sheriff to the exchequer at Michaelmas 1213, was another. Simon III of Kyme, a similarly experienced former royal administrator, also opposed John. Although Nicholaa's son and heir, Richard, was still alive in 1216 and had attained his majority, his untimely death in early March 1217 suggests that he was already suffering from poor health which prevented his emergence as a viable candidate. In any case, Richard had already forged a career in Leicestershire, Warwickshire and Oxfordshire, administering his inheritance from his father and the estates of his wife, Eustachia Basset. Nicholaa was a woman but at least she possessed an association with the shrievalty of Lincolnshire through her second husband, Gerard, and had enjoyed an opportunity to observe the workings of the office at first hand. The combination of Nicholaa's experience in managing and defending Lincoln castle, and the autonomy that she enjoyed as a widow, also made her a viable appointee. Hence her description by the 'Barnwell' chronicler as a 'matron' ('matrona'), a term that reflected both Nicholaa's standing and maturity. 
de la Haye, Nichole (I9483)
72 "Adelaide of Italy, also called Adelaide of Burgundy, was the second wife of Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great and was crowned as the Holy Roman Empress with him by Pope John XII in Rome on February 2, 962. Empress Adelaide was perhaps the most prominent European woman of the 10th century; she was regent of the Holy Roman Empire as the guardian of her grandson in 991-995." [Wikipedia] of Italy, St. Adelaide (I9580)
73 "Adeliza the wife of Aubrey de Vere is attested by a fairly unimpeachable source, her own son William in notes added to his life of St Osyth. According to him she lived for 22 years as a widow at St Osyth's priory in Essex, so she evidently died ca 1163." [Peter Stewart, citation details below] de Clare, Alice (I8946)
74 "African-American Ewing researchers may be interested to know that a free black family is associated with the George Ewing household. In 1820 and 1830 they were enumerated with the white Ewings. In 1840 and 1850 they were in their own household. The husband of this African-American--Sye? or Li? Ewing--was born about 1779 in Virginia. His wife--Judia Grais Ewing–-was born about 1800 in Virginia. They had several children who had moved elsewhere by 1850." [Alicia Towston, citation details below] Ewing, George (I12249)
75 "After his marriage he settled in Shutesbury, where he remained about three years, then lived in Amherst one year, and returned to Shutesbury. In the fall of 1830 he moved West with his family. They went to Troy, N. Y., by wagon, thence to Rochester by canal, thence by wagon to Olean Point where they took a raft and floated down the river to Pittsburg. They went from Pittsburg to Chester, Ill., by steamboat, and thence to Springfield, Ill., where he arrived Feb. 18, 1831, and there settled. This was the winter of the 'deep snow,' and when Mr. Conant arrived at Springfield the snow was four feet deep." [A History of the Conant Family in England and America,citation details below.] Conant, Sullivan (I38296)
76 "After the battle of Lewes, in 1264, he was one of the knights entrusted with the defense of Windsor Castle. The King took his homage in 1265 for the lands held in chief then descending to him. Between this time and Mar. 1266 he became incapable of managing his affairs." [Complete Peerage]

On his death his lands were placed under the guardianship of Sir Robert Tibetot [CP XII/2, p. 90]. 
Luttrell, Geoffrey II (I10518)
77 "After the death of George tho widow and children moved from Stark County, O., to Hancock County, where Christiana died at the home of a son, Matthias, at the age of 85 years and was buried west of Liepsic, Ohio, about 150 miles northwest of where George is buried." [An Outline History of the Swihart Family in America, citation details below] Tombaugh, Christiana (I34843)
78 "Alan de Windle granted to Master Adam de Walton the homage of Adam son of William de Pemberton, and this being transferred to Adam de Walton, lord of Walton le Dale, was by him granted to Thurstan de Northlegh in 1316 [...]." ["Townships: Pemberton" in VCH Lancaster (citation details below), volume 4]

It would appear that the "Adam de Walton, lord of Walton le Dale" mentioned above was Adam de Walton of Hoole, not this Adam; see below:

From "Townships: Ulnes Walton" in VCH Lancaster (citation details below), volume 6:

Warine had a son Adam, known as Master Adam, who, at least ultimately, inherited the family manors and estates in Ulnes Walton, Eccleston, Leyland, and Hoole, &c. He made a settlement of the manor of Hoole in 1294, and of the remainder of the estate in 1301; by this the manor of Walton, 30 acres in Leyland, 30s. rent in Kellamergh, and the moiety of the manors of Eccleston, Heskin and Leyland were settled on Adam de Walton of Hoole and his issue, with remainders to Adam de Walton of Mitton, William de Walton and Margery de Walton. The two Adams died without issue, so that the inheritance came to William, after some disputes with the heirs of Adam de Walton of Hoole. William had a daughter and heir Maud, who married William de Bracebridge, and they, in 1347, granted the manor of Ulnes Walton and the moieties of Eccleston, Heskin and Leyland to Henry Earl of Lancaster, receiving in exchange Berleye (Barley) in Yorkshire.

Margery sister of Adam, who married Thurstan de Northlegh, appears to have held lands in the township, for her heirs, the Radcliffes and Bartons of Smithills (fn. 20) and the Leghs of Lyme, long held lands here. 
de Walton, Adam (I36097)
79 "Alan de Windle III, later called Sir Alan, was acting as juror at various inquests from 1242 onwards. In 1252 William de Ferrers, earl of Derby, was pardoned for a false claim against him, and next year Alan de Windle and Thurstan de Holand joined in resisting an encroachment by the earl." [VCH Lancaster, citation details below] de Windle, Alan (I36005)
80 "Alexander Montgomery, died before 2 January 1363/4, probably in 1362 during the
'second pestilence,' certainly the father of Sir John Montgomery, was named in safe-conducts in 1358 permitting him to pass through England to visit holy places, witnessed two charters by his cousin, Thomas Stewart, Earl of Angus (named first after the knights), the first charter undated, the second dated at Edinburgh 25 May 1360, in favor of his father-in-law, Sir Hugh Eglinton." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

Possibly a son of John Montgomery, who died before 1328, and who is said without authority to have been married to Janet Erskine, daughter of John Erskine of Erskine. 
Montgomery, Alexander (I27423)
81 "Alexios Charon was a Byzantine official in southern Italy and the maternal grandfather of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (reigned 1081–1118), the founder of the Komnenian dynasty. Very little is known about his life. His is only recorded in the history of Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger, who married his great-granddaughter Anna Komnene. Bryennios reports that 'Charon' was a sobriquet given to him for his bravery, referring to the ferryman of the underworld in Greek mythology, but the name is attested as an actual surname as well. On Alexios' career, Bryennios only reports that he 'handled the emperor's affairs' in the Byzantine provinces of southern Italy (the Catepanate of Italy) some time in the first half of the 11th century. The exact office that Alexios held is unknown; it has been suggested that he may have been the governor (catepan) of Italy, but his name appears in no other source." [Wikipedia] Charon, Alexios (I10520)
82 "Alexios I Komnenos, Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks in Asia Minor and the Normans in the western Balkans, Alexios was able to halt the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Komnenian restoration. The basis for this recovery were various reforms initiated by Alexios. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades." [Wikipedia] Komnenos, Alexios I Emperor of Byzantium (I7141)
83 "Alice, yr. da. and coh. (the other was Beatrice, wife of Robert Mauduit) of Ralph Murdac, by Eve de Gray, Lady of Standlake and Dornford, Oxon. Alice was afterwards wife of Ralph Harenge." [Complete Peerage V:650, note (a)] Murdac, Alice (I8174)
84 "Allegedly killed by a crossbow bolt before 20 July 1213 while besieging a castle in Gascony." [Burke's Peerage] Wake, Baldwin (I3466)
85 "Allegedly one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger de Neville, of Redbourne, Lincolnshire." [Royal Ancestryde Neville, Beatrice (I511)
86 "ALLERSTON was soke of the king's manor of Pickering in 1086, and was still a member of the honour of Pickering in 1661, being held by fealty, rent and suit of court. Before the Conquest it had been held by Gospatric, but it was surveyed among the king's lands in 1086. Gospatric was the son of the thegn Aschil son of Ecgfrid. He is said to have married a daughter of Dolfin son of Thorphin and had a son Gospatric." [VCH York North Riding, citation details below.] Gospatric (I12298)
87 "Although she is usually called Matilda, she was born with the name Eadgyth (Edith), as Orderic Vitalis notes." [The Henry Project]

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Reared at Romsey Abbey in Hampshire but never having taken religious vows, Matilda was the orphaned daughter of Malcolm III (Canmore), king of Scots (d. 1093), and his celebrated queen, the saintly Margaret (d. 1093), and, through Margaret, a direct descendant of Edmund Ironside and the West Saxon kings. Matilda's marriage to Henry would thus have pleased both Scots and Anglo-Saxons. More importantly, however, it reinforced Henry's claim to the throne by providing his children with a direct hereditary link to the old English royal line. The blood of both Alfred and William the Conqueror would flow through them. By an odd chain of circumstances, Matilda was also the god-daughter of Henry's brother, Duke Robert Curthose. [...]

She became a widely admired queen, presiding competently as regent over England during Henry's frequent sojourns in Normandy and, through her patronage, making the English royal court a centre for writers and musicians. She commissioned the writing of a history of England by the monks of Malmesbury Abbey, for example, and thus became a benefactor of the great historian William of Malmesbury. She may also have given her patronage to the unknown writer who produced the first major poem to be written in Anglo-Norman French, the Voyage of St Brendan. Moreover, as a spiritual disciple of Anselm, Matilda used her close relationships with both the archbishop and her royal husband to intervene with some effect in the complex negotiations over lay investiture. The impression conveyed by her letters is that while her love of Anselm was deep and genuine, it was exceeded by her devotion to her husband and his policies. 
of Scotland, Matilda Queen Consort of England (I7410)
88 "Although the Wrights had held the tenement at Wrightsbridge situated astride Weald Brook near Noke Hill, about halfway between the towns of Havering-atte-Bower and Brentwood, a mile-and-a-half to the north of the village of Hornchurch, and straddling the border between the parishes of Romford and South Weald, this John Wright is the first member of that family whom we can definitely place as an ancestor of Rebecca Wright. He began his career as a yeoman in South Weald but amassed sufficient wealth to acquire extensive property holdings around Southwestern Essex." [Jesse Tarbert, citation details below] Wright, John (I38699)
89 "Although [Hervey de Glanville] was not from the family's eldest line, he was prominent in the shire court of Norfolk and Suffolk, and a man of that name was also one of the four leaders of Anglo-Norman forces who in 1147 attacked Lisbon, then under Muslim control." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Glanville, Hervey (I5982)
90 "Amongst the most eminent Norman families in the train of the Conqueror was that of Beauchamp, and amongst those that shared most liberally in the spoils of the conquest was Hugh de Beauchamp, the companion in arms of the victorious Norman, who obtained grants to a very great extent from his triumphant chief, as he appears at the general survey to be possessed of large estates in Hertford, Buckingham, and Bedfordshires, was the founder of this illustrious house in England. This Hugh had issue, Simon, who d. s.p.; Payne, ancestor of the Beauchamps of Bedford, that barony having been conferred upon him by William Rufus; Walter, but some doubts have been thrown upon the question of his having been son of Hugh, Sir H. Nicholas stating him to have been 'supposed of the same family'; Milo, of Eaton, co. Bedford; Adeline, m. to Walter le Espec, Lord of Kirkham and Helmesley, co. of York." [Burke's Peerage, and cum grano salis as usual. There's no evidence that the first Hugh de Beauchamp was a "companion in arms" to the Conqueror. For another, at least according to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Simon de Beauchamp doesn't seem to have dsp'd.] de Beauchamp, Hugh I (I741)
91 "An early but not original signer of the New Haven compact; sold his house and homelot to John Punderson, June 1659, and in May 1660 it was doubtful he should remain in New Haven; was on the eve of moving, May 1661; so d. soon after settling in Hartford. The religious preamble to his will indicates that he was thoughtful and tolerant to a degree unusual in his generation." [Donald Lines Jacobus, citation details below]

Deputy to the New Haven legislature, Apr 1646, Oct 1646, Oct 1647, May 1648, May 1655, May 1656, May 1657, May 1658, May 1660; treasurer of the New Haven colony, May 1655, May 1656, May 1657, May 1658, May 1659, May 1660; assistant, New Haven colony, May 1661 (declined). 
Wakeman, John (I31174)
92 "An extract from a Pedwardyn charter, confirmed by a Bardney charter, proves that John de Braytoft was son as well as heir of Walter. Lansdowne M.S., 207 c., f. 120. 'Know, &c., that I, John son of Walter de Braitoft have given, &c., to Ranulph son of Eudo de Friskeney for his homage and service a certain site of a mill in Weynfiet, with the mill, &c., to Ranulph and his heirs.'" [Massingberg, citation details below.] de Braytoft, John (I12013)
93 "An important Nottinghamshire magnate and a nephew of Oliver Sutton, bishop of London (1280-99)." [Mirror in Parchment: The Luttrell Psalter and the Making of Medieval England, by Michael Camille. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.]

"He went to Gascony during the campaigns of 1295-6, during which time he committed his lands to the custody of his great uncle, Oliver de Sutton, Bishop of Lincoln. [...] In 1308 he released to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln the services they owed him from lands in Allerton (in Edwinstow), Nottinghamshire, out of regard for Oliver Sutton, late Bishop of London, of blessed memory, of whose consanguinity he is, and to Oliver de Sutton, uncle of the same Richard, both canons of Lincoln." [Royal Ancestry -- in other words, Mirror in Parchment is in slight error; the bishop was his great-uncle, not his uncle. That his uncle was a "canon of Lincoln", also named Oliver, no doubt contributes to the confusion.] 
de Sutton, Richard (I3168)
94 "An infant when his father died, he became reconciled to the King in 1277. His guardian was Pain de Chaworth. He became a Welsh baron, and held parts of the commotes of Is Coed and Gwynionydd." [Medieval Welsh Ancestors of Certain Americans, citation details below] ab Owain ap Maredudd ab Owain, Llywelyn (I26644)
95 "An Italian merchant and politician, and a member of the Scaliger family of future lords of Verona, [Jacopino] was mentioned in 1250. He initially worked as a wool trader, not rich and without a noble title. However his friendship network and political skills granted him the title of Imperial Vicar at Ostiglisa, and podesta? (governor) of Cerea." [Leo van de Pas] Scaliger, Jacopino (I25368)
96 "Angharad would have been a granddaughter of Idwal Foel, not a daughter of King Iago ap Idwal whose rule began in 1033." [Darrell Wolcott, citation details below] ferch Iago, Angharad (I39367)
97 "Angus, who inherited Bute, with a part of Arran, and the Rough Bounds (Garmoran) extending from Ardnamurchan to Glenelg. Angus and his three sons were killed in 1210 by the men of Skye." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Angus (I27483)
98 "Ankaret (married 2nd Sir Thomas de Ferrers and died 8 Oct 1361), daughter of William Boteler, of Wem, Salop." [Burke's Peeragele Boteler, Ankaret (I11146)
99 "Ann Edwards seems to have had an independent nature, to judge from the records, but her husband upheld her. The town records teem with the quarrels of the early settlers. She seems to have been ordered to appear at court, for on March 2, 1651: 'It is ordered that Goody Edwards shal pay 3 pounds or have her tongue in a cleft stick for the contempt of a warrant, in sainge she would not come, but if they had bin Govnor or magistrate then she would come and Desiringe the warrant that she might burne it.' The end of the story is not given. Again on June 13, 1653: 'William Edwards has entered an accon of Defamation against Benj. Price and his wife, his wife sayinge that the wife of William Edwards was a base lie- ing woman and that she would prove her a lier in many pticu- lers, wch I take to bee a great Defamation to me and my posterity in that hereafter it may be spoken, - there goe the bratts of a base lyer - wch I would not have made out against my wife for a hundred pounds, my wife being an ancient woman and the other a yonge woman….'" [Ancestry and Descendants of Amaziah Hall and Betsey Baldwin, citation details below] Anne (I28435)
100 "Anna Komnene, commonly Latinized as Anna Comnena, was a Greek princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and historian. She was the daughter of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I and his wife Irene Doukaina. She wrote the Alexiad, an account of her father's reign, which is unique in that it was written by a princess about her father." [WikipediaKomnene, Anna (I7330)
101 "Anna, born ca. 1028, long outlived her husband and after his death ran the family as its undisputed matriarch. Anna became involved in conspiracies against the Doukas family, whom she never forgave for taking the throne in 1059. Later she also played a major role in the successful overthrow of Nikephoros III Botaneiates (r. 1078–81) and the rise of her son Alexios to the throne. After that, and for about fifteen years, she served as the virtual co-ruler of the empire along her son. She then retired to a monastery, where she died in 1100 or 1102." [Wikipedia]

"As empress-mother, she exerted more influence and power than the empress-consort, Irene Doukaina, a woman whom she hated because of past intrigues with the Doukas family." [Wikipedia]

"Under the Komenian dynasty, women continued to not only retain their roles set by previous empresses but made great strides in founding monasteries, patronizing churchmen, theologians and literary figures and being more assertive in imperial administration: most prominent in such roles were Anna Dalassene and her contemporary, Maria of Alania. Anna Dalassena is memorialized in Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party." [Wikipedia] 
Dalassene, Anna Regent of the Byzantine Empire (I1119)
102 "Another family resident near Nottingham, the Pierpoints, present a similar picture of stagnation. They came originally from Pierrepont, near Grandcourt in Picardy, and settled at Hurstpierpoint in Sussex soon after the Conquest; but it was not until the marriage, in the second half of the thirteenth century, of Sir Henry Pierpoint (steward of the castle of Knaresborough which belonged to Edmund of Almaine (d. 1300), earl of Cornwall) to Annora, daughter and eventual heiress of Sir Michael Manvers (d. 1255) of Holme Pierrepont, that a branch of the family became major Nottinghamshire landholders. In addition to the valuable manor of Holme (subsequently known as Holme Pierrepont), she brought to Sir Henry the south Yorkshire manor of Anston, and the couple also made several purchases: from Sir Ralph Salvayn, the manor of Holbeck Woodhouse in north-west Nottinghamshire; from Sir Richard Weston, the manor of Weston near Tuxford; and from Sir Robert Tibetot, the manor of Sneinton near Nottingham. They made further acquisitions at Ashover in Derbyshire and Langford near Newark. Their son, Sir Robert (d. 1334), a notable soldier and keeper of Newark Castle, added a manor at Rolleston, also near Newark, granted to him by his father-in-law, Sir John Heriz (d. 1299), in free marriage. Thereafter, it was not until c. 1469, when Sir Henry Pierpoint (d. 1499) finally acquired the manors of Gonalston, Widmerpool, and Tibshelf, once of Sir John Heriz and over which Sir Henry's grandfather, Sir Henry (d. 1452), had been in dispute with Ralph (d. 1456), Lord Cromwell, that any significant addition was made to the very considerable estates the family held at the end of the thirteenth century, and it was not until the marriage in 1601 of Robert Pierpoint (1584 - 1643), later first earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, that the family again married an heiress." [Political Society in Lancastrian England: The Greater Gentry of Nottinghamshire by S. J. Payling, citation details below.] de Pierrepont, Henry (I2485)
103 "Another Look at Joan de Harley" (citation details below) says that her given name may have been Margaret. Bulkeley, Katherine (I15209)
104 "Anthony Morgan, who emigrated from Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales, in 1689, first settling on the west side of Cobb's Creek, above the present Blue Bell Inn, but in 1700 he removed to his plantation in Upper Darby, where he died in 1732, a very aged man." [Henry Graham Ashmead, citation details below]

His will names his daughter Mary Morgan and his son-in-law Abraham Lewis, making them both executors of his estate. 
Morgan, Anthony (I37657)
105 "Apparently born before 1007, he was the illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre by his mistress Sancha de Aybar. Ramiro was reputed to have been adopted by his father's wife Mayor after he was the only of his father's children to come to her aid when needed, although there is no surviving record of these events and the story is probably apocryphal." [Wikipedia]

"Ramiro's exact status is vague. He was called king by his vassals, neighbors, the church and even his sons, yet he always referred to himself simply as Ranimiro Sancioni regis filio (Ramiro, son of King Sancho). Likewise, in his two wills, he refers to his lands as having been given him in stewardship: in the first by García, and in the second by God. He is called regulus (rather than rex used for García) and quasi pro rege (acting as if king) in charters from Navarre. Due to his growing independence and the small size of his Pyrenean holdings, he is sometimes called a 'petty king', Aragon a 'pocket kingdom'." [Wikipedia] 
Ramiro I King Of Aragón (I4423)
106 "Arduin married a woman named Vmille in the Necrologio Sanctæ Andreæ Taurinensis, probably Emilia or Immula." [Wikipedia] Vmille (I8211)
107 "Arrived about 1632 with Isaac Razilly; major of governor Charles de Menou d'Aulnay (commandant of Port-Royal) in 1654, back to France after capitulation of Port-Royal 1654-06-16; brother-in-law of Jacques Bourgeois the father." [Genealogy of the French in North AmericaDoucet, Germain (I5486)
108 "Arrived [at Weymouth] about 1650 with wife Avis." [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration volume VI, p. 28, distinguishing this William Read/Reed from the William Read/Reed of Weymouth, Boston, and Rhode Island who died between 1674 and 1679.] Reed, William (I966)
109 "Arthur Tappan was a New York drygoods merchant, and an abolitionist. He was widely known as a patron of religious and patriotic organizations, endowed Lane Seminary at Cincinnati, a professorship at Auburn Theological Seminary, and built Tappan Hall at Oberlin College, Ohio; he assisted in founding the Journal of Commerce and the Emancipator, and was first president of the Anti-Slavery Society. He aided in sustaining the Liberator, and by paying an enormous fine, freed William Lloyd Garrison from the Baltimore jail. One of the most notable of his benefactions was his paying the tuition of one hundred divinity students for four years at Yale College." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below]

From Wikipedia (accessed 9 May 2021):

In 1826, a year after the Erie Canal was completed, Arthur and his brother Lewis moved to New York City, the new national center of business and retail trade, where they established a silk importing business. With Samuel Morse, in 1827 the brothers founded the New York Journal of Commerce.

Arthur and Lewis Tappan were successful businessmen, but commerce was never their foremost interest. They viewed making money as less important than saving souls. They made the Journal of Commerce a publication free of "immoral advertisements." Arthur Tappan's summer home in New Haven, Connecticut, was destroyed by a mob in 1831 (along with a black hotel and a black home) after his support for a surprisingly unpopular (New Haven Excitement) proposal of a college for African Americans in that city.

Both men suffered in the anti-abolitionist riots of 1834, in which mobs attacked their property. Arthur Tappan was one of two signatories who issued a disclaimer on behalf of the American Anti-Slavery Society, of which he was president, in the aftermath of the riots, emphasising its dedication to abolishing slavery within the existing laws of the United States.

"In the great commercial crisis of 1837 he suffered immense losses; and not long after turned his attention to other and more retired occupations, by which he obtained a comfortable subsistence for his family, and the ability still to contribute, though on a greatly diminished scale, throughout his protracted life." [The Life of Arthur Tappan by Lewis Tappan, 1870, page 405.] Their philanthropic efforts crippled and pledges not met, the Tappans were forced to close their silk-importing business, and almost their paper, but the brothers persevered. In the 1840s, they founded another lucrative business enterprise when they opened the first commercial credit-rating service, the Mercantile Agency, a predecessor of Dun and Bradstreet.

The Tappan brothers made their mark in commerce and in abolitionism. Throughout their careers, the Tappans devoted time and money to philanthropic causes as diverse as temperance, the abolition of slavery, and their support of new colleges in what was then the west of the country: successively, the Oneida Institute, Lane Theological Seminary, the Lane Rebels at Cumminsville, Ohio, and Oberlin Collegiate Institute. Their beliefs about observing Sabbath extended to campaigns against providing stagecoach service and mail deliveries on Sundays.

In 1833, while a principal owner of the Journal of Commerce, Arthur Tappan allied with William Lloyd Garrison and co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society. Arthur served as its first president, and there was in 1835 a reward of $20,000 (equivalent to $495,677 in 2019) for his capture and delivery to New Orleans.

He resigned in 1840 because of his opposition to the society's new support of women's suffrage and feminism. Their early support for Oberlin College, a center of abolitionist activity, included $10,000 to build Tappan Hall. Oberlin's green Tappan Square now occupies the site.

Continuing their support for abolition, Arthur and his brother founded the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1840 and the American Missionary Association in 1846. After the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed, Tappan refused to comply with the new law and donated money to the Underground Railroad. The brothers' positions on the slavery issue were not universally popular. In early July 1834, Lewis Tappan's New York home was sacked by a mob, who threw his furniture into the street and burned it.

The Tappans and the Journal of Commerce attracted bitter criticism for their campaign to free the Africans who had taken over the slave ship Amistad in 1839. James Gordon Bennett, Sr.'s rival New York Morning Herald denounced "the humbug doctrines of the abolitionists and the miserable fanatics who propagate them," particularly Lewis Tappan and the Journal of Commerce.

Arthur Tappan died in 1865, Lewis in 1873. Both men lived long enough to see the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment eliminate slavery in the United States, granting freedom to millions of African Americans. Arthur is buried in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven. 
Tappan, Arthur (I34856)
110 "As 'fils et heir Willialme del Hoy, seigneur de Lochiwort' he was one of the hostages for the liberation of David II specified in the Treaty of 13 July 1354, and under the designation of 'Thomas fitz and heir William de la Hay de Lochorward' was one of those hostages when that Treaty was concluded 3 October 1357, being given to the custody of Henry Strother, Sheriff of Northampton. He is mentioned as Thomas de Haye as being in the custody of the Sheriff of Northampton 20 May 1362, and 20 June 1363, and would seem still to have been in custody 16 May 1369, when he got a safe-conduct from Edward III to go to Rome. He was back in Scotland before 1373, when he is mentioned as Sheriff of Peebles. He is the first of the name who appears as Sheriff of Peebles, an office which became hereditary in his family, and was enjoyed by them for three centuries till the second Earl of Tweeddale sold it, together with his whole estates in Tweeddale to William, Duke of Queensberry in 1686. Thomas de la Haye had a share of the 40,000 francs which John of Vienne, Admiral of France, brought with him in 1385, as a present from the French King to the principal Scottish nobles, 400 livres Tournois being allotted as his share 26 November. At Dundee on 29 August 1392, Thomas de Haya, Lord of Lochorwart, granted a charter of the lands of Glaswell and Torburne in the barony of Kyrimure, co. Forfar, to his cousin Walter de Moravia of Drumsargart. Tliis charter was confirmed by William (of Douglas), Earl of Angus, 8 March 1422, and by one under the Great Seal about 1488. He appears to have died shortly after 1392, and certainly before 1 December 1399, when his wife was living, a widow." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] de Haya, Thomas (I28979)
111 "As 'the oldest son of Augustine Warner, gentleman of Virginia', Augustine II was entered as a pupil in the Merchant Taylor's School in London, 1658. He represented Gloucester County in the House of Burgesses, 1671-77, was Speaker of the House, 1676-77, and was named to the Council, 1677." [Adventurers of Purse and Person, citation details below]

Augustine Warner and Mildred Reade are the most recent common ancestors of George Washington and Elizabeth II. 
Warner, Augustine (I36812)
112 "As 'Thomas Brigham senior' he appears in 1528 on the rental toll of the manor of Holme, as holding an orchard, a barn, one toft, a close called Leyre Pytts, and half a bovate of land called Salvan Lands, etc. the yearly rental being 14s. 8d." [Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury, citation details below.] Brigham, Thomas (I22961)
113 "As sheriff of Chester he witnesses two deeds (dated 1-5 Edward II., between 1307 and 1312) now in the Record Office, but he has not been included either in the official list of sheriffs or in Ormerod's." ["The Grosvenor Myth", citation details below.]

Accompanied William de Mobberly in arms in Edward II's war against the Scots. 
le Grosvenor, Robert (I2267)
114 "Asa and Susan Hatton migrated to Martin Co., Ind. near Loogootee prior to 1820. Fourteen children were born to this union, all settling in Brown, Bartholomew, Floyd and Jackson Counties, Indiana." [Hatton Families by Reeve & Reeve, citation details below] Hatton, Asa (I26762)
115 "Asa Holcomb II owned real estate in N. Granby, Hartford Co., Conn., which he sold about 1825. He had previously lived [in] Granville, Mass., where he had several land transactions; moved about 1811 to near Lake Champlain in N.Y. and in about 1835 moved to Rundell Springs Twp., Crawford Co., Pa., where he is recorded with family in 1850 Census." [The Holcombes, Nation Builders, citation details below] Holcomb, Asa (I37745)
116 "At his death in the autumn of 1648 aboard his own ship, the Peregrine, on a voyage from England to Boston, Capt. Thomas Hawkins, formerly a shipwright in London's Stepney district, was a successful Boston shipbuilder and merchant. James Savage called him 'a man of distinction, a captain and merchant of more enterprise than discretion.' Oliver A. Roberts in his history of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston described Hawkins as 'a busy, restless ship-builder, who owned a ship-yard near his house, made many voyages, was cast away three times, and, at length, as if determined to show that he was not born to be hanged, lost his life by shipwreck.'" [Wilcox, citation details below.] Hawkins, Capt. Thomas (I21339)
117 "At Rowley, he was representative to the General Court, 1691, 1692, 1700, 1704, 1706. Sergeant, 1686; Lieutenant of the Rowley Company; served in the Provincial Forces, Foot Company, 1691-98." [The Snow-Estes Ancestry, citation details below] Dresser, Lt. John (I36555)
118 "At the end of the Briggate in the early seventeenth century stood the great house of John Lockhart of Boghall and his wife Marion Cunningham, comprising two tenements made into one with yard and stables, and extending from High Street to the river. Both tenements are mentioned in the Obit Book and the protocol book of Gavin Ross, the one next to the Briggate as early as 1485 when it belonged to Katherine Johnson. After her death in 1525 it was purchased by Alexander Lockhart, great grandfather of John Lockhart of Boghall and Bar, and it remained in the family until the 1640s […] The Lockharts were prosperous merchants involved in the administration of the burgh and the acquisition of land." [Ayr and Its People, citation details below] Lockhart, Alexander (I25767)
119 "At the opening of the great Welsh uprising in 1136, she led an attack on the Norman fortress of Kidwelly, in her husband's absence, and was killed fighting outside the town, at a spot still known as Maes Gwenllian." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below] ferch Gruffudd, Gwenllian (I26630)
120 "At the time of her marriage she was a member of Concord Monthly Meeting, and was disowned 9 Mo. 6. 1732 for marriage by a 'priest.'" [Gilbert Cope, citation details below] Richardson, Martha (I38588)
121 "At the time of the Indian attack on Medfield she was very ill in bed in the house of Rev. John Wilson of Medfield who was a physician as well as minister and had her under his care. During the battle a gun in the hands of Capt. John Jacob of Hingham, commanding a garrison at Mr. Wilson's house, was accidentally discharged in the room below and the ball passed through her, resulting in her death the next day, 22 Feb. 1675/6." [Henry Adams of Somersetshire, England, citation details below.] Payne, Elizabeth (I23157)
122 "At Woburn, Mass., John Nutting married, 28 Aug. 1650, Sarah Eggleton, and Samuel Blodgett married, 13 Dec. 1655, Ruth Eggleton. Savage and others have suggested these two were also daughters of Stephen Iggleton, but, as Mr. Arthur G. Loring has pointed out, in 1674 Nutting and Blodgett agreed to support their mother-in-law Jane Cole, widow of Isaac Cole. She was born around 1600, was formerly wife of James Britton, and evidently still earlier the wife of one Eggleton, by whom she had Sarah and Ruth." [French, citation details below.] Jane (I4541)
123 "Bailie of Cunningham 31 January 1447/8, which office was resigned by his father in his favor." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below] Montgomery, Alexander (I27348)
124 "BAILY, Joel, is said to have come from Wiltshire, England. Among the purchasers of land in Pennsylvania was Daniel Baily, of Westbrook, in the parish of Bromham, Wiltshire, weaver, who in 1681 bought 125 acres, which was subsequently located in Birmingham township. He did not come over, but Joel Baily, doubtless a relative, appears to have been concerned in the sale to of the land to William Radley in 1713." [History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, citation details below]

The above supposition appears to have been correct, as the database "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975" on includes the 29 Jan 1658 baptism in Bromham, Wiltshire of "Joel Baylie", son of Daniell Baylie.

Wikitree identifies this Daniel as the Daniel Bailey born 1 Mar 1599 in Bromham, husband of one Mary Sullivan born 1601 in "Westbrook, Broomham, Wiltshire", a daughter of "[father unknown] and [mother unknown]. Based on exactly zero evidence this Mary Sullivan is called on her own Wikitree page "Lady Mary Bailey". Leaving aside this particular foolishness, it seems very unlikely that the immigrant Joel Baily was born to a 57-year-old woman. 
Baily, Joel (I38581)
125 "Barbara Phelps (later Allen) arrived in Mesa in 1879 and a 16-month-old infant. At age 12, she received an accordion for Christmas. She then earned money by playing with her father, Hyrum Phelps, for dances in Lehi, especially at Christmas. In later life, she organized the Granny Band, which performed at events around town." [Images of America: Latter-Day Saints in Mesa by D. L. Turner and Catherine H. Ellis. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.]

A memoir by Barbara Ann Phelps Allen:

My parents were Hyrum Smith Phelps and Mary Elizabeth Bingham Phelps. I was born August 26, 1877 at Montpelier, Bear Lake County, Idaho. I was just sixteen months old when the family reached Mesa. The first house Father built was on the east side of Hibbert Street between 1st and 2nd Avenues.

Among my first recollections of this place was the first Sunday School I attended, It was held in the school house, a one-room adobe. Hannah Peterson (Miller) was the teacher. We recited the alphabet from cards. We were seated on a low bench in front of the room. I attended my first Primary with my sister Lucy. We were very devoted to each other. One never went without the other. Each week we listened anxiously while the secretary read the program for the following week, but we were never on it.

When I was nine years old, the school put on a program and every child in the room was given a part but me, I felt disgraced, and I never even told my mother. I always remembered the feeling I had and in the sixteen years I presided over the Primary I always favored the backward child and never slighted anyone to my knowledge.

Father built a long room on the back of the house to accommodate the growing family. Grandma Bingham lived with us awhile before moving into a house on Broadway just east of Mesa Drive. We children were staying with her after Father was taken to Yuma to the penitentiary. The officers came there one night looking for Mother; they had a warrant, and Grandma wouldn't take it, so they threw it on the floor. I thought she wasn't very polite.

When I was twelve years old, Mother gave me an accordion for Christmas. I soon learned to play it. A few years later, she and Lucy gave me a larger one which I kept until after I was married.

One time Father went to Tempe and bought a bolt of cloth called Zephyr gingham; it was a beautiful plaid. As I remember, five of us girls had dresses alike. Lucy and I always dressed alike. Most people thought we were twins. The first M.I.A. I attended had only one class for everyone. Pres. Charles I. Robson told the story of Joseph Smith's first prayer. That was the first time I had heard it, and I have never forgotten how it impressed me.

Soon after this Lucy and I were asked to sing at one of the meetings. We sang, "Write Me a Letter from Home.' After that I think we were asked to sing at every public entertainment held in Mesa until after I was married. Lucy and Grandma Phelps bought us an organ which I learned to play by ear. Father and I played for the dances at Lehi a few times. I earned $2.50 over the Christmas holidays playing out there. I left my organ there during that time so I wouldn't have to carry it back and forth. Lucy and I joined the choir when I was sixteen, and I sang with them for twenty years. I memorized 200 hymns besides the anthems we sang.

I well remember the first dress I made; it was a real pretty blue and I wore a blue ribbon around my waist. Mother's sister, Anner LeSueur sent me the ribbon because they told her I looked so much like her. In the summer of about 1891 there was a conference held at Pinetop, and Mother and Aunt Clarinda in company with quite a large group of saints, attended. Brother William took them. It took six weeks to make the round trip. Amy was about four years old. While they were gone, I made Amy a dress. I made it a plain tight waist with a full skirt that came nearly to her ankles, and it was so tight I could hardly fasten it. She had it on when mother came and when mother saw her she began to cry, and she said Amy looked like we had starved her. One night at a dance, John S. Allen, known as Seymour, came into our lives. He rushed across the floor, came up to me and said, "Come on , Caddie, let's dance." Then he saw his mistake, and after an apology, asked me to dance. From then on he never failed to dance with Lucy and me. Later on he began making regular visits to our home, but we did not know which of us he was most interested in. We had a lot of good times together. One night he asked if he could take me home. Up to this time he had never taken us any place. He had a lady friend and we were just side issues, but after this night we knew which was his favorite.

John S. and I kept company for about nine months and were married on Oct. 2, 1895. We had a quiet wedding at our home on the corner of Hibbert and East First Avenue. Only close relatives were invited. The ceremony was performed by Bishop James Malen Home. We stood at the head of the table, and the guests were seated around it, ready to partake as soon as the ceremony ended. Mother and Lucy had cooked a very fine dinner. When we went through the kitchen to be married, Mother and Lucy were standing by the stove. Mother was crying and Lucy looked sad, but I couldn't see anything to feel sad about. One week after we were married, we started in company with Eli and Medora Openshaw for the St. George Temple. It took six weeks to make the round trip.

When we returned home we started housekeeping in a two-rooms of the house built for Warner and Fannie Allen. It was here our first child, Charles Ashael, was born July 31, 1896. At this time the monthly fast meeting was held on the first Thursday of the month, and he was blessed by Grandpa [Charles H.] Allen.

We moved into a 2-room lumber house with a lean-to on the back that Father had built on 20 acres Grandpa Allen had given Seymour at the corner of Broadway and Stapley. On Feb. 15, 1898, Blanche was born. When she was four months old, J. S. was called on a mission to the Southern States. He left in June and I milked eight to ten cows while he was gone. Esther stayed with me and cared for the babies all the time. Mother was very good to me. I used to wonder how I could get along without her. I did all the sewing for the six girls, Lucy, Hattie, Amy, Esther, Clara, and Gertrude. At this time Lucy was working in Johnson's store and did a lot to help the family.

