Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Michael de la Pole

Male Abt 1330 - 1389  (~ 59 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Michael de la Pole  [1
    Born Abt 1330  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 5 Sep 1389  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Buried Church of the Carthusians, Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Person ID I19025  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of WPF
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2020 

    Father William de la Pole, Mayor of Hull,   b. of Myton (by Hull), Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1366 
    Mother Katherine,   d. 28 Jan 1382 
    Family ID F11797  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Katherine Wingfield,   b. 1350,   d. Bef 1 Oct 1386  (Age < 36 years) 
    Married Bef 18 Oct 1361  [2
    Children 
    +1. Thomas de la Pole,   b. of Marsh in Marsh Gibbon, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1420
    +2. Anne de la Pole,   d. 30 Mar 1412
    +3. Michael de la Pole,   b. Bef 1368,   d. 18 Sep 1415, Harfleur, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 47 years)
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2021 
    Family ID F11794  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • 1st Earl of Suffolk. Admiral of the Northern Fleet. Joint Governor to Richard II. Lord Chancellor of England. Keeper of the Great Seal.

      From Wikipedia:

      His father was a wool merchant from Hull who became a key figure during the reign of Edward III: after the collapse of the Bardi and Peruzzi families, he emerged as Edward's chief financier. Michael enjoyed even greater popularity at court than his father, becoming one of the most trusted and intimate friends of Edward's successor, Richard II.

      He was appointed Chancellor in 1383, and created Earl of Suffolk in 1385, the first of his family to hold any such title. However, in the late 1380s his fortunes radically altered, in step with those of the king. During the Wonderful Parliament of 1386 he was impeached on charges of embezzlement and negligence, a victim of increasing tensions between Parliament and Richard. He was the first official in English history to be removed from office by the process of impeachment. Even after this disgrace, he remained in royal favour, although soon fell foul of the Lords Appellant. He was one of a number of Richard's associates accused of treason by the Appellants in November 1387. After the Appellants' victory at Radcot Bridge (December 1387) and before the so-called Merciless Parliament met in February 1388, De La Pole shrewdly fled to Paris, thus escaping the fate of Sir Nicholas Brembre and Chief Justice Robert Tresilian. He remained in France for the remainder of his life. Sentenced in his absence, his title was stripped from him.

      Jean Froissart's references to de la Pole in the Chroniques (II.173) portray a devious and ineffectual counsellor, who dissuaded Richard from pursuing a certain victory against French and Scottish forces in Cumberland, and fomented undue suspicion of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.

  • Sources 
    1. [S2164] The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling ed. Norman Davis. 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.

    2. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant ed. Vicary Gibbs, H. A. Doubleday, Duncan Warrand, Howard de Walden, Geoffrey H. White and R. S. Lea. 2nd edition. 14 volumes (1-13, but volume 12 spanned two books), London, The St. Catherine Press, 1910-1959. Volume 14, "Addenda & Corrigenda," ed. Peter W. Hammond, Gloucestershire, Sutton Publishing, 1998.

    3. [S3845] Stradebroke Manor by P. W. Mackenzie. 2020.