Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Hannah Cutler

Female - 1686


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Hannah Cutler died on 17 Mar 1686.

    Hannah married Onesiphorus Marsh on 6 Feb 1655 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Onesiphorus (son of George Marsh and Elizabeth) was born about 1630 in England; died on 15 May 1713 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 2. Hannah Marsh  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 23 Jun 1657 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts; died on 15 Mar 1697 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts.
    2. 3. John Marsh  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Aug 1663 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts; died on 24 Nov 1733.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Hannah Marsh Descendancy chart to this point (1.Hannah1) was born on 23 Jun 1657 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts; died on 15 Mar 1697 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 28 Jun 1657, Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts

    Hannah married Henry Kimball on 14 Dec 1677 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts. Henry (son of Henry Kimball and Mary Riddlesdale) was born about 1655 in Wenham, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 14 Dec 1697. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 4. Sarah Kimball  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 13 Sep 1686 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 7 Jan 1752.
    2. 5. Rebecca Kimball  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 12 Oct 1694 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts.

  2. 3.  John Marsh Descendancy chart to this point (1.Hannah1) was born on 19 Aug 1663 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts; died on 24 Nov 1733.

    John married Lydia Emerson on 16 Nov 1688 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts. Lydia (daughter of Robert Emerson and Ann Grant) was born on 11 Aug 1667 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 10 Feb 1719. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 6. David Marsh  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 21 Jan 1698 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Nov 1777.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Sarah Kimball Descendancy chart to this point (2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 13 Sep 1686 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 7 Jan 1752.

    Family/Spouse: Joseph Hall. Joseph (son of Deacon Richard Hall and Martha Benson) was born on 19 Feb 1680 in Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 7 Oct 1750 in Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts; was buried in Ancient Burying Ground, Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 7. Sarah Hall  Descendancy chart to this point was born in Nov 1725 in Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 28 Aug 1785 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

  2. 5.  Rebecca Kimball Descendancy chart to this point (2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 12 Oct 1694 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts.

    Rebecca married Jabez Ayres on 8 Dec 1718. Jabez (son of Samuel Ayres and Abigail Fellows) was born on 27 Dec 1690 in Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 8. Onesiphorus Ayres  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 7 Apr 1733 in Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Jun 1809.

  3. 6.  David Marsh Descendancy chart to this point (3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 21 Jan 1698 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Nov 1777.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    Sergeant in the first company of the Haverhill militia. Chosen as deacon, 5 Jan 1737. Representative to the General Court, 1755-61.

    David married Mary Moody on 24 Aug 1722. Mary (daughter of Cutting Moody and Judith Little) was born on 13 Aug 1703; died on 13 Aug 1794. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 9. Elizabeth Marsh  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 29 Jun 1723 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 24 Sep 1807 in Manchester, Essex, Massachusetts.


Generation: 4

  1. 7.  Sarah Hall Descendancy chart to this point (4.Sarah3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born in Nov 1725 in Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 28 Aug 1785 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

    Sarah married Aaron Gage on 23 Apr 1752. Aaron (son of John Gage and Susanna Ross) was born on 24 Feb 1718 in Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 12 Mar 1797 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 10. Moses Gage  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 25 May 1768 in Methuen, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 27 May 1835; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

  2. 8.  Onesiphorus Ayres Descendancy chart to this point (5.Rebecca3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 7 Apr 1733 in Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 2 Jun 1809.

    Onesiphorus married Anna Goodale on 6 Dec 1759. Anna (daughter of Solomon Goodale and Anna Hinds) was born on 18 Jun 1740 in Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts; died on 13 Jun 1814. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 11. John Ayres  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Apr 1779; died on 22 Aug 1830 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

  3. 9.  Elizabeth Marsh Descendancy chart to this point (6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 29 Jun 1723 in Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 24 Sep 1807 in Manchester, Essex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 26 Sep 1807

    Elizabeth married Rev. Benjamin Tappan on 5 Oct 1746. Benjamin (son of Samuel Toppan and Abigail Wigglesworth) was born on 28 Feb 1721 in Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 6 May 1790 in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Essex, Massachusetts; was buried in Old Burial Ground, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Essex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 12. Benjamin Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 21 Oct 1747 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 29 Jan 1831 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.