I was blessed while J. S. was gone. We all enjoyed good health. When it was time for him to be released, I went to Utah in company with my parents, Father Allen and his wife, Annie. Uncle Perry Bingham met us at Price, Utah and took us to Vernal where I stayed until I heard from John S., then I went on to meet him in Cove, Utah. After we returned home, Seymour and Warner went into partners and bought eighty acres on Baseline. Hyrum Loren was born Oct. 7, 1901 and Barbara Oct. 5, 1903.

John R. was born Oct. 29, 1905 and was just a few months old when Seymour sold the 20 acres and bought 60 acres two miles east of Mesa on the Apache Trail from Mr. Lamb. This was where Gove Liahona was born July 26, 1907. Then John Seymour was called on another mission, this time to the Eastern States. President Ben Rich was his mission president both times. I was left this time with more work and more responsibilities. Ashael was a big help to me. One of my sisters stayed with me most of the time and helped.

J. S. came off his mission June 1909, and Mary was born Sept. 1,1910. On March 27, 1912, Eldred Phelps was born, but lived only six weeks. This was the first real sorrow to come to us. July 8, 1914 Russell Hoopes was born. In the Summer of 1915, we moved to a 320 acre ranch four miles south of Gilbert.

Seymour had gone into partners with his older brother Warner and acquired a 320-acre farm four miles south of Gilbert. This was entirely alfalfa at the time but was later planted to cotton.

December 2, 1915 Ashael left for a mission to the Southern States and June 5, 1916 Ben Rich Allen was born, and November 5, 1917, Joseph Seymour was born. Two babies were born while Ashael was away.

When Joe was about eight months old, I took a little motherless baby, Robert Southers, four months old, to raise. I kept him nine months, then his aunt, Mrs. Ellingbow, wanted him so badly that J. S. told me I shouldn't be selfish and keep him, so I let her have him.

After several years the depression came on and we decided J. S.'s brother, Benjamin, should live with us for a couple of years. J. S. sent him on a mission. Chancy, Seymour's older brother, lived with us a lot. October 11, 1920, Della, our twelfth and last child was born three days after Loren had left for a mission. He labored in Louisiana.

We struggled along for several years. The depression came on and we decided to rent. The boys wanted to finish school. As J. S. couldn't run the ranch alone, he decided to rent it out. We bought us a home in Mesa at 48 West Second Street and lived there for a year or more.

J. S. and his brother Jim took a job building a fence along the railroad. It was at this time that the next great sorrow came when Della died of mastoid infection Nov. 21, 1925.

We sent Gove on a mission to the Eastern States and in February 1935 we sent Russell to the Samoan Island to fill his mission. Before he returned home, we sent Ben in March 1938 to Argentina. All our family have very fine companions. We are very proud to have them to associate with. In all our family gatherings, they are with us one hundred percent. We are very proud of our family and their families, and always pray for their success in righteousness.

October 29, 1945, we held our Golden Wedding Anniversary, the first time all the family had been together for a long time. For the reception, Ashael came from the Spanish American Mission, Ida from Los Angeles, Russell from Kirtland, New Mexico, and Mary from Vallejo, California. We had a dinner at the ranch home. All ten of the family and twenty-seven of the grandchildren were present. We all had a lovely time. After this gathering Ida was called to labor with Ashael in the mission, taking George with them.

My mother was very strict about us attending our duties and being punctual. Because of this, the Sunday School Superintendent called me to be a substitute teacher when I was quite young. When I was seventeen I attended Conference and they reorganized the Stake Y.L.M.I.A. and I was surprised when they sustained me as secretary. I served in that capacity for twelve years underfive presidents, Ann Eliza Leavitt, Jannett Johnson, Lulu Macdonald, Fannie Dana and Mary Hibbert. Soon after I was released, I was chosen stake secretary for the Relief Society. I held that position for about six years. I was released to be president of the Mesa First Ward Relief Society. I served about a year and we moved to Gilbert. There was no Gilbert Ward then, and we were in the Chandler Ward. After this I served about sixteen years as president of the Primary for Chandler, Gilbert, and Mesa Wards. I was superintendent of Religion Class in Gilbert the same time I was President of the Primary. At this time John R. was attending high school in Gilbert and he assisted me with religion class.

We rented our ranch and bought us a home in Mesa, but stayed only a year or so. At this time I was president of the Primary in Gilbert and Bishop Haymore asked me to preside there until Barbara came home from vacation, and before she came I was made president of the Mesa First Ward Primary. I presided over both of them for about six weeks. I have been president of the Gilbert Relief Society two different times, second counselor to Grace Nielson and then president in the Mesa First Ward Relief Society, second counselor to Adelaide Peterson in the Stake Primary, and I held several other positions. Now at the age of seventy-four, I am a Relief Society district teacher and a Guide teacher of four boys in the Primary of the Mesa Ninth Ward. I am very thankful for the many opportunities I have had to serve.

March 1942 was the Centennial celebration of the Relief Society, and the General Board requested that pioneer stories be brought before the public as much as possible. I was president of the Gilbert Relief Society at that time. I read several good stories and decided to put them into a pageant. I had fine cooperation, and it turned out to be a success. We played it in six different wards. I also wrote two other pageants which were very successful, an Easter pageant and one on the restoration of the Aaronic Priesthood. In doing this work I received some of the greatest joy of my life. Another thing that I enjoyed a lot was putting on entertainments with the Primary children. I found a lot of work doing these things, but when it was all over, there was unspeakable joy that came to us seeing the happiness that came to the children.

The Lord has been good to me for which I am grateful. We have been relieved of pain through prayer and being administered to many times. My first relief came when I was first married. I had an ulcerated tooth which was so severe I didn't think I could stand it any longer. John S. administered to me and relief came instantly. Another time when I was alone on the ranch with the little children, I became very sick. My head pained so badly at times I wasn't conscious. John was nine years old. He went off by himself and prayed for me. All at once a quivering feeling went through my body and with it went the pain. I couldn't account for it until he told me he had prayed for me. John had been instantly relieved twice when his father administered to him when he had gathered ears.

One time when we had been helping the Chandler Ward top maize to pay off on their piano, we came home after dark and found Loren crying with pain. As he drove the cows around the haystack, they loosened the derrick fork and it swung around before he knew it, striking him on the leg and puncturing the bone. The pain was so severe he couldn't stand to have us walk across the floor. He immediately called for his father to administer to him, which he did, and the pain left as he took his hands off, and it never returned. For these and many more blessings too numerous to mention, I am grateful. 
Phelps, Barbara Ann (I1455)
126 "Barison I or Barisone I was the giudice of Arborea from around 1038 until about 1060 and then of Logudoro until his death sometime around 1073. He is the first ruler of Logudoro of whom we have any real knowledge. His whole policy was opposition to the Republic of Pisa and support of monastic immigration from mainland Italy." [Wikipedia] Barisone Giudice of Arborea and Logudoro (I1931)
127 "Based on the deed below, it has been suggested that Robert's wife may have been [named] Sarah. However, Sarah was not mentioned in his will and was probably deceased at that time.
6 Feb. 1746 -- Deed Bk 14, p 24, Peter Taylor and his wife, Dorcas, of Norfolk County, Va. to Richard Bunting of Norfolk Co. for 25 pounds current money a tract of 50 acres of land on the south side of the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River, in (Newby's or Hubey's) Neck joining the lands of John Joyce and Richard Taylor being the land said Richard Bunting sold to Peter Taylor. Sign. Peter Taylor and Dorcas Taylor (X), wit. Ralph (Fenter), SARAH CULPEPPER (X her mark), Elanor Tart. Transcribed by Clyde T. Colbert
"It is interesting to note that each of her sons, Robert, Jr., Joseph, and Benjamin, named a son Benjamin. In the case of Joseph and Benjamin, at least, it would appear that they each named their first born son, Benjamin. Various naming conventions were used by different cultures in the South, but in Virginia, first born sons were most often named after a grandfather. (See Albion's Seed, Four British Folkways in America, by David Hackett Fischer.) So perhaps the father of Robert's wife was named Benjamin." [Culpepper Connections, (citation details below)] 
Sarah (I6710)
128 "Basset, Alan (d. 1232), administrator, was one of the three sons (probably the youngest) of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182). He founded the Bassets of Wycombe, and was a noted servant of Richard I, John, and Henry III. In 1197 Richard I sent him on a diplomatic mission with William (I) Marshal to the counts of Flanders and Boulogne to detach them from their allegiance to King Philip of France, and shortly afterwards, with his elder brother Thomas, he attested as surety for Richard in France concerning the king's treaty with the count of Flanders against Philip. Between 1197 and 1199 he witnessed six more of Richard's documents in France. Following Richard's death, he was soon in attendance upon John; Alan, Thomas, and Gilbert Basset were all described as barons when they witnessed the homage of the king of Scots to John at Lincoln on 22 November 1200. In 1202 and 1203 Alan witnessed ten of John's charters in France, and, between 1200 and 1215, twenty-five royal charters in England. Remaining loyal to John, he is often recorded in that king's service, and received such rewards as numerous quittances of scutage. In 1215 he was named in Magna Carta as one of the 'noblemen' whose counsel the king relied upon, and he was among the royalist barons who attended John at Runnymede. He appears to have accompanied John on his expedition to the north of England in the winter of 1215 - 16. He was in Henry III's service by 14 December 1216. In 1217 he fought at the battle of Lincoln, and helped to pacify the kingdom afterwards, and in 1220 he was one of three ambassadors sent to France to arrange a four-year truce. He was still in royal service in 1228, but died late in 1232." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyBasset, Alan (I6694)
129 "Basset, Thomas (d. c. 1182), justice, belonged to a distinguished family of royal servants which began with Ralph Basset (d. 1127?), the brother of Thomas's father, Gilbert (d. in or before 1154). Thomas Basset had entered Henry II's service by 1163. His first known post in the royal administration was as sheriff of Oxfordshire (1163 - 4). A baron of the exchequer from 1169 to c. 1181, he was an itinerant justice in the south and west in 1175, and again in 1179; in December 1180 he joined the justiciar Ranulf de Glanville and other royal justices at Lincoln in approving a final concord. He was custodian of the honour of Wallingford for the king from 1172 to 1179. He witnessed royal documents in England fourteen times between 1174 and 1179, and he was with the king in Normandy, c. 1181, attesting at Barfleur. He died shortly afterwards, perhaps in 1182." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyBasset, Thomas (I3291)
130 "Being related to her husband in the 4th degree, they received a dispensation from Pope Urban VI through Richard de Dounes, prior of the Carmelites of Chester, in consequence of the services of Sir William in the crusade against Enrique, King of Castile." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Venables, Anyll (I15219)
131 "Benefactor of Worksop & vassal of Odo FitzRalph for lands in Derbyshire." [Henry James Young, citation details below] Meysnyll, Gilbert (I30275)
132 "Benjamin D., son of Benjamin and Celia (Buffington) Wheeler, was born in Massachusetts, April 10, 1789, died September 30, 1818. He removed from his native state to New York state, settling in East Bloomfield, where he was a prominent citizen, advancing the interests of the community in which he resided. He married Deborah Reed, and they were the parents of five children, two sons and three daughters, Hannah R., Deborah, Celia B., Benjamin T., and Simeon R." [A History of Ontario County, New York, and Its People, citation details below.]

Albert Gallatin Wheeler's Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family in America gives Benjamin Daggett Wheeler as a son of Barnard Wheeler and Anna Goff. This is clearly a mistake:

* Benjamin Daggett Wheeler's tombstone clearly reads "son of Benjamin and Celia Wheeler."

* The mother of the Benjamin Wheeler who married Celia Buffington was named Hopestill Daggett.

* The first son named in the will, made 23 Jul 1832, of the Benjamin Wheeler who married Celia Buffington, is "Benjamin D." 
Wheeler, Benjamin Daggett (I22590)
133 "Benjamin Wheeler, progenitor of the branch of the family now under consideration, was a native of Massachusetts, his birth occurring February 7, 1764. In early manhood, in 1800, accompanied by his wife and children, he removed to New York state, settling on the farm now owned by his grandson, Simeon R. Wheeler, in East Bloomfield, Ontario county, and he also erected the first grist mill in South Bloomfield. He was active and public-spirited, served in the Revolutionary war, and in all ways performed his part faithfully and conscientiously. He married, July 28, 1782, Celia Buffington, born in Massachusetts, August 26, 1762, who bore him six sons and four daughters. Benjamin Wheeler died February 6, 1836." [A History of Ontario County, New York, and Its People, citation details below.]

His tombstone describes him as "PVT, Continental Line, Rev War".

"Benjamin Wheeler applied 1 September 1832 for a Revolutionary War pension and included in his application the family Bible record sheets which listed the names of his ten children with birth dates. Eight of these have been verified in the vital records of Rehoboth and Dighton, Massachusetts; the last two are unrecorded elsewhere. His pension was granted and later his widow, Celia, drew her allotment. He deposed that in the spring of 1777, age 13, he entered the service of his country as a substitute for his brother, Simeon. His first assignment was as a waiter in Capt. Simeon Cole's Co. of Rehoboth. Re-enlisting nine times, with terms of duty ranging from three to five months, he had attained the rank of fourth sergeant by the spring of 1781. His experiences included hospital service at New Windsor, Connecticut and Yorktown, Virginia; he was with the army at Yorktown and saw the capture of General Cornwallis (19 Oct. 1781); he saw General George Washington at Providence, West Point, and Yorktown. Mr. Elihu Morse and James Gladding, both of the town of Bristol, N. Y. attested to the truth of these statements." [Harriette M. Wheeler, citation details below, citing Compiled Military Service Record, Revolution, Benjamin Wheeler, National Archives, Washington, D.C. and claim #W 15484.] 
Wheeler, Benjamin (I1041)
134 "Berthold was mentioned in 941 as Count, in 960 as Count in the Radenzgau, in 961 as Count on the lower Naab, and in 973 as Count in the Volkfeld. In 976, after successful campaigns against Bohemia and Hungary, he was named as Margrave, and in 980 as Count of eastern Franconia." [Leo van de Pas] of Schweinfurt, Berthold (I4392)
135 "Bess of Hardwick," later Countess of Shrewsbury.

From Wikipedia:

[A] notable figure of Elizabethan English society. By a series of well-made marriages, she rose to the highest levels of English nobility and became enormously wealthy. Bess was a shrewd business woman, increasing her assets with business interests including mines and glass making workshops.

She was married four times, firstly to Robert Barlow, who died aged about 14 or 15 on 24 December 1544; secondly to the courtier Sir William Cavendish; thirdly to Sir William St Loe; and lastly to George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, sometime keeper to the captive Mary, Queen of Scots. An accomplished needlewoman, Bess joined her husband's captive charge at Chatsworth House for extended periods in 1569, 1570, and 1571, during which time they worked together on the Oxburgh Hangings.

In 1601, Bess ordered an inventory of the household furnishings including textiles at her three properties at Chatsworth, Hardwick and Chelsea, which survives, and in her will she bequeathed these items to her heirs to be preserved in perpetuity. The 400-year-old collection, now known as the Hardwick Hall textiles, is the largest collection of tapestry, embroidery, canvaswork, and other textiles to have been preserved by a single private family. Bess is also well known for her building projects, the most famous of which are: Chatsworth, now the seat of the Dukes of Devonshire (whose family name is Cavendish as they descend from the children of her second marriage), and Hardwick Hall. 
Hardwick, Elizabeth (I21440)
136 "BIXBY.--On Wednesday, Nov. 12, 1890, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. David Wetmore, No. 119 Lexington Av., CAROLINE M. BIXBY, mother of Francis M. and Butler H. Bixby. Notice of funeral hereafter." [New York Times obituary, citation details below.] Mather, Caroline (I16690)
137 "Born in Mason County, KY, Richard was a young boy when his parents crossed the Ohio River into the Scioto Valley, where they would settle in what would be Pike County. Richard served in the War of 1812 from Ohio. He married in Pike County, at the age of 31, Elizabeth C. 'Betsy' Smith. She was 16, the daughter of Edward Smith and Nancy Waller Horsey. They would have 7 known sons. No daughters have been attributed to this family. It is thought that Richard and Betsy moved with the rest of the family to Tippecanoe Co., IN about 1835, but unlike the rest of the family they quickly moved on to Grundy Co., MO, for they are found there in the 1840 Census. Betsy's Smith family also moved to this same area. The first five sons were born in Ohio, and the last two in Indiana. Richard and Betsy lived in Grundy County for the rest of their lives. He died in 1857 at the age of 67, and Betsy in 1879 at the age of 74. Richard is buried in the Gee's Creek cemetery in Jefferson Township, Grundy Co., MO. Richard's descendants can be found mainly in Missouri, Iowa and California." [Chenoweth Family site, citation details below]

He appears in the 1830 census living in Pike County, Ohio, specifically in Pee Pee Township, which we mention because we're twelve. 
Chenoweth, Richard (I31296)
138 "Born in New Orleans of an illustrious old French family intimately connected with the history of the city, he had for many years taken an active part in the commercial and social list of the city. He was, up to about a year ago, senior member of the firm of Paul Gelpi & Sons, wine and liquor importers, and became President of Paul Gelpi & Sons, candy manufacturers, when the old firm launched its new business. He married Miss Louise Baugier, a daughter of a well known French family here." [New Orleans Times-Picayune, citation details below] Gelpi, Jerome Joseph Paul (I40113)
139 "Born in the early 1450s, Jane was heiress to the manor of Morley in Derbyshire. Soon after the death of her first husband John Sacheverell at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, Jane was abducted by Henry Willoughby of Wollaton and forcibly married to his brother Richard. Jane was restored to her family, and her forced marriage annulled, after she petitioned Parliament for assistance. Her experience almost certainly triggered a change to the law in England to make abduction of a property-owning woman a felony. Later in life, Jane became the last Prioress of Markyate Priory before it was dissolved in 1536." [Wikipedia, accessed 15 Sep 2021]

University of Nottingham, Manuscripts and Special Collections, "Extract from bill of complaint relating to the abduction and forced marriage of Jane Sacheverell":

... to the nombre of an C persones and moo Riotously and disensibily arraied in Maner of Warre the seid xj day of nouembre felonously ley in a wayte in a wode called Boroweswode bytwene the seid Manoures of Hopwell and Morley to Ræuysshe and to Robbe the seid Jane ayenst oure seid soueraine lordes lawes and his peace then and there Made assaute vppon the seid Jane and her toke and bound her fast vnto a man on horsbake and with grete violence and force led her by nygth tyme in to the Shire of Nothingham vnto a place of Sir Robert Markham knygth and from thens to leycester Shire and from thens to a place of the seid Herry Willoughby called Middelton in the Shire of Warrwick and putt her in Suche fere and manase that she was in poynte to haue perisshed and distroied and then and ther toke from her a pece prece of xl shillings and vj Spones of syluer prece xxvj shillings viij pence of the goodes of the seid Jane and ouere that the seid Richard Willoughby violently and greuously manasseth and yete doth the same Jane to Cary her in to Straunge Contrey to her vtter vndoyng and distruction and ther to do his plesure with her as his owen will withoute that she well consent and be aggreable vnto his unsatiable and riotouse entent

[On the 11th day of November last, Jane then being at the manor of Hopwell, intended to go to the manor of Morley, but Henry Willoughby of Middleton, Richard Curson of Wollaton, Richard Willoughby of Wollaton, Henry Boson of Nottinghamshire, Hugh Willoughby of Risley, and others,] to the number of 100 persons and more, riotously and defensively clothed as if for war, feloniously lay waiting in a wood called Boroweswode [Burrow Wood, Spondon] between the said manor of Hopwell and Morley, to ravish and rob the said Jane [Sacheverell] against our said sovereign lord [the King’s] laws and his peace. Then and there they made assault upon the said Jane, and took her and bound her fast to a man on horseback, and with great violence and force led her by night time into Nottinghamshire, to a place belonging to Sir Robert Markham, knight, and from thence to Leicestershire, and from thence to a place belonging to the said Henry Willoughby called Middleton in Warwickshire. They put her in such fear and menace that she was in a situation to have perished and been destroyed, and then and there they took from her a peace price of 40 shillings and 6 spoons of silver, priced at 26 shillings 8 pence, from the goods of the said Jane. And more than that, the said Richard Willoughby violently and greviously menaced and yet caused the said Jane to be carried into an unknown country, to her utter undoing and destruction, and there to do his pleasure with her at his own will, without her consenting and being agreeable to his insatiable and riotous intent. 
Statham, Jane (I36349)
140 "Both Anna and her husband Andrew were disowned from the New Bedford Monthly Meeting for 'absenting' themselves from meetings. Andrew was disowned 27th 10 mo. 1825. Anna was subsequently disowned 24th 5 mo. 1827." [Rhonda R. McClure, citation details below] Rodman, Anna (I15868)
141 "By a charter from Randle, Earl of Chester, issued between 1208 and 1216, he was exempted from suits and serving on juries to the shire and hundred courts of Chester, Northwich and Middlewich, as were his heirs." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Davenport, Richard (I4181)
142 "By her father's will of 25 Dec. 1591, Margaret Freeman received 'one hoop-ring of gold worth by estimation thirty pounds.' This family was armorial." [Mary Lovering Holman, citation details below] Edwards, Margaret (I7685)
143 "By her second husband, Simon de Ludgate, [Maud de Sancto Mauro] had one son, Laurence, surnamed (according to the mode of those times) from his mother, by reason of her noble extraction, de Sancto Mauro. Which Laurence, notwithstanding divers claims and litigations, inherited little of the patrimony; and this manor, together with the advowson of the living, was allotted to the daughters of Walter de Wengham." [The History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset, citation details below] de Sancto Mauro, Laurence (I29672)
144 "By order of King John, he was starved to death with his mother in the dungeons of Windsor Castle in 1210." [Royal Ancestry] Wikipedia says they were subsequently transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset and died there. Ancestral Roots and CP place their deaths "at Corfe or Windsor Castle". de Briouze, William (I10745)
145 "By tradition the mother of seventeen sons … The arms of Murray impale those of Colquhoun in the church founded by Sir David Murray." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below] Colquhoun, Margaret (I27323)
146 "By tradition, Margaret's maiden name was Brown." [Virginia McBride, citation details below.] Brown, Margaret (I4012)
147 "Cabo (corporal) Domingo Alviso married María Angela de la Luz Trejo at San Miguel de Horcasitas, Sonora, about 1764. Domingo was transferred to the Presidio of Tubac, Sonora (now Arizona) where he volunteered to accompany Anza to Alta California. He arrived at San Francisco in July 1776 and was present at the founding of the presidio." [Find a Grave page for Domingo Alviso, citation details below] Alviso, Domingo (I31427)
148 "Cadwaladr ap Gruffudd ap (d. 1172), king in Wales, Owain's younger brother, is first mentioned in 1136. On Owain's accession in 1137 he was granted, or confirmed in possession of, Anglesey and Meirionydd, and the following year he received the northern half of Ceredigion after its conquest from the Normans. Until 1157 his relations with Owain were strained: on the one hand, he may well have nursed ambitions of supplanting his brother as king of Gwynedd, while, on the other, Owain's sons Hywel and Cynan sought to occupy their uncle's lands. In 1140 Cadwaladr joined with his brother in complaining to Bishop Bernard of St David's about the election of Meurig to the see of Bangor, but by the beginning of the following year Cadwaladr had allied himself, quite possibly to strengthen his hand against Owain, with Ranulf (II), earl of Chester (d. 1153), leading a contingent of Welsh troops alongside the latter at the battle of Lincoln against King Stephen on 2 February 1141. Cadwaladr greatly angered Owain in 1143 on account of his apparent complicity in the murder of Anarawd ap Gruffudd ap Rhys, to whom Owain had planned to give his daughter in marriage, and as a result he was driven out of northern Ceredigion by Hywel ab Owain and also, apparently, from Anglesey, until restored after threatening Owain with a military force hired in Ireland. However, Cadwaladr's position in Gwynedd remained precarious. In 1147 he was driven out of Meirionydd by his nephews, Hywel and Cynan; in 1149 he transferred his portion of Ceredigion to his son, Cadfan, and in the following year Cadfan was seized, together with his land and castle of Llanrhystud, by Hywel ab Owain; and in 1152 he was expelled from his only remaining territory of Anglesey. Meanwhile the alliance with Ranulf continued, as is shown by charters of the late 1140s and early 1150s in which Cadwaladr witnesses as king of Wales ((rege Waliarum)) and king of north Wales ((rege Nortwaliarum)). These styles suggest that Ranulf encouraged his ally's regal ambitions in Gwynedd so as to make trouble for Owain, whose expansion into Tegeingl and Ystrad Alun by 1150 posed a threat to the earl's authority. By 1153 Cadwaladr had married Aliz de Clare, quite possibly to be identified with Adeliza, widow of Richard de Clare (d. 1136), the former Norman lord of Ceredigion, and thus Ranulf's sister; the marriage may have been intended to strengthen Cadwaladr's claims to Ceredigion, control of which passed to the sons of Gruffudd ap Rhys of Deheubarth by 1153. This was not his first marriage, however, for his son Cadfan was already an adult by 1149; indeed, the late medieval genealogical tract referred to above states that Cadwaladr had children with four women in all. The support given by Cadwaladr to the Angevin cause in Stephen's reign stood him in good stead after his expulsion from Gwynedd in 1152, for by 1155 or 1156 he had been granted the estate of Ness in Shropshire by Henry II, who ensured that he was restored to his lands in north Wales following the campaign of 1157 (in which Cadwaladr fought on Henry's side). These Angevin connections probably explain why Cadwaladr patronized the Augustinian abbey of Haughmond in Shropshire, to which, as early as the 1140s, he granted the church of Nefyn in Ll?n, for Haughmond (situated only 10 miles away from Ness) received benefactions from Ranulf of Chester and other Angevin supporters. After 1157 Cadwaladr remained loyal to Owain Gwynedd for the rest of the latter's reign. Together with his nephews Hywel and Cynan he took part in Reginald fitz Henry's expedition against Rhys ap Gruffudd in 1159, he participated in the campaign against Henry II in 1165, and he fought alongside his brother in the campaigns which led to the occupation of Tegeingl in 1167. Famed, according to Gerald of Wales, for his outstanding generosity, Cadwaladr outlived Owain by about fifteen months, and was buried beside his brother in Bangor Cathedral in 1172." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, citation details below]

But see the entry for his wife (probably his third wife) Aliz de Clara for Peter Stewart's comment on the assertion that Aliz was the widow of Richard de Clare. 
ap Gruffudd ap Cynan, Cadwaladr King in Wales (I29575)
149 "Came to Springfield, Mass. about 1644 probably from Maine. His home lot was the next one south of Henry Burt's. The three older Harmon brothers were all found early in Suffield history. The Harmon's had endeavored to procure a grant for a new town. They were great hunters and trappers, as the number of beaver skins and other furs sold to Major Pynchon indicate, and were probably more familiar with the topography of the town, which was a dense wilderness, than any other white men. The three Harmon brothers Samuel, Joseph, & Nathaniel revived the first land grants in Suffield in 1670." [Suffield Historical Society, "Early Suffield Families."] Harmon, John (I1817)
150 "Capt. Gideon Wolcott commanded one of the companies raised by the colonists in 1760 against the French and Indians." [Wolcott Genealogy, citation details below.]

"Gideon commanded the 9th Co., 1st Connecticut Regt., under Maj. Gen. Phineas Lyman. He served in this unit from 1758 to 1760." [Wolcott Immigrants and Their Early Descendants, citation details below.] 
Wolcott, Gideon (I18119)
151 "Capt. John McDowell was of Scotch descent and born in the Province of Ulster, Ireland. In early manhood he came to America, settling first in Pennsylvania, and then in Virginia. He became one of the surveyors of Benjamin Borden and was killed by the Indians, December 14, 1742, in the first battle between the whites and Indians in the Virginia valley. He left a family of three children. In 1744 Benjamin Borden married his widow. In Lexington, Va., a monument is erected to the memory of the McDowells." ["The McDowell Family," citation details below.] McDowell, John (I23019)
152 "Capt. Samuel Sanger, senr., was distinguished for his athletic frame, personal dignity, moral integrity, courage, independence, and energy. During a long period of active life, he bore a conspicuous part in the civil transactions of Sherborn, and was eminently serviceable during the great conflicts for our liberties and the maintenance of the constitution against the rebellion of '87. Then it was, that his appeals, from the moderator's chair, were wont to rouse his townsmen to enthusiasm in their country's cause; so that no town of its size in this patriotic commonwealth, went before Sherborn in the number of volunteers for the public service, or in promptness in furnishing supplies. To him Pomologists owe the discovery and first cultivation of the incomparable Porter apple. He inherited the ancient Sanger house, kept a small store and tavern, and once entertained Gen. Washington. As a landlord he did much to discourage idleness and excess. No man dared roll at his ninepins between one holiday and another. Gross offenders against decency and good order would hide from his presence, and feel more terror at his rebuke, than at any fulminations from the Sherborn pulpit. On the sabbath his bar was locked, and a key of gold could not open it; yet his rooms were open and fires free during the interim of divine service, while a solemnity befitting the day, reigned throughout the house, and no discourse was entered upon which could interrupt him in his uniform practice of reading the Bible." [Abner Morse, citation details below] Sanger, Capt. Samuel (I30766)
153 "Captain James Avery was a man of affairs in his section, serving as deputy to the General Court for New London six terms, was commissioner of the peace, captain of the train band, and counselor to the Pequot Indians. He appeared before the General Court in 1695, in behalf of the inhabitants of the east side of the river, who wished to establish a church, and that was the beginning of the church in Groton." [A Modern History of New London County, Connecticut, citation details below.] Avery, James (I7486)
154 "Cecilia was given as an oblate to Ste Trinité in 1066, professed in 1075, became abbess in 1113, and died in 1126." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyCecily (I949)
155 "Cecily is said by Farrer to have been alive in 1218, but there is a Curia Regis record showing that she died before Easter 1209." [John Watson, citation details below] de Crevequer, Cecily (I6079)
156 "Champion to the kinge of England." [The Visitation of the County of Lincoln in 1562-4, citation details below] Ludlow, John (I38158)
157 "Charles Allen, of Strawberry Bank (Portsmouth), N.H., is first mentioned as a participant in the distribution of land to inhabitants 'unto the year 1657.'" ["Charles Allen and Some of His Descendants", citation details below.]

From "Old Norfolk County Records", citation details below:

Ante-nuptial agreement between Charles Allin (mark) of Portsmouth, in ye county of Dover, and Susana Hugins, daughter of John and Bridgett Hugins of Hampton. He conveys to her housing and 50 acres of land in a place called Greenland in ye town of Portsmouth, bounded by Phillip Lewis, Willi : Davis and Patent land. If said Susanna die without children by me then property to go to my daughter Mary Allin whom I had by my former wife. I appoint my friend Anthony Austen of Rowley, trustee. Dated Feb. 13, 1666. Wit: John Huggin and Mehitable Dalton. Ack. 14 : 12 : 1666, before Sam : Dalton, commissioner.

Transcribed by Martin Hollick, The Slovak Yankee: Deed of Charles Allen

To all people to whom these presents shall come, know ye that I Charles Allein of Greenland of ye Town of Portsmouth in New Hampshire Husbandman for, and in consideration of ye love and affection, which I beare towards my well beloved son Daniel Allein, have given, granted, and by those presents, do freely clearly, and absolutely give and grant to my well beloved son Daniel Allein, his heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, all and singular my farme of land and meadow ground, lying, and being in Greenland in ye Town and province aforesaid, butting and bounding as followeth: beginning eight rods from ye land was formerly Philip Lewis's running North West and by west to a hemlock forty fower rod, and from thence South and be West to a white oak so marked and upon ye same points to a cart path being about thirty five acres further: and, seven rods to a hemlock to ye same cart path marked to ye Eastward of a house formerly called William Davis's house and from thence along the cart path north eight rods of ye mill dam and from thence upon a straight line to ye first beginning and containing about fourty acres more or less and all woods, trees, orchards, houses, barns, rights, priviledges, and appurtenances thereunto belonging. To have and to hold ye same and all moveables, and chattels to my aforesaid son, Daniel Allein, his heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns forever, and grant by these presents, before ye ensealing hereof, order my well beleoved son Daniel Allein to pay these legacies as follows, viz. to my two daughters Susanna and Martha five pounds a piece in good current pay, six months after marriages; and to my son John ten pounds and a horse, as he comes to ye age of twenty one years. And as to my son Charles, I have formerly given him his portion in land, as will appeare under my hand; and further I now order my Son Daniel Allein to maintain my own person with appropriate meat, drink, washing, and lodging, during my naturall life and at my decease to bury me decently; and further my order is to my Son Daniel Allein that he pay my son Jude ten pounds in good pay; and in formation to all and every part hereof, I have put my hand and seal this fourteenth day of September in ye year of the Lord God, seventeen hundred and five.

Signed, Sealed, and Delivered in ye presences of us witnesses: Abraham Lewis; Ebenezer Johnson

Charles Allein (by mark)

Recorded on 7 October 1705

Hollick remarks: "This is a wonderful example of a colonial deed for life support that also acts as a quasi-will. By this document we can infer his wife is dead and that his children are Daniel, Jude, Susannah, Martha, and John. Susannah and Martha are not yet married and John is less that 21 years old." 
Allen, Charles (I5454)
158 "Chichele's wife, Beatrice, is erroneously said to have been the daughter of William Baret. But in his will Chichele named her parents as John and Christine. Baret himself described his wife as childless at the time of her death in 1401, and he is not known to have contracted any previous marriage." [History of Parliament, citation details below.] Beatrice (I16493)
159 "Christopher Sharpe, esq., was Receiver of the Duchy of Lancaster for Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire from 1460-1496 -- no doubt a position procured by the influence of his elder brother. He may be the same Christopher Sharpe who was escheator of Yorkshire from 1468 to 1472. He held land in Coggeshall, Essex, and was father by Anne of a large family of three sons and six daughters." ["Sharp Practice" by Rosie Bevan, citation details below]

In 2020 Rosie Bevan showed that the ancestry attributed to him by David H. Kelley, Don C. Stone, and David C. Dearborn in "Among the Royal Servants: Welby, Browne, Quarles and Related Families" (Foundations 3:303, July 2010) was based on portions of the Sharpe pedigree in the 1558 Visitation of Essex which can be shown to have been fraudulent. His identity, and his sibling relationship to Nicholas Sharpe (d. 1473), Thomas Sharpe (d. aft. 1477), Robert Sharpe (d. 1488), Stephen Sharpe, clerk, and Olive Sharpe who married Nicholas Foster (d. 1519), can all be proved from IPMs, but the identity of his and their parents is unknown. 
Sharpe, Christopher (I4484)
160 "Christopher Youngs was a mariner and had a half interest in the sloop Speedwell. In 1665 he went to Elizabeth, N.J., with his brother Thomas and others but in 1667 sold out his property there and returned to Southold." [Ancestors of Welding Ring, citation details below.] Youngs, Christopher (I22541)
161 "CLARK'S HARBOR, June 22 - The funeral of Zephaniah Nickerson, whose death occurred recently at East Boston, was held at the home of his sister, Mrs. Whitfield Blades on Sunday afternoon, Rev. Maxwell Balsor officated. The late Mr. Nickerson, who was 68 years old was one of Clark's Harbor's most respected citizens. He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth, two daughters, Mrs. Frank MacCaulay of Boston, and Mrs. William Symonds of Clark's Harbor and two sons, Whitfield and Ivan of East Boston. One sister, Mrs. Blades resides here, and one brother, Samuel in Boston." [The Halifax Chronicle, 23 Jun 1936] Nickerson, Zepheniah (I19834)
162 "Clemence was admitted to the First Church, Milford, 13 Oct. 1695, from the church in Northampton; her gravestone, or the reading of it, must therefore be in error in the statement that she died 20 Sept. 1695; perhaps the year should be 1698." [Jacobus, citation details below.] Hosmer, Clemence (I17746)
163 "Clues to the identity of Martha, the wife of Gideon Mead (Enos, Jonathan, John, John), may be found in the journal of her grandson, Reuben McBride, now available in the L.D.S. Library in Salt Lake City; leading to the conclusion that Martha was a daughter of Jonathan and Abigail (Mead) Fiske of Greenwich, Connecticut. Among the relatives listed in Reuben McBride's journal are his great-uncles and great-aunts, i.e. brothers and sisters, with their spouses, of his four grandparents: Samuel and Margaret McBride, who emigrated from Ireland before 1766 to Saratoga County, New York, and Gideon and Martha Mead. By tradition, Margaret's maiden name was Brown, leaving only Martha's surname in question. Two of the great-uncles were Jonathan and David Fisk, which suggests that they were related by blood rather than by marriage, and just might be brothers of Martha. Gideon Mead, born about 1744, belonged to the Greenwich, Connecticut, family, and finding a Fisk family of the same period and area, with children named Jonathan, David and Martha, was not difficult. They were among the six minor children named in the will of Jonathan Fiske who died in Greenwich in 1756, their mother being Abigail Mead, a daughter of David and Abigail (Leosee) Mead. Although there is no birth record or marriage record for Martha, she was a minor in 1756 and apparently of legal age when she sold her inheritance in 1767, signing the documents with her mark. With the sale of her property, Martha Fiske disappears from the genealogical scene, but three years later, Martha, wife of Gideon Mead, gave birth to her second child Abigail in Nine Partners, Dutchess County, New York. Logically, the sale of Martha's property might well have coincided with her marriage to Gideon Mead and their removal to a new home in Nine Partners." [Virginia McBride, "Martha Fiske, the Wife of Gideon Mead." The American Genealogist, July 1969.] Fiske, Martha (I2960)
164 "Colonel Daniel Axtell [...] was captain of the Parliamentary Guard at the trial of King Charles I at Westminster Hall in 1649. Shortly after the Restoration he was hanged, drawn and quartered as a regicide. Apart from his participation in the regicide, he is best remembered for his participation in Pride's Purge of the Long Parliament." [Wikipedia]

His execution was noted in Pepys's diary entry for 19 Oct 1660. 
Axtell, Daniel (I31479)
165 "Colonel Gamaliel Bradford had service at Crown Point in 1756 and at Fort William Henry in 1759. As a captain he served in Nova Scotia in 1760." [Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Volume 24, The Descendants of Elder William Brewster, Part 3, citation details below] Bradford, Gamaliel (I20554)
166 "Commissioned Lieutenant by Governor William Shirley, in 1742, but what military service he performed is not known." (Harvard History, quoted in The Hapgood Family.) Hopgood, Lt. Shadrach (I5321)
167 "Conquered the Balearic Islands, 1229-1235, and the kingdom of Valencia, 1233-1238, adding their territory to that of Aragon." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

James I, King of Aragón (d. 1276) =
Teresa Gil de Vidaure

Jaime Fernández de Aragón (b. 1238) =
Elfa de Azagra (b. ~1250)

Jaime II =
Beatríz de Lauria

Beatriz de Xérica =
Pedro Ponce de León II (d. 1352)

Pedro Ponce de León IV (d. ~1374) =
Sancha de Haro

Pedro Ponce de León V (d. 1448) =
María de Ayala

Juan Ponce de León (d. 1469) =
Catalina González de Oviedo

Eutropio Ponce de León =
[prob.] Catalina de Vera Zurita

Violante Ponce de León =
Roy Diaz de Guzmán y Riquelme

Alonso Riquelme de Guzmán of Asunción, Paraguay =
Ursula de Irala

Catalina de Guzmán of Buenos Aires, Argentina =
Jerónimo López de Alanis

Rodrigo [Ponce de León] López de Alanis =
Isabel Naharro de Humanes

Mariá Ponce de León y Navarro =
Augustin de Labayen

Juana de Labayen =
Gaspar de Avellaneda

Maria Rosa de Avallaneda =
Juan de San Martín

Francisca Javiera se San Martin =
Marcos José de Riglos

María Jacinta de Riglos y San Martin =
Mariano José de Zavaleta Aramburu (1762-1837)

María Isabel Zavaleta Riglos (1779-1883) =
Patricio Julián José Lynch Roo (1779-1881)

Francisco de Paula Eustaquio Lynch Zavaleta, sometime of San Francisco, California (1817-1886) =
Mrs. Eloïsa Ortíz Alfaro Eldridge (1834-1913)

Ana Isabel Lynch Ortíz (San Francisco, 1861-<1949) =
Robert Guevera Castro (b. California, 1855)

Ernesto Rafael Guevara Lynch (b. 1900) =
Celia de la Serna Llosa

Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna (Argentina, 1928-Bolivia, 1967) 
James I King of Aragón (I20664)
168 "Conquistador." Affonso I Henriques King of Portugal (I6578)
169 "Constable of Gloucester Castle, 1291; Steward of the King's Household, 1292; fought in Flanders, 1297; at the battle of Falkirk, against the Scots, 22 July 1298 and continuously thereafter until his death, including at the siege of Caerlaverock, July 1300, being then a knight banneret." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Beauchamp, Walter (I15565)
170 "Constance, named also Maud, who married Roscelin de Beaumont, hereditary vicomteé of Maine, styled Vicomté de Beaumont, Lord of Beaumont-le-Vicomté (alias Beaumont-sur-Sarthe), Fresnay and Ste.-Suzanne, son of Ralph de Beaumont, by...sister of Guy de Laval. Henry I gave South Tawton (Devon), to Roscelin de Beaumont in marriage with his daughter Constance. They had 2 sons." [Complete Peerage XI, Appendix D, p. 116.] de Beaumont, Roscelin (I93)
171 "Constantine Angelos was a Byzantine admiral and panhypersebastos of Philadelphia, the commander of the Imperial Fleet in Sicily, who married Theodora Komnene (born 1097) in 1122, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. According to the near-contemporary Niketas Choniates, Constantine was brave, skilled and handsome, but of lowly origin. He was the son of one Manolis Angelos from Philadelphia and had three brothers: Nikolaos Angelos, Michael Angelos and Ioannes Angelos, a military leader in Italy." [Wikipedia] Angelius, Constantius (I7215)
172 "COUCH--At the Royal Jubilee Hospital on December 29, 1937, Anthony Couch, of 568 Hillside Ave; aged 86 years; born in St. Ives, Cornwall, England, and a resident of this city since 1919. Survived by two sons, Anthony Couch, Victoria, and Alwyn Couch, Toronto; three daughters, Mrs. John Matthews, Toronto, Mrs. James Beckerley, Victoria, and Mrs. Richard Gyles, Flint, Mich.; also 34 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren. The remains are resting in Hayward's B.C. Funeral Chapel, from where the funeral will take place Friday morning at 11 o'clock. Interment in Royal Oak Burial Park." [Victoria, British Columbia, Daily Times, 30 Dec 1937, p. 14]

Called a "fisherman" when his daughter Lottie was baptized in 1888. He and his wife, with their son Alwyn, emigrated on the Royal Edward, which departed from Avonmouth (near Bristol) and arrived at Montreal on 25 Oct 1911. On the passenger list, he's described as a "gardener."

