Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Sancho IV, King of Castile and León

Male 1258 - 1295  (36 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Sancho IV, King of Castile and León was born on 13 May 1258; died on 25 Apr 1295 in Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.

    Notes:

    "The Brave."

    Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1281. Maria (daughter of Alfonso and Mayor Afonso de Meneses) was born about 1262; died on 17 Jul 1321 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 2. Fernando IV, King of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 6 Dec 1285 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; died on 7 Sep 1312 in Jaén, Andalusia, Spain.
    2. 3. Beatriz of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1293 in Toro, Castile, Spain; died on 25 Oct 1359 in Lisbon, Portugal; was buried in Lisbon Cathedral, Lisbon, Portugal.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Fernando IV, King of Castile Descendancy chart to this point (1.Sancho1) was born on 6 Dec 1285 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; died on 7 Sep 1312 in Jaén, Andalusia, Spain.

    Fernando married Costanza of Portugal in Jan 1302 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain. Costanza (daughter of Diniz, King of Portugal and St. Isabel of Portugal) was born on 3 Jan 1290; died on 23 Nov 1313 in Sahagún, León, Spain; was buried in Valladolid, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 4. Alfonso XI, King of Castile and Leon  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 13 Aug 1311 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; died on 26 Mar 1350 in Gibraltar, Spain.

  2. 3.  Beatriz of Castile Descendancy chart to this point (1.Sancho1) was born in 1293 in Toro, Castile, Spain; died on 25 Oct 1359 in Lisbon, Portugal; was buried in Lisbon Cathedral, Lisbon, Portugal.

    Beatriz married Afonso IV, King of Portugal on 12 Sep 1309 in Lisbon Cathedral, Lisbon, Portugal. Afonso (son of Diniz, King of Portugal and St. Isabel of Portugal) was born on 8 Feb 1291 in Lisbon, Portugal; died on 28 May 1357 in Lisbon, Portugal; was buried in Lisbon Cathedral, Lisbon, Portugal. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 5. Maria of Portugal  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1313; died on 13 Jan 1357 in Évora, Alentejo, Portugal.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Alfonso XI, King of Castile and Leon Descendancy chart to this point (2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 13 Aug 1311 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; died on 26 Mar 1350 in Gibraltar, Spain.

    Alfonso married Maria of Portugal in Sep 1328. Maria (daughter of Afonso IV, King of Portugal and Beatriz of Castile) was born about 1313; died on 13 Jan 1357 in Évora, Alentejo, Portugal. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 6. Pedro I, King of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 30 Aug 1334 in Burgos, Castile, Spain; died on 23 Mar 1369 in Montiel, Ciudad Real, Castile-la-Mancha, Spain.

  2. 5.  Maria of Portugal Descendancy chart to this point (3.Beatriz2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1313; died on 13 Jan 1357 in Évora, Alentejo, Portugal.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 18 Jan 1357, Évora, Alentejo, Portugal

    Maria married Alfonso XI, King of Castile and Leon in Sep 1328. Alfonso (son of Fernando IV, King of Castile and Costanza of Portugal) was born on 13 Aug 1311 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; died on 26 Mar 1350 in Gibraltar, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 6. Pedro I, King of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 30 Aug 1334 in Burgos, Castile, Spain; died on 23 Mar 1369 in Montiel, Ciudad Real, Castile-la-Mancha, Spain.


Generation: 4

  1. 6.  Pedro I, King of Castile Descendancy chart to this point (4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 30 Aug 1334 in Burgos, Castile, Spain; died on 23 Mar 1369 in Montiel, Ciudad Real, Castile-la-Mancha, Spain.

    Pedro married Maria García de Padilla in 1353. Maria (daughter of Juan Garcia de Padilla and Maria González de Henestrosa) was born about 1335; died in Jul 1361 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 7. Constance of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1354; died on 24 Mar 1394.
    2. 8. Isabella of Castile  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1355; died on 23 Dec 1392; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England.


Generation: 5

  1. 7.  Constance of Castile Descendancy chart to this point (6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1354; died on 24 Mar 1394.

    Constance married John of Gaunt on 21 Sep 1371 in Roquefort, near Bordeaux, Guienne, France. John (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England) was born in Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders; died on 3 Feb 1399 in Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 8.  Isabella of Castile Descendancy chart to this point (6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1355; died on 23 Dec 1392; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England.

