Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Robert Cole

Robert Cole

Male 1628 - Aft 1662  (> 34 years)

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  • Name Robert Cole 
    Born 1628  Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died Aft 2 Apr 1662  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Alternate death 1663  [6, 7
    Alternate death Bef Sep 1663  [8
    Person ID I11265  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of PNH
    Last Modified 5 Sep 2021 

    Father William Cole,   d. Between 1633 and Apr 1634 
    Mother Jone,   b. of Heston, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 2 Apr 1662 
    Family ID F1500  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rebecca,   d. Abt Mar 1662 
    Married Between 1649 and 1652  [1, 9
    Children 
     1. Robert Cole,   b. 15 Oct 1652, St. Clement's Hundred, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 30 Apr 1695  (Age < 42 years)
     2. Mary Cole,   b. 26 Jan 1653, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
    +3. Edward Cole,   b. 9 Nov 1657, St. Clement's Hundred, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 18 Apr 1717 and 20 Dec 1717, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F5354  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland.
    Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland.
    By Lois Green Carr, Russell R. Menard, and Lorena Walsh. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

    Book description from Amazon.com:

    In 1652 Robert Cole, an English Catholic, moved with his family and servants to St. Mary's County, Maryland. Using this family's story as a case study, the authors of Robert Cole's World provide an intimate portrait of the social and economic life of a middling planter in the seventeenth-century Chesapeake, including work routines and agricultural techniques, the upbringing of children, neighborhood relationships and community formation, and the role of religion.

    The Cole Plantation account, a record that details what the plantation produced, consumed, purchased, and sold over a twelve-year period, is the only known surviving document of its kind for seventeenth-century British America. Along with Cole's will, it serves as the framework around which the authors build their analysis. Drawing on these and other records, they present Cole as an exemplar of the ordinary planter whose success created the capital base for the slave-based plantation society of the eighteenth century.

  • Notes 
    • Emigrated from (probably) Heston, Middlesex to Maryland 1652 with his wife, four children, and two servants. Died in London during a business trip back there. He was literate, and Roman Catholic. He held minor offices such as manor court juror and he was referred to as "Mr."

      His Maryland plantation is the subject of a book-length study, Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland by Lois Green Carr, Russell R. Menard, and Lorena S. Walsh (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1991).

      He called his fellow Maryland immigrant Benjamin Gill "kinsman" and was an executor of Gill's estate. Gill's wife Mary (Ann Maria) was a daughter of the recusant Oliver Mainwaring (d. 1631) and his royally-descended wife Margaret Torbock. Joan or Jane Mainwaring, a sister of Mary's, appears to have married a Thomas Cole in Heston, Middlesex; this has led to a hypothesis (here, here, and here) that the settler was a son of that Joan and Thomas, but there appears to be no proof that this was the case. And yet we note that Robert Cole's grandson Edward Cole married Ann Neale, a great-granddaughter of Benjamin Gill and Mary Mainwaring.

      Carr, Menard, and Walsh (citation details below) believe that his parents were William and Joan/Jane Cole of Heston. A Robert Cole is recorded as baptised 15 Nov 1629 at St. Margaret, Westminster, son of William Cole. Another Robert Cole, also the son of a William, is recorded baptised in London, at St. Giles without Cripplegate, on 28 Aug 1629. Mary Ellen Donnelly (citation details below) believes his parents were Thomas Cole of Lampton, Middlesex, baptized 15 Dec 1594, and Jane Hanckes of Middlesex.

      The burial of a Robert Cole is also in the Greater London Burial Index on findmypast.com, buried 17 Aug 1662 in the parish of St. Leonard in Heston, believed to be where our Robert came from. The findmypast entry includes under "relationship" the tantalizing phrase "Son of…", complete with ellipsis, but it's only a transcription. An actual image of the handwritten burial record can be found here on ancestry.com. It says "Augusti 17 Sepultus Robert Cole filius", then a blank space, then "Cole" followed by characters that are, in the photograph, too blurred to interpret. It looks to us like the problem is with blurriness in the photograph, and that these characters might actually be readable in a better image. On 11 Jun 2021 we wrote to the London Metropolitan Archives, where we believe the original of this parish register resides, to inquire about having this page pulled and rephotographed, or at least examined.

  • Sources 
    1. [S248] Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland by Lois Green Carr, Russell B. Menard, and Lorena S. Walsh. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

    2. [S247] Maryland State Archives, Biographical Files of 17th and 18th Century Marylanders, by Dr. Lois Green Carr., year only.

    3. [S258] Hayden/Rapier and Allied Families: Colonial Maryland, Kentucky, U.S.A. by Mary Louise Donnelly. Ennis, Texas: MLD Genealogy Company, 1991.

    4. [S248] Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland by Lois Green Carr, Russell B. Menard, and Lorena S. Walsh. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991., year and country only.

    5. [S1108] To Maryland from Overseas by Harry Wright Newman. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002.

    6. [S247] Maryland State Archives, Biographical Files of 17th and 18th Century Marylanders, by Dr. Lois Green Carr.

    7. [S5935] Ancestral Records and Portraits: A Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I., The Colonial Dames of America. 2 vols., New York, 1910.

    8. [S3404] Rory T. Conley, "Robert Cole's Religion: The Religious Practice of Maryland's First Catholics." Chronicles of St. Mary’s: Quarterly Magazine of the St. Mary's County Historical Society, Winter 2010.

    9. [S138] St. Mary's Families, compiled by Linda Reno. Original site is gone. Mirrors: Marriages 1638-1820. Migration from Maryland 1780-1820. Tract Map: 1705.