(Built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Glasgow, Scotland, the Royal Edward was placed in Avonmouth-Quebec-Montreal service in May 1910. Converted to a troopship in 1914, it was torpedoed and sunk near Kamadeliusa, Aegean Sea, August 1915, with the loss of 935 lives.)

He was baptized a Methodist, as was his daughter Lottie Couch. His mother was Elizabeth Uren, daughter of John Uren (1781-1862), son of Philip Uren, "tinner," who marred Anne Odgers, "sojourner," in 1777. A History of the Parishes of St. Ives, Lelant, Towednack and Zennor in the County of Cornwall (by John Hobson Matthews; London: Elliot Stock, 1892) notes that in St. Ives, "in Street-an-Garrow, are the ruined remains of an old house where Wesley stayed during his later visits to Saint Ives, when the house was the home of the Uren family." The Wesley in question being John Wesley, the founder of Methodism. This is confirmed in Wesley's own journals, published in seven volumes in the late 19th and early 20th century. On 27 Aug 1789 Wesley reports that he preached first at Truro (near St. Ives) and then at Port Isaac (a few miles further up the north coast). "I preached in the evening, in an open part of town, to almost all the inhabitants of it. How changed since the time when he that invited me durst not take me in, for fear his house should be pulled down!" A editor's footnote to this passage states that "During his later visits to St. Ives he was the guest of the Uren family in the house adjoining that of John Nance, his earliest host."

Wesley wasn't kidding about the threats of violence during his earlier visits. His entry for 4 April 1744, on the occasion of his first visit to St. Ives forty-five years earlier, notes that "I was a little surprised at entering John Nance's house, being received by many, who were waiting for me there, with a loud (though not bitter) cry. But they soon recovered; and we poured out our souls together in praises and thanksgiving. As soon as we went out we were saluted, as usual, with a huzza and a few stones and pieces of dirt." An editor's footnote notes that John Nance's house "stood at the top of the Street-an-Garrow (the rough street)", thus further confirming the accuracy of John Hobson Matthews's report. Street-an-Garrow exists today and can be viewed on Google Street View, which shows it to be one of those impossibly narrow English streets that would be terrifying to drive a car on. Its upper reach is capped by a U-shaped street now called Wesley Place.

In the next day's entry, 5 April 1744, Wesley writes "I took a view of the house which the mob had pulled down a little before, for joy that Admiral Matthews had beat the Spaniards. Such is the Cornish method of thanksgiving. I suppose, if Admiral Lestock had fought too, they would have knocked all the Methodists on the head." The house the mob had "pulled down" was that of a Methodist named James Roberts, who, like our ancestor Philip Uren, was a "tinner." In other words, Wesley's hosts and associates, both at the beginning of his long career as a travelling preacher, and at its end, were frequently working people just like the Urens, most of whom lived in what we would consider the rough part of town. 
Couch, Anthony (I4823)
173 "Count of La Marche, (as Hugues III) Lord of Lusignan and Fougeres, and (as Hugues II) Count of Angoulême, 1246-1250. He agreed to serve Alphonso, Count of Poitiers, in the Seventh Crusade for one year and died in Egypt, most probably at the battle of El Mansûra, 7 Feb 1250, or else during the retreat to Damietta, 6 Apr 1250." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Lusignan, Hugh XI "le Brun" (I147)
174 "Countess Marjory, the daughter of Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, outlived her husband and endowed a mass on his behalf in the Franciscan church at Dundee. Later chroniclers stated that she smothered her wounded cousin Alexander Ogilvy as revenge for the death of her husband." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, citation details below] Ogilvy, Marjory (I27280)
175 "Cranbrook in Kent is a pleasantly situated market town which possesses amongst other interesting things the old church of St. Dunstan's and a Grammar School which dates from 1574. It was the centre of a very early cloth industry founded by Flemings who came to England during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377), among them being the family of Sheafe." ["The Sheafe Line," citation details below.] Sheafe, Thomas (I17281)
176 "Crawfurd says that he was taken prisoner at the battle of Neville's Cross, near Durham, 17 October 1346, but elsewhere a William de Haya appears in the list of those killed there. If so, this must have been another William de Haya, as William de Haya of Locherworth was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the English concerning the liberation of King David II in 1354, and he was still living 3 October 1357. His wife is said to have been a Douglas. [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] de Haya, William (I28980)
177 "Created first Lord Drummond 1487/8, seneschal and coroner of Strathearn, ambassador to England, supported the marriage of the Earl of Angus to Queen Margaret." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below]

From the 1885-1900 Dictionary of National Biography:

He sat in parliament 6 May 1471, under the designation of dominus de Stobhall. On 20 March 1473–4 he had a charter of the offices of seneschal and coroner of the earldom of Strathearn, in which he was confirmed in the succeeding reign. In 1483 he was one of the ambassadors to treat with the English, to whom a safe-conduct was granted 29 Nov. of that year; again, on 6 Aug. 1484, to treat of the marriage of James, prince of Scotland, and Anne de la Pole, niece of Richard III. He was a commissioner for settling border differences nominated by the treaty of Nottingham, 22 Sept. 1484; his safe-conduct into England being dated on the ensuing 29 Nov. He was raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Drummond, 29 Jan. 1487–8. Soon after he joined the party against James III, and sat in the first parliament of James IV, 6 Oct. 1488. In this same year he was appointed a privy councillor and justiciary of Scotland, and was afterwards constable of the castle of Stirling. In 1489 the so-called Earl of Lennox rose in revolt against the king. He had encamped at Gartalunane, on the south bank of the Forth, in the parish of Aberfoyle, but during the darkness of the night of 11 Oct. was surprised and utterly routed by Drummond. As one of the commissioners to redress border and other grievances, Drummond had a safe-conduct into England 22 May 1495, 26 July 1511, 24 Jan. 1512–13, and 20 April 1514. In 1514 Drummond gave great offence to many of the lords by promoting the marriage of his grandson, Archibald Douglas, sixth earl of Angus, with the queen-dowager Margaret. Lyon king-at-arms (Sir William Comyn) was despatched to summon Angus before the council, when Drummond, thinking that he had approached the earl with more boldness than respect, struck him on the breast. In 1515 John, duke of Albany, was chosen regent, but because Drummond did not favour the election he committed him (16 July) a close prisoner to Blackness Castle, upon an allegation that he had used violence towards the herald. He was tried capitally, found guilty, and his estates forfeited. However, he was not long in coming to terms with Albany. With other lords he signed the answer of refusal to Henry VIII, who had advised the removal of Albany, to which his seal is affixed, 4 July 1516, and in October he announced his final separation from the queen's party. He was in consequence released from prison and freed from his forfeiture, 22 Nov. 1516. 
Drummond, John (I25775)
178 "Crowned by Pope Innocent III in Rome and declared his kingdom a feudatory of the Holy See, 1204. With other Spanish kings he took a prominent part in the victory over the Moors at Las Navas de Tolosa, 16 July 1212, but lost his life supporting his brother-in-law, Raymond VI of Toulouse against the crusader Simon de Montfort, in Languedoc, at the battle of Muret." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzPedro II King of Aragón (I20661)
179 "Custos rotularum" for Devon under Edward IV. Orchard, John (I18679)
180 "Daniel Gookin was the son of John Gookin of St. Augustine, Kent, England. In 1616, Gookin and his family removed to Carrigaline in Munster, Ireland and by the 1620s became a transporter of Irish cattle, goats, and human passengers to the Colony of Virginia and started a small settlement on land he held a patent to there from the Virginia Company. In 1622, he became a shareholder in the New England Company. After the collapse of his Virginia enterprise, he petitioned the king for a patent to land on the Island of Saint Brandan, a land to be yet discovered, and for free exportation of live cattle in early 1631." [Yale University Indian Papers ProjectGookin, Daniel (I18523)
181 "Daniel Gookin, military and governmental supervisor of the Indians, was born in England or Ireland in 1612, the son of Daniel Gookin, Sr. He travelled to Virginia with his younger brother to look after his father’s land in the colony. He first appears in the colonial Virginia records in 1630 at the age of thirty. He received his own land of 2,500 acres in 1634-35. After his wife died in 1639, he returned to London and remarried Mary Dolling. They both sailed back to Virginia in 1641, where Gookin served as a representative from Upper Norfolk County in the Assembly and was appointed captain of the local militia. Gookin was sympathetic to the puritan cause during the British civil wars and carried the Nansemond Petition to Boston in the fall of 1642 asking that puritan ministers be sent to Virginia to establish three new parishes. Gov. William Berkeley ejected the ministers and Gookin moved to New England, where he became a member of the First Church in Boston and freeman in May 1644. While attending the Boston church, he settled in Roxbury but soon moved to Cambridge, where he became a member of Thomas Shepard’s church. He was appointed captain of the Cambridge company militia (1648-87), elected representative from Cambridge to the Massachusetts General Court (1649 and 1651), chosen speaker of the House (1651), and elected assistant (1652-75, 1677-87). During the Cromwellian Protectorate, he travelled between England and New England. At the restoration, he returned on the same ship as the regicides Edward Whalley and William Goffe and entertained them at his Cambridge home before they moved into the colony of Connecticut. Gookin had assisted John Eliot with establishing praying Indian towns and was appointed superintendent of the Christian Indians in 1657. Because he had been busy on the island of Jamaica for most of 1656 and 1657 as an agent of the Cromwellian government, Humphrey Atherton took his place and it was only in 1661 that Gookin turned his full attention to the job of superintendent of Christian Indians. Gookin believed that Indians had to adopt European ways. When King Philip’s War broke out in 1675, Gookin and Eliot moved many of the 'praying Indians' from Natick to Deer Island in Boston harbor to protect them, first, from hostile puritan settlers in the Boston area and, second, from Metacom’s warriors. This did not make him popular and he was not elected assistant in 1676. He soon resumed his public office and was re-elected assistant the following year and appointed major general of the colony’s militia. He died at his home in Cambridge on March 19, 1687. Gookin wrote two works on New England Indians (unpublished during the colonial period): Historical Collections of the Indians in New England (ms. 1674) and An Historical Account of the Doings and Sufferings of the Christian Indians of New England in 1675, 1676 and 1677 (ms. 1677)." [Yale University Indian Papers Project]

Along with his son-in-law the Rev. John Eliot, he was one of the founders of Worcester, Massachusetts. 
Gookin, Maj. Gen. Daniel (I18514)
182 "Daniel Knight, a Revolutionary pensioner, came here quite early from Falmouth." [Centennial History of Norway, citation details below] Knight, Daniel (I34266)
183 "Daniel McBride married Abigail Mead, who was born in 1770 in Dutchess County, New York. She descended from the Quaker Mead and Fiske families of Fairfield County, Connecticut. Abigail joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1833, almost 10 years after Daniel's death, as did most of their 9 children, and, after living in Kirtland, Ohio and Nauvoo, Illinois, emigrated to Utah in 1847, one of the oldest persons to cross the plains to Utah in that first settlement year." [Our Crandall and Beckstead Ancestors]

It's notable that Abigail Mead was descended from Meads on both sides -- her father was a Mead, and her mother's mother was one as well.

Out of all of TNH's Mormon pioneer ancestors, she may or may not have been the first to be baptised into the church, but born in 1770, she was certainly the oldest. She was born before the Revolution and lived to see the Salt Lake Valley.

From Our Crandall and Beckstead Ancestors:

About 1829, Abigail heard of the mysterious visions of the Prophet Joseph Smith, and wholly believed in them. She was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on June 25, 1833. The entire family also joined the church.

In the spring of 1835, they sold their farms at great sacrifices and traveled to Kirtland, Ohio to be with the rest of the Saints. The trip was made by stagecoach and canal boat, which took about six days.

They donated liberally to the building of the city of Kirtland and to the temple. With six of her children, Abigail enjoyed the heavenly manifestations given at the dedication of the Kirtland Temple on March 27, 1836. Her son, Reuben, became the custodian of the Kirtland Temple.

She received her patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith, Sr. on June 8, 1836. The following is the body of the blessing:

"My aged sister, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer of the world, and by the power and authority of the Priesthood, I lay my hands on thy head; and on the heads of thy posterity, confer a blessing. Thou hast had sorrow and affliction out of which the Lord is delivering thee. He has established thy faith. Thou has obeyed the Gospel of the Savior. Thy name is been written in the Lamb's Book of Life. Thou art of the lineage of Abraham. If thou holdest on thy way, the time will come when thou, like Job, shall see God, in the flesh, standing upon the earth. Thou shalt see angels and receive the communication of the Holy Ghost. Thy children shall stand in the covenant, by the power of God, thou shalt go to Zion, and be in good health. Thy mind shall be strong and rejoice in thy God. Thou shalt not want for the things of this life. Give up thyself to God and thou shalt see they redeemer, who thou desirest to know. Thou shalt be a member of the Celestial World. I seal these blessings upon thy head. I seal these things up to eternal life. Amen and amen."

Abigail endured the persecutions attending the twelve thousand members of the church in their migration to Nauvoo, Illinois. [...]

Abigail assembled with the huge crowd when Joseph led his famous Nauvoo Legion, in their elegant uniforms with their plumed hats, through the streets of Nauvoo for the last time. She heard his famous farewell address, with unsheathed sword, pointing heavenward in defense of his followers, from the top of an unfinished building.

Shortly after the Prophet was martyred, with deepest sorrow, she was able to view his remains, along with thousands of tear-stained companions. [...]

Abigail was present on August 8, 1844, when the mantle of Joseph Smith fell upon Brigham Young. She heard Brigham Young's declaration that he was the rightful leader of the Saints and would lead them safely to the tops of the Rocky Mountains, as predicted by the martyred Prophet.

Abigail was endowed on January 28, 1846, in the Nauvoo Temple. She was among the Saints expelled from Nauvoo, who made their homes in tents, covered wagons, and hurriedly erected log cabins across the Mississippi River.

She joined the first emigrant company to follow Brigham Young, leaving Elk Horn on June 17, 1847. She endured the inconveniences of the long trek in this huge company of fifteen hundred men, women, and children, who were in five hundred sixty wagons, with five thousand head of stock. They traveled between four to eleven miles a day, taking turns by the hundreds in leading the caravan.

On September 4, 1847, they rejoiced in meeting Brigham Young and his party, who had come to lead them into the Salt Lake Valley. Three days later, a great feast was arranged, concluding with a dance; an Indian attack followed. It was the latter part of September when they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley.

Abigail was described as a short, rather stout, fine old lady with a square face and a fair complexion. 
Mead, Abigail (I4128)
184 "Daniel Wing, Senior, of Sandwich, had a daughter Lydia who was a most remarkable rebel against the conventional lifestyle in her family and town. [Following the death of her first husband, Thomas Hambleton,] she returned to Sandwich about 1677 at age 30 with two small sons born in Rhode Island, and lived with these boys in a primitive hovel previously used by Indian women tending to summer crops on open planting fields. This was unheard-of, and furthermore, the land had not been granted to her or to anyone. (This field where she settled is now the park around the Military Museum at Heritage Plantation of Sandwich.) Her living here was a matter of deep embarrassment to her father and to the Quaker community, who gave her gifts of shoes, com, wool and cash, and would have found her a proper house, but she refused to move. Her story continues to her death at about 57, a rebel to the end." [From Sandwich: A Cape Cod Town by R. A. Lovell, Jr. Sandwich, Massachusetts: Town of Sandwich, 2015. The reader will be excused for rolling their eyes at the racist language about "Indian women" and their "primitive hovel." As we now know, native Americans in New England were far more sophisticated agriculturalists than the immigrant Europeans realized.] Wing, Lydia (I3694)
185 "Daughter and heir of William de Courcy (or ?Geoffrey de Crimes?) by Maud, daughter of Robert d'Avranches." [Royal Ancestryde Courcy, Hawise (I5109)
186 "David Graham, a member of a junior branch of the family, served Patrick, fifth earl of Dunbar, and was deputy justiciar of Lothian in 1248. A notable accumulator of estates, in 1253 he obtained royal confirmation for eighteen grants of land, including Eliston and Kinpunt in the west of Lothian, Dundaff and Strathcarron in Stirlingshire, and lands in Cunningham and Carrick. Substantial grants from the earl of Lennox were to form the basis of the Graham barony of Mugdock, and grants of land in Perthshire by Malise, earl of Strathearn, were to form the barony of Kincardine. Graham supported the Comyns in 1255, and shared their political eclipse, but was back in favour as sheriff of Berwick by 1264." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, citation details below] Graham, David (I27307)
187 "David I was driven by a clear and consistent vision, pious and authoritarian, of what his kingdom should be: Catholic, in the sense of conforming to the doctrines and observances of the western church; feudal, in the sense that a lord–vassal relationship, involving knight-service, should form the basis of government; and open, in the sense that external (especially continental) influences of all kinds, religious, military, and economic, were encouraged and exploited to strengthen the Scottish kingdom. Alongside his eclecticism, David's strong sense of the autonomy of his realm and of his own position within it must be acknowledged. The surviving numbers of his charters, compared with those of his predecessors, surely point to an increase in the sophistication, and probably also in the activity, of government. During David's reign the administration of royal justice became more firmly established and was organized more effectively. Those who enjoyed their own courts were told that the king would intervene if they failed to provide justice. The addresses of royal charters and writs (Scottish ‘brieves’) show that from c.1140 justiciars were appointed. Although none is known by name, these officers were clearly the predecessors of the named justiciars of succeeding reigns." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyDavid I King of Scotland (I6369)
188 "Defeated by the Mongols 1241, he fled to Dalmatia, returned 1242 to a destroyed country and devoted the rest of his reign to its reconstruction and defense against neighboring incursions." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzBéla IV King of Hungary (I21256)
189 "Denmark Church Records, 1484-1941" on gives the "Event Place (Original)" for her birth as "Voldby, Århus, Denmark." Pedersen, Frederikke Marie Kirstine (I1643)
190 "Deputy in Ireland for Robert de Vere, Marquess of Dublin, 1386-1387/8; Controller of the Household, 4 Mar 1389; Justiciary of Ireland, 1 Aug 1389-before 29 Aug 1391; Justice of Chester, 28 Apr 1394; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 10 Dec 1399-Apr/July 1401; appointed Knight of the Garter, about 1405. In 1405, Henry IV granted the Isle of Man to Sir John Stanley, which he ruled as a petty king until his death, and which passed on to his descendants, each ruling as King of Man and the Isles until the time of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Derby who changed the title to Lord. King's Lieutenant of Ireland, 8 June 1413-6 Jan 1414." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

From Wikipedia:

Stanley's father was Master-Forester of the Forest of Wirral, notorious for his repressive activities. Both Stanley and his older brother, William (who succeeded their father as Master-Forester), were involved in criminal cases which charged them with a forced entry in 1369 and in the murder of Thomas Clotton in 1376.

Conviction for the murder of Clotton resulted in Stanley being declared an outlaw. However, he was already distinguishing himself in military service in the French wars, and he was pardoned in 1378 at the insistence of his commander, Sir Thomas Trivet.

In 1385 he married Isabel Lathom, heir to the extensive lands of Sir Thomas Lathom (great-great-grandson of Humphrey VI de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford) in south-west Lancashire. The marriage took place despite the opposition of John of Gaunt and gave Stanley the sort of wealth and financial security he could never have hoped to have had as the younger son in his own family.[1] Stanley had four sons, John, Henry, Thomas and Ralph as well as two daughters.

The year 1386 saw his first appointment in Ireland as deputy to Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland. This occurred because of the insurrection created by the friction between Sir Philip de Courtenay, the then English Lieutenant of Ireland, and his appointed governor James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond. Stanley led an expedition to Ireland on behalf of de Vere and King Richard II to quell it. He was accompanied by Bishop Alexander de Balscot of Meath and Sir Robert Crull. Butler joined them upon their arrival in Ireland. Because of the success of the expedition, Stanley was appointed to the position of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Alexander to chancellor, Crull to treasurer, and Butler to his old position as governor. In 1389, Richard II appointed him justiciar of Ireland, a post he held until 1391. He was heavily involved in Richard's first expedition to Ireland in 1394–1395.

Throughout the 1390s he was involved in placating possible rebellion in Cheshire. Between 1396 and 1398 he served as captain of Roxburgh. Stanley took part in Richard II's expedition to Ireland in 1399. However, on his return to England, Stanley, who had long proved adept at political manoeuvring, turned his back on Richard and submitted to Henry IV of England.

Stanley's fortunes were equally good under the Lancastrians. He was granted lordships in the Welsh marches, and served a term as lieutenant of Ireland. In 1403 he was made steward of the household of Henry, Prince of Wales (later Henry V). Unlike many of the Cheshire gentry, he took the side of the king in the rebellion of the Percys. He was wounded in the throat at the Battle of Shrewsbury.

In 1405 he was granted the tenure of the Isle of Man, which had been confiscated from the rebellious Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. In this period he also became steward of the king's household, and was elected a Knight of the Garter. In 1413 King Henry V of England sent him to serve once more as lieutenant of Ireland. He died at Ardee, County Louth, in 1414, after being satirised by the O'Higgins of Meath for despoiling the lands and raiding the cows of Niall O'Higgins. He lasted but five weeks, according to the Four Masters, before succumbing "to the virulence of the lampoons". His body was returned to Lathom and buried at Burscough Priory near Ormskirk. This was the second such Poet's Miracle performed by the O'Higgins. 
Stanley, John Titular King of Man (I18915)
191 "Der Ernsthafte" (the Serious). Margrave of Meissen. Landgrave of Thuringia. of Meissen, Friedrich II (I22104)
192 "Der Feiste" (the Fat). Duke of Brunswick. of Brunswick, Albrecht II (I22066)
193 "Der Fromme" (the Pious). Duke of Bavaria in Munich.

"[A] moderate ruler who supported music, art and literature and suppressed the robber knights with his lands, yet expelled the Jews." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)] 
of Bavaria, Albrecht III (I22108)
194 "Der Fromme" (the Pious). Duke of Brunswick. of Brunswick, Magnus I (I22086)
195 "Der Glückliche" (the Fortunate). Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst. of Oldenburg, Dietrich (I22036)
196 "Der Streitbare," "The Pugnacious." Count of Nassau. of Nassau, Ruprecht III (I24379)
197 "Der Ältere." Brun (I24922)
198 "Despite persistent, unsupported claims to the contrary, there is no evidence that her name was Hannah Rolfe; this probably arises from confusion with 'Hannah Rouf [probably Rolfe],' 1st wife of her son Thomas." [The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume II, C-F, pp. 147-48.] Hannah (I6918)
199 "Died 1202-3, supposedly while on a Pilgrimage in Rome. Forester of Essex. He fought in Normandy 1194. Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire and Constable of Hetford Castle, 1200." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Montfitchet, Richard (I8393)
200 "Died Apr. 24, 1840 at Enfield Conn. after 30 years of suffering which altered the shape and prevented the use of his limbs." [Button Families of AmericaButton, Jonathan (I17315)
201 "Domesday tenant of Richard de Clare, whose daughter he had married. Seigneur of Poix in Ponthieu, he was accused of having loosed the fatal arrow that killed William II in 1100 and was obliged to flee from England. [...] Walter eventually went to Jerusalem and died as a penitent." [Domesday People, citation details below.] Tirel, Walter (I14450)
202 "Domesday tenant of Sprotborough and other West Riding manors under Roger de Busli." [Complete Peerage V:519.] de Lisours, Fulke (I496)
203 "DONALD, sixth Earl of Lennox, succeeded his father in 1333. Very little is recorded regarding him. He adhered to the cause of King David Bruce, and some of his lands in Lothian, including Easter Glencorse and others, were forfeited. His name, however, chiefly occurs in connection with charters granted by him, but these need not be specially enumerated, the rather as they are all without date. One charter may be noted, the granting to Maurice Buchanan the lands of Buchanan and Sallechy, giving him jurisdiction over life and limb on these lands, provided those condemned were put to death on the Earl's own gallows at the Cathir. The reddendo of the lands was one cheese from each house where cheese was made, to be furnished to the King's common army when occasion required, and also six pennies of silver in name of blench farm, if asked, at Whitsunday and Martinmas. The Earl also had a charter from King David II, of date 2 May 1361, confirming the extensive grant of free forestry made by Alexander III. Earl Donald was present in Parliament at Edinburgh 26 September 1357, and with other magnates appointed certain plenipotentiaries to treat as to the ransom of King David. He died between May 1361 and November 1364, when his successor is styled Earl of Lennox. His wife is not known." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] of Lennox, Donald (I28936)
204 "Drahomíra of Stodor (Czech: Drahomíra ze Stodor; c.?877 or 890 – died after 934 or 936) was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 915 to 921, wife of the Premyslid duke Vratislaus I. She also acted as regent of the Duchy of Bohemia from 921 to 924 during the minority of her son Wenceslaus. She is chiefly known for the murder of her mother-in-law Ludmila of Bohemia by hired assassins." [Wikipedia] of Stodor, Drahomira (I7667)
205 "Due to the proximity of their lands to the Saxon kingdom of Mercia, the family descended from Llyddoca ap Tudor Trevor had established amicable relations with their neighbor to the east; it is believed the first Rhys Sais became fluent in the Saxon language and served the Earl of Mercia as latimer or interpretor. Thus his nickname "Rhys the Englishman". Apparently his son Tudor and grandson Bleddyn served in the same capacity for the Norman Marcher Lords, the Earls of Montgomery. It was during the lifetime of the first Rhys Sais that the majority of his lands (all but Nanheudwy which, among his holdings, lay the furthest west) were detached from Powys to become a part of the Norman shire Salop (now Shropshire)." [Darrell Wolcott, citation details below] ab Ednyfed Gam ap Llywarch Gam ap Lluddocca, Rhys Sais (I39355)
206 "DUFFY, FRANCIS RYAN, a Senator from Wisconsin; born in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wis., June 23, 1888; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, in 1910 and from its law department in 1912; admitted to the bar in 1912 and commenced practice in Fond du Lac, Wis.; during the First World War served in the United States Army 1917-1919, attaining the rank of major; resumed the practice of law in Fond du Lac, Wis.; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1933, to January 3, 1939; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1938; again resumed the practice of law before becoming United States district judge for the eastern district of Wisconsin, serving from 1939 to 1949, when he qualified as a United States circuit judge of the court of appeals for the seventh circuit, becoming chief judge in 1954, serving until 1959; retired as a full-time member of the court in 1966 and assumed the status of senior judge and continued to hear cases for several more years; died in Milwaukee, Wis., August 16, 1979; interment in Calvary Cemetery, Fond du Lac, Wis." [Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, citation details below] Duffy, Francis Ryan Senator from Wisconsin (I7254)
207 "Dugdale tells us that Eustache de Hache was at one time 'a menial servant to Edward I.' If so, he soon rose to great honor, for he was a knight in 1279, and later a baron, being summoned to Parliament five times between 1299 and 1305, the year before his death. He was at the battle of Falkirk in 1298, also at the siege of Caerlaverock two years later, and is mentioned in Walter of Exeter's poem:--

"Banniere bel appareille
Jaune a crois rouge engreille
La Eustace de Hache esteit"

[History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby, citation details below.] 
de Hache, Eustace (I12393)
208 "Dugdale, Baronage, Vol. ii, p. 38, says that Eve was daughter of Payn de Chaworth, but he gives no proof. Payn was a close associate of Robert during the wars against Simon de Montfort, he was with Robert in the Crusade and the name Payn was borne by Roberts 2nd son. Payn was, however, aged only 13 or 14 in 1258 and d. s.p. or s.p.s. before 20 September 1279, when his brother Patrick was his heir. Assuming a Chaworth marriage, it seems likely that Eve was Payn's sister and daughter of Patrick Chaworth by his wife Hawise de Londres. In a ped. of Tybotot in Thoroton's Notts, Vol. i. pp. 203-04, Robert's wife is called Eve, daughter of P . . . de Chaworth. In the Visitation of Notts, Harl. Society, p. 124, Eve, daughter of Patrick and sister of Payn and Patrick Chaworth, Lords of Kidwelly, appears as the wife of Sir John (sic) Tiptofte. Payn himself mentions his sister Eve in a grant made by him, Trin. 1270, to the monks of Blanchland, in South Wales. In April 1283 Robert made a grant to Mottisfont Priory, Hants, of which the Chaworth family held patronage. The grant is sealed with the arms a saltire lozengy, legend 'S. Roberti de Tibotot'. He bore silver, a saltire engrailed gules." [Complete Peerage XII/2: 93] de Chaworth, Eve (I219)
209 "Duke of Burgundy 1218-1273, Count of Chalon-sur-Saone and Auxonne (France), titular king of Thessalonica (Greece) 1266." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzof Burgundy, Hugh IV (I427)
210 "Duke of Gothia," says The Henry Project in deliberate quotes.

"Raymond was a member of the dynasty of counts of Toulouse, in which the name Raymond was common. However, the exact identity and ancestry of this Raymond is enmeshed in the confusion of various Raymonds of Toulouse in the tenth century [see, e.g., Framond (1993) and Settipani (2004) for two different reconstructions of the genealogy of the tenth century counts of Toulouse]. The marriage may perhaps be dated about 1075, but there is much uncertainty about this." [The Henry Project] 
de Toulouse, Raymond (I6205)
211 "During the Revolutionary War James Withers served during the years 1777 and 1778 as a First Lieutenant in Capt. Windsor Brown's Co., in the First Virginia State Regiment commanded by Col. George Gibson. At the conclusion of the War there is some evidence that he became a physician." [The Wigfield and Nelson Families of Fauquier Co., Virginia, citation details below] Withers, James (I35098)
212 "E. H. DAMON, retired farmer; P. O. Calamus. Son of Jason and Lucy (Owen) Damon; was born June 16, 1809, in Madison Co., N.Y. From 1845 to 1861, he was engaged in running a hotel in Sullivan of that county. In the spring of 1861, emigrated to Iowa, stopping at Davenport till the fall, when he came into Olive Township, Clinton Co., having purchased a farm of 240 acres. In 1875, moved into Calamus and subsequently sold the farm. Married Miss Sarah Hicks Nov. 15, 1835; she was born Aug. 10, 1810, in Albany Co., N.Y.; have ten children—Ammon, Albert, Elizabeth, Riley and Emily, Myron, Sarah, Norton, Alpheus and Anna. Three sons—Ammon, Myron and Riley, served in the 8th Iowa Infantry Volunteers. Albert is a member of the New York Conference of' M. E. Church. Norton and Alpheus engaged in the mercantile business in Calamus. Republican." [History of Clinton County, Iowa, citation details below]

Edmund Damon (1809-1891) = Sarah Hicks (1810-1886)
Albert Nelson Damon (1838-1893) = Hattie Salisbury (1839-1910)
Albert Howe Damon (1878-1948) = Grace Henrietta Telfer (1879-1956)
Albert Howe Damon (1912-1986) = Roberta M. Fay (1913-2003)
Kent Telfer Damon (1942- ) = Nancy June Carlsson-Paige (1944- )
Matthew Paige "Matt" Damon (1970- ) 
Damon, Edmund H. (I33394)
213 "Eadgyth was initially buried at the Monastery of Mauritius in Magdeburg. Her remains may thereafter have been transferred to Magdeburg Cathedral, but it was believed that the 16th-century tomb was most likely a cenotaph. However, recent excavations of the tomb at Magdeburg Cathedral, directed by Professor Harald Meller and Dr Veit Dresely of the Landesmuseum fur Vorgeschichte in Saxony Anhalt, revealed a lead coffin bearing Eadgyth's name and recording the transfer of her remains in 1510. Inside the coffin, lay a female skeleton wrapped in silk, aged between 30 and 40." [Blog of History Today, 20 Jan 2010, describing Eadgyth as "possibly the oldest member of the English royal family whose remains have survived."] Eadgyth (I6696)
214 "Eadnoth the Staller (d. 1068), landowner and administrator, is addressed in a writ of Edward the Confessor, relating to Hampshire and dated between 1053 and 1066; his attestation is also found on two spurious charters for 1065 and he was probably at the beginning of his career in the 1060s. Stallers were members of the royal household and Eadnoth is elsewhere identified as the Confessor's steward; he seems also to have served as a royal justice. He continued in the service of Harold II and then of William I until he was killed in 1068 at Bleadon at the head of a force defending Somerset against an invasion by the sons of Harold." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyEadnoth (I3044)
215 "Eadweard's nickname of 'the Elder' is not contemporary, but was assigned later to distinguish him from the two other Anglo-Saxon kings of that name." [The Henry Project] Eadward "the Elder" King of Wessex and Mercia (I11264)
216 "Edmund held an official position as church warden of the parish at Donhead St. Andrew. Nevertheless, he was fined in 1636 and sentenced to do public penance for attending 'nonconforming' sermons outside his parish. He was also reprimanded in 1637 for going to church in Shaftsbury, where his brother, Thomas, lived." [The Goodenow Family Association]

Emigrated with his family April 1638, on the Confidence out of Southampton.

Deputy, for Sudbury, to the Massachusetts General Court nine times between May 1649 and January 1681.