    Isabella married Edmund of Langley between 1 Jan 1372 and 30 Apr 1372 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Edmund (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England) was born on 5 Jun 1341 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; died on 1 Aug 1402 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 9. Constance of York  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1374; died on 28 Nov 1416.
    2. 10. Richard of Conisburgh  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1375 in Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, England; died on 5 Aug 1415 in Southampton, Hampshire, England; was buried in Southampton, Hampshire, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 9.  Constance of York Descendancy chart to this point (8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1374; died on 28 Nov 1416.

    Notes:

    Countess of Gloucester.

    Constance married Thomas le Despenser about 7 Nov 1379. Thomas (son of Edward le Despenser and Elizabeth Burghersh) was born on 22 Sep 1373; died on 16 Jan 1400. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 11. Isabel le Despenser  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1400; died on 27 Dec 1439.

  2. 10.  Richard of Conisburgh Descendancy chart to this point (8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1375 in Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, England; died on 5 Aug 1415 in Southampton, Hampshire, England; was buried in Southampton, Hampshire, England.

    Notes:

    3rd Earl of Cambridge.

    "[A]mbassador to Denmark 1406, created Earl 1414, Almoner of England, Constable of Brimpsfield Castle, having joined in a failed conspiracy to depose King Henry V, he sought the latter's mercy in most abject terms, which gained him only a beheading without the usual additional punishment for treason, all his honors being attainted." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Richard married Anne de Mortimer before 23 May 1408. Anne (daughter of Roger Mortimer and Eleanor Holland) was born on 27 Dec 1390; died in Sep 1411; was buried in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 12. Isabel of Cambridge  Descendancy chart to this point
    2. 13. Richard of York  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 21 Sep 1411; died on 30 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.


Generation: 7

  1. 11.  Isabel le Despenser Descendancy chart to this point (9.Constance6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1400; died on 27 Dec 1439.

    Notes:

    Confusingly, her two husbands were both named Richard de Beauchamp. The two Richards de Beauchamp were first cousins, both being grandchildren of Thomas de Beauchamp and Katherine de Mortimer.

    Isabel married Richard de Beauchamp on 27 Jul 1411 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. Richard (son of William Beauchamp and Joan Arundel) was born about 1397; died on 18 Mar 1422 in Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Isabel married Richard de Beauchamp on 26 Nov 1423 in Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England. Richard (son of Thomas Beauchamp and Margaret Ferrers) was born on 25 Jan 1381 in Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England; died on 30 Apr 1439 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France; was buried in St. Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 14. Anne Beauchamp  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 13 Jul 1429; died about 20 Sep 1492.

  2. 12.  Isabel of Cambridge Descendancy chart to this point (10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1)

    Family/Spouse: Henry Bourchier. Henry (son of William Bourchier and Anne of Gloucester) died in 1483. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 15. William Bourchier  Descendancy chart to this point died before 14 Feb 1480.

  3. 13.  Richard of York Descendancy chart to this point (10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 21 Sep 1411; died on 30 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Duke of York. Often called "Richard Plantagenet," a surname which he actually used on occasion in his own lifetime, something not done by any other Plantagenet. Killed in the Battle of Wakefield.

    "[T]he most powerful subject in England, heir of the Mortimer claim to the crown, king's lieutenant in Normandy and Ireland, self-interest mingled in him with a love of justice and desire for administrative reform, he claimed the throne but was defeated and slain in battle." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Richard married Cecily Neville before 18 Oct 1424. Cecily (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort) was born on 3 May 1415; died on 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 16. Edward IV, King of England and lord of Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France; died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. 17. Richard III, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.


Generation: 8

  1. 14.  Anne Beauchamp Descendancy chart to this point (11.Isabel7, 9.Constance6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 13 Jul 1429; died about 20 Sep 1492.

    Anne married Richard Neville in 1434. Richard (son of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu) was born on 22 Nov 1428; died on 14 Apr 1471 in Barnet, Hertfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 18. Anne Neville, Queen Consort of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 11 Jun 1456 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England; died on 16 Mar 1485 in Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  2. 15.  William Bourchier Descendancy chart to this point (12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) died before 14 Feb 1480.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 14 Feb 1479

    Notes:

    Fought on the victorious Yorkist side at the Battle of Barnet.

