Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John Beauchamp

Male - 1388


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  • Name John Beauchamp 
    Born of Holt, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 May 1388  Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I34102  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of DGH
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2021 

    Father John Beauchamp,   b. Abt 1319, of Holt, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1367  (Age ~ 47 years) 
    Mother Isabel Attwood,   d. Aft 1363 
    Married Bef 25 Mar 1345  [1
    Family ID F20075  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joan Fitz With,   b. 24 Mar 1352 
    Married Bef 31 Oct 1370  [1
    Children 
    +1. John Beauchamp,   b. 6 Jan 1377, of Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Aug 1420  (Age 43 years)
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F20073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • According to Douglas Richardson (citation details below), in addition to serving as a knight of the shire for Worcestershire in the two parliaments of 1377 as mentioned below, he also performed the same function in 1380.

      From Wikipedia (accessed 13 Apr 2021):

      He served under John of Gaunt in the Spanish campaign of 1372 and in 1373 obtained a grant of a yearly fair at a place called 'le Rode' in the parish of Holt, on the day of St. Mary Magdalene. A favourite of the ailing King Edward III, in the years 1370 to 1375 he received several grants of offices, including the constableship of Bridgnorth Castle. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for Worcestershire to Edward III's last parliament (January 1377) and Richard II's first (October 1377).

      Richard II regarded him warmly, and acted as godfather to his son. Retained in the household, Beauchamp soon received substantial further patronage, and by 1384 he had been made Receiver of the Chamber and Keeper of the King's Jewels. He received the Order of Knighthood on Richard II's entry into Scotland in 1385. That December he was granted for life the office of Justiciar of North Wales, to which was added in August 1386 a charter of liberties within his recently purchased estate at Kidderminster. Even though the Commons demanded in October that a new Steward of the Household be appointed only in parliament, Richard II refused to comply, and in January 1387 he promoted Beauchamp to the stewardship. Even more provocative was Sir John's creation on 10 October following as 'Lord of Beauchamp and Baron of Kidderminster', a new dignity to be maintained from the estates of Deerhurst Priory. This was the first creation of a peerage by letters patent. He was probably the builder of Holt Castle.

      Beauchamp's rapid rise from esquire to baron could not be borne by the Lords Appellant, who included his kinsman, Thomas Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick. The latter probably saw the rise of his cousin as a threat to his dominance of the Midlands. Arrested and imprisoned along with three other household knights, Lord Beauchamp was impeached in the Merciless Parliament in 1388 and condemned by the lords for treason. He was beheaded on Tower Hill and was buried in Worcester Cathedral. Fortunately for his heir, John Beauchamp, 2nd Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster, then aged eleven, he had entailed certain of his manors, so these were exempt from forfeiture.

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families by Douglas Richardson. Salt Lake City, 2013.