Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Owain Cyfeiliog ap Gruffudd ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn

Male Abt 1130 - 1197  (~ 67 years)


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  • Name Owain Cyfeiliog ap Gruffudd ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn  [1
    Born Abt 1130  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 1197  Monastery of Strata Marcella, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Person ID I1595  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of DK, Ancestor of JMF, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 10 Aug 2020 

    Father Gruffudd ap Maredudd 
    Mother Gwerful ferch Gwrgeneu 
    Family ID F2039  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Gwenllian ferch Owain 
    Children 
    +1. Gwenwynwyn,   d. Abt 1216, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Constance ferch Owain
    Last Modified 10 May 2019 
    Family ID F270  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Prince of southern Powys. Also called Owain ap Gruffudd. Died as a monk at the Cistercian monastery of Strata Marcella (Ystrad Marchell) near Welshpool, which he had founded in 1170.

      From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      Owain Cyfeiliog probably married twice, first certainly to Gwenllïan, daughter of Owain Gwynedd, and second perhaps to Gwenllïan, daughter of Ednywain, claimed by later genealogies to be of the line of Gollwyn ap Tangno. [...]

      Gerald of Wales includes Owain Cyfeiliog with Owain Gwynedd and Maredudd ap Gruffudd ap Rhys of south Wales as the three Welshmen who, in his days, were conspicuous for their justice, prudence, and moderation as rulers. The lavish hospitality of Owain's court -- "Where there was drinking without want, without refusal" -- was celebrated by the poet Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr. Cynddelw's poetry also testifies to Owain's raids against Anglo-Norman lands in the Shropshire marches, among them the territories of the Corbet lords of Caus, an aspect of his career which is ignored by the chronicles. The poet's evidence is complemented by the portrayal of Owain in the thirteenth-century Anglo-French romance "Fouke le Fitz Waryn" (the Fitzwarines held land of the Corbets at Alberbury). Here he features as "un chevaler hardy e fer" (a bold and fierce knight) who grievously wounds Fouke le Fitz Waryn.

      Owain, whom Gerald of Wales praised for the readiness of his tongue, is renowned in Welsh literary history as a poet. Two poems, the lengthy "Hirlas Owain", which is definitely ascribed to Owain in the Red Book of Hergest, and the shorter "Englynion on the circuit of Wales" have been regarded as his work. The "Hirlas" is an unusual poem, which, in dramatic style, depicts a feast in Owain's court following a raid in Maelor in north-east Wales to free his brother Meurig from prison, an event which the Welsh chronicles show to have taken place in 1156. Owain praises his brave warriors, calling upon his cup-bearer to bring the long blue ("hirlas") drinking-horn filled with mead to each hero in turn. Recent stylistic analysis of this and the other poem, however, implies that their true author was Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Owain's court poet, and that the prince's role was that of a persona in the poems rather than their creator.

  • Sources 
    1. [S3215] Medieval Welsh Ancestors of Certain Americans by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2004.

    2. [S903] The Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales, 2007 and ongoing.

    3. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.