    Family/Spouse: Anne Woodville. Anne (daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg) died on 30 Jul 1489; was buried in Warden Abbey, Bedfordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 19. Ciceley Bourchier  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1473; died on 9 Feb 1493.

  3. 16.  Edward IV, King of England and lord of Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France; died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Consort of England on 1 May 1464. Elizabeth (daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg) was born in 1437 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England; died on 8 Jun 1492 in Bermondsey Priory, Surrey, England; was buried on 12 Jun 1492 in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 20. Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 11 Feb 1503 in London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. 21. Edward V, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 2 Nov 1470 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died about 1483 in London, England.

  4. 17.  Richard III, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.

    Richard married Anne Neville, Queen Consort of England on 12 Jul 1472 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. Anne (daughter of Richard Neville and Anne Beauchamp) was born on 11 Jun 1456 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England; died on 16 Mar 1485 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 9

  1. 18.  Anne Neville, Queen Consort of England Descendancy chart to this point (14.Anne8, 11.Isabel7, 9.Constance6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 11 Jun 1456 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England; died on 16 Mar 1485 in Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Anne married Edward of Westminster in Aug 1470. Edward (son of Henry VI, King of England and lord of Ireland and Margaret of Anjou, Queen Consort of England) was born on 13 Oct 1453 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 4 May 1471 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Anne married Richard III, King of England on 12 Jul 1472 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. Richard (son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville) was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 19.  Ciceley Bourchier Descendancy chart to this point (15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1473; died on 9 Feb 1493.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 9 Jun 1493

    Family/Spouse: John Devereux. John was born in 1464; died about 7 May 1501. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 22. Walter Devereux  Descendancy chart to this point died on 17 Sep 1558; was buried in Stowe-by-Chartley, Staffordshire, England.

  3. 20.  Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England Descendancy chart to this point (16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 11 Feb 1503 in London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Elizabeth married Henry VII, King of England and lord of Ireland on 18 Jan 1486 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. Henry (son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort) was born on 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died on 21 Apr 1509 in Richmond, Surrey, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 23. Arthur, Prince of Wales  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Sep 1486 in St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester, Hampshire, England; died on 2 Apr 1502 in Ludlow, Shropshire, England; was buried in Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England.
    2. 24. Margaret Tudor  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Nov 1489 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 18 Oct 1541 in Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.
    3. 25. Henry VIII, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, Kent, England; died on 28 Jan 1547 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England; was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    4. 26. Mary Tudor  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 18 Mar 1496 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; died on 24 Jun 1533 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; was buried on 22 Jul 1533 in Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England.

  4. 21.  Edward V, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 2 Nov 1470 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died about 1483 in London, England.


Generation: 10

  1. 22.  Walter Devereux Descendancy chart to this point (19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) died on 17 Sep 1558; was buried in Stowe-by-Chartley, Staffordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 27 Sep 1558

    Notes:

    1st Viscount Hereford. Knight of the Garter, 1523.

    Walter married Mary Grey about 15 Dec 1503. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 27. William Devereux  Descendancy chart to this point was born before 1525; died in 1579.

  2. 23.  Arthur, Prince of Wales Descendancy chart to this point (20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 19 Sep 1486 in St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester, Hampshire, England; died on 2 Apr 1502 in Ludlow, Shropshire, England; was buried in Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 24 Sep 1486, Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England