Generation: 5

  1. 10.  Moses Gage Descendancy chart to this point (7.Sarah4, 4.Sarah3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 25 May 1768 in Methuen, Essex, Massachusetts; died on 27 May 1835; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 25 May 1768, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire

    Moses married Ruth Fuller on 29 Apr 1788 in Amherst, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. Ruth (daughter of Nathan Fuller and Martha) was born on 16 Mar 1765 in Amherst, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 3 Jan 1827; was buried in Turkey Hill Graveyard, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 13. Moses Gage  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 4 Feb 1796 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 5 Dec 1877 in Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; was buried in Joppa Hill Cemetery, Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

  2. 11.  John Ayres Descendancy chart to this point (8.Onesiphorus4, 5.Rebecca3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 10 Apr 1779; died on 22 Aug 1830 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    John married Rebecca Lombard on 15 Nov 1803 in Truro, Barnstable, Massachusetts. Rebecca (daughter of Israel Lombard and Jemima Atkins) was born about 1783; died on 25 Dec 1852. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 14. Lovice Ayres  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 3 Aug 1805 in Provincetown, Barnstaple, Massachusetts; died on 27 Sep 1849 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  3. 12.  Benjamin TappanBenjamin Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 21 Oct 1747 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 29 Jan 1831 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 21 Oct 1747, Manchester, Essex, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    He was a goldsmith and a storekeeper. According to Tappan-Toppan Genealogy (citation details below), he marched with other volunteers from Northampton to meet the forces of Burgoyne at Saratoga.

    Benjamin married Sarah Holmes on 22 Oct 1770 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Sarah (daughter of William Homes and Rebecca Dawes) was born on 2 Jan 1748 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 21 Mar 1826 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 15. Benjamin Tappan, Senator from Ohio  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 25 May 1773 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 20 Apr 1857 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.
    2. 16. Arthur Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 22 May 1786 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 23 Jul 1865 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut.
    3. 17. Lewis Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 23 May 1788 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jun 1873 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.


Generation: 6

  1. 13.  Moses Gage Descendancy chart to this point (10.Moses5, 7.Sarah4, 4.Sarah3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 4 Feb 1796 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 5 Dec 1877 in Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; was buried in Joppa Hill Cemetery, Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 4 Feb 1791
    • Alternate death: 5 Dec 1877, Goffstown, Hillsborough, New Hampshire

    Notes:

    The Find a Grave date for his birth would appear to be the correct one, at least on the evidence of his gravestone.

    Moses married Sibyl Barron on 3 Dec 1816. Sibyl (daughter of Lieut. Samuel Barron and Sibyl Cummings) was born about 1787 in Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 7 Dec 1841; was buried in Joppa Hill Cemetery, Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 18. Moses Gage  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 1 Mar 1819 in Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 28 Mar 1871 in Iowa; was buried in St. Joseph's Cemetery, DeWitt, Clinton, Iowa.

  2. 14.  Lovice Ayres Descendancy chart to this point (11.John5, 8.Onesiphorus4, 5.Rebecca3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 3 Aug 1805 in Provincetown, Barnstaple, Massachusetts; died on 27 Sep 1849 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Sep 1849, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts

    Lovice married Charles Octavius Whitmore on 22 Dec 1830 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Charles (son of William Dickman Whitmore and Rhoda Woodward) was born on 2 Nov 1807 in Bath, Sagadahoc, Maine; died on 15 Nov 1885 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 19. William Henry Whitmore  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 6 Sep 1836 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 14 Jun 1900 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  3. 15.  Benjamin Tappan, Senator from OhioBenjamin Tappan, Senator from Ohio Descendancy chart to this point (12.Benjamin5, 9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 25 May 1773 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 20 Apr 1857 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Notes:

    "[A]n Ohio judge and Democratic politician who served in the Ohio State Senate and the United States Senate. He was an early settler of the Connecticut Western Reserve in northeastern Ohio and was one of the first settlers in Portage County and the founder of the city of Ravenna, Ohio." [Wikipedia]

    "TAPPAN, Benjamin, a Senator from Ohio; born in Northampton, Mass., May 25, 1773; attended the public schools; apprenticed as printer and engraver; traveled to the West Indies; studied painting with Gilbert Stuart; studied law; admitted to the bar in Hartford, Conn., and commenced practice in Ravenna, Ohio, in 1799; member, State senate 1803-1805; moved to Steubenville, Ohio, in 1809 and continued the practice of law; served in the War of 1812; held several local offices; county judge; judge of the fifth Ohio Circuit Court of Common Pleas 1816-1823; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1832; United States district judge of Ohio 1833; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1839, to March 3, 1845; chairman, Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses (Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses), Committee on the Library (Twenty-seventh Congress); censured by the Senate in 1844 for breach of confidence for passing copies of a proposed treaty with Texas to the press; died in Steubenville, Jefferson County, Ohio, April 20, 1857; interment in Union Cemetery." [Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress]

    An Ohio state historical marker placed in the year 2000 at Ravenna reads: "BENJAMIN TAPPAN, JR. (1773-1857) - The founder of Ravenna Township in 1799, Benjamin Tappan, Jr. led a distinguished life of public service. An aggressive force in local politics, he served in the Ohio Senate from 1803 to 1805, as judge of the fifth court of common pleas from 1816 to 1823, and as a Federal district judge from 1826 to 1833. Tappan served as aid-de-camp to Major General Elijah Wadsworth following the surrender of Detroit in the War of 1812, provisioning and arming local militia units defending the northwest frontier against a possible British invasion."

    After his retirement from electoral politics, in 1838 Benjamin Tappan formed a law partnership with Edwin M. Stanton, who would later be Secretary of War throughout the Civil War, under both Lincoln and Johnson. It was Johnson's attempt to fire Stanton that led to his impeachment. Tappan's son Benjamin Stanton, M.D. (1812-1884) married, as his first wife, in May 1838, Oella Stanton, sister of Edwin M. Stanton.

    Benjamin married Elizabeth "Betsy" Lord in 1823. Elizabeth (daughter of Abner Lord and Mary Selden) was born on 16 Jul 1784 in Lyme, New London, Connecticut; died on 14 Jun 1840. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 20. Eli Todd Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 30 Apr 1824 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 23 Oct 1888 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio.

  4. 16.  Arthur Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (12.Benjamin5, 9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 22 May 1786 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 23 Jul 1865 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut.

    Notes:

    "Arthur Tappan was a New York drygoods merchant, and an abolitionist. He was widely known as a patron of religious and patriotic organizations, endowed Lane Seminary at Cincinnati, a professorship at Auburn Theological Seminary, and built Tappan Hall at Oberlin College, Ohio; he assisted in founding the Journal of Commerce and the Emancipator, and was first president of the Anti-Slavery Society. He aided in sustaining the Liberator, and by paying an enormous fine, freed William Lloyd Garrison from the Baltimore jail. One of the most notable of his benefactions was his paying the tuition of one hundred divinity students for four years at Yale College." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below]

    From Wikipedia (accessed 9 May 2021):

    In 1826, a year after the Erie Canal was completed, Arthur and his brother Lewis moved to New York City, the new national center of business and retail trade, where they established a silk importing business. With Samuel Morse, in 1827 the brothers founded the New York Journal of Commerce.

    Arthur and Lewis Tappan were successful businessmen, but commerce was never their foremost interest. They viewed making money as less important than saving souls. They made the Journal of Commerce a publication free of "immoral advertisements." Arthur Tappan's summer home in New Haven, Connecticut, was destroyed by a mob in 1831 (along with a black hotel and a black home) after his support for a surprisingly unpopular (New Haven Excitement) proposal of a college for African Americans in that city.

