Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John Tyrrell, Speaker of the House of Commons

Male Abt 1382 - 1437  (~ 55 years)

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  • Name John Tyrrell 
    Suffix Speaker of the House of Commons 
    Born Abt 1382  of Heron in East Horndon, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 Apr 1437  [4, 5
    Buried Church of the Austin Friars, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I18137  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS
    Last Modified 9 Nov 2020 

    Father Walter Tyrrell,   b. of Avon, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Eleanor Flambard,   d. 29 Mar 1422 
    Family ID F11267  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alice Coggeshall,   d. 1422 
    Married Bef 1411  [6
    +1. William Tyrrell,   b. of Gipping, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1462, Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 1 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F11261  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Knight of the shire for Essex 1411, May 1413, Mar 1416, 1417, 1419, May 1421, 1422, 1425, 1429, 1431, 1433, 1437. Knight of the shire for Hertfordshire, 1427. Speaker of the lower house 1427, 1431, 1437.

      Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire 1413-14 and 1423. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk 1426-27.

      Treasurer of the Household 24 May 1431 to his death.

      From "Tyrell family," Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      John Tyrell's abilities, and perhaps some legal training, are reflected in the links which he forged, from the outset of his career, with the leading landowners in Essex. He acted as feoffee of Anne of Woodstock, the heir of Thomas, duke of Gloucester, and her husband, William Bourchier, and also of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester (under whom he had served in France in 1415). It was probably Gloucester who secured for him the office of steward of Clare and Thaxted during the minority of Richard, duke of York, in 1427 -- a connection that was to lead to service to York himself, culminating in Tyrell's appointment as the duke's receiver-general. In the same year he was appointed chief steward of the duchy of Lancaster north of the Trent. In 1431 he was made treasurer of the king's household, a post he was to hold until his death, and knighted. He sat in parliament twelve times between 1411 and 1437, and was chosen speaker on three occasions, the last time being in 1437, when he had to resign because of ill health on 19 March; he died a fortnight later on 2 April.

      John Tyrell's landed wealth matched his national prominence. In 1412 he was said to be in possession only of Broomfield (his wife's dower from her first marriage) and Heron, Essex, which, if true, would mean that he had not yet inherited all his grandfather's lands, although he was later to do so. His father's Hampshire land had been settled on his widow, Eleanor, daughter and heir of Edmund Flambard of Shepreth, Cambridgeshire, and John had to wait until her death in 1422 to obtain possession. John himself made two good marriages. The first, to Alice, daughter and coheir of William Coggeshall, brought him half the Coggeshall lands at the death of William in 1426. Alice herself had died in 1422 and John had married Katherine, daughter and coheir of William Burgate of Burgate, Suffolk, and widow of Robert Stonham and John Spenser. In 1436 John's annual income was reckoned at £396, which made him the wealthiest non-aristocrat in the county.

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families by Douglas Richardson. Salt Lake City, 2013., place only.

    2. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing., date only.

    3. [S1773] A History of Coggeshall, in Essex by Geo. Fred Beaumont. London: Marshall Brothers, 1890., place only.

    4. [S47] The History of Parliament. Some citations point to entries from the printed volumes not yet added to the online site.

    5. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    6. [S160] Wikipedia.