    Arthur married Catherine of Aragón, Queen Consort of England on 14 Nov 1501 in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England. Catherine (daughter of Ferdinand II, King of Aragón and Isabella I, Queen of Castle and León) was born on 16 Dec 1485 in Alcalá de Henares, Castile, Spain; died on 7 Jan 1536 in Kimbolton Castle, Cambridgeshire, England; was buried on 29 Jan 1536 in Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  3. 24.  Margaret Tudor Descendancy chart to this point (20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 28 Nov 1489 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 18 Oct 1541 in Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[T]emperamental, capricious, selfish, always an ally of her brother Henry VIII, even at the expense of the welfare of Scotland, and in her issue heiress of the throne of England." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Margaret married James IV, King of Scots on 8 Aug 1503 in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. James (son of James III, King of Scots and Margaret of Denmark) was born on 17 Mar 1473 in Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 9 Sep 1513 in Flodden Field, Northumberland, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 28. James V, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Margaret married Archibald Douglas on 6 Aug 1514 in Kinnoull, near Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. Archibald (son of George Douglas and Elizabeth Drummond) was born about 1489; died on 22 Jan 1557 in Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland; was buried in Abernethy, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 29. Margaret Douglas  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 8 Nov 1515 in Harbottle Castle, Northumberland, England; died on 9 Mar 1578 in Hackney, Middlesex, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  4. 25.  Henry VIII, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, Kent, England; died on 28 Jan 1547 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England; was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Henry married Catherine of Aragón, Queen Consort of England on 11 Jun 1509 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England. Catherine (daughter of Ferdinand II, King of Aragón and Isabella I, Queen of Castle and León) was born on 16 Dec 1485 in Alcalá de Henares, Castile, Spain; died on 7 Jan 1536 in Kimbolton Castle, Cambridgeshire, England; was buried on 29 Jan 1536 in Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 30. Mary I, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 18 Feb 1516 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 17 Nov 1558 in London, England.

    Henry married Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England in Jan 1533. Anne (daughter of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard) was born about 1500 in Blickling, Norfolk, England; died on 19 May 1536 in Tower Hill, London, England; was buried in Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 31. Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 7 Sep 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 24 Mar 1603 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Henry married Jane Seymour, Queen Consort of England on 30 May 1536 in Whitehall Palace, London, England. Jane (daughter of John Seymour and Margaret Wentworth) was born about 1509 in Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England; died on 24 Oct 1537 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England; was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 32. Edward VI, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point

    Henry married Anne of Cleves, Queen Consort of England on 6 Jan 1540. Anne (daughter of Johann III of Cleves and Maria) was born on 22 Sep 1515; died on 16 Jul 1557 in Chelsea Manor, near London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Henry married Catherine Howard, Queen Consort of England on 28 Jul 1540 in Oatlands Palace, Surrey, England. Catherine (daughter of Edmund Howard and Joyce Culpeper) was born between 1518 and 1524; died on 13 Feb 1542 in Tower of London, London, England; was buried in Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Henry married Katherine Parr, Queen Consort of England on 12 Jul 1543 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England. Katherine (daughter of Thomas Parr and Maud Green) was born about Aug 1512; died on 5 Sep 1548 in Sudeley, Gloucestershire, England; was buried on 5 Sep 1548 in Sudeley, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 26.  Mary Tudor Descendancy chart to this point (20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 18 Mar 1496 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; died on 24 Jun 1533 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; was buried on 22 Jul 1533 in Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England.

    Family/Spouse: Charles Brandon. Charles (son of William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn) was born in 1484; died on 22 Aug 1545 in Guildford Palace, Surrey, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 33. Frances Brandon  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 16 Jul 1517 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England; died on 11 Nov 1559 in London, England.

    Mary married Louis XII, King of France on 9 Oct 1514 in Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France. Louis was born on 27 Jun 1462 in Blois, Lois-et-Cher, France; died on 1 Jan 1515 in Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 11

  1. 27.  William Devereux Descendancy chart to this point (22.Walter10, 19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born before 1525; died in 1579.

    Family/Spouse: Jane Scudamore. Jane (daughter of John Scudamore) was born about 1527; died in 1607. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 34. Margaret Devereux  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1556 in Merevale, Warwickshire, England; died on 23 Jan 1627 in Pillington, Staffordshire, England.

  2. 28.  James V, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[F]orfeited the Angus Douglas, executed Border reivers, at times went incognito among his people, popular and licentious." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    James V of Scotland, direct ancestor of TWK, is by far the most recent crowned head to be the direct ancestor of any of this database's root individuals. Through him, TWK is documentably descended from approximately 2500 more minor gentry, two-bit aristocrats, and forgotten royalty than either TNH or JTS, the next two in sheer quantity of known ancestors. Through the wives of James V's grandfather James III and his great-grandfather James II, plus James V's umbilical great-grandmother Jacquetta of Luxembourg, a great number of these TWK ancestors lived in central and eastern Europe. Through James V's mother Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII, TWK is descended from many of the dramatis personae of Shakespeare's history plays and many of the major players in the Wars of the Roses. Finally, through Margaret Tudor's paternal great-grandfather Owen ap Marududd ap Tudur, TWK is descended from dozens if not hundreds of Welsh persons with brain-challenging names like Cynwrig ab Iorwerth ap Gwgon ab Idnerth ab Edryd ab Inethan ab Iasedd ap Carwed ap Marchudd ap Cynan.