    Both men suffered in the anti-abolitionist riots of 1834, in which mobs attacked their property. Arthur Tappan was one of two signatories who issued a disclaimer on behalf of the American Anti-Slavery Society, of which he was president, in the aftermath of the riots, emphasising its dedication to abolishing slavery within the existing laws of the United States.

    "In the great commercial crisis of 1837 he suffered immense losses; and not long after turned his attention to other and more retired occupations, by which he obtained a comfortable subsistence for his family, and the ability still to contribute, though on a greatly diminished scale, throughout his protracted life." [The Life of Arthur Tappan by Lewis Tappan, 1870, page 405.] Their philanthropic efforts crippled and pledges not met, the Tappans were forced to close their silk-importing business, and almost their paper, but the brothers persevered. In the 1840s, they founded another lucrative business enterprise when they opened the first commercial credit-rating service, the Mercantile Agency, a predecessor of Dun and Bradstreet.

    The Tappan brothers made their mark in commerce and in abolitionism. Throughout their careers, the Tappans devoted time and money to philanthropic causes as diverse as temperance, the abolition of slavery, and their support of new colleges in what was then the west of the country: successively, the Oneida Institute, Lane Theological Seminary, the Lane Rebels at Cumminsville, Ohio, and Oberlin Collegiate Institute. Their beliefs about observing Sabbath extended to campaigns against providing stagecoach service and mail deliveries on Sundays.

    In 1833, while a principal owner of the Journal of Commerce, Arthur Tappan allied with William Lloyd Garrison and co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society. Arthur served as its first president, and there was in 1835 a reward of $20,000 (equivalent to $495,677 in 2019) for his capture and delivery to New Orleans.

    He resigned in 1840 because of his opposition to the society's new support of women's suffrage and feminism. Their early support for Oberlin College, a center of abolitionist activity, included $10,000 to build Tappan Hall. Oberlin's green Tappan Square now occupies the site.

    Continuing their support for abolition, Arthur and his brother founded the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1840 and the American Missionary Association in 1846. After the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed, Tappan refused to comply with the new law and donated money to the Underground Railroad. The brothers' positions on the slavery issue were not universally popular. In early July 1834, Lewis Tappan's New York home was sacked by a mob, who threw his furniture into the street and burned it.

    The Tappans and the Journal of Commerce attracted bitter criticism for their campaign to free the Africans who had taken over the slave ship Amistad in 1839. James Gordon Bennett, Sr.'s rival New York Morning Herald denounced "the humbug doctrines of the abolitionists and the miserable fanatics who propagate them," particularly Lewis Tappan and the Journal of Commerce.

    Arthur Tappan died in 1865, Lewis in 1873. Both men lived long enough to see the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment eliminate slavery in the United States, granting freedom to millions of African Americans. Arthur is buried in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven.

    Arthur married Frances Antill on 18 Sep 1810. Frances was born on 4 May 1785 in Montréal, Québec; died on 21 Jul 1863 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 17.  Lewis Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (12.Benjamin5, 9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 23 May 1788 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jun 1873 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.

    Notes:

    Buried at Green-Wood, section E, lot 19728.

    "He was a drygoods merchant in New York City, a philanthropist and anti-slavery advocate, the partner in business of his brother, Arthur Tappan. He was a leading founder of the American Missionary Association." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below]

    His many books and tracts include Address to the Non-Slaveholders of the South: On the Social and Political Evils of Slavery (1843); The Fugitive Slave Bill: Its History and Unconstitutionality (1850); American Slavery (1852); The War: Its Causes and Remedy (1861); Is It Right To Be Rich? (1869); and The Life of Arthur Tappan (1870).

