Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Barbara of Saxony

Female Abt 1406 - 1465  (~ 59 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Barbara of Saxony was born about 1406; died on 10 Oct 1465 in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany; was buried in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany.

    Notes:

    Duchess of Saxony.

    Barbara married Johann "the Alchemist" of Brandenburg on 26 May 1412. Johann (son of Friedrich I of Brandenburg and Elisabeth of Bavaria) was born before 29 Sep 1403; died on 16 Nov 1464 in Baiersdorf, Bavaria, Germany; was buried in Heilsbronn, Bavaria, Germany. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 2. Dorothea of Brandenburg  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1430; died on 10 Nov 1495 in Kalundborg, Denmark; was buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Dorothea of Brandenburg Descendancy chart to this point (1.Barbara1) was born in 1430; died on 10 Nov 1495 in Kalundborg, Denmark; was buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark.

    Notes:

    Margravine of Brandenburg. She was the widow of the previous Danish king, Christoffer III (often called Christopher of Bavaria).

    "Dorothea of Brandenburg [...] was Queen consort of Denmark (1445–1448 and 1449–1481), Norway (1445–1448 and 1450–1481), and Sweden (1447–1448 and 1457–1464) two times each by marriage to Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I of Denmark. She served as interim regent during the interregnum in 1448, and as regent in the absence of her second spouse during his reign. She was the mother of two future kings of Denmark: John, King of Denmark who reigned from 1481 until 1513; Frederick I of Denmark who reigned from 1523 until 1533." [Wikipedia]

    "[A] shrewd financial manager who worked to establish her younger son's rights in Schleswig and Holstein and carried on a lively conversation with her sister the Marchesa of Mantua." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Dorothea married Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden on 28 Oct 1449 in Copenhagen, Denmark. Christian (son of Dietrich of Oldenburg and Heilwig of Holstein) was born in Feb 1426; died on 21 Mar 1481 in Copenhagen, Denmark; was buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 3. Margaret of Denmark  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 23 Jun 1456; died on 14 Jul 1486 in Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.


Generation: 3

  1. 3.  Margaret of Denmark Descendancy chart to this point (2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 23 Jun 1456; died on 14 Jul 1486 in Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[C]onsidered for canonization. The Orkneys and Shetlands passed to Scotland from Norway in lieu of her unpaid dowry." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Margaret married James III, King of Scots on 13 Jul 1469 in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. James (son of James II, King of Scots and Mary of Guelders) was born on 26 May 1452 in Castle of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland; died on 11 Jun 1488 in Sauchieburn, near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 4. James IV, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 17 Mar 1473 in Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 9 Sep 1513 in Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 4.  James IV, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 17 Mar 1473 in Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 9 Sep 1513 in Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.

    Notes:

    Killed at the battle of Flodden Field. "[B]rave, chivalrous, patron of learning and the Church, he kept the nobles in check but must be held responsible for the disaster at Flodden." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Family/Spouse: Margaret Drummond. Margaret (daughter of John Drummond and Elizabeth Lindsay) died in 1502. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    James married Margaret Tudor on 8 Aug 1503 in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Margaret (daughter of Henry VII, King of England and lord of Ireland and Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England) was born on 28 Nov 1489 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 18 Oct 1541 in Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 5. James V, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.


Generation: 5

  1. 5.  James V, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[F]orfeited the Angus Douglas, executed Border reivers, at times went incognito among his people, popular and licentious." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    James V of Scotland, direct ancestor of TWK, is by far the most recent crowned head to be the direct ancestor of any of this database's root individuals. Through him, TWK is documentably descended from approximately 2500 more minor gentry, two-bit aristocrats, and forgotten royalty than either TNH or JTS, the next two in sheer quantity of known ancestors. Through the wives of James V's grandfather James III and his great-grandfather James II, plus James V's umbilical great-grandmother Jacquetta of Luxembourg, a great number of these TWK ancestors lived in central and eastern Europe. Through James V's mother Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII, TWK is descended from many of the dramatis personae of Shakespeare's history plays and many of the major players in the Wars of the Roses. Finally, through Margaret Tudor's paternal great-grandfather Owen ap Marududd ap Tudur, TWK is descended from dozens if not hundreds of Welsh persons with brain-challenging names like Cynwrig ab Iorwerth ap Gwgon ab Idnerth ab Edryd ab Inethan ab Iasedd ap Carwed ap Marchudd ap Cynan.

    Family/Spouse: Euphemia Elphinstone. Euphemia (daughter of Alexander Elphinstone and Elizabeth Barlow) was born on 11 May 1509; died after 1564. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 6. Robert Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    Family/Spouse: Mary of Guise. Mary (daughter of Claude de Lorraine and Antoinette de Bourbon) was born on 22 Nov 1515; died on 11 Jun 1560 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 7. Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 8 Dec 1542 in Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 8 Feb 1587 in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 6.  Robert Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    Notes:

    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Family/Spouse: (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 8. Christian Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point died after Nov 1633.

  2. 7.  Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 8 Dec 1542 in Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 8 Feb 1587 in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Mary married Henry Stewart on 29 Jul 1565 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Henry (son of Matthew Stewart and Margaret Douglas) was born on 7 Dec 1545 in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died on 10 Feb 1567 in Kirk o' Field, outside Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; was buried in Chapel Royal, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 9. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 27 Mar 1625 in Theobald, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 7

  1. 8.  Christian Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (6.Robert6, 5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) died after Nov 1633.

    Family/Spouse: John Mowat. John (son of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch) was born in in of Hugoland, Shetland, Scotland; died in Aug 1617. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 10. Jean Mowat  Descendancy chart to this point died in May 1682.

  2. 9.  James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (7.Mary6, 5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 27 Mar 1625 in Theobald, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    James married Anne of Denmark, Queen Consort of Scotland; Queen Consort of England and Ireland on 23 Nov 1589 in Oslo, Norway. Anne (daughter of Frederik II, King of Denmark and Norway and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow) was born on 12 Oct 1574 in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark; died on 2 Mar 1619 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 11. Charles I, King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Nov 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; died on 30 Jan 1649 in Whitehall, London, England; was buried in Chapel Royal, Windsor, Berkshire, England.


Generation: 8

  1. 10.  Jean Mowat Descendancy chart to this point (8.Christian7, 6.Robert6, 5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) died in May 1682.

    Jean married David Heart before Oct 1615. David was born in in of Rusland, Harray, Orkney, Scotland; died after 8 Mar 1656. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 12. Rev. John Heart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland; died on 8 Jan 1688; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

  2. 11.  Charles I, King of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (9.James7, 7.Mary6, 5.James5, 4.James4, 3.Margaret3, 2.Dorothea2, 1.Barbara1) was born on 19 Nov 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; died on 30 Jan 1649 in Whitehall, London, England; was buried in Chapel Royal, Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Charles married Henrietta Maria of France, Queen Consort of England on 13 Jun 1625 in Canterbury, Kent, England. Henrietta (daughter of Henri IV, King of France and Navarre and Maria de' Medici) was born on 26 Nov 1609 in Louvre, Paris, France; died on 31 Aug 1669 in Château de Colombes, Colombes, France; was buried in St.-Denis, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 13. Charles II, King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 29 May 1630 in St. James Palace, London, England; died on 6 Feb 1685 in Whitehall Palace, London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. 14. James II and VII, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 14 Oct 1633 in St. James's Palace, London, England; died on 5 Sep 1701 in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France; was buried in St. Edmund's Chapel, Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, France.