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Robert Charles Wickliffe, Governor of Louisiana

Male 1819 - 1895  (76 years)

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  1. 1.  Robert Charles Wickliffe, Governor of Louisiana was born on 6 Jan 1819 in Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky; died on 18 Apr 1895 in Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky; was buried in Bardstown City Cemetery, Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky.


    From Wikipedia (accessed 1 Nov 2020):

    Robert Charles Wickliffe […] was Lieutenant Governor and the 15th Governor of Louisiana from 1856 to 1860.

    He was born in Bardstown, Kentucky at Wickland to Governor (and later U.S. Postmaster General), Charles A. Wickliffe. His maternal grandfather was the famed Colonel Crips, an Indian fighter in Kentucky. Wickliffe attended several schools including St. Joseph's College in Bardstown and Augusta College. He graduated from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky in 1840 and resided in Washington, DC during his father's tenure as Postmaster General in the Tyler Administration. He studied law under United States Attorney General Hugh Lagare and was admitted to the Kentucky bar.

    In 1843, Wickliffe married Anna Dawson, the daughter of Louisiana Congressman John Bennett Dawson and niece of Louisiana Governor Isaac Johnson. In 1846, the Wickliffes moved to St. Francisville, Louisiana so Robert could recover from pneumonia at his wife's family's plantation, Wyoming.

    Wickliffe ran for the Louisiana State Senate in 1851 as a Democrat and won. Reelected in 1853, he is appointed Chairman of the Commission on Public Education, and became President Pro Tempore of the Louisiana Senate when W. W. Farmer became Lieutenant Governor. When Farmer died in office in 1854, Wickliffe, as President Pro Temp, became Lieutenant Governor.

    In 1855, Wickliffe was nominated as the Democratic candidate for Governor of Louisiana. He went on to defeat Charles Derbigny, son of former Governor Pierre Derbigny, who was running on the Know Nothing ticket. In winning, Wickliffe drew 3,000 more votes than Derbigny and carried 31 of 48 parishes.

    In his inaugural address in Baton Rouge, Governor Wickliffe advocated a united Democratic South to protect state's rights and he championed the expansion of American power to the Caribbean, Mexico, Cuba and Central America in order to protect slavery in the United States. His administration continued the trend of railroad building, but critics claimed he ignored public education. The Panic of 1857 caused unrest and depression throughout the country and Louisiana was hard hit. Governor Wickliffe blamed a loosely managed Board of Currency in Louisiana. As a consequence, he ordered banks to make weekly statements to the Board of Currency. The unrest changed to violence in New Orleans, which was under Know Nothing control, and Wickliffe was forced to dispatch the militia to ensure the validity of the 1858 elections.

    After his term as Governor ended, Wickliffe returned to planting and the practice of law in St. Francisville. In the Presidential election of 1860, Wickliffe joined Senator Pierre Soulé in backing Stephen A. Douglas. The other Louisiana Senator, John Slidell, backed former Vice President John C. Breckinridge from Kentucky. Wickliffe was selected to be a delegate for Douglas at the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore, Maryland.

    In 1861, Wickliffe did not actively support secession and during the Civil War he tried to act as an intermediary between the Confederacy and the Union. After the war was over, in 1865, Wickliffe was elected to the United States House of Representatives representing Louisiana's 3rd congressional district. He was not seated as Louisiana was deemed "not reconstructed."

    Wickliffe married his second wife, Anna Davis Anderson in 1870. He was elected a delegate to the Democratic National Convention supporting Samuel J. Tilden in 1876 and in 1884 was delegate supporting Grover Cleveland. In 1892, he reentered electoral politics when he was nominated for Lieutenant Governor by the Louisiana Lottery faction of the Democratic Party. Wickliffe lost to anti-lottery Democrats led by Murphy James Foster. Wickliffe died while visiting relatives in Kentucky on April 18, 1895.

    Robert married Anna Ruffin Dawson in 1843. Anna (daughter of John Bennett Dawson, U. S. Representative from Louisiana) was born in 1824; died on 18 May 1853; was buried in Bardstown City Cemetery, Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Robert married Annie Davis Anderson in 1870. Annie was born in 1837; died in 1876; was buried in Bardstown City Cemetery, Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. 2. Robert Charles Wickliffe, U. S. Representative from Louisiana  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 1 May 1874 in Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky; died on 11 Jun 1912 in Washington, D.C.; was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Robert Charles Wickliffe, U. S. Representative from Louisiana Descendancy chart to this point (1.Robert1) was born on 1 May 1874 in Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky; died on 11 Jun 1912 in Washington, D.C.; was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky.


    From the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (citation details below):

    WICKLIFFE, ROBERT CHARLES, (grandson of Charles Anderson Wickliffe and cousin of John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham), a Representative from Louisiana; born in Bardstown, Ky., May 1, 1874, while his parents were on a visit to relatives in that State; attended the public schools of St. Francisville, La.; was graduated from Centre College, Danville, Ky., in 1895 and from the law department of Tulane University, New Orleans, La., in 1897; was admitted to the bar in 1898 and commenced practice in St. Francisville, La.; member of the State constitutional convention in 1898; enlisted as a private in Company E, First Regiment, Louisiana Volunteer Infantry, during the Spanish-American War; was mustered out of the service in October 1898; returned to West Feliciana Parish; district attorney of the twenty-fourth judicial district of Louisiana 1902-1906; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1909, until June 11, 1912, when he was killed while crossing a railroad bridge in Washington, D.C.; interment in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Ky.