    Family/Spouse: Euphemia Elphinstone. Euphemia (daughter of Alexander Elphinstone and Elizabeth Barlow) was born on 11 May 1509; died after 1564. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 35. Robert Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    Family/Spouse: Mary of Guise. Mary (daughter of Claude de Lorraine and Antoinette de Bourbon) was born on 22 Nov 1515; died on 11 Jun 1560 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 36. Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 8 Dec 1542 in Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 8 Feb 1587 in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  3. 29.  Margaret Douglas Descendancy chart to this point (24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 8 Nov 1515 in Harbottle Castle, Northumberland, England; died on 9 Mar 1578 in Hackney, Middlesex, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Margaret married Matthew Stewart on 29 Jun 1544 in St. James Palace, London, England. Matthew (son of John Stewart and Elizabeth Stewart) was born on 21 Sep 1516 in Dunbarton Castle, Dunbartonshire, Scotland; died on 4 Sep 1571 in Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried in Chapel Royal, Stirlingshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 37. Charles Stuart  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1576.
    2. 38. Henry Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 7 Dec 1545 in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died on 10 Feb 1567 in Kirk o' Field, outside Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; was buried in Chapel Royal, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

  4. 30.  Mary I, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (25.Henry10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 18 Feb 1516 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 17 Nov 1558 in London, England.

    Mary married Philip II, King of Spain; King of Naples and Sicily; King of Portugal on 24 Jul 1554 in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England. Philip (son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal) was born on 21 May 1527 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain; died on 13 Sep 1598. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 31.  Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (25.Henry10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 7 Sep 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 24 Mar 1603 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  6. 32.  Edward VI, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (25.Henry10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1)

  7. 33.  Frances Brandon Descendancy chart to this point (26.Mary10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 16 Jul 1517 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England; died on 11 Nov 1559 in London, England.

    Family/Spouse: Henry Grey. Henry (son of Thomas Grey and Margaret Wotton) was born on 17 Jan 1517; died on 23 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 39. Jane Grey, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born in Oct 1537 in Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England.
    2. 40. Katherine Grey  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1540; died on 27 Jan 1568 in Yoxford, Sussex, England; was buried in Yoxford, Sussex, England.


Generation: 12

  1. 34.  Margaret Devereux Descendancy chart to this point (27.William11, 22.Walter10, 19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1556 in Merevale, Warwickshire, England; died on 23 Jan 1627 in Pillington, Staffordshire, England.

    Margaret married Edward Littleton on 23 Mar 1573 in Pillington, Staffordshire, England. Edward was born in 1549 in of Pillington, Staffordshire, England; died on 17 Dec 1610 in Pillington, Staffordshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 41. Jane Littleton  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1587; died in Aug 1657; was buried on 3 Sep 1657 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England.

  2. 35.  Robert Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    Notes:

    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Family/Spouse: (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 42. Christian Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point died after Nov 1633.

  3. 36.  Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 8 Dec 1542 in Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 8 Feb 1587 in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Mary married Henry Stewart on 29 Jul 1565 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Henry (son of Matthew Stewart and Margaret Douglas) was born on 7 Dec 1545 in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died on 10 Feb 1567 in Kirk o' Field, outside Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; was buried in Chapel Royal, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 43. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 27 Mar 1625 in Theobald, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  4. 37.  Charles Stuart Descendancy chart to this point (29.Margaret11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) died in 1576.

    Notes:

    Earl of Lennox.

    Family/Spouse: Elizabeth Cavendish. Elizabeth (daughter of William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardwick) died in 1582. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 38.  Henry Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (29.Margaret11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 7 Dec 1545 in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died on 10 Feb 1567 in Kirk o' Field, outside Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; was buried in Chapel Royal, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    Lord Darnley.

    Henry married Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots on 29 Jul 1565 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Mary (daughter of James V, King of Scots and Mary of Guise) was born on 8 Dec 1542 in Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 8 Feb 1587 in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 43. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 27 Mar 1625 in Theobald, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

  6. 39.  Jane Grey, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (33.Frances11, 26.Mary10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in Oct 1537 in Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England.

