Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Thomas Colepeper

Male Abt 1260 - 1321  (~ 61 years)


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  • Name Thomas Colepeper  [1
    Born Abt 1260  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 1321  Winchelsea, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Person ID I12369  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of FL, Ancestor of GFS, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TS
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Thomas Colepeper,   b. of Brenchley, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1309 
    Family ID F8066  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margery Bayhall,   b. Abt 1265 
    Married Abt 1299  [4
    Children 
    +1. John Colepeper,   b. Abt 1305, of Bayhall, Pembury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1370, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2015 
    Family ID F8065  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Castellan of Leeds. [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

      "Sir Thomas Colepeper, who 'pro bono servicio in partibus Scotie' received a pardon in the 32nd year of Edward for breaking the park of the Prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, at Westwell, and the park of the Prior of Michelham, in the 29th year of that King's reign, took the side of the Earl of Lancaster against Edward I, and being Governor of Winchelsea, was there executed in 1321. [...] It was not long, however, before all these estates were restored to the family. By deed bearing date 1 Jul 1288 (17 Edward I), Margery, widow of Thomas Colepeper, agreed to grant the Pepinbury estate to the King for the term of her life on the payment of 12 marks per annum from the Exchequer. But apparently she soon repented of this bargain, and addressed a petition to the King praying that 'le manoir de la Bayehalle' might be restored to her, the grounds for the request being that the King's ministers had not only neglected to pay the rent, but had let her houses go to ruin, 'a g'nt damage de l'avantdite Marg'ie de xlli.' On this the King issued a commission to Henry de Cobham and others to investigate the matters set forth in the petition, and the direct result of this enquiry was an order for the immediate restoration of all the property." [The Sussex Colepepers, citation details below.]

      "Weaver, in his Ancient Funeral Monuments, p. 272, speaks of Sir Thomas Colepeper siding with the Earl of Lancaster and being hanged, drawn and quartered at Winchelsea. The place fatal to the Earl was Pontefract, so it seems certain that both Thomas and John were with Lancaster's forces at Boroughbridge." [The Sussex Colepepers, citation details below.]

      "[Thomas Colepeper] was probably a retainer of lord Badlesmere, then warden of the Cinque Ports and keeper of the royal castle of Leeds in Kent, who joined the earl of Lancaster, fought against the King at Boroughbridge in 1322, was taken prisoner, sent into Kent, and hanged at Blean near Canterbury. The previous autumn the governors of Leeds castle, of Winchelsea, and many others, had been executed in that county for treason and shutting their gates against the queen." [History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby]

      "The date at which iron-working was begun on Oldlands is unknown, but it was perhaps by the 14th century when the Culpepers of Bayhall in Pembury, Kent, who had iron works near by at Tudeley, owned it. Iron was certainly founded at Buxted in 1492. The frequent changes of ownership in the 16th and early 17th centuries suggest commercial activities connected with the iron industry, either from direct exploitation of the estate or, more likely, through letting it to tenants. The increase in the purchase price, from £563 in 1576 to £2200 in 1609, may indicate that such financial speculation was justified. In 1313 or 1314 Thomas Culpeper of Bayhall (Sir Thomas Culpeper of Bayhall in Pembury, co. Kent) and his wife Margery (Margery Bayhall) acquired a messuage and 60 acres of land in Buxted from Ralph Marescot and in 1319 or 1320 another messuage and 50 acres in Buxted and Maresfield from Reynold Burgess. Culpeper was appointed forester of Rotherfield in Tonbridge chase in 1315, and in 1318, at the request of his patron, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and others, Edward II granted to him the forestership of Ashdown and the keeping of Maresfield park. He was involved with Badlesmere in the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and was sentenced to death and executed at Winchelsea in 1322. His possessions were forfeited to the Crown, but the lands in Buxted and Maresfield were restored in 1324 to Margery, whose date of death is unknown." [Culpepper Connections, citing Janet H. Stevenson, "Alexander Nesbitt, a Sussex antiquary, and the Oldlands estate", Sussex Archeological Collections, 1999, Volume 137, pages 163-164.]

      George Baker's History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton gives this Thomas Colepeper's father as John Colepeper of Kent.

  • Sources 
    1. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    2. [S1340] The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton by George Baker. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-30., place only.

    3. [S241] Culpepper Connections: The Culpepper Family History Site, date only.

    4. [S241] Culpepper Connections: The Culpepper Family History Site.

    5. [S375] Col. F. W. T. Atree and the Rev. J. H. L. Booker, "The Sussex Colepepers." Sussex Archaeological Collections, 47:47, 1904, and 48:65, 1905.