"Sudbury was attacked by the Indians during King Philip's War, and he probably commanded the Goodnow Garrison, which probably was, as garrison houses often were, his own home fortified as part of the defenses of the town. Contemporary records speak of a retreat to 'Captain Goodanous Garrison.'" [James Cox Brady and His Ancestry, citation details below.] 
Goodenow, Capt. Edmund (I8209)
217 "Edmund Stradling of Winterbourne [...] ]seems to have had little affection for Glamorgan and part of his estates there, the great park at Coity, was granted away in October 1452. His interests were entirely English; he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Renfrew Arundell, and in 1452-3 became sheriff of Wiltshire." [Conquerors and Conquered in Medieval Wales, citation details below.] Stradling, Edmund (I19817)
218 "Edmund Sykes, born at Leeds; martyred at York Tyburn 23 March, 1586-7; was a student at the College at Reims where he was ordained 21 Feb., 1581, and sent to the English Mission on 5 June following. He laboured in his native Yorkshire with such zeal and sacrifice, that his strength failed. Arthur Webster, an apostate, took advantage of his illness to betray him, and he was committed to the York Kidcot by the Council of the North. In his weakness he consented to be present at the heretical service but he refused to repeat the act and remained a prisoner. After confinement for about six months, he was again brought before the Council and sentenced to banishment. On 23 Aug., 1585, he was transferred to the Castle of Kingston-upon-Hull, and within a week shipped beyond the seas. He made his way to Rome, where he was entertained at the English College for nine days from 15 April, 1586, his purpose being to atone for his lapse by the pilgrimage, and he also entertained some thoughts of entering religion. There he understood that it was God's will that he should return to the English mission, and reaching Reims on 10 June, he left again for England on 16. After about six months he was betrayed by his brother, to whose house in Wath he had resorted, and was sent a close prisoner to York Castle by the Council. He was arraigned at the Lent Assizes, condemned as a traitor on the score of his priesthood, and on 23 March, 1586-7 was drawn on the hurdle from the castle yard to York Tyburn, where he suffered the death penalty." [Joseph Louis Whitfield, 1912, in the Catholic Encyclopedia]

The Catholic parish of Blessed Edmund Sykes in Leeds is named after him. He was beatified by John Paul II in 1987. 
Sykes, Edmund (I26747)
219 "Ednyfed ap Cynwrig (died 1246), claiming descent from Marchudd, was a member of one of a group of kindreds long settled in Rhos and Rhufoniog. As seneschal (in Welsh, distain) of Gwynedd c. 1215-1246, his political and military services to Llywelyn the Great were rewarded, not only by the grant to Ednyfed himself of bond vills in Anglesey, Nantconwy, Arllechwedd Uchaf, and Creuddyn, but also by the concession, made to all the descendants of Ednyfed's grandfather (Iorwerth ap Gwrgan) that they should for the future hold their lands throughout Wales free from all dues and services other than military service in time of war. This special tenure, known as that of ‘Wyrion Eden,’ is prominent in the 14th century in the lordship of Denbigh amongst the collateral branches of the family, Ednyfed's own descendants in the same period are found in the townships of Trecastell, Penmynydd, Erddreiniog, Clorach, Gwredog, Trysglwyn, and Tregarnedd in Anglesey, and in Crewyrion, Creuddyn, Gloddaeth, Dinorwig, and Cwmllannerch in Caernarfonshire. They are also found in Llansadwrn in Carmarthenshire and at Llechwedd-llwyfan, Cellan, and Rhyd-onnen in Cardiganshire. Even before the conquest of 1282, therefore, Ednyfed's immediate descendants formed a 'ministerial aristocracy' of considerable wealth, and their widespread possessions, combined with the favourable terms on which they were held, made them the forerunners of that class of Welsh squires whose emergence is characteristic of the post-conquest period." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below] ap Cynwrig ab Iorwerth ap Gwgon, Ednyfed Fychan (I26621)
220 "Edward Fisher was an original settler of Portsmouth, where he had various allotments of land. He served as constable, member of the town council and deputy to the General Assembly. He died in 1677, his wife Judith outliving him for some years. His will appointed the senior John Briggs as 'overseer' of his estate, and made a bequest to his daughter, Mary Fisher. A receipt for this legacy in 1682 was signed by Mary Briggs and her husband Thomas." [The Howland Heirs, citation details below.]

"FISHER, Edward, of Po. Will dated 18 Sep 1665, proved 5 Oct 1677, pg 151. Mentions: Wife Judith Fisher. 3 Daughters Ruth Potter, Hanna Briggs, & Mary Fisher. Receipts were given for legacies from father-in-law Edward Fisher's will by Thomas Briggs of Dartmouth husband of Mary Briggs, John Potter of Warwick husband of Ruth Potter, & John Briggs of Po. husband of Hanna Briggs 6 Jan 1682." [Rhode Island Genealogical Register 3:23, "Abstracts of Portsmouth Wills"] 
Fisher, Edward (I45)
221 "Edward lived at Moat Farm in Ash, Kent. He was the primary beneficiary and executor of his father's will, suggesting that his older brother Peter was physically or mentally incapable of serving as head of the family." [Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.]

Birth derived from the fact that he was recorded as age 75 in May 1570. 
Stoughton, Edward (I12311)
222 "Elder John Whipple, [...who] was a clothier (cloth manufacturer) of good estate, emigrated with his children to New England about 1638 and settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts. Here he became a man of local distinction, holding the offices of deacon and elder in the Ipswich Church, and serving as deputy of the Massachusetts General Court in 1640, 1641, 1642, 1646, 1650, 1651, 1652, and 1653. About 1640 he built a subtantial frame dwelling house in Ipswich which still remains in its ancient form and fine preservation, one of the oldest houses in New England, and is now owned and occupied by the Ipswich Historical Society." [Simon Stone Genealogy]

Ancestor to, among others, Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Calvin Coolidge, Robert Goddard, James Russell Lowell, Charles Pratt (founder of the Pratt Institute), William Whipple (a signer of the Declaration of Independence), and Brigham Young. 
Whipple, Elder John (I4660)
223 "Elder Joseph Crandall, son of Elder John, married (first) Deborah Burdick and was of Newport, Westerly, and Kingstown respectively. Mr. Crandall became a very useful man, and filled the desk in the church at Newport to the great satisfaction of its members for many years. He was called to the office of Elder there, and ordained May 8, 1715. During his administration the church was at the height of its prosperity, many of the most wealthy and influential citizens being among its members." [Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island, Volume III, Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co., 1908.]

From The Seventh-Day Baptist Memorial, 1852 (citation details below):

Joseph Crandall was the third pastor of the Seventh-day Baptist Church in Newport, R.I. He was a member of that church as early as the year 1692, at which period the earliest existing records of the church commence. He was probably a son of Eld. John Crandall, of Westerly, but at what time he was born, or when he was baptized, we have no present means of ascertaining. He appears to have been an active member, frequently serving the church as messenger to brethren residing in different parts of the Colonies, and generally being appointed to perform the most difficult duties in the disciplinary measures of the church; and in July, 1703, he was selected to accompany the pastor, Elder Hiscox, on a journey to Pennsylvania, as counsel to the brethren there, in a matter requiring the best judgment of the congregation. He also acted as treasurer of the church for a long time, and continued in the performance of this trust after the Westerly church was set off, he being a member of that branch, after the separation in 1708. He resided in Westerly, yet the church of Newport often requiring the services of an elder to assist their pastor, or serve in his absence, made such service a condition of the final arrangement of separation. From the following extract of the minutes of the church in Westerly, we discover that he was already a deacon, empowered to administer the ordinance of baptism, such power being often conferred upon the deacon by that church, at that as well as at subsequent periods.

Westerly, 9th of the 10th month, 1708: "The church met by appointment at the house of Brother John Maxson, Jr. to hear and consider the letter received from the church at Rhode Island, bearing the date ye 27th of ye 9th month, 1708, in which they say: If Brother Joseph Crandall may at the least for the present perform the administration of baptism to both them and us, they can and do consent, that we may be henceforward two distinct churches in association. The church taking into consideration, and the said Mr. Crandall manifesting himself to be willing to grant their desire, the church do consent that he may administer baptism among them, and that our result in the same be drawn up in a letter to them, and signed in behalf of the church, which was done the same day."

It will be seen, among the resolutions of both churches at the period of their separation, that full consent was not at first given to divide and organize at Westerly. There was a provision requiring those not present at Westerly, from Newport, to give their consent in writing, which it seems they were willing to do, upon the above-named condition; thus securing the services of a most useful man, whom thay had formerly relied upon to serve them, as occasion might require. It was like the parting of old friends, when the brethren at Newport came to strike from their roll the names of so many well-tried soldiers of the cross of Christ, especially considering that they had struggled together nearly forty years to build up the cause of the Sabbath in New England. Therefore they seized upon the present contingency to secure a link of visible connection, that their loneliness might be somewhat abated.

The records of the church do not inform us particularly of the number and standing of Mr. Crandall's children. There were several members of his name, and a daughter is mentioned as having been baptized on the 9th of February, 1709, at Westerly, who was the wife on Nathaniel Wells.

The doctrine of imposition of hands was generally entertained by the Seventh-day Baptist Churches, though it was not universally practiced, and the exceptions sometimes grew out of the fact, that persons were baptized by the deacons in the absence of the pastor, and not being authorized to perform the laying on of hands, the individuals would become members in full communion without receiving the token of that ordinance. Mr. Crandall being anxious to have a greater uniformity in this respect, took occasion, at a church meeting held on the 3d of July, 1709, to submit a proposition on the subject, which was as follows:

"Whereas, I have been formerly chosen and ordained to the place of deacon in this congregation, and appointed to administer baptism, now therefore should the pastor or elder not be present, and the person baptized should request me to administer the ordinance of laying on of hands, ought it not to be performed by the free voice of the congregation?"

After debating the question, the congregation not being unanimous, it was deferred for consideration.

Mr. Crandall was however proposed for an eldership on the 16th of the same month by the church, but after conversation with him upon the subject, and he not being inclined, the subject was deferred.

There is no further expression of the church recorded, in relation to his proposition, yet he was suffered to administer the ordinance of laying on of hands, and did so the next month at New London, Jonathan Rogers and Mrs. Newbury being admitted by him, as were several others afterward.

In 1710, the church at Westerly called upon six of the brethren to "improve their gifts" with the pastor alternately: Joseph Crandall being one of them, began to preach. He however removed to Kings Town (now South Kingstown) in 1712, and not approving of the liberty given by the church to one of the gifted brethren, refused to meet with the church for some time, though urged to do so repeatedly. The next year, however, the breach was healed, and Mr. Crandall entered with his customary zeal upon the duties of his station, and a letter was given to William Davis, the obnoxious brother, to one of the churches in England, whither he desired to go.

On the 8th of May, 1715, Mr. Crandall, in compliance with the call of the church at Newport, was ordained an elder of that church. The charge was given by the venerable Pastor, Eld. William Gibson, according to the 1st Epistle of Peter, 5th chapter -- "The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. And when the chief shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away."

He continued in the service of the church in Newport, as colleague of Eld. Gibson, until the death of that eminent servant of God, in 1717, when he was invested with the office of pastor.

The society of Newport was generally well informed; but during the period of his administration there was a constellation of intelligent and literary characters there, never before equaled in New England. Among them were John Callender, Dean Berkley, Richard Ward, Henry Collins, and Thomas Ward, some of them members of his congregation. The meeting-house now standing in Newport, on Barney-st., was built in his time, and was then one of the finest public buildings in the place.

Mr. Crandall was an unpretending but industrious man. He had not the learning of his venerable predecessor, but was a sound and faithful preacher of the gospel; strict in his discipline, yet courteous to all. Having a large and expensive family, he was poor, yet the liberality of the members of the congregation was sufficiently manifest for his comfort; all their contributions for his support were, by a vote of the church, to pass through the hands of the deacons, and they were charged to visit him as often as necessary, to see that all his wants were supplied. He died on the 12th of Sept. 1737.


Joseph Crandall (d. 1737) = Deborah Burdick
Joseph Crandall (1684-1750) = Ann Langworthy
James Crandall (b. 1719) = Damaris Kenyon (1721-1767)
James Crandall (1766-1842) = Martha Maxson (b. 1767)
John Aldrich Crandall (1790-1863) = Mary Hill (d. 1840)
Martha Maxson Crandall (b. 1819) = Solomon Champlin Burdick (1813-1891)
Charles Herbert Burdick (1839-1903) = Almina Emily Bailey (1841-1886)
Hugh Abram Burdick (1864-1952) = Grace Elizabeth Downing (1876-1962)
Almina Emelie Burdick (1907-1981) = Ernst Gygax
Ernest Gary Gygax (1938-2008)


Joseph Crandall (d. 1737) = Deborah Burdick
Joseph Crandall (1684-1750) = Ann Langworthy (d. 1773)
James Crandall (b. 1719) = Damaris Kenyon
Christopher Crandall (1755-1814)
Pardon Crandall (1778-1838) = Esther Carpenter (1784-1874)
Prudence Crandall (1803-1890) 
Crandall, Rev. Joseph (I251)
224 "Elias de Worsley, known merely as the father of three sons, was possibly born about 1150, during the dynastic struggle between King Stephen and the Empress Maud. His descendants invented a mythical ancestor of his name who was a giant, lived in the time of William the Conqueror, was a Crusader, fought many battles 'for the love of our Saviour Jesus Christ and obtained many victories,' and finally died and was buried at Rhodes." [The Ancestry of Mary Isaac, citation details below] de Worsley, Elias (I16743)
225 "Elihu Yale […] was a British-American colonial administrator and philanthropist. Although born in Boston, Massachusetts, he only lived in America as a child, spending the rest of his life in England, Wales and India. Starting as a clerk, he eventually rose up to the rank of President of the British East India Company settlement in Fort St George, Madras. He later lost that position under charges of corruption for self-dealing and had to pay a fine. In 1699, he returned to Britain with a considerable fortune, around £200,000, mostly made by selling diamonds, and spent his time and wealth toward philanthropy and art collecting. He is best remembered as the primary benefactor of Yale College (now Yale University), which was named in his honor, following a sizable donation of books, portrait and textiles under the request of Rev. Cotton Mather, a Harvard graduate. No direct descendants of his have survived to this day." [Wikipedia, accessed 20 Sep 2022] Yale, Elihu Governor of Madras (I38491)
226 "Elis III m. Maud, daughter of Morice fitz Robert fitz Hardinge, of Berkeley: which Elis III owed 100 marks 'pro fine terre sue' in 1166 and died before Michaelmas 1190, when William le Mareschal owed 140 marks for the custody of the lands of Elis Giffard. Elis III was son and heir of Elis II (who became a monk in Gloucester Abbey), by Berta (living 1167), sister of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford and Glasbury, and daughter of Richard fitz Ponce. In 1130 Elis II rendered account of 100 marks of silver for the relief of his father's lands, being son and heir of Elis I, by Ala, his wife. Before 1096 Elis I had succeeded his father Osbern Giffard, the Domesday tenant of Brimpsfield, Stoke, Rockhampton, Elston, Orcheston, etc." [Complete Peerage V:639, note (c)] Giffard, Elias III (I123)
227 "Elizabeth (Debenham) Brewse was heavily involved in the 1477 negotiations for the marriage of her eldest daughter to John Paston, during which she stressed her own advantageous family connection to 'my nowncle Hastynges' [i.e., John Hastings of Gressenhall (1412-1477)]. Elizabeth was also instrumental in reversing the attainder of her childless brother Sir Gilbert Debenham. She paid £500 in 1501, which helped her eldest son and heir Robert Brewse recover some of the Debenham lands in 1504 and 1507." [Brad Verity, citation details below.] Debenham, Elizabeth (I16826)
228 "Elizabeth (Rotch) Rodman, along with her younger sister Mary, who never married, were the impetus to so many of the Rotches and Rodmans leaving the Society of Friends, most of them because of what happened to these two women. [...] Samuel Rodman, after the vote that revoked Elizabeth's and Mary's position as Elders, was so incensed by what had taken place that he 'tendered a resignation of his right of membership to the Mo[nthly] Meeting. He declined entering into the reasons which had led to this step, which must be well known to most who were present -- he said it was not a hasty one, but taken after mature deliberation, [and] he should only request a copy of the minute made on this subject.'" [Rhonda R. McClure, citation details below] Rotch, Elizabeth (I15875)
229 "Elizabeth's ancestry is uncertain. She might possibly have been the daughter of Thomas White (1599-1665) who is known to have had children John, Elizabeth, and Thomas. John White called Bartholomew Ingolbritson 'my loving friend' and he was also godfather to Henry Culpepper Jr."
[Culpepper Connections
Greene, Elizabeth (I5413)
230 "Elizabeth's husband was a fur trader, lawyer, first judge of Hampshire County Court, and a founder of Northampton, MA." [Freeman Family Lines, from the files of Stephen M. Lawson (via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine)]

From the Wikipedia article about Joseph Parsons, Jr.:

"Joseph Parsons, Jr. (1647-1729) was an early settler and prominent colonial leader in Northampton, Massachusetts. [...]

"Parsons, Jr. was involved in several business enterprises in and around Northampton, including grist mills, sawmills, and iron. He later became active in politics; in 1696, he was commissioned as one of the four judges on the Hampshire County Court of Common Pleas, which at the time included all of Western Massachusetts. He served in this capacity until 1719. Parsons, Jr. also served as a representative in the Massachusetts General Court; he represented Springfield in 1706 and 1708, and Northampton from 1711-1715, 1717, 1721, and 1724. In addition, he held several other minor offices; in 1700, he was appointed as the first town moderator in Northampton history, and he also served as justice of the peace for a number of years.

"Throughout most of Parson, Jr.'s life in Northampton, Solomon Stoddard was the pastor of the church. However, by 1725 Stoddard was 82 years old and unable to fulfill all of his pastoral duties alone. So, the town voted seven members onto a committee to find a suitable candidate to assist, and upon Stoddard's death, replace him as pastor. Joseph Parsons, Jr. was one of the members of this pastoral search committee, which ultimately chose Jonathan Edwards, whose tenure as pastor would lead to the Great Awakening."

It's not mentioned in the Wikipedia article, but Joseph Parsons and Elizabeth Strong were also ancestors of early Caltech rocket scientist, JPL co-founder, and Aleister Crowley disciple Marvel Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (1914-1952), famous for having (1) welcomed the pre-Scientology L. Ron Hubbard into his life, (2) having his wife, yacht, and savings stolen by Hubbard, and (3) later dying as the result of a chemical explosion in his garage. 
Parsons, Joseph (I9587)
231 "Ellen is named with her two husbands in the Gilby pedigree in the 1562 visitation of Lincolnshire, signed by her brother George (Walter C. Metcalfe, ed., The Visitation of the County of Lincoln in 1562-4 [London, 1881], 51). In a Brough pedigree in the same visitation (p. 21), it is stated that John Gilby's wife, Agnes Brough (Ellen's mother), was a daughter of Robert Brough and Mary Newcomen. Several lawsuits, however, show that Brough and Newcomen made a marriage settlement in 1523, far too late for them to be grandparents of Ellen Gilby, who was married to William Femers by 1542." [Booth, Reed, and Taylor, citation details below] Gilby, Ellen (I3727)
232 "Ellender" is the spelling in the Leo Hayden family Bible. Hayden, Eleanor (I6994)
233 "Engaged in trade with Ireland. One of the commissioners for Baliol, 1292. Fought for Scotland, and his lands were seized by Edw. I, 1296; later he allied himself with England. Bruce overran and con?scated his lands; and he died either in England or a prisoner in Lochleven Castle, shortly before 18 Jan. 1311." [Complete Peerage, citation details below] Alexander (I34759)
234 "English knight and landowner, from 1400 to 1414 Member of the House of Commons, of which he became Speaker, then was an Admiral and peer. He won renown in the Hundred Years' War, fighting in many engagements, including the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. He was an English envoy at the Council of Constance in 1415. In 1417 he was made admiral of the fleet. On the death of Henry V he was an executor of Henry's will and a member of Protector Gloucester's council. He attended the conference at Arras in 1435, and was a Member of the House of Lords sitting as Baron Hungerford from January 1436 until his death in 1449. For some years he was Treasurer of England." [Wikipedia]

"Knight of the Bath, 17 Mar 1400; Knight of the Shire for Wiltshire, 1401, 1404, 1407, 1411, 1413, 1414 and of Somerset, 1410; Sheriff of Wiltshire, 1405-6 and of Dorsetshire and Somersetshire, 1413-4; fought at the battle of Agincourt (France, Hundred Years' War), 25 Oct 1415; Steward of the Household to Henry V in 1417 and to Henry VI in 1424; Member of the King's Council, 1417-22; installed as a Knight of the Garter, 3 May 1421; Treasurer of the Exchequer, 1426-32." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] 
Hungerford, Walter Speaker of the House of Commons (I12976)
235 "Enlisted, 1777, in Capt. Joseph Warren's company. He served in the defense of New York, 1779, under Capt. Isaac Harrington and Col. Samuel Denny, and, 1780, joined Capt. Ephraim Lyon's company at the Rhode Island Alarm. He was born and died at Shrewsbury." [DAR Lineage Book 14Maynard, Daniel (I13755)
236 "Ensign of the Hartford (North) Train Band, Oct. 1697; Lieutenant, Oct. 1698; Captain (between 1706 and 1709); and Major of the Hartford County Militia, May 1710. He was given command of three companies in the Indian War, 1723-24. He was Justice from 1705 to 1710 inclusive; Judge of the County and Probate Courts, 1714, and of the Probate Court, 1715-41; and Judge of the Superior Court, 1721. He was Deputy for Hartford, Oct. 1708, May, June and Oct. 1709, and May, Aug. and Oct. 1710, being Speaker of the Lower House at the 1710 sessions; Assistant, 1711-23; Deputy-Governor, Oct. 1723, and 1724: and Governor, Oct. 1724 to 1735." [Hale, House and Related Families, citation details below] Talcott, Joseph Governor of Connecticut (I31179)
237 "Ephraim McDowell sailed from Londonderry, Ireland, on May 9, 1729, in the George and Ann, landed at Philadelphia; settled ?rst in Hunterdon county, New Jersey, then moved to Somerset county, on the Raritan. He is buried in the Leamington churchyard. He had two sons, Ephraim and John, who in 1736, in the John and Margaret, brought settlers to the Borden Tract, Berkeley county, Virginia." ["The McDowell Family," citation details below.] McDowell, Ephraim (I23020)
238 "Eric IX, also called Eric the Holy, Saint Eric, Eric the Lawgiver, was a Swedish king c. 1156-60. The Roman Martyrology of the Catholic Church names him as a saint memorialized on 18 May. He is the founder of the House of Eric which ruled Sweden with interruptions from c. 1156 to 1250." [Wikipedia]

His parentage is unknown. 
St. Erik IX King of Sweden (I25462)
239 "Ernald de Bosco [...] took the side of the barons against King John, for which act of rebellion the sheriff of co. Northants on 15 Aug., 1216, was ordered 'to take the lands of Ernald de Bosco because he was with the king's enemies.' He speedily made his peace with the king and his lands were restored to him by royal command on 4 September in the same year. [...] On 16 Feb., 1253, Ernald was appointed justice of all the king's forests this side Trent with a salary of 100 marks yearly as long as he remained chief justice, at the same time he was appointed warden of the castle of Sauvey at a yearly rent to the exchequer of 5 marks." [George Farnham, citation details below.] du Bois, Ernald (I9259)
240 "Eve de Briouze, da. and coh., heiress of Abergavenny. She m., after 25 July 1238 (when his father, William de C., obtained her wardship and marriage together with the custody of Abergavenny and the other lands falling to her share), and before 15 Feb. 1247/8, William de Cantelou, of Calne, Wilts, and Aston Cantlow, co. Warwick. He d. at Calstone, Wilts, 25, and was bur. 30 Sep. 1254, at Studley Priory, co. Warwick. Writ of extent 15 Oct. 1254. She d. in 1255, about 20 and before 28 July." [Complete Peerage I:22-23] de Briouze, Eve (I6487)
241 "EVE, a foreigner, living 1266 and died 8 January [year not recorded]." [David L. Greene, citation details below] Eve (I36521)
242 "Even though Frances Dymoke survived her husband Thomas Windebanck, and died testate around 1612, they must have been divorced or separated 'in some manner' as we have instances of Mary, widow of Edward Hunte, called, or calling herself, the 'wife' of Thomas Windebank, clerk of the Signet, at least between the years 1591-1600. The will of Thomas Windebank, around 1607/8, does not name a wife, and only mentions the known children by Frances." [John C. Brandon, citation details below] Dymoke, Frances (I36781)
243 "Even though her late husband had constructed a tomb in St. Dunstan's Church in Cranbrook for both of them, she requested burial in the churchyard of St. Dunstan's Church in West Peckham. Possibly she had moved to West Peckham during the thirty years of her widowhood, and felt no connection with Cranbrook." [Todd Whitesides, Findagrave.comBaker, Agnes (I12327)
244 "Evidence is inconclusive regarding George's wife's name. On the Downing family chart in Suffolk Manorial Families, her surname is given as Bellamy, with no given name included. Many Bellamy wills have been read, with nothing helpful about her discovered. The wills revealed, however, that son Joseph's wife's sister married a Bellamy. Could this connection have been misinterpreted?" [Myrtle Stevens Hyde, citation details below.] Bellamy, (Unknown) (I15393)
245 "Fernán González was the first autonomous count of Castile, son of Gonzalo Fernández de Burgos, who had been named count of Arlanza and the Duero around the year 900, and by tradition a descendant of semi-legendary judge Nuño Rasura. His mother Muniadona was so well remembered that the later Counts of Castile would sometimes be recorded by Iberian Muslim scholars as Ibn Mama Duna (descendant of Muniadona)." [Wikipedia] González, Fernán (I9979)
246 "Finn Arnesson (died c. 1065) was a Norwegian nobleman and advisor to both King Olaf II of Norway and King Harald III of Norway and later served King Sweyn II of Denmark." [WikipediaArnesson, Finn (I3057)
247 "First mentioned in Sept 1379, when he was granted royal letters of protection pending his departure for Ireland in the service of the King's justiciar. Bought Denshanger Manor in 1397. Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1400-01; Knight of the Shire for Northampton, 1397, 1399, 1402, 1404 and 1406." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Cope, John (I21598)
248 "First recorded on 27 Mar 1322, when the keeper of the castles of Huntington and La Hay (Hay-on-Wye) in Herefordshire, near the border of Wales, is ordered to restore his lands and properties there. Deputy Justiciar of South Wales to Sir Gilbert Talbot, 1332, 1334-1337, and 1346-1349. Knight of the Shire for Hereford, 1322, 1339, and 1340." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Clanvowe, Philip (I26141)
249 "FITZGERALD, MAURICE (d. 1176), one of the conquerors of Ireland; son of Gerald de Windsor, chief follower of Arnulf Montgomery and castellan of Pembroke Castle (1093-post 1116), by his wife Nest (q.v.), daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr. Maurice and WILLIAM, two of the sons of Gerald and Nest, and lords respectively of Llanstephan and Emlyn, came into prominence as leaders of the Anglo-Norman settlers in West Wales against the great revolt of the native princes in 1136. In 1146 they were at the head of the unsuccessful attempt to recover Llanstephan Castle from the Welsh. Later in his career Maurice Fitzgerald took part, with his half-brother Robert Fitzstephen (q.v.), in the conquest of Ireland. In 1169 he landed in Wexford with his followers and led the English contingent against Dublin. He finally settled in the cantref of Kildare which earl Richard granted to him for his services. It is said that his wife (living in 1171) was Alice, granddaughter of Roger de Montgomery. Maurice, who was a brave and modest man of few words, d. at Wexford c. 1 Sept. 1176. [William d. 1174.]" [Dictionary of Welsh Biography]

"His brother, Bishop David, granted him the Stewardship of St. Davids hereditarily. Under Stephen [between 1136 and 1146] the sons of Gerald were hard pressed by the Welsh in their effort to dislodge the Norman interlopers from the lands they had seized. The occasion of Maurice's going to Ireland, where he and his descendants were to flourish so exceedingly, was the promise, in 1167, of Dermot MacMurrough, the dispossessed King of Leinster, to give Wexford to him and to his half-brother, Robert FitzStephen, if they would help him to regain the kingdom -- a promise which he duly honoured. Preceded by FitzStephen, and accompanied by his nephew Raymond, Maurice landed at Wexford in 1169 with two ships of armed followers, and with the aid of his Norman allies Dermot recovered Dublin. The coming over of Henry II, and the political dispositions which he made, fettered the progress of the Geraldines; although at his departure [Easter 1172] the King left Maurice one of the three keepers of Dublin. After spending some time in Wales, Maurice returned to Ireland, where the Keeper, Earl Richard, Strongbow, was consolidating the Normans in the face of the Irish by making them grants of land in fee, and by arranging marriages between members of the factious families. There is no record of his marriage. He d. 1 Sep 1176, at Wexford." [Complete Peerage X:11-12] 
fitz Gerald, Maurice (I6378)
250 "Following their marriage, they resided initially at Braughing, co. Hertford, and, sometime after 1545, they removed to Puckeridge, in the adjacent parish of Standon, co. Hertford." [Douglas Richardson, "New Light on the English Ancestry of William Chandler and His Cousin, Margaret Chandler," citation details below.] Page, John (I14689)
251 "For all practical purposes, Thomas Axtell received only a pittance in the 1638 will of his father. This suggests that, at the tender age of just 20, Thomas had already received his portion, or that he had been apprenticed out in such a way that his estate was already established, or that father and son had come to some insurmountable difference of opinion. It might also be that Thomas's uncle Henry Axtell had bequeathed a good legacy to Thomas and father William found it unnecessary to add to it. Whatever the cause, Thomas's English prospects were sufficiently bleak by 1641 that he considered taking his small family across the ocean to New England." [Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton, volume III, citation details below.]

Emigrated sometime between 1641 and when he took the Sudbury oath of allegience, 9 Jul 1645. 
Axtell, Thomas (I4491)
252 "For the entire forty years of his residence in New England, Simon Willard performed more public service, both civil and military, than all but a few of his contemporaries." [Robert Charles Anderson]

From Wikipedia, accessed 3 May 2020:

Simon Willard was an early Massachusetts fur trader, colonial militia leader, legislator, and judge.

Willard was born in Horsmonden, Kent, England and baptized on April 7, 1605. He emigrated to Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634 with his first wife Mary Sharp and their daughters Mary and Elizabeth. He was a founder of Concord, Massachusetts, served it as clerk from 1635 to 1653, and helped negotiate its purchase from the Native American owners. Willard represented Concord in the Massachusetts General Court from 1636 to 1654, and was assistant and councillor from 1654 to 1676.

Willard served as an advisor to the Nashaway Company which founded Lancaster, Massachusetts in the 1640s and 1650s, and he settled in Lancaster by 1660. In 1651 Willard laid out 1,000 acres for settlement along the Assabet River which may have included parts of what is now Maynard, Massachusetts when a Native American leader, Tantamous (Old Jethro), defaulted on a mortgage for a debt due to Concord gunsmith, Herman Garrett, for an unpaid debt. In 1654/55, Willard led an expedition against Ninigret in southern New England, and removed Ninigret's Pequot wards and placed them with Niantic Sachem Harman Garrett in what is now Westerly, Rhode Island. In Massachusetts Willard served as an advisor to the Nashaway Indians and provided guns to them by order of the Massachusetts General Court. He served as a major of militia in King Philip's War in 1676 at age 70, and he was the Chief Military Officer of Middlesex County, Massachusetts and repelled a Nipmuc force that was besieging Brookfield. He became a magistrate and died aged 71 on April 24, 1676 in Charlestown, Massachusetts while holding court.

The Willard Elementary School in Concord, Massachusetts is named after Willard. The Liberty ship 0743 Simon Willard was also named after him. 
Willard, Simon (I28485)
253 "Former practitioner of medicine, specializing in diseases of the eye, president of the Nason Manufacturing Company, makers of stream and plumbing supplies with offices at 71 Fulton Street, New York City, died in his apartment in the Hotel Robert Fulton, 228 West 71 St, at age 71." [Harry Hartshorne Seabrook obituary, citation details below.] Seabrook, Harry Hartshorne (I21146)
254 "Fought against the Scots at the battle of Falkirk (English-Scottish Wars), 22 July 1298; served at the siege of Caerlaverock, July 1300, being then a knight banneret; Knight of the Bath, 1307; Steward of the King's Household, Mar 1307/8-Dec 1310; Constable of Winchester Castle, Mar 1307/8-May 1314; built Frampton-on-Severn Church, 1315." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Fitz Payn, Robert (I16407)
255 "Fought in Gascony 1242; ambassador to the King of Navarre 1243; governor of Lundy Isle 1244; constable of St. Briavels Castle 1246." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Clifford, Richard (I13299)
256 "Fought in Gascony 1255. A staunch supporter of Henry III against the Barons. Stewart of the Forests of Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Huntingdonshire for life 1266." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Bassingbourne, Warine (I13354)
257 "Fought in Gascony, 1253. Sheriff of York and Constable of York Castle, 1254-1260. As a knight of King Henry III he guaranteed the safe journey of the King and Queen of Scotland to Henry III in 1260. He adhered to King Henry III against the Barons. Sheriff of York and Constable of Scarborough Castle, 1266." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz]

Complete Peerage says "He was Sheriff of Yorkshire from July 1254, being reappointed in 1258, and continuing until May 1260. He was appointed again in May 1266, and appears to have acted till Christmas 1267, though in Michaelmas 1267 his son William was his deputy." 
le Latimer, William (I13271)
258 "Fought in Ireland 1210. He joined the Barons against King John and was one of the most active of their party, being one of those excommunicated." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, which also notes that this Nicholas could not have been a son of his father's second wife Gunnora, widow of Robert de Gant and daughter of Ralph D'Aubigny.] de Stuteville, Nicholas II (I9148)
259 "Fought in Ireland, 1210; attended the King at the siege of Bytham Castle, 1221; Warden of the Sea Ports from Portsmouth to Sandwich, 1228." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Auberville, Robert (I3189)
260 "Fought in Wales, 1257. In a Somersetshire plea of 1280, he was named as the grandfather of Hugh de Valletort." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below]

Said by The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz to have married Egeline de Courtnay, daughter of Robert Courtenay and Mary de Vernon, but Gary Boyd Robert reports (in The Royal Descents of 900 Immigrants, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2018, p. 675) that Douglas Richardson says this has been disproved. 
de Columbers, Philip (I35321)
261 "Francis Marbury (sometimes spelled Merbury) (1555-1611) was a Cambridge-educated English cleric, schoolmaster and playwright. He is best known for being the father of Anne Hutchinson, considered the most famous (or infamous) English woman in colonial America." [Wikipedia]

Author of the 1579 play The Contract of Marriage of Wit and Wisdom
Marbury, Rev. Francis (I4117)
262 "Francis Nelson, youngest son of John and Hendrickje (Vander Vleet) Nelson, was born, probably in Mamaroneck, about 1691; died after 13 November, 1750. Until about 1 May 1716, he resided at Mamaroneck ('The Place of Rolling Stones'), at that time he purchased of Colonel Caleb Heathcote, lands in the Manor of Scarsdale, and shortly removed thereto. He was assessor of Scarsdale in 1723. He conveyed, by consent of his wife Ann, 8 October 1733, all his lands in Scarsdale, which he had purchased from Colonel Heathcote, to William Barker of Mamaroneck; and removed to the Highlands of Dutchess County, which had been accomplished by the 31 August. 1736. He purchased of his brother, Polycarpus, an interest in the Great or Lower Nine Partners, a certain tract of land (vide supra). Mr. Nelson was one of the first commissioners of roads for that part of Dutchess which is now Putnam County, 1744. In 1747 Francis Nelson's name disappears from the tax-list of the South Ward of Dutchess County, and in 1750 it last appears on the County Records." [The Nelson FamilyNelson, Francis (I26)
263 "Francis W. was engaged in business in Medford; but his too generous method of dealing embarrassed his affairs; and having, with Rev. Mr. Stone, purchased a township on the Kennebec, he removed thither with his oldest son, Stephen. He was engaged in shipping masts for the royal navy, an occupation which gave much offense to the squatters on the crown lands." [Record of the Descendants of Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, MassachusettsWhitmore, Francis (I13696)
264 "FRANCIS1 PARRATT, ESQ., born probably in England about 1610, died there about 1656. He married Elizabeth Northend who married secondly, 24 Feb. 1657-58, Thomas Tenney. Francis Parratt, a man of influence and ability, with an unusual amount of education for the time, was in New England before 1640. He settled at Rowley, where he was made a Freeman, 13 May 1640, being made town clerk in 1641, and serving on a Committee to assign houselots. He served on the Grand Jury in 1641, 48, 49, was a Commissioner in 1655 and Deacon in the Rowley Church in 1655. [...] In 1656, he went to England on business and died while there." [Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury, citation details below.] Parrat, Francis (I23282)
265 "Freeman 1647. Lieutenant 1661; was in active service during King Philip's War, and had command of a fort; was elected 'captain of our foote company of Souldjers,' March, 1683; selectman in 1663, 1665, 1670, 1674, 1675, 1682, and 1683; representative in 1683, 1684, 1685, and 1686; an Assistant in 1686, and continuing to serve until the new charter." [History of the Town of Hingham, citation details below.] Smith, John (I23228)
266 "Freichfras" means "long arm", not "strong arm" as widely stated. Darrell Wolcott, in "Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras" (citation details below), in disambiguating this man from the Caradog Freich Fras of the fifth and sixth centuries, says that the earlier Caradog "suffered some kind of injury which resulted in one arm being larger than the other."

