Nielsen Hayden genealogy


Male - 1185

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Gilbert  
    Gender Male 
    Died 1 Jan 1185  [1, 2
    Person ID I23843  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of GFS, Ancestor of JMF, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2019 

    Father Fergus of Galloway,   d. 12 May 1161, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother (Unknown wife of Fergus of Galloway),   d. 1161, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1120  [3
    Family ID F2961  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    +1. Duncan,   d. 13 Jun 1250
    Last Modified 4 Mar 2019 
    Family ID F14307  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • "Gilbert, according to the then custom, shared with his brother the lordship of Galloway and the lands. They attended William the Lion in his invasion of Northumberland in 1174, when that monarch was taken prisoner. Galloway then broke into rebellion, many subjects of Scotland were murdered, the King's officers expelled, and the castles which had but recently been built to protect them thrown down. The brothers then quarrelled as to their respective jurisdictions, and Gilbert, by the agency of his son Malcolm, perhaps illegitimate, slew his brother Uchtred, who adhered to the Scottish King, 22 September 1174, with peculiar circumstances of savage brutality. Gilbert offered to pay the English King a yearly tribute of 2000 merks silver, 500 cows and 500 swine, but Henry II., on account of the murder of Uchtred, refused both homage and tribute. In 1175, William of Scotland being restored to liberty, marched an army into Galloway to chastise Gilbert, but instead of executing justice, contented himself with exacting a pecuniary satisfaction. In 1176, Gilbert came to York with William, and was received by Henry. There he left his son Duncan as hostage for his friendship, and in 1180 he was charged in the English Exchequer with the then enormous sum of £919, 9s. In 1184, he is found under the protection of England, making devastating raids into Scotland and rejecting terms of accommodation offered to him." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.]

      What the Scots Peerage means by "peculiar circumstances of savage brutality" is that Gilbert, in order, mutilated, blinded, castrated, and then killed his brother Uchtred, and did the same to Uchtred's son Duncan.

  • Sources 
    1. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant ed. Vicary Gibbs, H. A. Doubleday, Duncan Warrand, Howard de Walden, Geoffrey H. White and R. S. Lea. 2nd edition. 14 volumes (1-13, but volume 12 spanned two books), London, The St. Catherine Press, 1910-1959. Volume 14, "Addenda & Corrigenda," ed. Peter W. Hammond, Gloucestershire, Sutton Publishing, 1998.

    2. [S800] The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of That Kingdom. Ed. James Balfour Paul. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904-1914.

    3. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.