    Notes:

    Known to history as Lady Jane Grey, the "Nine Days Queen."

    Jane married Guildford Dudley on 21 May 1553 in Durham House, London, England. Guildford (son of John Dudley and Jane Guildford) died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  7. 40.  Katherine Grey Descendancy chart to this point (33.Frances11, 26.Mary10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1540; died on 27 Jan 1568 in Yoxford, Sussex, England; was buried in Yoxford, Sussex, England.

    Katherine married Henry Herbert on 21 May 1553. Henry (son of William Herbert and Ann Parr) was born after 1537; died on 19 Jan 1601 in Wilton, Wiltshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 13

  1. 41.  Jane Littleton Descendancy chart to this point (34.Margaret12, 27.William11, 22.Walter10, 19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1587; died in Aug 1657; was buried on 3 Sep 1657 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England.

    Family/Spouse: Richard Knightley. Richard (son of Thomas Knightley and Elizabeth Shukburgh) was born in in of Burgh Hall, Staffordshire, England; died before 19 Sep 1650; was buried on 19 Sep 1650 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 44. Jane Knightley  Descendancy chart to this point

  2. 42.  Christian Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) died after Nov 1633.

    Family/Spouse: John Mowat. John (son of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch) was born in in of Hugoland, Shetland, Scotland; died in Aug 1617. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 45. Jean Mowat  Descendancy chart to this point died in May 1682.

  3. 43.  James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (36.Mary12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 27 Mar 1625 in Theobald, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    James married Anne of Denmark, Queen Consort of Scotland; Queen Consort of England and Ireland on 23 Nov 1589 in Oslo, Norway. Anne (daughter of Frederik II, King of Denmark and Norway and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow) was born on 12 Oct 1574 in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark; died on 2 Mar 1619 in Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 46. Charles I, King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 19 Nov 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; died on 30 Jan 1649 in Whitehall, London, England; was buried in Chapel Royal, Windsor, Berkshire, England.


Generation: 14

  1. 44.  Jane Knightley Descendancy chart to this point (41.Jane13, 34.Margaret12, 27.William11, 22.Walter10, 19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1)

    Notes:

    She was previously married to a man named Gastrell.

    Jane married Peregrine Gastrell on 21 Mar 1632 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England. Peregrine was born in in of East Garston, Berkshire, England; died before Oct 1644. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Jane married Rev. John Tompson on 1 Oct 1644 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England. John (son of John Tompson and Sarah Mills) was born on 1 Oct 1611; died before 27 Jun 1667; was buried on 27 Jun 1667 in Preston Capes, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 47. Richard Tompson  Descendancy chart to this point was born before 30 Apr 1646.

  2. 45.  Jean Mowat Descendancy chart to this point (42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) died in May 1682.

    Jean married David Heart before Oct 1615. David was born in in of Rusland, Harray, Orkney, Scotland; died after 8 Mar 1656. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 48. Rev. John Heart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland; died on 8 Jan 1688; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

  3. 46.  Charles I, King of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (43.James13, 36.Mary12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 19 Nov 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; died on 30 Jan 1649 in Whitehall, London, England; was buried in Chapel Royal, Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Charles married Henrietta Maria of France, Queen Consort of England on 13 Jun 1625 in Canterbury, Kent, England. Henrietta (daughter of Henri IV, King of France and Navarre and Maria de' Medici) was born on 26 Nov 1609 in Louvre, Paris, France; died on 31 Aug 1669 in Château de Colombes, Colombes, France; was buried in St.-Denis, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 49. Charles II, King of England and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 29 May 1630 in St. James Palace, London, England; died on 6 Feb 1685 in Whitehall Palace, London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. 50. James II and VII, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 14 Oct 1633 in St. James's Palace, London, England; died on 5 Sep 1701 in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France; was buried in St. Edmund's Chapel, Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, France.


Generation: 15

  1. 47.  Richard Tompson Descendancy chart to this point (44.Jane14, 41.Jane13, 34.Margaret12, 27.William11, 22.Walter10, 19.Ciceley9, 15.William8, 12.Isabel7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born before 30 Apr 1646.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 30 Apr 1646, Preston Capes, Northamptonshire, England


  2. 48.  Rev. John Heart Descendancy chart to this point (45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in in of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland; died on 8 Jan 1688; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

    Notes:

    Much documentation for the life of the Rev. John Heart/Hart, compiled by Janet Wolfe, can be found here.