This Caradog's parentage is unknown, although Wolcott speculates that he could have been a son of Hywel ap Caradog ap Meirion (~780-~825) a king of Rhos who fought Cynan Dindaethwy for Mon (Anglesey) in around 813-816, and ruled there for about three years. 
Caradog Freichfras (I39363)
267 "From his will, we learn that he was a prosperous property owner and that he held a lease on a mill in nearby Wormingford, Essex." [Fifty Great Migration Colonists of New England, citation details below.] Barker, Richard (I9032)
268 "From later evidence we know that Reginald was granted the manor of Great Wymondley, in Hertfordshire, by King William [I or II] after the estate had escheated to the Crown. The land was held 'by serjeanty', namely, by acting as cupbearer at the king's coronation. The Argenteins and their descendants continued to perform this service for more than 600 years, and as a result they bore arms showing three silver covered cups on a red field." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] de Argentein, Reginald (I1192)
269 "From the terms of the will of [Richard Booth's] son Ephraim, it is likely that his wife Elizabeth was sister of Mr. Joseph Hawley." [Donald Lines Jacobus, citation details below] Hawley, Elizabeth (I30232)
270 "Fulcois is known only from a 1051×60 charter of Rotrou, count of Mortagne, which names a count Fulcois as his avus (usually 'grandfather') [...] The relationship of Fulcois to Rotrou has been interpreted in different ways, resulting in widely varying conjectured genealogical connections for Fulcois. Nevertheless [...] it is probable that Fulcois was the paternal grandfather of Rotrou, and thus father of Geoffroy. Fulcois is given the title of count by his grandson, but there is no direct evidence of the region over which he was count. However, since Rotrou was count of Mortagne, it has been supposed that Fulcois was also a count of Mortagne, a reasonable presumption. There is no good evidence about the time in which Fulcois flourished. He may also have been the father of Hugues du Perche, which, if true, would make him an ancestor of the Plantagenets in the direct male line." [The Henry Project, citation details below] Fulcois (I4847)
271 "Fulk de Orreby, son of Sir Philip the Justiciar by his 2nd wife, must have succeeded to his father's estates, because his widowed mother had dower by his assignment. [...] He was a knight by 1238. He held sundry offices in the Palatinate--e.g., in 1249 he was keeper of Chester Abbey during a vacancy, and in 1251 keeper of the Forest and escheator in Cheshire. At Michaelmas 1259 he was appointed Justiciar, and retained office until his death, 23 Aug. 1261. He is said to have married Philippe, 'daughter and heir of John Strange of Dalby,' and to have acquired with her Dalby and other lands in Lincolnshire. His widow was named Sibyl." [Complete Peerage X:170]

CP's footnote (h) on the same page, regarding the issue of whether he married a Philippe Strange:

"According to the old pedigrees. The tradition derives support from seals used by John Orreby [1st Lord Orreby] and his grandson. [...] Fulk was holding Dalby of the Earl of Chester in 1242-3; Gilbert de Langton appears to have held it in 1212." 
de Orreby, Fulk (I16221)
272 "Gabriel Grimaldi [...] started the family tradition of serving the house of Anjou. King Charles I of Sicily rewarded Gabriel for his service with 250 livres of gold in 1269 and a military sash (ceinture) of honor. His son, Gaspard Grimaldi, also received a rent of 150 ounces of gold from King Robert of Naples. In 1317, Gaspard was appointed, along with Charles Fieschi, a captain of the people and a rector of the community of Genoa. The Grimaldi's loyalty to the house of Anjou would have been natural for a Guelph family. Gaspard's sons, Gabriel, Antoine, and Percival continued his support of the Angevin cause." [John P. DuLong, citation details below] Grimaldi, Gaspard (I37365)
273 "Gabriel Grimaldi [...] started the family tradition of serving the house of Anjou. King Charles I of Sicily rewarded Gabriel for his service with 250 livres of gold in 1269 and a military sash (ceinture) of honor. His son, Gaspard Grimaldi, also received a rent of 150 ounces of gold from King Robert of Naples. In 1317, Gaspard was appointed, along with Charles Fieschi, a captain of the people and a rector of the community of Genoa. The Grimaldi's loyalty to the house of Anjou would have been natural for a Guelph family. Gaspard's sons, Gabriel, Antoine, and Percival continued his support of the Angevin cause." [John P. DuLong, citation details below] Grimaldi, Gabriel (I37367)
274 "Garcia Sanchez I appears as king about 929, and is sole king from 931, although his mother Toda served as regent until he overthrew her control with the help of her kinsman, Abd ar Rahman III. He then continued to rule, largely under the thumb of Abd ar Rahman until the latter's death in 961, and on to 970. [...The nickname] 'the Trembler' is more in line with the life of Garcia I, who after expelling his mother spent his entire reign trembling under the thumb of Cordoba without putting up any resistance, and not to Garcia II, who though unsuccessful, stood up to Cordoba and tried to escape from their yoke." [Todd A. Farmerie, citation details below.]

From Leo van de Pas's site:

Garcia was born about 919, the son of Sancho I Garcés, king of Navarre, and Toda Aznárez. He was the king of Pamplona from the death of his uncle Jimeno Garcés. As he was just six years old at the time of his father's death, his uncle succeeded, and it was only in 930, the last year of the latter's reign, that Garcia appears with the royal title, though this was probably just a courtesy. On Jimeno's death in 931 the 12-year old Garcia succeeded, with his mother Toda serving as regent. This regency ended in 934, when his first cousin Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on his behalf, and Garcia began to rule as sole king. 
Garcia Sanchez I "el Tremuloso" King of Navarre (I10348)
275 "Gediminas was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1315 or 1316 until his death. He is credited with founding this political entity and expanding its territory which, at the time of his death, spanned the area ranging from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. Also seen as one of the most significant individuals in early Lithuanian history, he was responsible for both building Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, and establishing a dynasty that later came to rule other European countries such as Poland, Hungary and Bohemia. As part of his legacy, he gained a reputation for being a champion of paganism, who successfully diverted attempts to Christianize his country by skillful negotiations with the Pope and other Christian rulers." [Wikipedia] Gediminas Grand Duke of Lithuania (I22148)
276 "Gentleman and vestryman for the chapel at Ash, also called a farmer at Colston." [ page for Richard Exhurst, by Todd Whitesides.] Exhurst, Richard (I12319)
277 "George Brown, merchant, near Derry in Ireland." [The Craighead Family, citation details below] Brown, George (I20504)
278 "George de Cantelou, only s. and h.; b.. 29 Mar. 1252, at Abergavenny. He m. (cont. ratified by the King, i Sep. 1254) Margaret, da. of Edmund (de Lacy), Earl of Lincoln, by Alasia, da. of Manfredo, Marquis of Saluzzo. He was knighted 13 Oct. 1272, and had seizin of his lands 25 Apr. and 1 May 1273. He d. s.p., 18 Oct. 1273. His widow was bur. in the Church of the Black Friars at Pontefract." [Complete Peerage I:23] de Cantelowe, George (I1652)
279 "George Parkhurst of Guildford, County Surrey, England is first found on record on the first page of the Guildford Borough records of 3 April 1514, apparently receiving a license to sell in the local market. Later that year he was chosen Hallwarden. This office had the responsibility of the actual fabric of the Guild Hall as well as the collection of sums due to the guild merchants for admissions, and so on. Two men usually served together. A century later, they were called Borough Treasurers. The office of Hallwarden dates back to at least 1361. [...] On 6 October 1515, George Parkhurst was named bailiff. On 18 January 1517/18, he was again sworn in as a Hallwarden. He is on the first list of Approved Men on 3 October 1519. Approved men were associates of the Mayor, entry being restricted to those who had served as bailiff. There are many more entries in the borough records for his appointment as Hallwarden and he was on the list of Approved Men year after year for the rest of his life. On 15 January 1514/15, he and Henry Cowper were sworn in as Flesh and Fish Tasters. In 1522, George Parkhurst was elected Mayor and Coroner of Guildford, being sworn in 6 October. He was reelected Mayor in 1529 and 1533. In 1533 he was one of two men elected a warden of the scole house (school house). [...] George Parkhurst probably died between 27 April 1545 and 2 May 1546 as he is mentioned in the Guildford Borough records on the earlier date, but is not on the tax list of the latter date. Christopher Parkhurst is called 'son and Heir' of George Parkhurst in 1550 in a Surrey Feet of Fines." [Fifty Great Migration Colonists of New England and Their Origins, citation details below.] Parkhurst, George Mayor of Guildford (I20610)
280 "George Reade, born 25 Oct. 1608, son of Robert and Mildred (Windebank) Reade, who had come to Virginia in Sir John Harvey's party upon his return as governor of Virginia, 1637. On 27 Aug. 1640 George Reade was appointed by the King 'to the place of Secretary [of the Colony] in the absence of Richard Kemp who has lately arrived in England.' Reade was clerk of the Council, 1648, burgess for James City, 1649, and for York, 1656, and was appointed to the Council in 1658, holding that office until his death." [Adventurers of Purse and Person, citation details below]

He is a "gateway ancestor" for PNH's sister-in-law, a descendant of Edward III and over five thousand other medieval people. A daughter of Edward III's son John of Gaunt, Joan Beaufort, was married twice; through her second marriage, to Ralph de Neville, George Reade is an 8X-great grandson of Edward III. Through her second marriage, to Robert Ferrers, Reade is a 9X-great grandson of the same king, and also a 9X-great grandson through another of Edward's sons, Lionel of Antwerp.

He and his wife Elizabeth Martiau were great-great grandparents of George Washington:

George Reade = Elizabeth Martiau
Mildred Reade = Col. Augustine Warner
Mildred Warner = Lawrence Washington
Augustine Washington = Mary Ball
George Washington

It has been suggested that George Washington was named George after this particular great-great-grandfather. It does appear that George Reade represents the most recent, and possibly the only, previous instance of a George in Washington's ancestry.

George Reade and Elizabeth Martiau were also ancestors of Queen Elizabeth II:

George Reade = Elizabeth Martiau
Mildred Reade = Col. Augustine Warner
Mary Warner = Col. John Smith
Mildred Smith = Robert Porteous
Robert Porteous = Judith Cockayne
Mildred Porteous = Robert Hodgson
Rev. Robert Hodgson = Mary Tucker
Henrietta Mildred Hodgson = Oswald Smith
Frances Dora Smith = Claude Bowes-Lyon
Claude George Bowes-Lyon = Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon = King George VI
Queen Elizabeth II

And of Meriwether Lewis:

George Reade = Elizabeth Martiau
Mildred Reade = Col. Augustine Warner
Elizabeth Warner = Col. John Lewis
Col. Robert Lewis = Jane Meriwether
William Lewis = Lucy Meriwether
Meriwether Lewis

And of General George S. Patton:

Thomas Reade = Lucy Gwynne
Mildred Reade = Philip Rootes
Elizabeth Rootes = Rev. John Thompson
Philip Rootes Thompson = Anna Davenport
Eleanor Thompson = William Thorton
Susanna Thompson Thorton = Andrew Glassell
Susan Thornton Glassell = George Smith Patton
George Smith Patton = Ruth Wilson
General George S. Patton (1885-1945) 
Reade, Col. George (I36770)
281 "Gilbert de Culcheth, probably a son or grandson of Hugh son of Gilbert, held the manor [of Culcheth, Lancashire] in 1242. He was killed in 1246 by unknown malefactors, and the township was fined because it made no pursuit." [The Victoria County History of Lancaster, citation details below.] de Culcheth, Gilbert (I10259)
282 "Gilbert, according to the then custom, shared with his brother the lordship of Galloway and the lands. They attended William the Lion in his invasion of Northumberland in 1174, when that monarch was taken prisoner. Galloway then broke into rebellion, many subjects of Scotland were murdered, the King's officers expelled, and the castles which had but recently been built to protect them thrown down. The brothers then quarrelled as to their respective jurisdictions, and Gilbert, by the agency of his son Malcolm, perhaps illegitimate, slew his brother Uchtred, who adhered to the Scottish King, 22 September 1174, with peculiar circumstances of savage brutality. Gilbert offered to pay the English King a yearly tribute of 2000 merks silver, 500 cows and 500 swine, but Henry II., on account of the murder of Uchtred, refused both homage and tribute. In 1175, William of Scotland being restored to liberty, marched an army into Galloway to chastise Gilbert, but instead of executing justice, contented himself with exacting a pecuniary satisfaction. In 1176, Gilbert came to York with William, and was received by Henry. There he left his son Duncan as hostage for his friendship, and in 1180 he was charged in the English Exchequer with the then enormous sum of £919, 9s. In 1184, he is found under the protection of England, making devastating raids into Scotland and rejecting terms of accommodation offered to him." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.]

What the Scots Peerage means by "peculiar circumstances of savage brutality" is that Gilbert, in order, mutilated, blinded, castrated, and then killed his brother Uchtred, and did the same to Uchtred's son Duncan. 
Gilbert (I23843)
283 "Gilchrist is the first Earl of Menteith whose name has come down to us. He witnessed a charter of Malcolm IV [S.] to the church of Scone in 1164, and one of William the Lion, between 1175 and 1178, to the city of Glasgow." [Complete Peerage, citation details below] of Menteith, Gilchrist (I27482)
284 "Given charge of Carmarthan Castle by King John, he fought in Ireland with William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke in 1220, and held Kidwelly and Swansea Castles against the Welsh." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de London, William (I1592)
285 "Graduated at Harvard College and was ordained as pastor of the Congregational church in Stonington the day before his marriage. He was ordained 10 September 1674. He was associated with the First church from 1665-1719. He was a chaplain, 1676, in King Philip's War; Commissioner on Boundary with Rhode Island, 1699 and 1701. He was one of the trustees mentioned in the Act of 1701 that established Yale and was a Fellow of Yale 1700-1719." [Stanton Genealogy Database, citation details below]

Anderson, Great Migration, confirms Harvard College 1659.

"The Reverend James Noyes resided with the family of Thomas Stanton, Sr., until ordained 11 September 1674. The following day Rev. Noyes married Miss Dorothy Stanton, daughter of Thomas and Ann (Lord) Stanton. Rev. James Noyes was chaplain with Captain George Denison's expedition that captured Canonchet, Chief sachem of the Narragansett Indians, April 1676." [From, quoting It's About Time: Chronological, Historical, and Genealogical Research Notes on Some of the Maternal Ancestors and Descendants of America (Spilman) Mears (1846-1935), compiled by William L. Decoursey.] Another participant in that expedition was Capt. James Pendleton, a 10X-great grandfather of TNH, who was also present at the Rev. Noyes's ordination on 10 (or 11) Sep 1674. In Everett Hall Pendleton's 1956 volume Early New England Pendletons, With Some Account of the Three Groups who Took the Name Pembleton, and Notices of Other Pendletons of Later Origin in the United States, we read about the aftermath of that expedition: "While [Pendleton] seems to have had something substantial out of this adventure, his spiritual advisor, the Rev. James Noyes, of Stonington, was not so fortunate. Six months later he sent a long and rambling letter of complaint to John Allyn, the colony's secretary at Hartford, alleging that although he had been engaged 'three times in the warr service' he had received no compensation whatever, either in money or in prisoners. And he seemed particularly annoyed that some captive girl of fourteen years had not been sent him as requested, such a prize, no doubt, commanding a premium in the slave market."

Also from

The First Congregational Church (later called the Old Road Church) of Stonington, Connecticut was established, 3 June 1674, with nine members: Rev. James Noyes, Thomas Stanton, Sr., Thomas Stanton, Jr., Nathaniel Chesebrough, Thomas Miner and his son Ephraim Miner, the brothers Nehemiah and Moses Palmer, and Thomas Wheeler. Thomas Miner was the first deacon.

The pier slab that for over a century has been over the grave of Rev. James Noyes of the old Wetequequock burying ground, Stonington, Conn., was relettered at Doty's marble works in the 1890s. The following is the inscription on it:

"In expectation of a joyful resurrection to eternal life here lyeth interred the body of the Rev. Mr. James Noyes aged 80 years who after a faithful living of the Church of Christ in this place for more than 55 years deceased Dec. ye 30, 1719-20. Majesty, meekness and humility here meet in one with greatest charity. He was first pastor of the Road Church and Society." 
Noyes, Rev. James (I335)
286 "Graduating from Harvard College in 1669 he became the first minister of the parish of Salem Village in 1671. His wife's sister married into the Putnam family as did two of his own brothers, and he had the support of that powerful clan, but there was much opposition to 'settling' him, the parish controversy finally reaching the General Court. That body, overreaching itself, ordered that the church settle Mr. Bailey and pay him £60 a year, but this decision was ignored and Bailey retired in 1679. From 1682 to about 1691 he preached at Killingworth, Conn., going to Roxbury in the latter year and practising as a physician. He died after a very distressing illness Jan. 20, 1706/7. His brothers Isaac and Joshua came from Newbury for his funeral. Bayley, Rev. James (I17632)
287 "Grosshans (big Hans) Buman occupied Ober Würibach near Horgen in 1527, when he was nominated as Sihlmeister by the forest authorities. He died about 1559, when his sons Uly and Kleinhans (short Hans) occupied Ober and Unter Würibach." ["Bauman and Sauter Families of Hirzel, Switzerland," citation details below] Buman, Grosshans (I26602)
288 "Gruffudd was one of the most successful British princes of the Middle Ages and the Book of Llandaff claims that he was 'king of all Wales from end to end'. True to the medieval idea of a Wheel of Fate, however, Gruffudd's career ended in exile and violent death." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below.] He was killed by Cynan ab Iagoap Llywelyn, Gruffydd King of Wales (I8614)
289 "Guaimar III (also Waimar, Gaimar, Guaimaro, or Guaimario and sometimes numbered Guaimar IV) (c. 983 - 1027×31) was the Lombard prince of Salerno from around 994 to his death. Under his reign, Salerno entered an era of great splendour. Opulenta Salernum was the inscription on his coins. He made Amalfi, Gaeta and Sorrento his vassals and annexed much of Byzantine Apulia and Calabria." [Wikipedia] of Salerno, Gaimar III (I10289)
290 "Guaimar IV (c. 1013 - ass. 2 or 3 June 1052) was Prince of Salerno (1027-1052), Duke of Amalfi (1039-1052), Duke of Gaeta (1040-1041), and Prince of Capua (1038-1047) in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052. He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power." [Wikipedia]

Assassinated by the his wife's four brothers. 
of Salerno, Gaimar IV (I355)
291 "Guilford (among others) thought that Samuel Allen of Braintree might be a son of George [Allen, b. abt 1585], but the Samuel Allen who acted in 1656 with Henry Allen was apparently one of [that] George Allen's younger sons, and therefore too young to be Samuel of Braintree. Samuel, son of George, disappears after his deed of 1656." [The Great Migration BeginsAllen, Samuel (I1199)
292 "Guillelmine de Straten was the dame of La Torre, Straten, and Varsenare. At the death of her uncle, Louis de Straten, in 1368, she inherited the castle of Balverhoek and the fief of Malcote. She had to render homage and faith for these lands and several other sub-fiefs to Louis de Male, count of Flanders, and in tine of war she had to deliver a horse worth fifteen livres parisis to the count. In 1373, after the death of her brother Richard, sire of Straten and Varsenare, her mother and siblings brought their concerns about the division of his properties before the Council of Flanders for arbitration, which was rendered in 1374, after which, Guillelmine held the manors of Straten and Varsenare without disruption. In 1378 she gave the seigneurie of Straten to her daughter Elisabeth and heid on to the seigneurie of Varsenare, for which she rendered faith and homage to first Loius de Male, the count of Flanders, and subsequently to Marguerite, countess of Flanders in 1384." ["The Dudzeele and Straten Ancestry of Catherine de Baillon", citation details below] de Straten, Guillelmine (I37405)
293 "Guilty of contempt 1292 for not taking up knighthood. Called a knight in a charter of 1309. Commissioner of Array to raise 400 foot in Cheshire, 1308." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Venables, Hugh (I2906)
294 "Guy de Balliol [was] established in England in the 1090s by William II on lands partly carved out of the forfeited earldom of Northumbria and almost certainly in return for support rendered in William's campaigns on the eastern frontier of Normandy in 1091 and 1094. Of the several families of the Balliol name (or its derivative forms) in medieval Britain and France, Guy and his successors originated from Bailleul-en-Vimeu near Abbeville in the county of Ponthieu, outside the boundary of the duchy of Normandy, in an area which later became part of the deartement of the Somme. Their Picard associations remained strong throughout the eight generations of the family's history down to the death of Edward Balliol in 1364." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Balliol, Guy (I8515)
295 "Had a grant of the manors of Aldithley (or Audley), Talke, &c. co. Staff. temp Stephen, from Nicholas de Verdun." [Complete Peerage I:337, note (c)] Liulf (I5804)
296 "Had livery in 1167-8." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, John I (I2718)
297 "Had livery in 1217." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, Oliver II (I6217)
298 "Hannah Redknap, b. say 1642; m. Lynn 22 October 1662 Christopher Nicholson, son of Edmund Nicholson [Dawes-Gates 2:602]. (Mary Walton Ferris stated that 'a man of this name and Quaker faith was resident in North Carolina in 1677 and 1679, but his identity is not proven.' The sale of land by Joseph Redknap in 1665 and the subsequent deposition that he sold the land 'having married a daughter who went to Roanoke and wanting necessities' makes this identification certain." [Robert Charles Anderson, citation details below] Nicholson, Christopher (I38641)
299 "Hans was of the Anabaptist religion, and lived at Bruder Albis/ Ober Ratlisberg, Zürich, Switzerland. [...] The Bär family history in Albis is intimately linked to the Anabaptist movement during the early 17th Century in Canton Zürich. The Anabaptists emerged during the Reformation in Central Europe and gave rise to the Mennonites and Amish. Their beliefs included the rejection of infant baptism, pacifism, and conservative dress. The Protestants of the Zürich area persecuted the Anabaptists, and several members of the Bär family were imprisoned during the 1630s and 40s for their beliefs." [Janet and Robert Wolfe Genealogy, citation details below] Bar, Hans (I26611)
300 "He accompanied Hugh le Despenser on his mission to the King of the Romans, June 1294; was appointed, 1 March 1296/7, to receive clergy in Lincolnshire into the King's peace; was summoned for service beyond seas, 1297, and continually against the Scots, 1299-1310; fought in the King's division at the battle of Falkirk, 22 July 1298; Constable of Rockingham Castle and Keeper of the forest between Stamford and Oxford, 17 January 1298 / 9-August 1307. He was summoned to Parliament from 6 February 1298/9 to 16 June 1311, by writs directed Ade de Welles, whereby he is held to have become Lord Welles or Welle. He was at the siege of Carlaverock, July 1300; joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1; was granted free warren in his demesne lands, 28 January 1301/2; served again in Scotland, 1303-04 and 1310; was summoned to attend the Coronation of Edward II, 18 January 1307/8; a Commr. de walliis et fossatis, co. Lincoln, 18 July 1310." [Complete Peerage V:439-40.]

"He went abroad with Hugh Despenser on a royal embassy to Germany in 1294. The date of his entry into the royal household is not known, but he was listed as a banneret of the king's household from 1297 to 1306. In 1297 he was among those appointed to receive fines from those clergy who wished to re-enter the king's protection during Edward I's dispute with Archbishop Winchelsey. It seems certain that he continued to support the king during the developing political crisis in that year; he participated in the fruitless royal expedition in Flanders in the autumn with a retinue of one knight and twelve squires. Two of the latter were knighted in the course of the campaign. Welles fought with Edward at the battle of Falkirk in 1298. In 1299 he was given custody of Rockingham Castle and was made keeper of the royal forests between Oxford and Stamford, a clear sign of royal favour. In the same year he was summoned to parliament as a baron. In 1300 he was present on the Caerlaverock campaign in Scotland, serving with a contingent of three knights and nine squires. He served in Scotland again in 1301 and in 1303–4. His involvement in the Scottish wars continued under Edward II, with service in the campaign of 1309–10. He was also summoned regularly to parliament." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Welle, Adam (I5071)
301 "He accompanied Robert, Duke of Normandy, on a crusade in 1096, and was with Bohemond on the advance from Nice in Bythnia. [...I]s said to have died on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem." [Royal Ancestryde Gournay, Gerard (I9156)
302 "He acquired a considerable landed estate in Suffolk, chiefly by purchase, from 1558 on. He lived in a house called Fryettes in Moulton, which he had bought from the executors of one Roger Fryette, and which was afterward the 'mansion house' of his eldest son." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesMoody, Richard (I2012)
303 "He adhered to Henry III against the Barons and was rewarded with a grant of the Manor of Kington, Warwickshire, belonging to Nicholas de Segrave, 30 Sept 1266. He was summoned for military service in Wales, 1277." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] le Boteler, Ralph (I5589)
304 "He and his brother Angerio came to Italy with Robert Guiscard in the late 1040s. [...] When Guiscard conquered Salerno he rewarded Turgisio with the castle of Rota which had belonged to the Lombard princes of Salerno. Turgisio expanded his land holdings by usurping those of Gisulfo II, the last Lombard prince of Salerno, as well as churches and abbeys, for which he was excommunicated several times. In 1061 Turgisio was invested by Guiscard with the county of Rota. In 1077 he was confirmed as count of Rota and invested as lord of San Severino. He and his successors took the family name of Sanseverino from the name of the castle in which he settled." [Leo van de Pas] Sanseverino, Turgisio (I25592)
305 "He and his mother suffered forfeiture of their lands for rebelling against King John, receiving them back in October 1217." [John Watson, citation details below.] Brito, William (I4607)
306 "He and his three eldest sons saved the life of the young duke William at the time of the revolt by Guy of Brionne and others a few months before the battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047." [Peter Stewart, soc.genealogy.medieval, 10 May 2016] de Ryes, Hubert (I10526)
307 "He appears in New England in 1637 as a soldier in the Pequot War, receiving a grant of land for this service; later he became a successful merchant. His descendants for several generations were of great wealth, prominence, and high social position, and intermarried with the Saltonstall, Norton, Dudley, Davenport, Winthrop. and other leading families of New England." [Elizabeth French, citation details below] Wainwright, Francis (I37885)
308 "He appears to have joined the Barons against King Henry III and was pardoned 9 May 1266." [Royal Ancestryde Wahull, Walter (I13439)
309 "He assisted Dr. Eleazer Wheelock in founding Dartmouth College, and taught there 1769-1772; he was ordained a missionary to the Delaware Indians in Ohio, 1772; pastor of the Congregational Church at East Windsor, Conn., 1786-1809; trustee of Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., and trustee of Dartmouth College, from which institution he received the degree of D.D., in 1800." [History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family, citation details below.]

From John P. Peters's "Preface" to Diary of David McClure, citation details below:

Dr. McClure's grandfather, Samuel, and his brother David, with others, came from the neighborhood of Londonderry to Boston about 1728, and established a Presbyterian church in that city, later known as the Federal Street Church. Samuel McClure was the first Deacon of this church, and was succeeded in that office by his son John and his grandson Thomas. The latter resigned his office and left the church when it turned Unitarian under Dr. Channing.

David, the writer of this diary, was the son of John, the son of Samuel McClure, and of Rachel, daughter of William McClintock, one of the original immigrants. He was born in Newport, R. I., Nov. 18, 1748, but most of his early life was spent in Boston, where his father kept a retail grocery. His early training was obtained in Lovell's Latin School. At the age of fifteen, after a brief experience in a shop, he was sent to Dr. Wheelock's school at Lebanon, Conn., to prepare to become a missionary to the Indians. In 1765 he entered Yale College, and graduated in 1769, in the same class with the elder President Dwight. The late Rev. E. H. Gillett, D.D., in an article in Hours at Home, Feb., 1870, entitled "Yale College One Hundred Years Ago," gives a few extracts from letters of McClure and his schoolmate, David Avery. The former, under date of Oct. 30, 1765, writes to Dr. Wheelock of the dreadful way in which Freshmen are handled by the upper-class men. "Freshmen," says he, "have attained almost the happiness of slaves." Oct. 30, 1767, he writes "Jonne [John Wheelock, later President of Dartmouth College, then a Freshman at Yale] has been ordered up once or twice into the long garret with the rest of his class, and I think twice alone. It gives me great grief to see such practices held up in this seat of learning, and so little religious manners prevalent." In another letter, written after his experience among the Oneida Indians, he says "Mr. Johnson and I rarely converse in any other language [than Indian]. I hope not to lose what little I have already attained." As his diary also shows, his intention to be a missionary to the Indians was always before his mind. Later in his college course he writes about Dr. Daggett as follows "The Rev. President and tutors are universally loved in College, and have a tender concern for our future as well as present welfare and happiness."

After graduation, McClure took charge of Moor's Charity School at Lebanon, Conn. In 1770 he moved with the school to Hanover, N. H., where he was head of the school and tutor in Dartmouth College. In May, 1772, he and Frisbie were ordained to go as missionaries to the Delaware Indians on the Muskingum River, in Ohio, the expenses of the mission being supplied by asociety in Scotland. Owing to the unsettled conditions in that region preceding the outbreak of the Revolution, the mission proved a failure, and in 1773 McClure returned to New Hampshire, where he was installed pastor of the church at North Hampton in 1776. Dec. 10, 1780, he married Hannah Pomeroy, daughter of Rev. Dr. Benjamin Pomeroy, of Hebron, Conn., and niece of President Wheelock. She died in 1814, and in 1816 he married Mrs. Betsy Martin, of Providence, R. I., who survived him. In 1786 he was installed as pastor at East Windsor, Conn., where he also established a school. In 1798 his voice failed. After this he preached only occasionally, and finally, in 1807, resigned his salary, and in 1809 his pastorate, but continued to teach school almost if not quite to the time of his death. He was always deeply interested in Dartmouth College, and personally in its first President, his old teacher, Rev. Eleazer Wheelock, D. D. In 1777 he became a trustee of the college, and in 1800 it conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity. In 1795 he published a volume of Sermons on the Decalogue (Beach & Jones, Hartford). In 1811, in conjunction with Dr. Parish, he wrote Memoirs of Rev. Eleazer Wheelock. In 1818 appeared a second volume of his sermons, entitled Sermons on the Moral Law (printed and published by Wm. S. Marsh, Hartford). He also wrote a History of East Windsor.

In Sprague's Annals of the American Pulpit, Dr. McClure is described as a small man, well formed, and with very attractive manners, a man of culture and scholarship. He was a good preacher, and his sermons, contrary to the tendencies of his day, were moral and practical, not theological. 
McClure, Rev. David (I10083)
310 "He attended the University of Notre Dame where he received his A.B. Degree in 1898 and his LLB. in 1900, graduating Magna Cum Laude, and was valedictorian of his class. On his return to Springfield, Kentucky he practiced law in the office of his uncle Thomas Simms. […] Thomas Aquinas Medley was always interested in family history and was one of the first to start a compilation of the Medley family. In 1904 he moved to Owensboro to become secretary and treasurer of the Daviess County Distilling Company and then from 1910 until 1938 he was the President." [John Medley (1615-1660), citation details below] Medley, Thomas Aquinas (I7606)
311 "He built the castle at Aumale." [Complete Peerage I:351, note (d)] Guerinfrey (I3469)
312 "He came to Falmouth, now Portland, with his father, before 1728, and he seems to have resided there the rest of his life. [...] He and his family were members of the Society of Friends." [Winslow Memorial, citation details below]

He became a wealthy landowner in Cumberland County, Maine. 
Winslow, Benjamin (I36619)
313 "He came to Newport, Rhode Island, in 1675, from the Barbadoes, where his father, John Rodman, owned a plantation." [The Hazard Family, citation details below.] Rodman, Thomas (I15904)
314 "He comes into notice first circa 1142, when he attested his father's charter to Bruton. The Empress Maud's grant of an earldom to his father apparently was not recognised by Stephen, for William is never styled Earl. He was a benefactor to his father's foundation at Bruton and confirmed the gifts of his father and grandfather to Bath." [Complete Peerage IX:18.] de Mohun, William (I3634)
315 "He distinguished himself in the war with Scotland, 1294-8, and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Stirling 11 Sept. 1297. He was summoned to Parliament from 2 Nov. 1295 to 26 October 1309, by writs directed Roberto filio Rogeri, whereby he is held to have become Lord Fitz Roger." [Royal Ancestryfitz Roger, Robert (I7064)
316 "He emigrated to New England and settled in Salem where he was made freeman April 1, 1634, had a grant of 300 acres northwest of Salem, which he called "Wickford," in 1636, was ensign of the watch in 1637 and its captain in 1647. He returned to England and became a colonel in the Parliamentary army and was appointed Governor of Stirling Castle. Said to have taken part with Gen. Monke in the restoration of Charles II, nevertheless he was one of several officers committed close prisoners to the Gatehouse, Westminster, in October, 1661, by warrant signed by His Majesty's Secretary of State." [The Ancestry of Bethia Harris, citation details below] Reade, Col. Thomas (I27160)
317 "He enlisted in the Weymouth Militia in King Philip's War, Capt. Torrey's company, Dec. 1, 1675." [Genealogy of the Descendants of John Whitmarsh, citation details below] Whitmarsh, John (I7401)
318 "He escaped from captivity with his three brothers in Jan. 1218, due to the influence of their uncle, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. He promptly initiated proceedings in the king's court against his uncle, Reynold de Brewes. [...] JOHN DE BREWES, lord of Gower, was killed by a fall from his horse near Bramber, Sussex, shortly before 16 Jul 1232." [Royal Ancestryde Brewes, John (I3423)
319 "He first occurs in 1263, when as 'Willielmus de Haya, Dominus de Locherworth,' he is named in a convention with the Abbot and monks of Inchcolm. 'Dominus Willielmus de Haya, filius Johannis de Haya, Militis, Domini de Locherworth,' confirmed to the monks of Newbottle, the peatary of Locherworth, 'quam Robertus [de Lyne] filius David quondam Domini de Locherworth, et ipsius pater, illis dedit.' This confirmation is undated, but, from the names of the witnesses, appears to have been granted between 1272 and 1295. Willielmus de Haya of Locherworth also witnesses a charter of Donald, Earl of Mar, to Sir Nicol Hay of Erroll about 1290. William de Haya de Lochorvire had a payment of twenty marks in fee from the Royal chamber at Martinmas 1288 and Pentecost following, under a writ from the Guardians of the Kingdom 29 April 1289, and he gave a receipt for his fee of ten marks sterling for the past year at Scone 8 May following. He was present as a Baron at the Parliament held at Brigham 14 March 1289-90 to ratify the Treaty of Salisbury for the marriage of Queen Margaret to Prince Edward of England," he, then designed as 'Guillaume de la Haye,' and William Sinclair of Rosslyn being the only two representatives of the county of Edinburgh to appear. Sir William de la Haye swore fealty to King Edward I at Dunfermline 17 July 1291 and in the precept issued by the English King 18 August 1291, to Simon Fraser, Keeper of the Forest of Selkirk relating to the grant of stags to the Scottish magnates, he is to receive four. He was one of those nominated by the elder Robert Bruce to represent his claim to the Crown in the assembly summoned to meet at Norham by Edward I 10 May 1291. Under the designation of William de la Haye 'de Loukorue' he was summoned to appear before Edward 22 November 1293. Though originally an adherent of Bruce, he appears to have accepted the decision in favour of Baliol (17 November 1292), and supported that King in his endeavour to assert the independence of Scotland. He was, however, taken prisoner by the English at the capture of Dunbar 28 April 1296, and committed to Berkhampsted Castle 16 May. He again swore fealty to Edward at Berwick 28 August that same year, and had his lands of Locherworth restored by the English 10 September following, but remained in custody until 28 August 1297, when, by letters dated at Winchelsea 22 August, he was released on his undertaking to accompany Edward to Flanders, John, Earl of Atholl, being one of the sureties for him. He was doubtless the William de la Hay who witnessed an obligation of fealty to King Robert the Bruce at Auldearn in Moray 31 October 1308. This is the last reference to him that has been found." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] de Haya, William (I28986)
320 "He gave evidence in the Scrope-Grosvenor trial in 1386, stating that he was twenty-eight years old and had been armed for nine years. He had served in the expedition against the Scots under the Duke of Lancaster in 1383, and again under the King in person in 1385." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, Gerard (I10537)
321 "He had a charter from King David II of the lands of Morton and Merchamyston in Midlothian, on the resignation of William Bisset on 10 February 1357-58, which was confirmed 11 February 1357-58. He had a safe-conduct to go into England on 6 May 1358 on his way abroad to Prussia to fight in foreign wars. On 17 September 1358, by charter dated at Perth, King David confirmed to him the annuity of 40 merks granted to his grandfather Sir Henry. He died shortly thereafter." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Sinclair, William (I28999)
322 "He had letters of protection in 1381 among those sent to Portugal to renew the alliance; afterwards he was sent to Prague to negotiate the marriage of King Richard II and Princess Anne of Bohemia." [Royal AncestryStapleton, Miles (I18825)
323 "He has been proven by the Culpepper Y-DNA test project to be the progenitor of about 80% of American Culpeppers." [Culpepper Connections]

It has been plausibly speculated, but never proved, that John Culpeper (1637-1674), early emigrant to Virginia, was the father of this Henry Culpepper. If so, that John Culpeper's 3X-great grandparents John Culpepper (d. 1480) and his wife Agnes Gainsford would be the most recent common ancestors of PNH and TNH.

John Culpepper (d. 1480) = Agnes Gainsford
Walter Culpeper (1475-1524) = Anne Aucher (1480-1533)
William Culpeper (1509-1559) = Cicely Barrett (1512-1559)
John Culpeper (1531-1612) = Elizabeth Sedley (1534-1618)
John Culpeper (1565-1635) = Ursula Woodcock (1566-1612)
John Culpeper (c. 1637 Harrietsham, Kent - c. 1674 Virginia)
possibly father of
Henry Culpepper (1633-1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH 
Culpepper, Henry (I4548)
324 "He immigrated to Maryland in 1638, brought his family in 1650, [and] was lord of St. Clement's, Basford, and Westwood Manors, St. Mary's County, Maryland. He was a controversial figure in provincial politics and frequently at odds with the proprietor's spokesman. He served as a member of Provincial Assembly and Upper House, the Provincial Council, and a Justice of the Provincial Court. He supported Fendall's Rebellion in 1659/60, for which he was permanently barred from voting or holding office in the colony. He removed to Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1664, where he settled at Gerard's Reserve in Lower Machadoc." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below]

"Doctor Thomas Gerard, 'Esq.,' Lord of 'St. Clement's Manor,' St. Mary's County, Md. [...] ]was a Member of the Assembly of Maryland from St. Mary's Hundred, and also in 1641, of the Council. He seems to have been a fearless and determined man, and to have acted on his conviction irrespective of all parties. With the grant of a manor, there was frequently granted a right for the Lord of the Manor to hold a 'Court Leet and Court Baron.' There is a record of the holding of several of such Courts at 'St. Clement's Manor,' from 1659-72, which gives an interesting insight into the life and customs of that time. It was in the session of Assembly that met on February 28th, 1659-60, (which convened at Thomas Gerard's) that Governor Fendall, Thomas Gerard and Nathaniel Utie (Utye), the latter two were of the Council, and the majority of the house of Delegates, struck their blow for the overthrow of the Lord Proprietor's power and attempted to make the house of Delegates supreme. By this means a Commonwealth, similar to that which had existed in the Mother country, was to be established." [Ancestral Records and Portraits, citation details below]

From John Walton, "Genealogica Marylandia: Gerard's Daughters" (citation details below):

Dr. Thomas Gerard, member of an ancient and great Lancashire County Catholic family, was born in 11609, probably in Newhall. In 1629 he married Susanna Snow, daughter of John and Judith (some say Edryth) Snow of Staffordshire, and a sister of Abel, Justinian, and Marmaduke Snow who were associated with Lord Baltimore in the Maryland enterprise. Abel Snow held the manor of Snow Hill. Apparently, Dr. Thomas Gerard was a distant cousin of the Richard Gerard who came to Maryland in 1633 and returned to England in 1635. Richard was probably a descendant of Sir Thomas Gerard, the great Elizabethan. As far as is known Dr. Thomas Gerard came to Maryland, first, in 1638; after a return trip or two, brought his family over in 1650. On September 19 of that year he demanded 2000 acres of land for transporting himself, his wife, and five children into the province as well as Mr. Austin Hall (or Hull) and eight manservants and four woman servants. His children were Justinian, Susan, Frances, Temperance, and Elizabeth.