    From Wikipedia (accessed 9 May 2021):

    Lewis Tappan [...] was a New York abolitionist who worked to achieve freedom for the enslaved Africans aboard the Amistad. Tappan was also among the founders of the American Missionary Association in 1846, which began more than 100 anti-slavery Congregational churches throughout the Midwest, and after the American Civil War, founded numerous schools and colleges to aid in the education of freedmen.

    Contacted by Connecticut abolitionists soon after the Amistad arrived in port, Tappan focused extensively on the captive Africans. He ensured the acquisition of high-quality lawyers for the captives, which led to their being set free after the case went to the United States Supreme Court. With his brother Arthur, Tappan not only gained legal help and acquittal for the Africans, but also managed to increase public support and fundraising. Finally, he organized the return trip home to Africa for surviving members of the group.

    Lewis Tappan was the brother of Senator Benjamin Tappan and abolitionist Arthur Tappan. His middle-class parents were strict Congregationalists. Once Lewis was old enough to work, he helped his father in a dry goods store. On his sixteenth birthday, he ventured into other areas of commerce, and ultimately started The Mercantile Agency in 1841 in New York City. The Mercantile Agency was the precursor to Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) and modern credit-reporting services. (D&B is still in existence today.)

    Convinced by Arthur to read a biography of William Wilberforce, who led the cause for abolition in Great Britain, Tappan started his quest for abolition in the United States. [...]

    Despite his Congregationalist upbringing, Lewis Tappan became attracted to Unitarianism for intellectual and social reasons. William Ellery Channing, a Unitarian minister, became Tappan's pastor. As a peace advocate, Channing played an influential role in Tappan's decision to join the Massachusetts Peace Society. In 1827 his brother Arthur convinced him to return to a Trinitarian denomination. Tappan joined Arthur in the Congregational church. Lewis Tappan initially supported the American Colonization Society (ACS), which promoted sending freed blacks from the United States to Africa, based on the assumption that this was their homeland, regardless of where they were born.

    Frustrated by the slow progress of the ACS, Tappan and a sizable nucleus of men, including his brother Arthur, Theodore Dwight Weld, Gerrit Smith, Amos A. Phelps, and James Gillespie Birney, left the ACS to join what was to become known as the "immediatist" camp, who wanted to end slavery in the United States. Weld gained considerable influence following the move of the Tappan brothers to this group. In December 1833, at Philadelphia, Lewis Tappan joined activists such as William Lloyd Garrison to form the American Anti-Slavery Society.

    The departure of the Tappans from the ACS is partially explained by the death of an African whom they repatriated. Captured in Africa and enslaved in Mississippi, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori was a Fulani prince. He would have had potentially lucrative trade contacts in Africa. Partly for business reasons, the Tappans focused on Ibrahim's repatriation, which was finally achieved. Shortly after reaching his homeland, however, Ibrahim died in 1829. This ended the Tappans' hopes of easily establishing significant African trade.

    The Tappan brothers were Congregationalists and uncompromising moralists; even within the abolitionist movement, other members found their views extreme. Lewis Tappan advocated intermarriage (at the time called "amalgamation") as the long-range solution to racial issues, as all people would eventually be mixed race. He dreamed of a "copper-skinned" America where race would not define any man, woman, or child. Tappan characterized the arrival of the Amistad and its Africans on American shores as a "providential occurrence" that might allow "the heart of the nation" to be "touched by the power of sympathy."

    The Tappan brothers created chapters of the American Anti-Slavery Society (AAS) throughout New York state and in other sympathetic areas. Although Tappan was popular among many, opponents of abolition attacked his homes and churches by arson and vandalism.

    Lewis began a nationwide mailing of abolitionist material, which resulted in violent outrage in the South and denunciation by Democratic politicians, who accused him of trying to divide the Union. In the North, the mailings generated widespread sympathy and financial support for the American Anti-Slavery Society. By 1840, however, the anti-slavery program had expanded and the movement splintered.

    After 1840, church-oriented abolitionism became dominant. That year Tappan formed the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in disagreement with the AAS. The latter allowed a woman, Abby Kelley, to be elected to serve on the AAS business committee. Because of his strict religious beliefs, Tappan opposed the participation of women in an official capacity in the public society.