Of all Baltimore's manorial Lords, Dr. Thomas Gerard probably governed his demesne in the most traditionally baronial style. At St. Clement's he held manorial courtto--the Court Leet and the Court Baron--he took advantage of prover bial prerogatives of his position for the enjoyment of the good things of this world, and he continued to acquire land. To the 3500 acres that lay across the Potomac in Westmoreland County he retreated after his unexplained participation in Josias Fendall's rebellion in 1660. There he married his second wife, a young widow by the name of Rose Tucker (by whom he had no children), and there he died in 1673. His body was brought back to St. Clements to lie by that of his first wife, Susanna.

A footnote to the history of Virginia records that Dr. Thomas Gerard, together with Henry Corbin, John Lee, and Isaac Allerton*, erected a "Banquetting House"; many years later an unusually strait-laced Bishop of Virginia cited the events that occurred in this house as an example of "riotous living" in the seventeenth century.

[* Son of the Mayflower passenger Isaac Allerton by his second wife, Fear Brewster. --PNH] 
Gerard, Dr. Thomas (I35720)
325 "He is believed to be the son of Thomas Paine who settled at Yarmouth in 1639." [John D. Austin, citation details below] Paine, Thomas (I19943)
326 "He is called a knight in the inquisition after his son's death. The tradition is that he was made a banneret in 1367 after the battle of Navarette, but there is no confirmation to be found in the Chronicles. He is further stated to have been buried in Canterbury Cathedral, on his return from abroad, but Weever, who gives the inscription from a document at Croxteth, states that there was no sign left of the tomb. The inscription, stating that the deceased had been loved by Edward as a friend, and that he had fought in France and Navarre, gives the date of his death as 1372, which seems to be correct." [VCH Lancashire, citation details below] Molyneux, William (I36059)
327 "He is listed amongst the lance-bearers present at the Battle of Agincourt, in the retinue of the Sieur de Harrington, in 1415." [John Blythe Dobson, citation details below] Chichester, John (I8031)
328 "He is listed several times as a witness in court actions, and once he was brought before the Essex County Court for abusing Salvator Muscoe and Robert Brooke, justices, and for a breach of the Sabbath in playing at cards. He was fined 1 pound for said abuse and 5 shillings for breach of Sabbath. From this we can judge that he was quite human and not exceedingly pious." [The Dulin Family in America, citation details below] Dooling, Robert (I35090)
329 "He is prob. the Samuel who served in the War of 1812 in Capt. James Alexander's Co. of PA Militia." [The Monroe Book, citation details below] Monroe, Samuel (I37818)
330 "He is said to have been the first Washington County (R.I.) physician. Previous to his time the ministers were the physicians. He died of yellow fever, contracted while visiting a patient on a vessel from a southern port. His tombstone recounts that 'He was a physician of eminence, a universal philanthropist, and a friend to the distressed. His death is greatly lamented by all who knew him.' Buried at first in Westerly, R.I., his remains were removed in 1856 to Grove street cemetery, New Haven, Conn." [Genealogy of the Descendants of John Eliot, citation details below.] Lee, Dr. Daniel (I18502)
331 "He is said to have married a sister or daughter of Donald, Earl of Mar." [Complete Peerage, citation details below]

From The Scots Peerage, citation details below:

MALCOLM, fifth Earl of Lennox, who, as stated, appears to have succeeded his father some little time before 1305, perhaps in 1303. It was probably he who, on 11 March 1303-4, received from King Edward I a summons to attend Parliament, being required at the same time to guard the fords of the river Forth. Shortly afterwards, on 1 April 1304, he was ordered to forbid his people going or carrying provisions to the garrison of Stirling Castle. In or about the following year he made the application already cited as to the sum paid for relief of his lands. The King replied by postponing an answer until an 'extent' or valuation of the Earl's lands had been made, a fact which corroborates the view that he had not long succeeded to the earldom.

The Earl must have joined the party of Bruce at an early date, as on 1 June 1306, even before the battle of Methven, King Edward I commanded to enter in the roll of grants the earldom of Lennox for Sir John Menteith, who had already, in 1305, or before it, been appointed Sheriff, and on 15 June he directed the Chamberlain and Chancellor of Scotland to grant charter and give sasine of the earldom to Sir John, with the custody of the Castle of Dumbarton. On 14 December 1307 Sir John Menteith is addressed by King Edward II as Earl of Lennox, showing that he was then still in possession. These dates cover the period of the adventures of King Robert Bruce in the Lennox country in the company of the Earl and other adherents, and corroborate the narrative of Barbour that the Earl also was a fugitive at that date. He was, however, again taking part in affairs on 16 March 1308-9, when he joined with other nobles and barons in the letter from the Scots Estates to Philip of France. Record is silent concerning him for some years later, but on 18 March 1314-15 King Robert bestowed upon the church of Luss, in the Earl's domains, the privilege of girth of sanctuary for three miles on every side, both on land and water. On 27 October same year the King confirmed the Earl's grants to the monks of Paisley. King Robert also, on 14 July 1321, renewed the former grants of the earldom of Lennox, with the gift of free forestry already cited, and further, for the Earl's good deeds and services, restored to his keeping the Castle of Dumbarton, with the office of Sheriffship of the county. A special clause provided that if the Castle was reclaimed by the Crown from the Earl or his heirs against their will, a sum of five hundred merks sterling should be paid yearly to the Earl until he and his heirs again obtained possession.

Earl Malcolm was one of those who affixed their seals to the letter of 6 April 1320, directed to Pope John XXII, affirming the independence of Scotland. From that time till after the death of King Robert little or nothing is recorded of him, but like other patriotic Scotsmen he resented the domination by England which followed on Edward Baliol's victory at Dupplin. With the men of Lennox he followed Sir Archibald Douglas to the relief of the garrison of Berwick, and fell at the battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333. The name of Earl Malcolm's wife has not been ascertained. 
of Lennox, Malcolm (I28937)
332 "He is said to have married Jean Cunninghame, daughter of the laird of Polmaise." [The Elphinstone Family Book, citation details below.] Cunninghame, Jean (I21878)
333 "He is said to have married Joan daughter of John de Swillington, which is not improbable, as the Swillingtons occur as witnesses to a considerable number of the early charters, and Hugh de Swillington was a pledge for Roger's son, circa 1205." [The Calverley Charters, citation details below.] Scot, William (I4410)
334 "He is supposed to have married Mary Leslie of the house of Rothes." [The Elphinstone Family Book, citation details below.] Leslie, Mary (I21881)
335 "He joined the Barons against Henry III, but in Jan 1266 had safe conduct to come to court and stand trial. In 1268 his lands were restored to him." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzBasset, Richard (I13258)
336 "He joined the Barons against King John in 1216 for which his lands were seized, made his peace with the King and was restored to his lands in 1217. Fought in Wales 1223 and in France 1230." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Pecche, Hamo (I13341)
337 "He joined the rebel Barons against King John and in consequence his lands in Leicester and Norfolk were granted to Richard de Grey, 1216." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzdu Hommet, John (I15270)
338 "He joined the rebel Barons against King John for which his lands were seized, but returning to his fealty, they were restored in 1217. He attended the King at the siege of Bitham Castle 1221, fought in France 1230 and in Brittany 1234. In 1257 he served in Wales." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzBasset, Ralph (I9174)
339 "He joined the rebellion of his brother-in-law Waleran, Count of Meulan, in 1123, and took part in the unsuccessful attempt to relieve the castle of Vatteville in March 1124, but shortly after escaped from the battle of Bourgthéroulde, where the rebels were defeated. Later in the same year he made his peace with the King, and thereafter received considerable grants of land in England. A writ of Geoffrey, Duke of Normandy, is addressed to him between 1144 and 1150, and in 1150-1151 he witnessed at Rouen the charter of Henry, Duke of Normandy, for the town of Rouen. In 1153 his lands in Normandy and, those of his brother, Roger le Bègue, were overrun, and laid waste by Simon de Montfort, Count of Evreux. At some time before 1162 he, with his wife and son Waleran, gave to the abbey of Haute-Bruyère three modii of meal from the mills of his castle of Ivry." [Complete PeerageLovel, William (I6615)
340 "He joined the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster being called one of his most dangerous associates. He was hanged and drawn Mar 1322." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Mauduit, Thomas (I10515)
341 "He joined Thomas, Earl of Lancaster in his rebellion against Edward II and was defeated with him at the battle of Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1322. A knight banneret in 1341; fought at the battle of Crécy (France, Hundred Years' War), 26 Aug 1346; Chamberlain of the Household and Constable of the Tower of London, 27 June 1355 until his death." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Burghersh, Bartholomew (I20136)
342 "He lead a martial life and for his prowess was very dear to John, Duke of Brittany and Richmond, who rewarded him with 120 marks per annum for life." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Fitz Nichol, John (I26206)
343 "He lived at Eastchester and Fox Meadow, Scarsdale." [Settlers of the Beekman Patent, citation details below.] Appleby, Joseph (I3823)
344 "He lost his estates in Normandy in 1204 for adhering to King John. He took a prominent part in the invasion of France in 1206 and accompanied King John to Ireland in 1210." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Mohun, Reynold I (I2493)
345 "He m. before 1335, Mary Davenport, living 1325 (19 Edw. II), said by Ormerod to have been a daughter of Henry Davenport." [John Blythe Dobson, MainwaringMainwaring, William (I11241)
346 "He made grants to Ewenny Priory, which were confirmed by Maurice de Londres before 1148." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below] de Turberville, Gilbert (I30018)
347 "He married first, 16 Nov. 1721, Abigail Shaw; and second, Martha _____." (Walter Lee Sheppard, citation details below.)

Sheppard says that Recompence's daughter Rachel may have been that Rachel who married Ambrose Whitacar/Whitaker, and that at any rate the identity of her mother is uncertain. 
Leek, Recompence (I39312)
348 "He married, secondly, before 13 April 1370, Janet Keith or Barclay, widow of Sir David Barclay of Brechin. It was on her account he protested in 1390-91, regarding the earldom of Mar, that one-half of the earldom of Mar and of the lordship of Garioch pertained to his wife in right of heritage. She is therefore the most important link between the ancient and the modern Earls of Mar, and it may be well again to examine on what her claim rests. She is said to have been the daughter of Sir Edward Keith of Sinton and of Christian Menteith, daughter of Sir John Menteith (the second), Lord of Arran, Strathgartney, and Knapdale, by Ellen of Mar, daughter of Gratney, Earl of Mar. There is good evidence of the relationship of Ellen of Mar to Earl Gratney, and of her marriage to Sir John Menteith. There is also evidence that Christian Menteith, wife, first, of Sir Edward Keith, and, secondly, of Sir Robert Erskine, was the daughter of Sir John Menteith and Ellen of Mar. There is very positive proof that Sir Thomas Erskine married Janet, widow of Sir David Barclay (the second) of Brechin. But the proof that her name was Keith or that she was the daughter of Sir Edward Keith and Christian Menteith is very meagre, a fact of which no notice was taken in stating the evidence for the Mar Restitution Bill of 1885. The pedigree compiled in 1709 by Mr. George Erskine, bailie of Alloa, asserts that such was Janet's parentage, and it has been taken for granted that he was right. But there are only two or at most three facts on record which support the statement. The first is the evidence of Andrew Keith of Inverugy, who with Ingram Wintoun of Andat gave evidence in 1447 as to the then Sir Robert Erskine's relationship to the Earls of Mar. He was a man of eighty, born therefore about 1367, and must have known Sir Thomas Erskine's wife. He states that her name was Janet, and that she was the daughter of Sir Edward Keith, but says nothing about her mother. A second fact in favour of Janet Keith's descent is that she and her husband had possession of the lands of Pirchock and Ludquhairn, which had been granted by Sir John Menteith to Christian, his daughter, and Sir Edward Keith. A third fact referred to in the evidence for the Mar Restitution Bill is that an annuity of £100 from the Customs of Aberdeen paid to Sir Thomas Erskine from 1389 to 1403, was after his death paid to his widow as if in her own right, and in the later entries, when the sum was paid to her son after her death, the money is said to be payable in exchange for Arran which had belonged to Sir John Menteith. This was laid much stress on before the House of Lords, but the argument loses force from the fact that the same sum was paid to Sir Robert Erskine for many years before it passed to Sir Thomas, and in Sir Robert's case the payment coincides with his resignation of Ednam, as stated on page 594. It may be, however, that the payments to Dame Janet Barclay were held to relate to Arran. But though the evidence on the point is not strong, the family belief on the subject so constantly and consistently asserted may be accepted as being not only probable, but the simplest and most direct way by which Janet Erskine or her heirs could claim any interest in the earldom of Mar." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Keith, Janet (I27386)
349 "He matriculated as sizar from Jesus College, Cambridge, in Michaelmas 1579, B.A. in 1582/3, M.A. in 1586, was rector of Chillenden from 1588 to 1607, after which he was deprived of his living for being an incorrigible nonconformist. [...] A mural monument was recorded for him on the north wall of Nonington church." [Leslie Mahler, citation details below] Field, Rev. Anthony (I32172)
350 "He may have died in England by 1638, but [he] was certainly dead by 1669. Court records suggest that he was in Rhode Island in 1643, but no further record of him has been found in New England." [Wilcox, citation details below.] Cory, John (I12384)
351 "He may have left Sandwich temporarily to escape heavy fines for refusing to take the Oath of Fidelity, the first being £5 on 2 Oct. 1658, due to his Quaker practices. In Oct. 1660 he was fined the huge sum of £57 for his continuing refusal to take the Oath of Fidelity and for attending Quaker Meeting. He owned land in Sandwich, Falmouth and Dartmouth, and was styled as a 'taylor" in deeds from 1670." [Ancestral Lines, citation details below] Gifford, William (I6194)
352 "He may have reigned alongside his supposed father Barisone I between about 1064/1065 and 1073 or so. He was probably the father (alternatively, uncle or brother) of his probable successor, Marianus I." [Wikipedia] Tanca, Andrew Giudice of Logudoro (I765)
353 "He migrated with his family in May, 1758 to the town of Western, now Warren, Worcester County, Mass. Their unexpected arrival was the cause of a 'Warning' that was thereupon set by the town of Western to that of Palmer whence this alarming tribe had come. But Isaac evidently quieted the fears of his prospective neighbors at Western for the records show that he remained there with a growing family for many years." [James W. Greene, citation details below.] Meacham, Isaac (I25883)
354 "He moved to Oakham, Mass., about 1765. On Jan. 1, 1776, he was in camp at Roxbury, as corporal in Capt. Samuel Dexter's company of Col. Learned's regiment (Mass. Arch., Muster Rolls, Vol. 24, p. 135). He d. after serving one year and four months (Continental Army Rolls, Mass. Archives). Sep. 16, 1761, Timothy and Hannah Conant, of Bridgewater, and Elijah Blackman, sell one-quarter of one-half of all divisions laid out to house lot No. 27 in North Yarmouth, Maine, that came to them as heirs of Thomas Blackman, of Stoughton (Cumberland Deeds)." [A History of the Conant Family in England and America, citation details below] Conant, Timothy (I38300)
355 "He opposed Bruce in the War of Independence, deserting the national party, perhaps, as Lord Saltoun suggests, on account of the enmity of many of the Scottish nobles which his father's crime had provoked. He became liegeman to Edward I, by whom he was favoured and trusted, and to whose interests, and those of his son, Edward II, he steadfastly adhered during his life. When Robert the Bruce succeeded in establishing his authority as Scottish King, the possessions of Sir Alexander Abernethy were declared to be forfeited, and he became to all intents an Englishman. He was afterwards largely employed by the English King in his diplomatic service he was on several occasions sent as ambassador to France, and in 1313 visited the Papal Court in the same capacity. His death probably took place shortly after 1315, in which year he witnessed a charter granted by the Countess of Atholl, and before 1317. His wife's name is unknown." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] de Abernethy, Alexander (I27290)
356 "He opposed King John in 1216 and was one of the knights forced to surrender Belvoir Castle to the King upon the latter's threat to starve to death its owner and his prisoner, William d'Aubigny. As a result, Ralph's lands were forfeited, but returned in 1217. A collector of subsidies in Bedfordshire in 1242, he occasionally served as justice on special assizes in Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Morin, Ralph (I13129)
357 "He probably arrived at Plymouth around 1630 when the last of the Separatists arrived from Leiden." [Stott, citation details below.]

John Rogers (1606-~1692) = Anna Churchman (d. ~1665)
Elizabeth Rogers (~1643->1702) = Nathaniel Williams (1641-1692)
John Williams (1675-1724) = Hannah Robinson (1678-1757)
Silas Williams (1707-1775) = Mary Wetherell (1715-1757)
Paul Williams (1738-1773) = Mary
Jairus Williams (1764-1841) = Hannah Morse (1770-1850)
Jason Williams (1805-1886) = Melinda Chamberlin (1805-1884)
Julia Ann Williams (1832-1895) = Calvin Sanford (1817-1888)
Lucy Fidelia Sanford (1860-1901) = Charles Wesley Nourse (1856-1914)
Ralph Carroll Nourse (1892-1958) = Alice Adelaide Gleed (1892-1981)
Cynthia Bassett Nourse (1930-1980) = Virgil Greeley Hetfield (1925-1996)
James Alan Hetfield (1963- ), lead singer and cofounder of Metallica 
Rogers, John (I20614)
358 "He probably emigrated from Assington [Suffolk] to Ipswich with Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, vicar of Assington and first minister of Ipswich. He was a proprietor in Ipswich in 1636 and was made freeman in 1646." [Elizabeth French, citation details below] Quilter, Mark (I36940)
359 "He prospered as steward of certain manors, probably in the service of William, Lord Vaux of Harrowden, & invested in lands; at the same time, for social reasons, he entered his 4 sons in a London guild, the Skinners Company." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below.]

Abstract of the "Will of Henry Freman of Archester, co. North":

Dated 6th Aug. 1580. Proved 29th April 1585. (P.C.C. 15 Brudenell)

To the mother church of Peterburghe 6d., vicar of Archester 12d., poor of Archester 6/8, of Wendlingburgh 6/8; Wolaston 5/-, Irtlingburgh 5/-, Higham Ferrers 6/8, Farnedish 20 d.

To my son Thomas Freman 20/-, his three children 6/8 each. To my daughter Elizabeth Bowse 20/-, her six children 6/8 each. To each of my daughter Mary's seven children 6/8. To Margaret Freeman late wife of my son Oswolde Freman deed. 20/-, and to her five children 6/8 each. To my son George Freeman 20/-. To repairs of Stable Bridge in Archester 2/-, of Dycheford Bridge in the same 2/-.

To my son George Freeman my messuage in Londonende in Archester and a croft "Meriwethers Yarde" and all my lands etc. free and copyhold in Archester, Knoston and Irtlingburgh late in the tenure of Margarett Freeman late wife of Oswold Freman deed. for life, and then to Henry Freman son and heir of the said Thomas Freman and his heirs for ever; also one yarde land "Humberland" in Archester and all lands in Archester late in the occupation of the said Margarett Freeman which I have on lease from William Vaux Lord Harrowdon, for the term yet to come, and if he die first, the remainder to the said Henry Freman.

To my son Thomas Freman all my lands etc. in Overdeane and Netherdeane, co. Bedford, and in Archester and Knoston, co. Northt., to him and his heirs for ever; also the lease of my parsonage of Archester and of my windmill in Farnesdishe, co. Bedford, and a close "Duffehouse Close" and a dovehouse and one yarde lande and one other close now a hopyarde and a cottage in Archester which I have of William Vaus Lord Harrowdon for the rest of my term; if he die first, then to the said Henry son of Thomas Freman.

To William Buttery my clerke [blank]. Residue to relieve such of my children as have most need. Exors: my sons Blase Freman and Thomas Freman. Overseers: my son in law John Barnes and [blank], to each 6/8. I require my Exors: to deliver all court rolls especially such as be engrossed in paper books like to a Regester of wylles to the owners of the same except such as my son Thomas shall hereafter fortune to get the stewardship of as I have had.

No witnesses. Proved 29th April 1585 by Thomas Freman, son, p.r. to Blase Freman. 
Freeman, Henry (I10927)
360 "He purchased land in Canterbury, Conn., and he probably moved there about that time. He made a nuncupative Will, and son Noah was appointed Admin., Sep. 11, 1739." [Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, citation details below]

"They moved to Canterbury, CT where he purchased land, 8 Nov 1708. He and Benoni Woodward are listed as first settlers of the vicinity, 1704-1708. In 1711, he signed a covenant, recognized as one of 'seven pillars' or constituent members of the church which was constituted, 13 Jun 1711. Canterbury First Congregational Church records show he was christened that same date." [Descendants of Richard Woodward, citation details below]

We have no explanation for why Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown gives his birth as 26 Dec 1677 instead of the 26 Sep 1677 recorded at both Newton and Cambridge. 
Woodward, Richard (I36880)
361 "He reached a high position at Court and this may account for the reference in Shakespeare's King John to a de Burgh as the King's Chamberlain." [A Guide to the Parish Church of Saint Augustine of Canterbury, citation details below.]

According to Wikipedia on Walton Hall, West Yorkshire, the Thomas de Burgh who married Sara Neville was "the Steward of the Countess of Brittany, Duchess of Richmond." Early Yorkshire Families (citation details below) calls him "steward of the honour [of Richmond] under duchess Constance." 
de Burgh, Thomas (I2676)
362 "He rem. to Virginia prior to 1794, res. Prince Edwards Co. a few yrs; rem. to Richmond to engage in mercantile pursuits; later res. New Glasgow, Va., raised tobacco; killed on a trip to Richmond, 1823." [Record of the Descendants of John Bishop, citation details below.] Bishop, James (I18026)
363 "He removed to Westchester County but eventually returned to Southold. [...] Nathaniel Moore had his home at the head of the branch of Town Creek. He was first a shipwright then became an active master of vessels. In 1684 he was at Boston in the sloop Mayflower, and carried cargo to Lloyds Neck. He owned land in Westchester County. In 1691 he was tax collector for Southold." [Ancestors of Welding Ring, citation details below.] Moore, Nathaniel (I22543)
364 "He resided in Freetown, but removed to Falmouth, Me, about 1728, and settled on the Presumpscot River, where he had granted to him in 1728 a tract of land on the back coast, on which to erect a mill. He owned a large tract of land at Broad Bay (now called Portland) which he gave to his sons, who removed there in 1752, but on account of troubles with the Indians were obliged, after a few years, to return to Falmouth. He was the first Friend in Falmouth, and 'lent a most important support to the doctrines of that respectable people in this neighborhood.' [History of Portland.]" [Winslow Memorial, citation details below] Winslow, James (I36621)
365 "He served as a churchwarden of Great Bromley in 1552 (a mark of local distinction)." [Don Stone, "Our Patrilineal Heritage".] Stone, Simon (I5819)
366 "He served as a Lieutenant in the Revolution. He is said to have been a lawyer, and his name appears several times as surety/recorder of parental consent on Bedford County marriage bonds. [...He and his wife] had no children. William left a will, executed and probated in 1810, and some of his property and his library went to his nephew Mitchell, Caleb's son, whom he had raised. His will also leaves twenty shillings each to his brothers Charles, George, and David, as well as his sisters Mary and Martha. Finally, his will charges Mitchell Ewing to pay $200 each to Caleb's daughters Polly and Betsy, all in Kentucky; this money apparently represents legacies from their father." [Alicia Towster, citation details below] Ewing, William (I37143)
367 "He served at the siege of Bitham Castle in 1221, in the Welsh campaign of 1228, and in Brittany in 1230. He was certainly a knight when he took part in a tournament in July 1245." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Tateshale, Robert (I16603)
368 "He served in 1588 as a volunteer with the Imperial army against the Turks, and, having taken a standard from the enemy at Gran, in Hungary, he was created by the Emperor Rudolph II, 14 De. 1595, a Count of the Holy Roman Empire." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] Arundell, Thomas (I36418)
369 "He served in King Philip's War, 1675, a lieutenant in Upham's Company." [Bassett-Preston Ancestors, citation details below] Shaw, John (I5015)
370 "He served in the retinue of Henry Beaufort, bishop of London, on the bishop's voyage to Brittany in 1402 to escort King Henry IV's consort, Joan of Navarre, to England. [...] In 1406 he and his half-brother, James Bellers, abducted the aged Roger Walron from Snibston, severely maltreating his prisoner on their ride to Sysonby, Leicestershire; the failure of the Bellers brothers to appear before the King's Council in Parliament to answer Walron's charges resulted in a fine of £100 each." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] Bellers, John (I31532)
371 "He served in the Revolutionary Army from Connecticut, his name appearing on the Lexington Alarm List as 'Leberon.' It appears elsewhere as 'LeBarva'." [Mary LeBaron Stockwell, citation details below] LeBaron, David (I40893)
372 "He served on the grand jury of Dutchess County in May 1746; was overseer of Crum Elbow Precinct April 1749." ["Dirck Jansz Van der Vliet of Flatbush, New York"] Nelson, John (I10711)
373 "He served with distinction in the Irish Wars until the end of 1576, when he returned to England. [...] He served in the English army expedition in the Netherlands under the command of the Earl of Leicester in 1586. From this time he was in constant favor with Queen Elizabeth I. He was made Lieutenant of the Tower, and a member of the Queen's Privy Council. After Queen Elizabeth's death he was made Governor of Jersey by King James I." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] Peyton, John (I36130)
374 "He settled at Swansey abt. 1666. 'At the breaking out of the Indian War, June, 1675, his house at Swansey, which he had inhabited eight or nine years, was burnt by the enemy.' [Savage's Gen. Dict., IV, 600. Plym. Rec., X, 364.] He appears to have been one of the early settlers of Rochester, as he was there about 1680. [Barber's Mass. Hist. Collections, p. 524.] But he soon removed to Freetown, for, in 1686, he was one of the selectmen of that town; Town Clerk and grand-juryman in 1690; assessor in 1691, 1701-1706, and 1711; moderator of the annual town meeting in 1708 and 1711; deputy to the General Court in 1686, and representative, in 1692, at the first General Court in Massachusetts under the charter of Wm. and Mary. He was a leading man in all town matters, both civil and religious. He is styled 'Lieutenant,' and was a shipwright by occupation." [Winslow Memorial, citation details below] Winslow, Lt. Job (I36623)
375 "He settled early in the Town of Bedford in the Province of New York, and was one of the resident proprietors of Bedford in 1692. On the eighth day of April, 1704, a Royal Patent, from the Governor-General of New York, was granted for the Town of Bedford, in which David Mead was mentioned as one of the original grantees." [History and Genealogy of the Mead Family, citation details below.] Mead, David (I7273)
376 "He settled with his family in Little Compton in 1743, and his first three children were baptized there. He had a slave who was a hatter, who would go to Providence and work there at his trade. The slave helped to support his owner in his old age." [Little Compton Families, citation details below.]

The entry for him in Little Compton Families, which calls him "Ephraim William Richmond", calls him a son rather than a grandson of Sylvester Williams and Elizabeth Rogers. But the entry for Judge William Richmond and his wife Anna Gray, including the passages quoted from William Richmond's will, makes it clear that Ephraim was their son, not Sylvester's.

Unreconciled is the fact that Little Compton Families says that Ephraim Richmond was born 5 May 1723 and that his father William Richmond and his mother Anna Gray married on 8 Jul 1724. 
Richmond, Ephraim (I22603)
377 "He spent his entire life serving the Tudor monarchy, and was likely raised in the household of Henry VII's mother, Margaret Beaufort. He was Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, Knight of the Shire for Bedfordshire, Knight of the Body to King Henry VIII, guardian to Princess (later Queen) Mary Tudor, and Chamberlain of the Household to Princess (also later Queen) Elizabeth Tudor. He helped Henry VIII put down the Northern Rebllion of 1536, and like his soon-to-be-kinsman George Butler prospered greatly from the dissolution of the monasteries." [Butler of Droitwich, citation details below.] St. John, John (I26459)
378 "He supported Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, in his failed rebellion against the King, was one of the chief leaders of the rebel party at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham (2nd Barons' War), 4 Aug 1265. Sent to Beeston Castle, he died there in captivity." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

"Humphrey de Bohun, s. and h., had a grant in 1254 as eldest s. of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, of 80 marks a year at the Exchequer till the King could provide for him in lands of that yearly value. In 1257 he was among those who assisted his father to keep the marches between Montgomery and the land of the Earl of Gloucester, and in 1263 was ordered to join his father at Hereford to defend the lands and fortify the castles on the marches against Llywellyn. He joined the Barons against the King, and on 23 July 1264.had the custody of the Castle of Winchester, which he was ordered to surrender 3 June 1265. He had also (15 Sep. 1264) the Island and Castle of Lundy, and (17 Nov. 1264) the manor of Havering, Essex. He fought at the Battle of Evesham, 4. Aug. 1265, where he was taken prisoner." {Complete Peerage 6:462] 
de Bohun, Humphrey (I13051)
379 "He supported the rebellious Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and was killed at the battle of Boroughbridge, in Yorkshire, 16 Mar 1322 when endeavoring to force the bridge. He was buried in the Church of the Friars Preachers, York. At the siege of Caerlaverock, July 1300; knighted with Edward, Prince of Wales, at Westminster 22 May 1306, in preparation for an expedition into Scotland; fought at the battle of Bannockburn (English-Scottish Wars), 24 June 1314." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] de Bohun, Humphrey (I13048)
380 "He took an active part on the side of Simon de Montfort and the insurgent Barons, and fortified his castle at Birch against the king's troops. After the Battle of Evesham, all his lands were seised by Hugh le Bigod on behalf of the king. He was permitted to redeem his lands under the Dictum of Kenilworth." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] Gernon, Ralph (I36161)
381 "He took the side of Parliament in the Civil War and garrisoned Picton castle, which was taken by the Royalists on 30 April 1644, when his children were imprisoned." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below.] Phillips, Richard (I17600)
382 "He used as his coat of arms three bars, a lion passant in chief, as evidenced by his seals. He m. (1) Joan, daughter and coheiress of William Praers, of Baddiley, near Nantwich, by whom he had one son and one daughter. He m. (2) before 1355, Elizabeth Leycester, living 1404 (6 Hen. IV), daughter of Nicholas Leycester, of Nether Tabley, by the latter's wife Mary Mobberley, living 1405 (6 Hen. IV), sister and coheiress of Sir Ralph Mobberley, and daughter of William Mobberley, of Mobberley, sheriff of Cheshire in 1319-20 (13 Edw. II). They had five sons and three daughters." [John Blythe Dobson, MainwaringMainwaring, William (I1970)
383 "He was a captain as early as 1692 when commissioned to settle difficulties existing at Little Compton, R.I., and was active in raising troops for the expedition to Canada, 1711. He was appointed sherrif of Middlesex Co. Mass., May 1687, and marshal-general, 5 March 1690/1, and when the latter office was abolished was herrif of Suffolk, and held that office in Middlesex (except for the period Dec. 1715-July 1717) from 1702 until 27 June 1729." [John Frederick Dorman, citation details below] Gooking, Samuel (I40847)
384 "He was a captain in King Philip's War and an important man in early Rhode Island, serving as Magistrate, Assistant, etc." [Mary Lovering Holman, citation details below.] Fenner, Capt. Arthur (I16290)
385 "He was a custodian of the lands of the Archbishop of York, 1183-90, a justice itinerant, 1184 and 1187-89, farmed the lands of William Paynel, 1185-88, and levied tallage, 1187-89. He was an advisor of Maud, Countess of Warwick." [Complete Peerage]

"The [Vavasour] family, of which there were several branches, descended from Malger, who at the Domesday survey held land at Hazelwood, par. Tadcaster, Edlington and elsewhere of William de Percy, and who witnessed a charter of Alan de Percy to Whitby, 1100-c. 1115. William le Vavasour, king's justice, held 2 knights' fees of the old feoffment of William de Percy II in 1166, and half a knights' fee also of the old feoffment of the honour of Skipton, the Percy lands having been considerably extended and the Skipton lands in Craven having been acquired. In a charter to Bolton priory, 1175-90, with the consent of Robert and Malger his sons, he confirmed land in Yeadon of the gift of Robert son of Malger his uncle (avunculus). It can be deduced that William was a grandson of Malger the Domeday tenant, but it is uncertain whether this was by maternal or paternal descent. The balance of evidence, including Dodsworth's statement that William's father was named Malger, suggests that Malger of the Survey had two sons Robert and Malger, William being the heir of Robert who presumably died without issue." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below.] 
le Vavasour, William (I567)
386 "He was a farmer, and a soldier in the Confederate Army, and was known as James Wi Payne -- the Wi being a contraction of Withers. This practice of attaching a special surname to those Payne men in this community who possessed the same baptismal name extended through several generations and resulted in some picturesque combinations that would make up an interesting chapter." [The Paynes of Virginia, citation details below] Payne, James Withers (I34994)
387 "He was a farmer, and was chosen, 1718, 'surveyor for town, county, and countrey roads,' in 1720, constable, and in Dec., 1722, in connection with Capt. Ashley, Joseph Dewey, and Israel Dewey, was 'chosen to dignifie the seats in the meeting house, which dignification the townsmen confirmed by a voat.'" [History and Genealogy of the Family of Thomas Noble, citation details below.] Noble, Mark (I2002)
388 "He was a large land and mill owner, and active publicly almost to death." [Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, citation details below] Littlefield, John (I26933)
389 "He was a member of the Legislature, sheriff of the county, and State Treasurer for many years." [Parker in America, citation details below.]

Parker in America also states that "He (Charles) lived at Toms River about 1810, and d. at Forked River about 1812-14, and then rem. to Freehold or vicinity," which seems unlikely. 
Parker, Charles (I3848)
390 "He was a physician, a man of extraordinary perseverance and great moral worth. He was eminent for his learning and skill, and his practice at death was very extensive, and regarded as a great loss to the several towns and villages where he was called. He died with a protracted fever caused by over exertion, in the prime of his manhood, and his memory was not soon forgotten." [Augustine George Hibbard, citation details below] Hibbard, Joseph (I40655)
391 "He was a pilot and was drowned in the Kennebec river through the treachery of another pilot, who saw him fall back in his boat and sailed away, leaving him without assistance. This man acknowledged it on his death bed." [Alice C. Ayres, "The Whitmores of Medford," citation details below.] Whitmore, John (I13694)
392 "He was a prosperous clothier and landholder, who had his own flock of sheep and owned at his death a considerable stock of cloth and yarn. The entire estate was appraised at £602.7.9." [Hale, House and Related Families,, citation details below.]

£602 in 1618 is about a one-and-a-quarter million 2018 dollars. 
Burtt, Henry (I18497)
393 "He was a prosperous merchant of Bardstown; and a faithful elder in the Presbyterian Church for thirty-four years." [James Nourse and His Descendants, citation details below] Nourse, Charles Benois (I34665)
394 "He was a scholar of King's School, Chester, from 1575-9, entering Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1579, and graduating B.A. in 1583, M.A. 1586, B.D. 1593, D.D. 1598. He became a Fellow of Magdalene, c. 1586, sinecure rector of Llanrwst, 1597, of Heswall, 1597-1613, and of Bangor Iscoed, 1612-5. In 1600 he was consecrated bishop of Sodor and Man, exchanging the see in December 1604 for that of Chester, where he reversed the anti-Puritan policy of his Welsh predecessor Richard Vaughan, formerly bishop of Bangor." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below] Lloyd, George Bishop of Chester (I38483)
395 "He was a soldier in King Philip's War from Woburn, Mass. In 1681 he removed from Marshfield to [Little Compton] where he was a constable by 1685." [Little Compton Families]

Notes posted to, no author given:

Josiah Closson - Mary Williamson

Josiah Closson was born about 1655 probably in New England. Various family traditions indicate another generation in America before Josiah. The names of Alfred and Eleazeer and another brother who came from England have been mentioned. It has been supposed that his parents were Daniel Closson, who died, 2 July 1702, and his wife Elizabeth Closson, who died, 6 Dec. 1705. However, according to the Tiverton, Rhode Island records, the name, Daniel, does not appear again in the early generations of the family. [Note: Surname is a variant of Close, a topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure of some sort, such as a courtyard in town or a farmyard in the country, originally from Late Latin clausum, past participle of claudere (to close, shut).]

The first record of Josiah Closson is found in the records of the town of Woburn, Massachusetts, 24 Jun 1676, and the journal of John Hull, Treasurer of War for the colony. (The name was spelled Clarson, Clopson, or Cloyson). He was a soldier in King Philip's war from the town of Woburn serving under Capt. Joseph Syll and garrisoned at Chelmsford, however he was not a citizen of the town when was enlisted. This means that he was probably a servant or hired laborer at the time.

It was the custom of the times for the towns to assess the payment of their own soldiers to the families left at home. Josiah was about 21 years old at the time and not married, so the question arises: In whose interest did Josiah "Clarson" assign his wages to in the town of Woburn?

There were 140 male citizens in Woburn when the war began. In Dec. 1675, 13 soldiers were impressed from Woburn and three more on 22 Mar. 1676. Later Woburn furnished 45 others. Of the 61 persons enlisted from Worburn 14 (Peter and John Bateman, Chamberlain, Clopson, Coddington, Crisp, Fletcher, Hood, the 2 Parkers, Roberts, Simpson, Wallis and Wilkinson) were probably not citizens of Woburn when the War began but were servants or hired laborers who were persuaded to enlist for the town. Of these, Clopson, Roberts, Wallis and Wilkinson returned and were taxed in Woburn after the War had ended.

Josiah did not stay in Woburn long as the Marshfield, Massachusetts records show that he married Mary Williamson there on 10 Mar 1678/1679. She was born 7 Jul 1654, the daughter of Timothy Williamson and Mary Howland. We do not know why Josiah went to Marshfield unless he met Capt. Timothy Williamson during the war. A daughter was born to Josiah and Mary, 1 Dec 1679 and their son, Timothy, 5 Jan 1680/1.

Col. Benjamin Church, the leader of the Plymouth forces in King Philip's War, owned land and had started to build a home in Little Compton before the War broke out. After the War Col. Church returned to Little Compton and continued the settlement. His associates were residents of Marshfield and Duxbury and it was natural that Josiah should follow his famous leader there. Thus, we find that

Josiah had moved to Little Compton about 1682 when the town was incorporated and opened for settlers. His second son, Nehemiah, was born there, 1 Feb. 1682/3. The "Grate Lots" or the main part of the town were given to the incorporators so he purchased several of the "15 acre lots" of which each of the proprietors drew one. He lived in the Quicksand Ponds area in the southeast part of Little Compton.

In 1682 a decree was issued to the elders of the colony churches to take turns and visit Seaconett (Little Compton) for the preaching of the word of God. The next year the Plymouth Court directed the town to raise £15. For the support of the Minister. The people held a town meeting and sent word to the Court that they would not raise the money. In Oct. 1685 the Court issued a peremptory order, thus: "To the Constable of Little Compton. Whereas the Town of Little Compton has – manifest their refusal of obedience not only in neglect but contempt – You are then in his Majesty's name required to summon the inhabitants of your town personally to appear at his Majesty's Court at Plymouth March next then and there to appear to answer the Contempt aforesaid." Josiah Closson was serving as constable at this time. The town was fined £20. for neglect and contempt. The fine was paid.

Deeds recorded at Taunton, Bristol Co. Mass.:

23 Nov 1694 – Matthew Howard of Little Compton for £6. New England money sells to Josiah Clauson of Little Compton land there east of Cole Brook Line, 1/2 part of a share formerly belonging to Josiah Cooke of Eastham.

31 Dec 1694 – Peter Taylor of Newport, Rhode Island, Cordwainer, for £7. 6s sells to Josiah Clauson of Little Compton, husbandman, 1/4 of a whole part or share in Little Compton lying east to the Cole Brook Line.

23 Dec. 1695 – William Southworth of Little Compton, Yeoman, for £23. New England money, sells to Josiah Clauson lot No. 19 (10A) among the Ten Acre Lots at Coxet River and 1/2 meadow lot at Coxet River in Little Compton.

All of the above deeds recorded 10 Jan. 1699/1700.

Josiah died intestate, 13 Feb. 1698/9, at 44 years of age. The Court appointed his widow Mary Clawson Administrix.

Inventory of the Estate dated 6 Mar. 1698/9 – £77. 15s 00d.

Debts owed by the deceased exibited 10 July 1700. – £10. 01s 05d.

Land as follows:

1 whole meadow lot on Barkere Neck No. 16 2 1/2 acres

1 whole 10 acre lot No. 1910 acres

1/2 of 15 acre lot No. 32 7 1/2 acres

1/2 of 10 acre lot No. 34 5 acres

1/2 of 20 acre lot No. 14 10acres

1/2 of 4 acre lot No. 13 2 acres

Total 37 acres

Under the law of inheritance all children are in one degree but the eldest son has an acknowledgment for his seniority of birth, which generally amounted to a double portion. The homestead appears to have remained intact for the widowed mother's use until after her death between 1721 and 1726 when distribution was made. Josiah Closson had 8 children, all were miners at the time of his death. As there is no further record of the first daughter or of his youngest son, Josiah Jr., it is believed they died before Josiah's death or at least before the distribution was made after their mother's death. As his estate seems to have been divided into seven parts, two for Timothy and one each for the other five children.

Children of Josiah Closson and Mary Williamson:

(a daughter) Closson, born 1679, at Marshfield, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Died young

Timothy Closson, born 5 Jan 1680/1, at Marshfield, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1704, Martha Wilbore, daughter of Joseph Wilbore and Ann Brownell.

Nehemiah Closson, born 1 Feb 1683/4, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1709, Elizabeth Banks.

Mary Closson, born 5 Jan 1687, at Litttle Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1707, John Bull.

Caleb Closson, born 16 Apr 1688, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1712 at Freeman, Bristol, Massachusetts, Anna ______; he died after 1746 in Little Compton, Newport, Rhode Island.

Hannah Closson, born 31 Aug 1690, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Nathan Closson, born 3 Feb 1693/1694, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married Alice Hart;

Josiah Closson, born 16 Jan 1696/1697, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts, probably died young.

Reference: William G. Closson, "The Josiah Closson Family of New England," 1952, pp. 1-157. 
Closson, Josiah (I10829)
396 "He was a soldier in King Philip's War, and removed from Watertown to Sherborn before 1681, settling in the northern part of the town. [...] He was town clerk for five years and a selectman of Sherborn for ten years." ["The Early New England Coolidges," citation details below.] Coolidge, John (I23044)
397 "He was a wealthy yeoman whose will, dated 1506 and probated 1510/11, specified that his body should be buried 'in the chirche of moche Brymley.'" [Don Stone, "Our Patrilineal Heritage".] Stone, Simon (I5325)
398 "He was admitted pensioner at Emmanuel College, Cambridge 4 June 1613, and obtained a B.A. degree in 1616-7, and a M.A. degree in 1620. He was ordained a deacon 3 May 1621, and a priest 4 May 1621. He served as chaplain to Roger Townsend, Bart., and to Nathaniel Bacon, Knt. He served as Rector of Skirbeck, Lincolnshire, 1625-36. They immigrated to New England in 1636, where he became pastor at Lynn, Massachusetts." [Royal Ancestry]

"In early April 1636 he set sail for Massachusetts (Cotton Mather's Magnalia, 1853 ed., p. 505) with his second wife Elizabeth, his three year old son Samuel, and his daughter Dorothy. Samuel found the voyage so bad that he wrote of it, 'I would much rather have undergone six weeks' imprisonment for a good cause than six weeks of such terrible seasickness.' He landed at Boston on May 26th, and soon became pastor of Saugus, which was later re-named Lynn in his honor, for that was the name of the place in co. Norfolk, England where he spent several happy years as a young man." [John Roger Scott Whiting, citation details below]

On his decision to emigrate to New England, he "made the break complete by sacrificing his property in England and refusing to retain any part of his landed estates from which he would have received an annual income. 'I am going into the wilderness to sacrifice unto the Lord, & I will not leave a hoof behind me.'" [John Roger Scott Whiting, citation details below]

He appears to have been a genuine moderate among the Puritans, a believer in true religious liberty, and uncowed by the authoritarianism that pervaded the governance of the Bay Colony. He condemned those who wished to prohibit Episcopalians from celebrating Christmas, and also those who drove Ann Hutchinson and John Wheelwright out of Massachusetts. He refused, despite a order from Governor Endicott, to preach against the moral menace posed by (wait for it) men choosing to wear long hair. He engaged in a long legal wrangle with the county court of Ipswich over that court's declaration that "no cause is so purely ecclesiastical but the civil power may, in its way deal therein," a principle that Whiting flatly rejected. Even though his son John (d. 1689) returned to England to become an Anglican priest, joining the church hierarchy from which his father had been cast out, Samuel maintained his love and support for his son. Finally, the Rev. Samuel Whiting spoke in opposition to the early stirrings of Massachusetts witch mania.

"Samuel was appointed overseer of Harvard College in 1654, a post given to the most learned scholars in the colony. His interest in popular education was strong. He not only gave a college training to all his sons, and classical instruction to his daughters, but taught the catechism to the youth of his parish on Sundays at his house and gave gratuitous instruction in languages on week-days to all the children of the town who wanted to learn. It was his belief, which he acted upon, that the general spread of useful knowledge was essential for the making of good citizens and good Christians. Thus he made his contribution to the New England system of common schools." [John Roger Scott Whiting, citation details below]

William Whiting's Memoir of Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., and of His Wife, Elizabeth St. John (second edition, Boston: Rand, Avery, & Company, 1873) is a notably unreliable source. It draws heavily on the supposed diary of a certain Obadiah Turner, said to have been a parishioner of the Rev. Whiting; as noted by John Roger Scott Whiting (citation details below), this diary was in all likelihood a forgery concocted by James Robinson Newhall for an 1862 work about early Lynn, Massachusetts entitled Lin: or Jewels of the Third Plantation. Other defects of William Whiting's work include a badly flawed pedigree for the Rev. Samuel Whiting's wife, Elizabeth St. John. And notwithstanding the book's title, there is no evidence that the Rev. Samuel Whiting ever obtained a D.D. 
Whiting, Rev. Samuel (I8814)
399 "He was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1576, he being specially admitted by Parliament at the request of his brother, George Wyatt." [Royal AncestryWyatt, John (I6271)
400 "He was among the twenty-six from Wethersfield in the expedition commanded by Capt. John Mason which captured the Pequot Fort, at Mystic, Conn., May 26, 1637, killing about five hundred Indians." [The Snow-Estes Ancestry, citation details below] Comstock, William (I40982)
401 "He was among those pardoned in the death of Piers Gaveston, and in 1322, he joined the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. His lands were seized, but later restored, either to him or to his oldest son John." [Charles M. Hansen, citation details below.] Trussell, William (I18804)
402 "He was an adherent of the King in the Barons' War. In 1267 he was one of the keepers of the Isle of Wight. On 2 March 1267/8 he had a grant of a weekly market and yearly fair at his manor of King's Carswell, co. Devon. In 1277 he took part in the Welsh campaign, and was one of the barons of West Wales guaranteeing the peace with Rhys ap Meredith. The castle and honour of Lampadervaur, with all the King's lands in co. Cardigan, were committed to him in March 1277/8. In 1282 he was again in the Welsh wars. On 6 October 1283 he obtained a pardon for the arrears in his account when he was bailiff in Wales, and in January 1284/5 he had a protection on going beyond the seas. He was appointed on various commissions. In 1293 he was keeper of the forest of Braden. The following year he was appointed marshal of the army sent against the Welsh, for that expedition, during pleasure." [Complete Peerage IX: 4-5.] de Moels, Roger (I8158)
403 "He was an original proprietor of Hartford, Connecticut, though he seems not to have gone there with the first settlers. He was, however, a member of the Hartford contingent which took part in the Pequot War, 1637, and received a lot there in Soldiers' Field in recognition of his services." [Hale, House and Related Families]

"[He] was a Patentee of Connecticut Colony named in the Royal Charter of 1662." [Hale, House and Related Families, entry on his son-in-law William Pratt]

In The Great Migration Begins (citation details below), Robert Charles Anderson points out that, despite many assertions by others, no solid evidence establishes that the John Clark who arrived at Cambridge in 1633 is the same man as the John Clark who died at Milford in 1674. It's clear that the emigrant of 1633 removed to Hartford sometime after the spring of 1636 (as Anderson observes, "almost the entire population of Cambridge moved to Hartford in 1635 and 1636"). And it's clear that the man who later died in Milford first appears at Hartford in about 1637. But that they were the same person is not clear.

He removed to Saybrook by 1647, where he held many public offices between then and the mid-1660s. He appears to have been at Norwich for a short time; in 1665 he was admitted to the church at Milford, recorded as being dismissed from Norwich. There is no evidence that he was related to the already-present Milford family of Clark.

His will mentions his daughter Elizabeth Pratt, husband of William Pratt. 
Clark, John (I1435)
404 "He was apparently a victim of the York massacre." [Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, citation details below] Curtis, Thomas (I26959)
405 "He was apprenticed to Walter Taylor, a man of violent and quarrelsome temper, from whom he and another apprentice, Thomas Johnson, ran away before their time was out, which resulted in all three being admonished by the court in April, 1664, together with his father, Sergeant Hoyt, with whom he had taken refuge. He took the oath of allegiance before Captain Bradbury on December 5, 1677." [Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] Hoyt, Thomas (I5605)
406 "He was at first a farmer, then a druggist, and afterward a merchant in N. Y. City. He was Col. of militia. He finally became a self-appointed and self-supporting missionary in Brooklyn, N. Y." [The Ogden Family in America, citation details below.]

He was a first cousin of Samuel J. Tilden, governor of New York 1875-76 and Democratic nominee for President in 1876. But at the point of John Tilden Doubleday's death, his cousin's political career was just getting started. 
Doubleday, Col. John Tilden (I7408)
407 "He was at first a housewright, but afterwards went into business with his brother. He owned much property in Medford; and his oldest son, John, having removed to Bedford, he resided there chiefly in his old age, and was so liberal a benefactor to the church as to be mentioned with gratitude on the records. His daughters all left issue; and one of them, Susanna, left descendants, now living in Lexington, by the name of Chandler, who still preserve some relics of their ancestor. The family of Lane, when it emigrated from England, left property there, the rents of which were paid to the heirs, John Whitmore's descendants included, until within fifty years, when the heirs, being numerous, sold the estate, and divided it." [Record of the Descendants of Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, MassachusettsWhitmore, John (I13698)
408 "He was bailed out of Northampton prison in June 1259 charged with the death of one Richard Aumfrey. He sided with the Barons in 1264." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Saint Philibert, Hugh (I13268)
409 "He was baptized at St. Mary's on May 2, 1637 (seven months before Oliver Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth had their daughter Frances baptized there). In 1657 Gabriel received twenty pounds by his father's will. No further mention of this Gabriel appears in the Ely records. After the Restoration of Charles II in 1661, many who had benefited from the Commonwealth and who were likely to be punished by the reinstated Bishop Wren sought greater economic opportunity in the American colonies. According to a handwritten note on the back of a portrait of Thomas Leggett (1755-1843), painted in 1843, Gabriel arrived in New York [New Amsterdam, until 1664] in 1661." [Leggett of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England and West Farms (Bronx), New York, citation details below]

From Archaeological/Historical Sensitivity Evaluation: Proposed Fish Market Relocation, Hunts Point, Bronx, New York by William I. Roberts and Paula M. Crowley, prepared for Urbitran, 71 West 23rd St, New York NY 10010, February 2000:

[Gabriel Leggett's father-in-law John] Richardson died leaving his property to his wife Martha to use during her lifetime and dispose of as she saw fit. Martha received all housing and the orchard, all moveables within and without, all livestock, all land, all the meadow on the planting neck and all the Long Neck running southward from Thomas Hunt's new house to the Sound. His son-in-law, Thomas Hadley received a pasture of three acres and a divided meadow above the planting neck. His three daughters each received 200 acres of land apiece. On October 17, 1687 Hadley conveyed to Thomas Williams, eight acres given to him by Richardson.

Martha [(Mead)] Richardson, around July 1683 married Captain [Thomas] Williams. Gabriel Leggett had married [Martha Mead and John] Richardson's daughter, Elizabeth. Richardson had built a grist mill and a saw mill on the Bronx River in 1671, and Leggett helped him run the saw mill. Williams had no use for a step-son-in-Iaw, and Leggett had no use for the new step-father-in-law. Leggett attempted to evict Williams from the Richardson house, and failed. Owning a mill was an important economic, social and political position during colonial times. As a result of owning one of two mills in southern Westchester County, Williams became a member of Lieutenant Governor Leisler's Council. When the French and the Indians attacked Schenectady in February 1690, Richard Ponton and Williams called upon the Westchester militia company for volunteers. Leggett spoke against this, Ponton told Leggett to shut up, and Leggett called Williams "the father of rogues". Leggett went further and stole a hog of Williams, and then later, when drunk, told Williams he was a thief, murderer, and a liar. Williams obtained a warrant against Leggett, and Leggett was hauled into court. Martha Richardson/Williams [Martha Mead] prevailed upon her husband and son-in-law to shake hands and settle the problem. Leggett did so, returning the hog, paying court costs and apologizing.

At this point in time, the Leisler Rebellion occurred, and was put down by the new English governor. In April 1691 the grand jury indicted Thomas Williams, along with others, for high treason. The grand jury found "that he had no property to their knowledge that could be confiscated", and sentenced him to be drawn and quartered. Leisler and his son-in-law were executed, while the new governor held off on the others. A new Assembly pardoned most of Leisler's people, excepting 30 individuals, including Williams. In April 1692, the Queen agreed to pardon Williams and his associates, if they asked for it. By September 1692, Williams was still in jail, refusing to petition. In 1693 King William ordered their release and a royal pardon was finally issued in March 1694, after the governor petitioned.

Gabriel Leggett did not sit still during those four years. In May 1691 Leggett sued Thomas Stratham, the sheriff who arrested him for the hog incident, for £200 for assault and false imprisonment. The Westchester Court decided that Stratham should pay Leggett £25. Ponton, of the militia, agreed to post bond. In October of 1692, Leggett still was not paid, and the Court of Sessions had to intervene in the quarrel between Leggett, Stratham and Ponton. Leggett went to the New York City Supreme Court, suing Ponton for £25. Ponton never showed at court and the court ordered Ponton to pay Leggett £50. Richard Ponton, in turn, sued Thomas Stratham in the Court of Common Pleas in Westchester County in order to pay Leggett. In December 1692, the court ordered Stratham to pay Ponton £40. Since Statham could not pay, he was jailed with the new sheriff to seize his land for sale. In 1695, Ponton still had not paid the debt, and Leggett sold Ponton's debt to Thomas White, who went the colony's Supreme Court, which ordered Ponton to pay in October 1695.

Thomas Williams, upon his release, forgot the handshake, and pressed criminal charges against Leggett. In December 1693, in Westchester court, Leggett freely admitted he stole the hog, but that the Legislature's act of May 1691, pardoning all New Yorkers for crimes committed during Leisler's Rebellion covered his act. The court respectfully disagreed, observing the hog incident occurred before Leisler's Rebellion. Leggett was sentenced to pay court charges, pay a year's security for his good behavior or go to jail. Leggett, irrepressible as usual, appealed to the New York colony's Supreme Court, insisting that there were errors in the trial. Since this august body had sentenced Williams to death in the first place, they ruled in Leggett's favor in October 1696.

From Early Settlers of West Farms, Westchester County, N.Y. (citation details below):

Old Gabriel had with his boldness evidently a violent spirit, certainly so according to the testimony of Capt. Williams in his petition to the Governor, which I will in place transcribe; but we may remember Capt. Williams was angry when he wrote it, and was himself no doubt extravagant in his allegations. The trouble between these two men arose partly from personal causes, but was chiefly on account of political differences.

After the death of her husband, Martha Richardson married Capt. Thos. Williams. Williams was by no means an inferior person, but was rather a prominent man in the community and in the Province. He was born in 1631; married Martha Richardson about 1784; died intestate and without living issue, 1798. Martha Richardson Williams died about 1694.

By John Richardson's will the bulk of his property was left to his wife during life without other conditions. She was a rich widow, and her marriage to Captain Williams was apparently a great trial to the heirs; but what seemed to exasperate Gabriel the most was that Capt. Williams would not vacate the house after Martha's death; as appears by his petition to Gov. Fletcher.

The chief cause of trouble was political however. The Province was rent, communities, families, nearest friends divided as Leislerians and anti-Leislerians. After the dethronement of James II, and before the official notice in the Province of the Proclama tion of William and Mary as Sovereigns had been received, Capt. Jacob Leisler seized the Government of the Province of New York and was appointed Commander-in-Chief by the Committee of Safety. There is no occasion to repeat this chapter of Colonial history, enough that on the arrival of Sloughter, duly commissioned Governor, the anti-Leislerians found their revenge by securing Leisler's sentence to death, and he was executed in New York, May 16, 1691.

Gabriel Leggett was a strong opponent of Leisler's claims and was by his nature, no doubt, an extreme partisan. When, therefore, Leisler called for volunteers to go to Canada against the French, he resisted the call, as appears by the following records of the Court: "June 6 & 7, 1693. The court orders that the Sherrife shall give notice to Capt. Ponton, Thos. Statham, and Gabriel Leggett, with what witnesses they have, to appear at the Courthouse at two o'clock to Indeavor to put a period to wht differences is amongst them." One witness testifies "after scurrelous words used by Gabriel Leggett to Capt. Williams, calling him a liar &c. Mrs. Williams spoke to him to interceed with her husband to pas by or putt up the difference between them for her daughter's sake &c." Williams himself, aged about 62 years, testifies : "The first ocation of this difference was a hogg took violently from me." Afterward Capt. Leisler sent an order to Capt. Ponton "to send him some men to goe to Albany for their assistance against the French, also the said Williams to assist in taking and sending the men, upon which the Town's Company was called together, and Capt. Ponton asked them who was willing to go volunteers for said expedition, and Gabriel Leggett answered they was fools if any of them did go, upon which Capt. Ponton commanded him to hold his peace, but he still continued abusing the deponent and said: 'here comes the father of rogues,' and many other scurrulous words, upon which I gott a warrent against him &c."

Edward Collier testified: "He writt ye warr" and Capt. Richard Ponton signed it, and Capt. Williams was the complaynant, and Thos. Stathem was the Sheriffe and served it; and after this at a court held at Thos. Baxter's house in the month of March, 1689, there was Gabriel Leggett and his wife, and Capt. Williams and his wife, and they were talking about making up the difference as I suppose, but what their agreement was I could not tell, nor upon what terms, but I heard yt Gabriel was to pay the fees, & that deponent turned his fees over to Thos. Statham, but never received any, neither do I know whether Statham reed any of Leggett; soe after Col. Sloughter was come over Governor in May following, the sd Gabriel took out a writt against Thos. Statham for an assault and false imprisonment to answer him at the next court of Sessions in June, and Capt. Ponton was Statham's baile, and some time afterwards William Chadderton came to my house and desired me to goe with him to Mr. Barnes to write a bond for his brother Stathem, for his brother Stathem and Gabriel were agreed, and Thos. Statham was to pay to Gabriel Leggatt £25, soe I went to Mr. Barnes with him, and writt part of one bond, and Gabriel made scruple about it, and would not take his own bond without further security, soe I writt another, and Capt. Ponton and Mr. Chadderton was bound with him jointly and severally, and they signed, sealed and delivered it." Samuel Hitchcock testifies "that Capt. Williams and Mrs. Williams was together, and Gabriel Leggett, and Mrs. Williams desired him to interceed with Mr. Williams to forgive and pass by the fault of Gabriel for her daughter and children's sake, upon wh deponent spoke to Capt. Williams, and also Mrs. Williams said, 'Good Gabriel, doe not goe to law,' and I said the same, and Gabriel seemed willing, and said he was sorry for it, and they let the action fall." Thos. Baxter, aged 39, testifies "when they came to the court they were talking about an agreement, and Mrs. Williams spoke to him to persuade her husband he should not take advantage of the law against Gabriel. I fetched a gallon of cider to drink with them, and to forward the agreement, and Gabriel Leggett did acknowledge he was sorry he had abused him in such words, as he said, for he did not know any such thing of him, and they did drink friends together in burnt wine and other drink, and the said Gabriel was to pay the clerk and sheriff their feese. Capt. Williams and he shook hands with one another, and did promise to live peaceably."

"Capt. Barnes upon his oath as a Justice of the peace saith that Capt. Williams and Gabriel Leggett being at his house was drinking together and he thinks Gabriel was a little overtaken in drink, but he called Capt. Williams thief, murderer & lyer, & he would prove it, and repeated over many times, upon which Williams being provoked got out a writt against him, and arrested Leggett, and several persuaded Leggett to get security, but he would not, soe went to prison, and there he remained till the next morning. Some time after I asked Leggett how he came on with Capt. Williams, and he told me they were agreed."

All this seems very small, as very bad, but Gabriel Leggett was not "tight" enough, nor such a fool as not to know what he was doing. He knew Leisler was ruling without authority; he believed that soon his rule would come to a disastrous end, that then all his acts, and those of his subordinates, would be declared illegal. He would not accept bail when illegally arrested and imprisoned for he was shrewd enough to know that bye and bye he could make his personal and political enemies "whistle for it" and that he did by heavy penalties for false imprisonment, as will presently appear by their petitions to Gov. Fletcher from in prison.

Meanwhile Capt. Williams in small revenge takes action by that matter of "a hogg took violently from me" as above mentioned. Later in the same year (1693) he has Gabriel Leggett indicted for taking "a barrow hogg." For reasons which will appear he would not deny the charge, and the court found the fact acknowledged was done and acted in the time "yt Sir Edmond Andros was Govr of the Province and before ye time of ye late disorders" (all offenses before these disorders had by general act been pardoned) therefore finds "that ye sd Gabriel Leggett for ye above offense shall pay ye charges of this court ocationed by the above indictment, and also before two of their Majties Justices of ye peace of this county give in sufficient security for his good behavior for one whole yeare and untill ye above costs be paid and security given as above ye sd Gabriel Leggett to remain a prisoner within Sheriff's custody."

Let there be no astonishment at these proceedings. The court records are full of them. As said, such constituted almost the only amusement and entertainment to be found, but Gabriel had a revengeful purpose, it is feared, in pleading to an offense he had not committed, for from the proceedings of Supreme Court, April 6, 1695, was "granted a writ of error in the case of Gabriel Leggett who was erroneously indicted for stealing a barrow hogg from Thos. Williams." It does not appear what use Gabriel Leggett made of this finding, but of his false imprisonment the use will soon be made evident. I must first, however, write out a very singular petition which I find on record addressed by Thos. Williams to Gov. Fletcher. Its representations of Gabriel Leggett are very unlovely, but we may remember that they were made by an angry adversary, and were no doubt intended to counteract influences in operation against himself, and arrest action the culmination of which will appear in the appeal following this.

"To his excellency Benjamin ffletcher Capt. Genl and Gov of the Province of New York, &c. The humbell pittn of Capt. Thos. Williams of the Town of Westchester &c. To the Excellency Showeth the Gov Pettr's wife be lately by God's Providence taken from him by which means he is left in a sad condition, and his trouble further ogmented by one Gabriel Legatt that liveth by him who dayle abuseth yr Pettr by his coming to his house in a violent manner cursing, and swearing, and with other exorable threatening to hold him out of his house he is now quietly possessed of both in right of his late wife deceased relict of John Richardson deceased and the State by will and due administration thereof settled. Now soe itt be may itt Please yr Excellence that said Gl Legat having married one of the daughters of sd Richardson may have a right in due court of law to some of the land, &c., butt that not contenting the said Gabriel Legatt he being a person of notories ill behaved & wicked maletious nature so that yr Pettr with his family (?) is in dayley feare of his being violently assaulted and abused by said Legatt as he daily threatens &c., and att present the Judge & judges is cautious of acorting anything &c. (incoherent here) yr pettr humbly craves yr power and order for the securing his person and estate yt noe violence be offered him as being in a weak condition. If any pretence agst Itt may be devised by due course of law, and for which he shall pray.

Thomas Williams."

This remarkable paper is inscribed "Oct. 31, 1695, The within petition is referred to the Judge & Justices of the County of Westchester p. order David Jamison, Jr."

Note: — Thos. Williams, with others, was condemned at a court of Oyer and Terminer, for treasonable and felonious crimes in establishing a recruiting office under Leisler, against which, as we have seen, Gabriel Leggett protested, and for which he was arrested, etc. His petition to Gov. Fletcher after 17 months imprisonment is contained in Doc. Hist., Vol. II, p. 413. I do find the petition of Thos. Statham, which is as follows: "To his Excellency, &c., &c. The humble petition of Thos. Statham of the Co. of Westchester. Showeth unto your Excellency that in the time of the late disorder by the importunity of Richd Ponton of Westr and others, your petitioner did take a commission under Jacob Leisler as Sheriff of sd county, not knowing otherwise but that the said Jacob Leisler had received letters patent from their Majesties, King William & Queen Mary, authorizing the said Jacob to do the same as by those which were conversant with him did report for undoubted truths. Whereupon the 24th day of Feb. in the 2d year of their Majs' reign, one Gabriel Legatt of sd County did abuse one Thomas Williams pretended councellor to the sd Jacob Leisler in a very gross manner whereby the sd Richd Ponton one of the Justices then made by the sd Leisler in sd county of Westchester took upon himself (upon the complaint of the sd Thomas Williams) to issue out a warrant of commitment directed to your poor petitioner, and commanding him as he would answer the contrary at his peril to Take the said Gabriel Legat into safe custody, which was done by yr Excellency's poor Petitioner, not knowing better. And the said Gabriel was under confinement about tenn hours, and then let out by order of the Justices. Whereupon a court of Sessions held at Westchester in March the next following the sd Gabriel Legatt appeared and did acknowledge his fault, and all was past by and forgiven. Yet nevertheless the said Gabriel Legatt in May after the arrival of Coll. Sloughter commenced an action against yr poor Petitioner for a Assault and false imprisonment done to him about the occasion aforesaid to the value of Two hundred pounds, which was executed by Benjamin Collier high Sheriff whereby he was in undoubted fear of being utterly undone, and being a prisoner, and having no friend to councell withall, did sign to an obligation to pay him twenty five pounds which was the demand of the sd Gabriel. Afterwards the sd Richard Ponton by his refractory language against the Government was by a special Warrent carried down to New York and there put under confinement in ye Citty Hall and there did remain some time after your Excellency's arrival, and then was released, upon which the said Gabriel commenced an action against the said Rd, by reason the sd Richard was bound with your pettitioner jointly and severally to sd Gabriel (wasn't he far seeing and sharp, if not benevolent?) for the payment of the aforesd sum of twenty five pounds. Whereupon the sd Gabriel obtained judgment against sd Richard for fifty pounds by default at the Supreme Court held at New York on October last past and execution thereupon the sd Richards estate. There upon the sd Richard commenced an action against your poor petitioner and obtained a judgment against him for forty pounds and costs at a court of common pleas held at Westchester on the 8th and 9th days of Dec. and still doth remain in Sheriff's custody and do expect daylie execution to be issued out against him. Therefore without remedy by order of the common law to the utter undoing of your poor petitioner, his wife and children, unless your Excel's gracious favour be to him shewed in this behalf to consider pemises, and accordingly to grant your petr such relief herein as to your Excellency may seem most agreeable to justice and equity. And your Petitioner as in duty he is bound will ever pray."

(Endorsed) "7th of April, 1693, referred to Col. Heathcote." 
Leggett, Gabriel (I6936)
410 "He was born May 24, 1866, in Cochocton, Ohio, a son of Christopher and Talitha Booze." ["Charles Booze Funeral Today in Sullivan", citation details below]

Additionally, the will of Christopher Booze, husband of Talitha, mentions son "Chas J Booze".

His brother Solomon Tipton Booze married his wife's sister, Mac (Maxie) Walker. 
Booze, Charles Jackson (I30607)
411 "He was constable of Stamford in 1221, and it was he, probably, who served in 1225 as a justice of the forest for the perambulation of the Forest of Rutland. The date of his death is not known, but an incomplete entry on the Pipe Roll of 1230 suggests that his son Ralph had then succeeded him." [VCH Rutland, volume 2, pp. 242-250.] de Normanville, Ralph (I7152)
412 "He was elected to the office of aletaster for the year 1566, a position which was a forerunner of the weights and measures inspector. In the years following his election, William Everett frequently attended the manorial court and was much involved in public affairs….He was prosperous enough to leave modest legacies to his children and grandchildren." [The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton, citation details below] Everett, William (I30213)
413 "He was established Lieutenant of the 4th Company in Norwich, Oct. 1771; and Captain of the 4th Company, 20th Regiment, May 1776." [The Granberry Family, citation details below] Stevens, Moses (I37974)
414 "He was forced to join the unfortunate expedition of Sir William Phipps. Before it sailed for Canada the small pox broke out, and Thomas fell a victim to it. He left a will, the original of which is carefully preserved in the files of Suffolk Probate. […] He died, 1690, and was buried at Weymouth, Mass. He seems to have been a sergeant." [History of the Faxon Family, citation details below]

An abstract of the will mentioned above:

[Suffolk Probate 8:56-7] The 4 Aug. 1690, I Thomas Faxon yeoman of Brantree, Mass., being prest out in the service of the Country in the Expedition against the French and Indians towards Canada, ... to my son Richard Faxon and daughter Mary Faxon [both minors] ... If they die ... Then to my Mother Mrs. Elizabeth Hubbard, to my Mother Basse Mrs. Susanna Basse, my three sisters, Mary Faxon, Hannah Faxon, Abigail Faxon, my Aunt Fisher, to Benjamin Hubbard my loving brother, my kinswomen Deborah Savel, Rebecca Bass, Sarah Weld, and Joanna Wales, to the Reverend Mr. Moses Fiske, to Benjamin Thompson, to the poor of the town, Rest of my estate to my Brother Josiah Faxon. 
Faxon, Thomas (I31063)
415 "He was graduated at Dartmouth Coll. (A.B., 1830; A.M., Phi Beta Kappa, 1862); and at Univ. of Virginia (M.D., 1839). He taught in Richmond, Va., some years, studied theology in Union Seminary, Prince Edward County, Va., and was ordained an evangelist, East Hanover Presbytery, 22 Sept. 1839. He sailed for Persia, 9 Mar. 1840, arrived at Urumiah, 25 July 1840, and continued in a successful ministry there until 1860; he then visited the United States, but returned to his mission station in 1864." [The Hazen Family in America, citation details below.]

From his Find a Grave page:

A graduate of Dartmouth College, he was a medical missionary to the Nestorians in Urumiah, Azerbijan Province, Persia. He had just returned to Persia on a second mission to the Nestorians when he died suddenly.