    Tappan founded the abolitionist Human Rights journal and a children's anti-slavery magazine, The Slave's Friend.

    "In July, 1831, Lewis Tappan, Gale, and others founded the Society for Promoting Manual Labor in Literary Institutions ['literary institutions' being schools], and later in the same year persuaded Theodore Weld, a living, breathing, and eloquently-speaking exhibit of the results of manual-labor-with-study, to accept the general agency." [A History of Oberlin College by Robert Samuel Fletcher, 1943] Manual labor--most commonly agricultural, or in a print shop--was supposed to bring students the physical and moral (psychological) benefits of exercise, while providing a type of financial aid to needy students. Among the charges to Weld, who in 1832 traveled over 4,500 miles (7,200 km) and gave over 200 lectures on manual labor and temperance, was "to find a site for a great national manual labor institution where training for the western ministry could be provided for poor but earnest young men." [Ibid.] At the recommendation of Weld, the Tappans supported the new Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati. When Weld led a mass exodus to Oberlin, it then received their support.

    In 1841, the Amistad case went to trial. Tappan attended each day of the trials and wrote daily accounts of the proceedings for The Emancipator, a New England abolitionist paper. He was a frequent contributor. Throughout the trials in New Haven, Connecticut, Tappan arranged for several Yale University students to tutor the imprisoned Africans in English. The lessons included their learning to read New Testament scriptures and to sing Christian hymns. The Africans later drew from these skills to raise funds to return to Africa.

    After achieving legal victory in the US Supreme Court, Tappan planned to use the Amistad Africans as the foundation for his dream to Christianize Africa. The village of Mo Tappan, site of a mission to the Mende people, in modern Sierra Leone, is named for him.

    In 1846, Tappan was among the founders of the American Missionary Association (AMA), led by Congregational and Presbyterian ministers, both white and black. It linked anti-slavery activists of the East with Ohio and other Midwestern activists. In addition, it took over managing numerous disparate missions: an Oberlin, Ohio mission to the Red Lake-area Ojibwe, a mission to Jamaica, a Mende mission to the Amistad Africans, and a mission to escaped blacks living in Canada. As the AMA grew in influence, it expanded its enterprises. Among these, it began 115 anti-slavery Congregational churches in Illinois, aided by anti-slavery ministers such as Owen Lovejoy there.

    In 1858, Tappan was the Treasurer of the AMA. Under the leadership of President Lawrence Brainerd, Tappan, Foreign Corresponding Secretary Rev. George Whipple, and Home Missions Corresponding Secretary Rev. S.S. Jocelyn, the AMA opposed the long-established and powerful American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and American Home Missionary Society because of what the AMA alleged was their complicity with slavery. During and after the American Civil War, Tappan and his brother Arthur worked from New York with the AMA on behalf of freedmen in the South. In postwar efforts, it led the founding of numerous schools and colleges for freedmen, the historically black colleges and universities (HBCU).

    Unwilling to reduce his commitment to U.S. government action against slavery in the southern states, Tappan and other radical political abolitionists denounced the Democratic Party as essentially pro-slavery. Though mistrustful of politicians, Tappan supported various antislavery parties that culminated in formation of the Republican Party. In both 1860 and 1864, Tappan voted for Abraham Lincoln.

    Tappan supported the Emancipation Proclamation but believed that additional liberties were necessary. He wrote to Charles Sumner: "When will the poor negro have his rights? Not, I believe, until he has a musket in one hand and a ballot in the other."