He was married to Catherine (Myers) Wright, and the father of Lucy Myers (Wright) Mitchell and John Henry Wright. His daughter Lucy was one of the first American women in the field of archaeology, and a published author, despite the gender bias that kept her out of many scholastic venues. His son John was a classical scholar, author, and educator. 
Wright, Rev. Austen Hazen (I21375)
416 "He was in Plymouth as early as 1636 for on the last day of March 1637 he was hired to keep the cows this year at the same wages he had last year. On 3 Aug. 1640 he was granted six acres of upland. He was a freeman in Plymouth in 1658 but in 1670 was a freeman of Middleboro." [Robert S. Wakefield, citation details below]

Although he was granted land in Middleborough on 3 June 1662, his will, dated 31 Oct 1679, calls him "William Nelson Sr. of the Towne of New Plymouth in the Colony of New Plymouth in New England in America." 
Nelson, William (I38361)
417 "He was keeper of Norton Castle, in what is now co. Radnor, and fought under Richard I in Normandy in 1194. In 1195 he was in charge of the castle of Bleddfa in the March, now co. Radnor. In 1196 he and Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore were defeated near Radnor by the Welsh prince Rhys. He married Mabel, daughter of Robert Marmion. He was assessed to the third scutage of the army in Normandy in 1196, and seems to have been living in the early part of 1197, but d. s.p.m., before Michaelmas that year." [Complete Peeragede Say, Hugh (I9373)
418 "He was knighted about 1288, before which date the suffix of miles is always wanting, thus distinguishing him from his father, who was knighted before 1249. He was a justice-itinerant in the year 1279, when he and three others held courts at Werke in Tyndale. He witnessed charters in 1265 and 1266, and was a member of the Council held at Scone on 5 February 1283-84. He was keeper of the forests of Traquair and Selkirk. He swore fealty to King Edward I at Norham on 14 June 1291, and was appointed on the part of Baliol one of the auditors who were to hear the pleadings of the Competitors for the Crown, and to report thereon. He died in 1291, when the King granted his keepership of the forests to William Comyn; he left a widow Maria, who married subsequently Richard Siward." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Fraser, Simon (I28988)
419 "He was knighted at Whitehall, 23 Jul 1603, and was member of Parliament in 1628. His son, Sir Anthony, was father of Anthony, who was father of Edward, created a Baronet, 13 Apr. 1704; and Edward's son, Sir William, was created, 10 Apr. 1761, Lord Boston, Baron of Boston, co. Lincoln." [The Bulkeley Genealogy, citation details below] Irby, Anthony (I29745)
420 "He was Major General, Royal Artillery, and was present in the following actions, viz. Badajoz, Vittoria, St. Sebastian, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, for which he received medals. Created Commander of the Bath, 2 Jan. 1814., and Knight Commander 12 Ap., 1815. He was killed 2 July, 1816, in attempting to stop two runaway horses attached to a carriage containing two ladies, on the Common Woolwich." [E. H. Martin, citation details below.] Dyer, Maj.-Gen. Sir John K.C.B. (I16983)
421 "He was married, on 30 November 1780, to Mercy Amelia Spring, daughter of Converse and Mercy (Learned) Spring. She was born in Watertown 28 February 1761, and was niece of the well-known physician, Tory, and politician Marshall Spring. They lived a number of years at Waltham, then in 1796 moved to New Braintree until 1808, when he moved to Barre where his brother Samuel lived. In 1817 he moved to Leicester, MA, and after a few years to Brooklyn, CT. In 1836 he moved to Indiana, founding Bigelow's Mills, where his wife died 20 August 1846. In 1848 he moved to Michigan City, IN to live with a daughter. He died there 22 October 1848, at the ripe old age of 92 years, 6 mos, 6 days." []

"[P]rivate in Abraham Pierce's Co., from Waltham, in Lexington alarm and also served at Bunker Hill." [Some of the Ancestors and Descendants of Samuel Converse, citation details below.] 
Bigelow, Abijah (I15448)
422 "He was of Malden, 1674; was among 'the souldyers imprest at Malden,' Nov. 9, 1675; was a member of Capt. Samuel Moseley's co., which led the attack on the Narraganset Fort, Dec. 19, 1675. In 1693 he is found in Fram., having leased lands of Buckminster and White, at Salem End." [ Josiah Howard Temple, citation details below.] Provender, John (I23042)
423 "He was one of the 24 laymen who signed for the Barons' party in 1263. He was captured at the Battle of Northampton 6 April 1264. In August 1265 he was among the leaders of the baronial party captured at Kenilworth by Prince Edward. He borrowed 40 marks from a Jewish lender, Bonamicus, son of Josce of Canterbury, about 1275. In 1280-1 he and his wife, Elizabeth, arranged an assize of novel disseisin against Adam son of John de Newmarch and Deoteitus Greuillun, merchant of Florence, regarding a tenement in Campsall, Yorkshire. [...] His heart was buried in the Black Friars, Pontefract, Yorkshire, where his wife's parents were buried." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below.] de Newmarch, Adam (I17998)
424 "He was one of the 2d generation of the 'Elizabethtown Associates,' admitted in 1699, and many years an Alderman of the borough of Elizabeth." [John Littell, citation details below] Craig, Andrew (I39185)
425 "He was one of the eight members to sign the original covenant of the First Church of Abington, and was chosen its first deacon, Dec. 18, 1714." [Genealogy of the Descendants of John Whitmarsh, citation details below] Whitmarsh, Ebenezer (I27050)
426 "He was one of the most noted nobles in the reign of Queen Mary, belonging to the party which sided with the Reformers. He was an adherent of Darnley, and was the principal actor in the murder of Riccio in 1566. After the murder, abandoned by Darnley, he fled to England, where he died at Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland." [Magna Carta Ancestry, citation details below] Ruthven, Patrick (I37134)
427 "He was one of the original patentees of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and served as one of the Company's managers. They immigrated in 1637 on the ship, Hector of London, landing at Boston, Massachusetts, and afterwards settled in New Haven Colony, Connecticut in 16389. He subsequently served as Governor of New Haven Colony, 1639-58." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] Eaton, Theophilus Governor of the New Haven Colony (I38439)
428 "He was perhaps the 'Mr John Woodgatt' who was bur. 13 Jun 1633 in St. Dunstan in the West, London." [Robert Battle, citation details below.] Woodgate, John (I18872)
429 "He was probably a descendant of the Jordan de Reineville who held land in the parish of Ecclesfield in '1150 x 1160' and '1171 x 1181'." [The Cartulary of St. Leonard's Hospital, citation details below] de Reineville, Jordan (I38996)
430 "He was probably a grandson of the Hugh Fiske named in Laxfield records in 1340-1341 and 1345/6." [Myrtle Stevens Hyde, citation details below.] Fiske, Hugh (I3068)
431 "He was probably knighted at the coronation of King Richard II which he is known to have attended. He was M.P. for Shropshire in 1373, 1393-1394, 1401-1402, 1411-1412, and for Staffordshire in 1377, 1380, 1381-1382, and was Sheriff of Shropshire in 1418." [Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] de Peshale, Adam (I3062)
432 "He was probably the person of that name who was buried [at Chelmsford] on 24 July 1585." [Leslie Mahler, citation details below]

The alias Lockyer, also speller Lockier, may have been related to the profession of locksmith, practiced by some of this family. 
Fuller alias Lockyer, William (I40949)
433 "He was Sheriff of Edinburgh in 1266 and 1288-90, of Haddington 1264-90, Linlithgow 1264-90, Dumfries 1288, and Justiciar of Galwythie 1288-89. He was guardian to Alexander, Prince of Scotland, 1279-81, who predeceased his father in 1283-84, and was a great favourite with King Alexander III, who granted him a charter of the baxter lands of Innerleith on 8 April 1280, and on the resignation of Henry of Roskelyn, a charter of the lands and barony of Roslin, on 14 September 1280. He was a member of the Parliament which met at Scone on 5 February 1284, and settled the succession to the Crown in the event of the death of King Alexander III. In 1285 he was one of the embassy which went to France to escort the Queen elect, Joleta of Dreux, daughter of Robert, fourth Comte de Dreux, to Scotland. He was present when John Baliol swore fealty to Edward I at Newcastle-on-Tyne 20 November 1292. From King Edward I he had a grant of the annual value of 100 merks, and on 29 June 1294 was summoned with other Scottish nobles to assist England against the French, but instead, at a Parliament held at Scone, they resolved to enter into an alliance with France against Edward. On the outbreak of the War of Independence he was one of the garrison who defended the Castle of Dunbar in 1296 against Edward I, and on its surrender, on 25 March 1296, was sent a prisoner to the Tower of Loudon. He is said to have married Agnes, daughter of Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, but this is doubtful, and a certain Amicia, widow of William de St. Clair, dwelling in the county of Edinburgh, had a two years' protection from Edward I on 7 April 1299." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below] Sinclair, William (I28952)
434 "He was sum. for service in Scotland in Jan. 1257/8, and in 1260 was ordered to be at Chester to serve against the Welsh, being appointed in Dec. with James de Audley to dictate, on the King's behalf, the terms of the truce with Llewelyn. He appears to have sided with Henry III, at any rate in the earlier days of the opposition of the Barons." [Complete Peeragede Mowbray, Roger (I1263)
435 "He was sum. for service in Wales, 1257, and later, to 1283. In 1261 and 1264 he was sum. to London and to Oxford, to the King's support cum equis et armis; and, in 1283, to the Assembly at Shrewsbury, which does not rank as a Parliament." [Complete Peeragede St. Amand, Amauri (I7844)
436 "He was summoned against the Scots in 1298 and 1319. In 1303 he and others were accused of theft and assault in Berkshire. In 1308 he was appointed conservator of the peace in the town and University of Oxford. In 1320 he was accused of inciting to assault and murder and of protecting his assailants at his manors of Kingston and Beedon, Berskhire. In 1321 he joined with Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and others against the Despensers. Sir Warin de Lisle fought against the king at the Battle of Boroughbridge 16 Mar 1321/2. He was captured, condemned as a traitor, and executed at Pontefract, being dragged by horses and hanged." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below.] de Lisle, Warin (I17489)
437 "He was summoned for military ervice from 20 May 1317 to 20 Feb 1324/5, and to a Council May 1323, by writs directed Johanni de Dynham. […] In 1329 he was summoned to appear before the Bishop of Exeter on a charge of adultery and incest committed with his cousin Alice (or Maud) de Multon, but he did not attend and was excommunicated. He subsequently obtained an inhibition from the Court of the Metropolitan. The Archbishop informed the Bishop of Exeter that Dinham was to appear before him 12 Sept. 1331. In October 1331, Dinham was about to go beyond seas on pilgrimage, probably as penance." [Royal Ancestry, citation details below] de Dinham, John (I27946)
438 "He was summoned to Parliament from 16 August 1308 to 14 Feb. 1347/8, by writs directed Willelmo la Zouche and from 26 Dec. 1323 Willelmo la Zouche de Haryngworth." [Royal Ancestry]

Pardoned in 1313, along with his son Eudes, for their involvement in the death of Piers Gaveston.

"His opposition to Edward II's government included involvement in the summary execution of Piers Gaveston in 1312, for which his proposed pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in 1317 may have been intended as an act of atonement. William's talents, however, were expressed mainly through military exploits. From 1301 he saw frequent service against the Scots. He also campaigned in Ireland and Gascony and had, too, experience in the law. In May 1330 he was justice in eyre in Derbyshire but had to be replaced before the end of the month because of ill health. Although his disease was believed to be incurable, he did recover, and continued to play a role in local administration and on the king's council (1337)." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
la Zouche, William (I2291)
439 "He was summoned to Parliament from 20 July 1332 to 1 June 1363. In 1340 he was appointed a justice in cos. Notts and Derby to hear and determine the oppressions committed by the king's ministers and others. He was a commander at the Battle of Neville's Cross 17 October 1346. On 14 May 1347 he was summoned to join the King before Calais. He was the principal warder of the King of France when that monarch was a prisoner in England in 1359-60." [Royal Ancestry]

From Complete Peerage IV:120:

William (Deincourt), Lord Deincourt, grandson and h., being 2nd but 1st surv. s. of John Deincourt, who was s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, but d.v.p. The King took his homage and he had livery of his grandfather's lands, 7 Feb. 1326/7, being then aged 26 and more. He did homage and fealty to the Archbishop of York for his lands in Burnby, 11 Feb. 1326/7. On 20 Feb. 1327/8, after the death of Joan, wife of Hamon de Mascy, he obtained possession of the messuage, &c., in Elmton, above mentioned, as the right heir of Edmund Deincourt, his grandfather. He was sum. for Military Service against the Scots from 5 Apr. (1327) 1 Edw. III to 23 Dec. (1355) 29 Edw. III, to Councils from 24 Aug. (1336) 10 Edw. III to 20 June (1358) 32 Edw. III, and to Parl. from 20 July (1332) 6 Edw. III to 1 June (1363) 37 Edw. III, by writs directed Willelmo de Eyncourt, Deyncourt, or Dayncourt. Appointed a justice, in cos. Notts and Derby, to hear and determine the oppressions committed by the King's ministers and others, 10 Dec. 1340: he was then a banneret. A commander at the battle of Neville's Cross, 17 Oct. 1346, being one of those who were thanked, 20 Oct. following, for their services. On 14 May 1347 he was sum. to join the King before Calais. He was the principal warder of the King of France when that monarch was a prisoner in England, 29 July 1359 to 24 May 1360, at Somerton Castle, co. Lincoln(c), and afterwards at Berkhamstead Castle, the King being removed to the latter place in Mar. 1359/60, by order of the Council, there being a scare of a French invasion. He m, before 26 Mar. 1326, Milicent, 1st da. of Sir William La Zouche, of Harringworth, Northants [Lord Zouche], by Maud, da. of Sir John Lovel, of Titchmarsh, Northants, and Minster Lovell, Oxon [Lord Lovel]. He d. 2 June 1364. His widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, July I364. She d. 11 June 1379.

(c) King John's removal to Somerton was preceded by a deplorable incident. For certain evil-doers broke into the Castle, tapped the casks of wine which had been placed there for the King's use, drew off (extraxerunt) most of the wine, and left the taps running (fausetta aperta), so that the rest of the wine was lost, in nostri contemptum et grave dampnum ac contra pacem nostram. (Patent Roll, 33 Edw. III, p. 1, m. 14 d). 
Deincourt, William (I7996)
440 "He was the pioneer diarist of the Maryland League, a group of English Roman Catholics, which came to the Pottinger's Creek settlement in Nelson County, Virginia (then Washington County, Kentucky, and now Holy Cross, Marion County, Kentucky--as the counties divided)i n the spring of 1785." [Find a Grave page for Phillip Lee, citation details below] Lee, Phillip (I7328)
441 "He was twice married; was a Lieutenant in the militia, many years -- sixteen -- the general treasurer of the colony of Rhode Island, a member of the House of Deputuies, at different times, often employed and trusted, otherwise, in the public service." [J. T. Holmes, citation details below] Holmes, John (I39902)
442 "He was wounded and captured at the battle of Evesham 4 Aug 1265. He was pardoned for all trespasses 28 Jun 1277, and recovered part of his father's lands." [Royal Ancestry]

"Peter de Montfort participated in his father's treasons and was taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham, but being allowed the benefit of the Dictum of Kenilworth, he was restored to his paternal inheritance -- and afterwards enjoyed the favour of King Edward I, in whose Welsh wars he took a very active part." [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, 1883] 
de Montfort, Peter (I5861)
443 "He witnessed several charters of Henry II between 1174 and 1181. He occurs as a justice of assize at Caen in 1177 and acted as a justice in the King's court or as itinerant justice in several English counties between 1184/5 and 1205. He joined the rebellious Barons against King John. Sheriff of Worcestershire 1185-1189." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzMarmion, Robert (I10396)
444 "He [...] joined the rebellion of Prince Henry against his father and was captured when the army of the Earl of Leicester, a supporter of the prince, was defeated at the battle of Fornham, co. Suffolk, 17 October 1173." [Charles M. Hansen, citation details below.] de Wahull, Walter (I23942)
445 "He [Giles de Erdington] married Elizabeth, younger daughter and coheir of William de Tolthorpe, of Tolthorpe, Rutland, by Alice, daughter of Sir Ralph de Normanville, of Empingham in that county. He was living 10 June 1359. His widow died 26 May 1375." [Complete Peerage V:87-8] de Tolethorpe, Elizabeth (I2131)
446 "He [John Giffard] married, 1stly, Maud, widow of Sir William Lungespee, of Amesbury, Aldbourne, and Trowbridge, Wilts, Canford, Dorset, Bicester, Oxon; Brattleby, co., Lincoln, &c. (who died between 23 December 1256 and 3 January 1256/7), and daughter and heir of Sir Walter de Clifford, of Clifford co. Hereford, Cortham, Salop, &c., by Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. She, who was living 1 December 1281, died s.p.m., not long afterwards." [Complete Peerage V:639-44]

[footnote in CP to the above:] Maud Lungespee notified the King that John Giffard had abducted her from her manor of Canford, Dorset, and taken her against her will to his castle of Brimpsfield, and there detained her. John appeared before the King, and professed himself ready to prove that he did not abduct her against her will, and offered a fine of 300 marks for the marriage already contracted, as it was said, between them, provided she made no further complaint against him. On 10 March 1270/1 the King ordained that if she were not content, the said fine should be void,and John should stand his trial at a month from Easter. And as she was too unwell to appear before the King, commissioners were sent to inquire into the truth of the matter, and to certify the King thereof. John and Maud, and her Ist husband, William Lungespee, were all descended from Richard fitz Ponce. Why John Giffard should have referred to himself as being of the race of Le Lungespee as in the proof of age mentioned above he is said to have done--is not explicable; unless, indeed, the sobriquet was derived from the family of Clifford. 
de Clifford, Maud (I15867)
447 "He [John Lestrange] is said to have married Lucy, daughter of Robert Tregoz." [Complete Peerage XII/1:350-1]

CP uses the "is said to have married" formulation, above. Richardson's Royal Ancestry, in the entry TREGOZ 3 (Sir Robert de Tregoz m. Juliane de Cantelowe), says "they had one son, John, Knt. [Lord Tregoz], and allegedly one daughter, Lucy (said to be wife of John le Strange, of Knockin, Shropshire." But having her be the daughter of that particular Robert de Tregoz doesn't work chronologically at all; this alleged Tregoz descent is only plausible if we make her the daughter of his father, Robert de Tregoz who m. Sibyl de Ewyas.

(Note that AR8 shows this Lucy's parentage the same way we do.) 
de Tregoz, Lucy (I10687)
448 "He [Piers de Montfort] married, in or before 1228, Alice, daughter of Henry de Audley. He died as stated above, 4 August 1265. Alice survived him." [Complete Peerage IX:123-6] de Audley, Alice (I7002)
449 "He [Richard de Lucy] married (1200-1204) Ada, eldest daughter and coheir of Hugh de Morvill, forester of Cumberland and lord of the Border barony of Burgh. He died s.p.m., early in 1213, and was bur. in the priory of St. Bees. Before 10 March 1217/18, his widow had married Thomas de Multon, of Multon, near Spalding, who, within a few months of the death of Richard de Lucy, had offered 1,000 marks for the custody and marriage of his daughters and heirs; these two daughter she married to his two sons by a former marriage--vix. Amabel, the elder, to his son Lambert, and Alice, the younger, to his son Alan de Multon. Ada, the relict of Richard de Lucy, was living in 1230." [Complete Peerage VIII:248-9, XIV:456] de Morville, Ada (I9680)
450 "He [Thomas de Multon] married, 1stly, possibly circa 1190, Sarah, daughter and heir of Richard de Flete (son of Josce de Flete), by Juliane, who brought him the manor of Fleet, Lincs." [Complete Peerage IX:399-401] de Flete, Sarah (I369)
451 "He, as well as his two sons, took his degree at the University of Cambridge. He was entered as a pensioner from Clare at Easter 1577, received his B.A. degree 1580-81, his M.A. 1584, and his B.D. 1591. He was admitted as a Fellow, ordained Deacon and priest at Peterborough 5 March 1586/7, finally beneficed in Canterbury, his home." [Twenty-Six Great Migration Colonists, citation details below] Symmes, William (I15694)
452 "Heiress of her father to Brokehampton Manor, near Kineton, Warwickshire. She had outlived her 1st husband and was a widow in 1356. Although there is no direct evidence for her 2nd marriage to Sir John de Brancaster, he was in possession of the manor and his wife was named Margaret." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Mile, Margaret (I11111)
453 "Helena is by some researchers believed to have been of Greek or Russian birth. In the 1070s she is believed to have arrived in Sweden with her husband Inge Stenkilsson who in 1080 became king of Sweden. Helena's 'Byzantine' influence is believed to be present in the first names she gave to her daughters: Kristina, Margareta and Katharina are actually Greek names, and were little known among the Germanic peoples of her era and practically unknown to Scandinavia until then." [Leo van de Pas] Helena (I25029)
454 "Henry de Haydock gave half an oxgang of land in Norcross to Richard son of Sir Richard le Boteler and Ellen his wife, Henry's daughter." [VCH Lancaster volume 7, "Townships: Marton", footnote 16.] de Haydock, Ellen (I10255)
455 "Henry married Sybil de Mandeville, the daughter an unknown de Mandeville and Alice Giffard, and a niece of Walter Giffard, bishop of archbishop of York and Godfrey Giffard, bishop of Worcester. Alice (Giffard) Mandeville was apparently the 'favorite sister' of Walter Giffard based on the multiple gifts to her found in his Register. Bishop Godfrey Giffard named 'lady Sybil de Bodaringham, my niece' in his will of 1302." [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.]

Citations for the above:

Register of Walter Giffard, lord archbishop of York (A.D. 1266-1279) ed. William Brown (1904). Surtees Society vol. 109, p. xiii.

Will of Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester A.D. 1301, by J. M. Hall. Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, vol. 20 p. 139-154. 
Giffard, Alice (I7609)
456 "Henry Sewall was a member of the Company and Fellowship of Drapers of Coventry, an alderman, sheriff in 1582, mayor of Coventry 1587-88 and 1606-7, and a representative of Coventry to the English parliament that met 30 January 1620." [The Descendants of Henry Sewall, citation details below]

His great-grandson Samuel Sewall, chief justice of Massachusetts, described Henry as a "prudent man" who acquired a "great estate." Coventry tax records from just before his death confirm this; he is among the five individuals who pay the most tax. And his inquisition post mortem shows that he died owning sixty-four different properties in and near Coventry, Stoke, and Radford. 
Sewall, Henry Mayor of Coventry (I26866)
457 "Henry Winthrop did not accompany his father to America in 1629 but followed him on the Talbott, arriving at Salem on July 2, 1630. On the same day, seeing a small boat across a bay he attempted to swim over to it but, being seized by cramps, was drowned in full sight of his friends, none of whom were able to swim." [Genealogies of Long Island Families]

Elizabeth Fones married, as her first husband, Henry Winthrop; her sister Martha Fones was the first wife of Henry Winthrop's brother John Winthrop the Younger. Elizabeth and Martha's mother was Anne Winthrop, sister to John Winthrop the elder, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony and father of Henry and John (the younger). Thus two pairs of siblings married their first cousins. 
Winthrop, Henry (I9765)
458 "Henry [...was] probably the [son] of a John Scudder who was dead by 18 October 1584, when his widow Margaret deeded property at Sutton at Hone and Horton Kirby to her son Henry Scudder, carpenter." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] Scudder, Henry (I442)
459 "Her heart was buried in the choir of the conventual church of the Minoresses at Nogent-l'Artaud." [Royal Ancestryof Artois, Blanche (I7842)
460 "Her marriage is proven by a court case wherein she was accused of fornication, though not with her husband John Richardson, and of delivering a bastard child at the house of Joshua Hughes (i.e. Hewes) in Roxbury, Mass., in January 1653/4; the child died shortly after birth. Martha testified that she did not know the father of the child because she 'had bine abused in [a] fainting fitt.' Why she went to the house of Joshua Hewes is a matter for conjecture--he was also of a Hartfordshire family, though his place of origin (Royston) was not close to Watford." [Gordon L. Remington, citation details below] Mead, Martha (I6444)
461 "Her name Ol'ga derives from Old Scandinavian Helga, and she is called Helga in Byzantine sources. Her christening name was Helen. She was the first of the princely family to accept Christianity and much later she was made a saint as 'precursor' of the faith in Rus. As the widow of Igor, she served as regent during the minority of her son Svyatoslav. Her official visit to Constantinople circa 955 is related in the Primary Chronicle and also by the Emperor Constantine, the differences between the two sources illustrating nicely the folk character of the early Rus annals. In her, the chronicle dramatizes the change from paganism to Christianity: a treacherous and vengeful Olga becomes Olga the saint, through still a trickster." ["Ryurik and the First Ryurikids", citation details below.] of Kiev, St. Olga (I1598)
462 "Her name is given frequently as 'Kenny,' but the only evidence for her surname in the record of [John Dunham's] second marriage, where he is called 'widower of Susanna Keno'." [The Great Migration BeginsKeno, Susan (I54)
463 "Her name, Maria, is only known from a charter confirming the donation of the church of S. Michele in Therricellu to Montecassino on 20 May 1136." [Wikipedia] Ebriaci, Maria (I4328)
464 "Her occupation in the county death record was listed as 'miner.' The coal industry had become important in Valley Township in Guernsey County by the latter 1870's and perhaps Isaac and Elizabeth had been associated in some way with the large mine in Opperman, a town platted by their son, Thomas Isaac Moore, partly in the northern part of Isaac's original 160 acres." ["Isaac Moore /Elizabeth Hickle Biography", citation details below] Hickle, Elizabeth (I26014)
465 "Her sister, Martha Long, b. 1669, was living in Sudbury in 1719, 'single woman.' A Martha Long m. Aug 8, or 31, 1721 (Sudbury), a John Griffin. A John Griffin d. Oct 18, 1729 (Sudbury). A Martha Griffin d. Apr. 9, 1751 (Sudbury)." [Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, citation details below.]

She is said by some to have been a daughter of the wonderfully-named Newbury couple Robert Long and Alice Short. Who did have a daughter Mary, born in 1647, but her identity with the wife of Jonathan Griffin is unestablished. 
Long, Mary (I26361)
466 "Herle's wife, Margaret, is first mentioned in a final concord relating to their joint acquisition of the reversion to lands at Bourton-on-Dunsmore in Warwickshire in 1311. She was dead by 1339, when William sought a licence to grant property to Garendon Abbey in Leicestershire in return for the provision of a monk to celebrate mass for William, his son Robert, the deceased Margaret, and William's deceased brother Robert. There seems to be no contemporary evidence to support Nichols's suggestion that Margaret was the daughter of Philip Courtney, or other later suggestions which make her the daughter and heir of one William Polglas." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyMargaret (I10131)
467 "Hinton, Thomas, first appears as a member of the council on Feb. 8, 1633-34. He did not enjoy the honor long as Harvey soon removed him on the charge that he had given the governor 'ill words,' which reason seems to have been accepted by the English privy council as a valid one, and there is no other mention of Thomas Hinton in our records. Neill, in 'Virginia Carolorum,' says that the councillor was Sir Thomas Hinton, whose daughter married Samuel Mathews, but this seems unlikely, for an account of Virginia written in 1649 asserts that Mathews married a daughter of Sir Thomas Hinton, while the notices of the Virginia councillors in 1634 and 1635 style him simply 'Thomas Hinton, Esq.' or 'Mr. Thomas Hinton.' He is 'Mr. Thomas Hinton' in the account of the examination of Gov. Harvey before the English privy council on Dec. 11, 1635. Neill says that one William Hinton, a brother of Mrs. Mathews, was a gentleman of the King's privy chamber, and it seem probable that Thomas Hinton, the councillor, was another brother. Foster, in his 'Oxford Matriculations,' states that a Thomas Hinton was knighted July 1, 1619, and thinks he may have been the same as Thomas Hinton of Wiltshire, gent., who matriculated at Queen's College, Oct. 15, 1591, aged 17. Sir Thomas Hinton was of Chilton-Foliet, Wiltshire. The register of the parish gives the births of Thomas, April 8, 1600, and William, July 25, 1605, sons of Thomas Hinton Esq. and Katherine his wife; also the burials of Mrs. Katherine, wife of Mr. Thomas Hinton, Oct. 11, 1609 of Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Hinton (doubtless the son) Sept. 20, 1658, and of Thomas Hinton, Sept. 23, 1658." [Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, citation details below] Hinton, Thomas (I36921)
468 "His father died at a young age, and Demetrios' oldest brother Georgios became head of the family. Georgios corresponded with Eirene, daughter of Anna Komnene (discussed above) and Nikephoros Bryennios, and arranged for Demetrios to be raised in Eirene's household as a companion for one of Eirene's sons and as a family servant. Anna was probably then spending much time at the Kecharitomene Convent, founded by her mother, but not yet permanently living there. 'The convent Kecharitomene, overlooking the Golden Horn, gave our historian the serenity she probably never enjoyed in the imperial palace.' According to her eulogy by Georgios Tornikes, she gathered about her there 'a philosophic circle whose work she inspired and directed.' Anna's daughter Eirene, widowed at a fairly early age, collaborated with her mother. Thus Demetrios Tornikes, raised in Eirene's household, was near the center of Anna Komnene's intellectual orbit. Demetrios no doubt also absorbed much about etiquette and protocol as a child. His association with this family continued, and his career culminated 'in the office of the logothete of the drome, effectively foreign minister of the empire.'" ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Tornikes, Demetrios (I12400)
469 "His father gave Swine and Winestead in Holderness to his brother William (see the coheirs of Roger Lord Lascelles)." [Complete Peerage, VII:21, footnote (l) to Alexander de Hilton, "1st s. and h. ap." to Robert de Hilton.] de Hilton, William (I10800)
470 "His heart was buried before the Lady altar in the church or chapel of the Hospital of Sandon, Surrey." [Royal Ancestryde Percy, William (I2183)
471 "His interests appear to have lain principally in Normandy, having granted all of his English lands to the custody of the Bishop of Wincester for a period of 7 years in 1233." [The Ancestry of Dorothea PoyntzMarmion, Robert (I1091)
472 "His lands were seized by King Edward II when his father rebelled against the king and the Despensers. With his elder brother, Thomas, he pillaged Despenser property. He had restitution of his lands after the fall of the Despensers. In 1330 Kind Edward III retained him for life 'to attend him always.'" [Douglas Richardson, citation details below]

He fought at Crécy. His shield is one of those in the great east window of Gloucester Cathedral, among those of others who fought at Crécy and at the siege of Calais. 
de Berkeley, Maurice (I34120)
473 "His name appears in conjunction with those of his brothers Isaac and Abraham among the soldiers who enlisted from Williamstown, Mass., in the Co. of A. Angel for three months' service from May 1, 1775. He also enlisted from Castleton, Vt., Oct. 1781 for 10 days' service." [James W. Greene, citation details below.] Meacham, Jacob (I25885)
474 "His name appears in the New York directories from 1860 to '87; as a merchant in Maiden Lane until 1879, and after that at 141 Grand St. He was a manufacturer and dealer in military goods." [Genealogy of the Waldo Family, citation details below] Waldo, Howard (I37978)
475 "His name is given only in Robert of Torigny's additions to [Gesta Normannorum Ducum by Guillaume de Jumièges], which states that after the death of William, Sprota was forced to become the concubine of a very rich man called Esperleng, who held mills at Vandreuil [GND (Rob. Tor.) vi, 17(38) (vol. 2, p. 175)]. But his existence is guaranteed by other sources which state that count Rodulf was a half-brother of Richard by the same mother [GND iv, 20 (vol. 1, pp. 134-5); see also Dudo iv, 77 (p. 171), who calls him a brother of Richard]." [The Henry Project, citation details below.] Esperling (I4868)
476 "His name is on the roll of Major Samuel Appleton's company which served in the Narraganset campaign in King Philip's War in 1675." [The Hazen Family in America, citation details below.] Hazen, Thomas (I23296)
477 "His wife may have been the Ellin Bostock who was buried, a widow, at Tarporley, 5 Apr 1642, but of this there is no proof whatsoever." [John Insley Coddington, citation details below]

In 1967, Coddington ("Notes on the Bostock Family of Co. Chester, England, and the Bostwick Family of Stratford, Connecticut", The American Genealogist 43:76) pointed out that the 1965 edition of Burke's Landed Gentry included a "very well-organized account of the family of 'Bostock formerly of Bostock,' apparently based on pedigrees registered at the College of Arms [...] In this pedigree, it is shown that at least two junior lines of the Bostocks of Bostock established themselves at Tarporley," beginning with William Bostock of Bostock who was present at Evesham in 1265." 
Bostock, Arthur (I40420)
478 "His wife was a widow in 1741." [The Hapgood FamilyHopgood, Deacon Nathaniel (I2934)
479 "His will proves him to have been one of the few slaveholders in the town" (of Medford, Massachusetts). [Register of Families Settled at the Town of Medford, Mass., citation details below.] Brooks, Samuel (I18545)
480 "His [Sir John Paston's] financial embarrassment was doubtless eased by the marriage of his son and heir, William, to Sir Henry Heydon's daughter Bridget, whose marriage portion was probably 500 marks. The wedding was already in sight when Sir Henry informed John Paston of the conclusion of the dispute with William Paston: 'How yee and myn ladie, and in what sylk or clooth yee will have these tweyn yong innocentes maried jnne, iff it shuld be purveyed at London to send me word, or ellys at Norwich, as it shall please you and myn ladie ther-affter I shall applie me; for it must bee ordyrd be you in the yong husbondes name.' 1489 seems the year in which to place the end of the controversy and the marriage, as on 10 February 1489 Margery, in writing to John, refers to 'my brodyre Heydon.'" [Colin Richmond,The Paston Family in the Fifteenth Century: The First Phase (1990), quoted by Brad Verity, citation details below.] Paston, William (I21124)
481 "Hubert de Munchensy, possibly the same Hubert, but more probably his successor, lord of Edwardstone, in 1115 gave its church and 2/3 of the tithes of Staverton and Stanstead to Abingdon Abbey, and it was probably this Hubert who gave to Castleacre Priory 2/3 of his tithes of Clay and Holkham. The feudal importance of the family was increased by a grant from Henry I of some of the fees of Godric dapifer. The donor of Edwardstone church became a monk at Abingdon, and married certainly twice, 1stly, possibly an heiress of Godric; later, Muriel, widow of the father of William de Bachetone, and daughter of Piers de Valoignes, sheriff of Essex and Herts in 1086, by Aubrey, sister of Eudo dapifer." [Complete Peeragede Munchensy, Hubert (I5844)
482 "Hugh de Mortimer attested a charter by Gerold, Abbot of St. Lucien at Beauvais [1100-28], in the time of Stephen, Count of Aumale. When King Stephen, circa 1140, granted to the Earl of Leicester the town and castle of Hereford et lotum comitatum Herefordisc., the fees of Hugh de Mortimer were with others excepted. In 1144 he initiated the reconquest of the Marches after the revolt of the Welsh on the death of Henry I, by successfully reoccupying the cantreds of Maelienydd and Elfael, and repairing the castles of Cwmaron and Colwen. In 1145 he captured and imprisoned the Welsh prince Rhys ap Howel, and in 1146 he slew Meredith, son of Madog ap Idnerth, late chieftain of Elfael and Maelienydd. In 1148 he blinded his prisoner Rhys ap Howel." [Complete Peerage]

"The two Hughs are not always easily distinguishable in the sources, but it seems clear that the elder Hugh was involved in local Herefordshire feuds arising from the contest between Stephen and Matilda. That he was on the whole a supporter of Stephen may be deduced from that king's exception of Mortimer's lands in Herefordshire from the grant of that shire to Robert, earl of Leicester, probably made in 1144. He was also involved, and with some success, in episodes in the long struggle between the marcher lords and the Welsh for the cantrefs of Maelienydd and Elfael in Powys. [...] Information in the Wigmore chronicle has allowed a depiction of this Hugh as 'a swashbuckling, choleric man given over to pleasures and amusements, an evil-tempered and wilful lord, a quarrelsome neighbour, and a lusty warrior'." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Mortimer, Hugh (I7758)
483 "Hugh Giffard's position as constable of the Tower of London and guardian of the Lord Edward, and his wife's as nurse to the royal children and accoucheuse to Eleanor of Provence, ensured court connections for their children." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on their son Godfrey Giffard, bishop of Worcester.]

"Hugh was tutor to the sons of Henry III; his sudden death, from apoplexy, in 1246, is described by Matthew Paris." [Liberties and Communities in Medieval England, citation details below.] 
de Giffard, Hugh (I9343)
484 "Hugh Phiton or Fyton had a grant of Rushton and Eaton, with various privileges, from John Scot earl of Chester; but this grant being voided by felony, (by which we are probably to understand the uncompromised result of one of the affrays common in that turbulent period,) the said manors were re-granted to John de Gray." [Ormerod, citation details below.] Fitton, Hugh (I1459)
485 "HUMPHREY DE BOHUN [nicknamed 'with the beard'], came to England with William the Conqueror. He married three times, but the names of his wives are unknown. By his various marriages, he had three sons, Robert, Richard [de Meri], and Humphrey, and two daughters, including Adele." [Royal Ancestryde Bohun, Humphrey (I9179)
486 "Ida the wife of Albert III of Namur may have belonged to the ducal family of Saxony, as often asserted, but her origin is not certain." [Peter Stewart, SGM, 17 Jun 2016] Ida (I9371)
487 "Identified as a barber, he appears in a list, made in 1539-1540, of free tenants of the borough of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, as holding a tenement in the tenure of William Dewey, in the area of Alle Keylane all the way to the High Cross Cersus, towards the Avon River. He also held a tenement on Oldebury Street across Oldbury Field at Le Toll Booth that was in the tenure of Elice Prist. He was one of fifteen freemen of Tewkesbury, including the curate and the stipendiary priest, to appear in a bishop's visitation list in 1548." ["The Probable Origins and Ancestry of John Crandall", citation details below.] Crondall, Edward (I756)
488 "Imprisoned at Warwick on charge of homicide, but bailed out 6 Dec 1273; imprisoned at Aylesbury on charge of homicide and bailed out 17 Oct 1282. Knight of the Shire for Oxford, 1297 and 1298. Summoned to serve against the Scots, 1301; conservator of peace in Oxford 1287. A knight by June 1291." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] Bruley, Henry (I6872)
489 "In 1086 a tenant of the Bishop of Bayeux at Rigsby, co. Lincoln." [Henry James Young, citation details below] Losoard (I30301)
490 "In 1116-27 the king confirmed to Wiliam fitz Otto the goldsmith all the land which had belonged to his father in Benfleet, Chaleusang (not identified), Childerditch, and Lisson Green, the 'ministerium cuneorum' (the dies) and all other offices and lands and tenements in London and outside, to be held by the same service which Otto his father used to render." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, William (I5513)
491 "In 1130 Humphrey (II) de Bohun still owed relief for his father's land, plus 400 marks for the purchase of a royal stewardship. As steward he witnessed charters of Henry I towards the end of his reign, and also King Stephen's Oxford charter of liberties in 1136. However, he deserted to the Empress Matilda on her arrival in England in 1139 and successfully defended his castle at Trowbridge against the king. In 1144 he received from the empress confirmation of his lands and of his 'stewardship in England and Normandy', with a grant of other estates. He was loyal to the Angevins in the civil war, witnessing as steward both for the empress in the 1140s and for Henry II, before and after his accession as king, between 1153 and 1157. However, during the year 1158 he was deprived of former royal demesne which he was holding in Wiltshire. None of the royal charters he attested can with certainty be dated to 1158 or later, and it may be that he fell out of the king's favour. On the other hand he was present at the promulgation of the constitutions of Clarendon in January 1164. He was dead by Michaelmas 1165, when his son Humphrey (III) de Bohun owed 300 marks as relief." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Bohun, Humphrey (I8404)
492 "In 1166 he held 4 knights' fees in Derbyshire and Ecton, Northants. [VCH Northants v.4 p.123]. Had a sister called Lettice married to Ralph de Okeover who had the manor of Snelston as her maritagium -- the Montgomeries retaining the right of wardship of heirs. [Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls, The Genealogist, v.20 .161]." [Rosie Bevan, citation details below] de Montgomery, Walter (I36411)
493 "In 1166 he was a tenant of Simon, Earl of Northampton for six and one-fifth knights' fees; he made gifts to the abbey of Louth Park and the priories of Sempringham and Greenfield, Lincolnshire." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, citation details below.] William (I9127)
494 "In 1166 Wiliam Tison held 2 knights’ fees of the old feoffment of William de Vescy, who was then lord of Alnwick in succession to his father Eustace FitzJohn and returned his carta from Yorkshire. That William was the son of Richard is proved by a confirmation of William son of Eustace de Vescy to Alnwick abbey, which included gifts made by Richard Tison and William his son, and German Tison son of William Tison. William Tison witnessed a Gosforth charter, c. 1174-82; and with his son German a Great Chevington charter not later than 1177. [William] was a contemporary of William son of Adam son of Gilbert Tison of the main line of the family, the tenant of Roger de Mowbray in 1166. Thus, including William Tison of Gainsborough, there were three men of the same names and presumably of the same family who were living in the middle of the twelfth century." [Early Yorkshire Charters: Volume 12, The Tison Fee, citation details below] Tyson, William (I8175)
495 "In 1183 he was a farmer of the archdeaconry of Northampton and deputy sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1184. Sheriff of Devonshire 1201. He gave the church of Eythorn, co. Kent to the nuns of Harrold and was a benefactor of Bittlesden Abbey." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Morin, Ralph (I13318)
496 "In 1186 Otton went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and in 1187 he brought back a piece purporting to be of the True Cross, that he offered to the abbey of Floreffe (the splendid reliquary made for it is in the Louvre. Another tradition claims that he brought back with him the design for windmills. In 1189 he left on crusade (probably with Philippe, count of Flanders) to recapture Jerusalem, which had been taken by Saladin after the Battle of Hattin in 1187. He fought between Jaffa and Ascalon on 6 November 1291 and was helped by Richard the Lionheart himself. In April 1192 he was appointed, with Henri II, comte de Champagne and Guillaume Cayeux, to offer the crown of Jerusalem to Conrad, marchese de Monferrato. However Conrad was assassinated on 26 April, and on 5 May Otton attended the wedding of Conrad's widow Isabella d'Anjou, queen of Jerusalem, and Henri II, comte de Champagne, who became king of Jerusalem by right of his wife. Otton died later that year, probably killed in the siege of Acre." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.] de Trazegnies de Blicquy, Otton II (I24564)
497 "In 1189, before taking part in the Third Crusade, Rutger donated land to the abbey of Kamp as well as lands in Bemelen in case he did not return or his daughters died without legitimate issue." [Genealogics, citation details below.] van Merheim, Rutger (I23923)
498 "In 1231 Alice widow of Alan de Allerston, who was daughter and heir of Roger Despenser, quitclaimed to Thomas de Hastings and Thomas his son a third of 2 bovates in Allerston for a render of corn during her life." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below] Despenser, Alice (I9798)
499 "In 1233 he joined the Earl of Pembroke in reducing many English strongholds in Wales. Later he joined Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Rhys and Rhys Gryg in an attempt against Carmarthen Castle, but Henry Turberville arrived from Bristol with a large army and many ships. Turberville ran a vessel at high tide against a temporary bridge which had been built by the Welsh and broke it down, causing 300 of the Welsh to die." [Medieval Welsh Ancestors of Certain Americans, citation details below] ap Gruffudd ab Yr Arglwydd Rhys, Owain (I26652)
500 "In 1241 he and his son were imprisoned charged with setting fire to one of the rector's houses in Wigan." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Holand, Robert (I1453)

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