    Lewis married Susanna Aspinwall on 7 Sep 1813. Susanna was born on 17 Jul 1790 in Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts; died on 24 Mar 1853 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Walnut Street Cemetery, Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Lewis married Sarah Jackson in 1854. Sarah was born on 14 Oct 1807 in Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts; died on 19 Jul 1884 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in East Parish Burying Ground, Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 7

  1. 18.  Moses Gage Descendancy chart to this point (13.Moses6, 10.Moses5, 7.Sarah4, 4.Sarah3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 1 Mar 1819 in Bedford, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; died on 28 Mar 1871 in Iowa; was buried in St. Joseph's Cemetery, DeWitt, Clinton, Iowa.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 13 Jun 1819, Merrimack, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1820, New Hampshire
    • Alternate death: Between 1870 and 11 Apr 1876

    Notes:

    In the 1860 census he is recorded as the postmaster for DeWitt, Clinton County, Iowa. In the 1870 census he is a railroad clerk.

    Family/Spouse: Naomi Jane Dunlap. Naomi (daughter of Robert Dunlap and Olive Butterfield) was born about 1821 in New Hampshire; died on 10 Apr 1876 in Iowa; was buried in St. Joseph's Cemetery, DeWitt, Clinton, Iowa. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 21. Frances "Fannie" Gage  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1858 in Iowa; died in 1893; was buried in City View Cemetery, Salem, Marion, Oregon.

  2. 19.  William Henry Whitmore Descendancy chart to this point (14.Lovice6, 11.John5, 8.Onesiphorus4, 5.Rebecca3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 6 Sep 1836 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 14 Jun 1900 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    The web site of the Boston Public Library includes brief biographies of many former library trustees, including William Henry Whitmore, trustee from 1885 to 1888:

    "Born 1836 in Dorchester; died 1900 in Boston. Merchant, politician, genealogist, antiquarian. A descendant of Francis Whitmore who settled in Cambridge, MA, in 1648, William H. Whitmore attended both Boston Latin and English High Schools before entering his family's firm of commission merchants. While traveling to such places as India and Madagascar during his 25 years as a merchant, he studied law and painting. Elected to the Boston Common Council in 1874, Mr. Whitmore spent much of his energy promoting the preservation and publication of local records and concurrently served on the Boston Board of Record Commissioners. He became a city registrar in 1892 and supervised the publication of local and vital records in several multiple volume sets. Throughout his activities in Boston, Mr. Whitmore frequently contributed writings to the New England Historic Genealogical Society Register, the Nation, and the Massachusetts Historical Society, as well as published genealogies and histories of New England towns and families. While he supported the need to find expanded quarters for the growing public library, Trustee Whitmore disagreed on constructing a new building and eventually resigned his trusteeship because of its cost."

    From Wikipedia:

    "About 1868 he was one of the patentees of a machine for making sugar cubes, and in 1882 he patented one for making hyposulphite of soda. His 'Ancestral Tablets' (Boston, 1868) was an invention for genealogists, being a set of pages cut and arranged to admit the insertion of a pedigree in a condensed form."

    William married Frances Theres Walling "Fanny" Maynard on 11 Jun 1884 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Frances (daughter of Edward Flint Maynard and Francis Maria Russell Curow) was born on 23 Jul 1849 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 18 Nov 1911 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 22. Charles Edward Whitmore  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 26 Sep 1887 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 7 Dec 1970 in Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  3. 20.  Eli Todd TappanEli Todd Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (15.Benjamin6, 12.Benjamin5, 9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 30 Apr 1824 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 23 Oct 1888 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio.

    Notes:

    "[A] American educator, mathematician, author, lawyer and newspaper editor who served as president of Kenyon College, among other public distinctions." [Wikipedia]

    "He was educated in the schools of Steubenville, by private tutors, and at St. Mary's College, Baltimore, Md. He studied law with his father and his father's partner, Edwin M. Stanton, who was afterwards Secretary of War under Lincoln. Although admitted to the bar in 1846, Mr. Tappan turned his attention to journalism, publishing for two years a paper called the Ohio Press. He later practiced law in Steubenville, where he was mayor, 1844-5, and superintendent of schools, 1856-9. He was professor of mathematics in the University of Ohio, 1859-60 and 1865-8. He was president of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, 1869-75, and commissioner of the Public Schools of Ohio, from 1887 until the time of his death. He was the author of a number of textbooks on mathematics. He received the following degrees: A. M. from St. Mary's, 1860; LL.D., from Williams, 1873, from Washington and Jefferson, 1874, and from several other colleges." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below.]

    Eli married Lydia Lucretia McDowell on 4 Feb 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. Lydia (daughter of Alexander Johnston McDowell and Mary Sheldon) was born on 4 Jul 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 24 Dec 1904 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 23. Mary Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 14 Dec 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 25 Aug 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.


Generation: 8

  1. 21.  Frances "Fannie" Gage Descendancy chart to this point (18.Moses7, 13.Moses6, 10.Moses5, 7.Sarah4, 4.Sarah3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born in 1858 in Iowa; died in 1893; was buried in City View Cemetery, Salem, Marion, Oregon.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: Abt 1859, Iowa
    • Alternate death: Bef 1895

    Frances married Norton Jason Damon on 14 Dec 1875 in Clinton County, Iowa. Norton (son of Edmund H. Damon and Sarah Hicks) was born in May 1846 in New York; died in 1912; was buried in City View Cemetery, Salem, Marion, Oregon. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 24. Leola Ladorie Damon  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 17 Sep 1887 in Calamus, Clinton, Iowa; died on 30 Jun 1958 in Hood River, Hood River, Oregon; was buried in Forest View Cemetery, Forest Grove, Washington, Oregon.

  2. 22.  Charles Edward Whitmore Descendancy chart to this point (19.William7, 14.Lovice6, 11.John5, 8.Onesiphorus4, 5.Rebecca3, 2.Hannah2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 26 Sep 1887 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 7 Dec 1970 in Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 26 Sep 1887, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    Charles Edward Whitmore's contribution to the Secretary's Fourth Report, Harvard class of 1907:

    SHORTLY after graduation I sailed for Europe spending a year in study at Athens; I then returned to Harvard to work for a Ph.D., receiving that degree in 1911. I was appointed instructor in English in June of that year, a position which I still hold. My earlier inclinations would have led me to teach Greek, but no opening in that field appeared, and I am now more than ever convinced that teaching Freshman composition is by no means the hopeless and thankless task it is so often considered, but a chance to render real and needed service to Harvard and to the community. I am at present completing a book on composition, which I hope to be able to publish within a year.

    During the summer of 1914 I was in Italy, and was delayed there by the outbreak of the war, but succeeded in returning without mishap or special incident. Otherwise I have remained in Cambridge, dividing my time between College duties and literary work.

    Publications: "The Supernatural in Tragedy," Harvard University Press, 1915; "Twenty five Sonnets," Cosmos Press, 1915; articles on early Italian poety in Romantic Review and Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. Member, Society of Colonial Wars in Massachusetts, Modern Language Association of America, American Dialect Society.

    Charles married Elizabeth Manning Gardiner on 31 May 1913 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Elizabeth (daughter of Frederick Augustus Gardiner and Ella S. Smith) was born in 1879 in Massachusetts; died in 1958 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 25. William Francis Whitmore  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 6 Jan 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried on 6 Jan 1996.

  3. 23.  Mary TappanMary Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (20.Eli7, 15.Benjamin6, 12.Benjamin5, 9.Elizabeth4, 6.David3, 3.John2, 1.Hannah1) was born on 14 Dec 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 25 Aug 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    "[A]n American novelist and short story writer best known for her acute characterizations and depictions of academic life." [Wikipedia]

    Mary married John Henry Wright on 2 Apr 1879 in Gambier, Knox, Ohio. John (son of Rev. Austen Hazen Wright and Catherine Myers) was born on 4 Feb 1852 in Urumiah, Persia; died on 25 Nov 1908 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 26. Austin Tappan Wright  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 20 Aug 1883 in Hanover, Grafton, New Hampshire; died on 19 Sep 1931 in Las Vegas, San Miguel, New Mexico; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.