    It had long been noted that "David Heart of Rusland, William and Mr. John Heart, his sons" witnessed a charter by Mr. Patrick Grahame of Rothisholm, dated at Kirkwall (in the Orkney islands), 8 Feb 1638. (Calendar of the Laing Charters, citation details below, pp. 529-30.) But then:

    Jan Wolfe, on soc.genealogy.medieval, 9 May 2017:

    Document SC11/5/1644/11, held at the Orkney Archives, is the marriage agreement, dated 21 February 1644, for Margaret Heart, daughter of David Heart and Jean Mowat, and James Grahame. The NAS catalog description is here:

    http://catalogue.nrscotland.gov.uk/nrsonlinecatalogue/details.aspx?reference=SC11/5/1644/11

    I recently ordered an image of this document from the Orkney Archives.

    The contract specifies that James Grahame's part of the agreement is to be done by the "advyse of the said Dauid Heart if he sall be on lyff And failyeing of him throw deceas be the advyse of the said [William] Heart his eldest sone and of Mr John Heart Minister his secund sone or ather of thame."

    With this evidence, I think that we can now confidently identify the parents of John Heart as David Heart and Jean Mowat. Jean's mother, Christian Stewart, was a daughter of Earl Robert Stewart of Orkney, and Robert was a son of King James V of Scotland by Euphame Elphinstone.

    John Heart, who received his M.A. at St. Andrews in May, 1637, was ordained at Crail on March 22, 1643.

    Agnes Heart, daughter of John Heart and Agnes Baxter, married Robert Craighead. Their children include colonial immigrants Thomas Craighead, husband of Margaret Wallace, and Katherine Craighead, wife of William Homes. Thomas and William were both Presbyterian ministers. Thomas and Margaret lived in Freetown, Bristol County, Massachusetts, and then in Pennsylvania. Katherine and William lived in Chilmark, Dukes County, Massachusetts (on Martha's Vineyard) where William was the minister from the fall of 1715 until his death in 1746.

    John married Agnes Baxter on 2 Apr 1644 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Agnes (daughter of William Baxter and Catharine Downie) died before 21 May 1689; was buried on 21 May 1689 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 51. Agnes Heart  Descendancy chart to this point was born before 17 Dec 1648.

  3. 49.  Charles II, King of England and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (46.Charles14, 43.James13, 36.Mary12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 29 May 1630 in St. James Palace, London, England; died on 6 Feb 1685 in Whitehall Palace, London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Charles married Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland on 21 May 1662 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. Catherine was born on 25 Nov 1638 in Vila Viçosam Alentejo, Portugal; died on 31 Dec 1705 in Bemposta, Portugal; was buried in Belem, near Lisbon, Portugal. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 50.  James II and VII, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland Descendancy chart to this point (46.Charles14, 43.James13, 36.Mary12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 14 Oct 1633 in St. James's Palace, London, England; died on 5 Sep 1701 in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France; was buried in St. Edmund's Chapel, Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, France.

    James married Anne Hyde on 3 Sep 1660. Anne was born on 12 Mar 1637 in Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire, England; died on 30 Mar 1671 in St. James's Palace, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    James married Mary of Modena, Queen Consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland on 20 Sep 1673 in Palazzo Ducale, Modena, Italy. Mary was born on 25 Sep 1658 in Palazzo Ducale, Modena, Italy; died on 26 Apr 1718 in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Paris, France; was buried in Convent of the Visitation at Chaillot, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 16

  1. 51.  Agnes Heart Descendancy chart to this point (48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born before 17 Dec 1648.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 17 Dec 1648, Dunino, Fife, Scotland

    Agnes married Rev. Robert Craighead about 1668. Robert was born about 1633; died on 22 Aug 1711 in Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 52. Rev. Thomas Craighead  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1670 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland; died in Apr 1739 in Newville, Cumberland, Pennsyvania.
    2. 53. Katherine Craighead  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1672; died on 10 Apr 1754 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.


Generation: 17

  1. 52.  Rev. Thomas Craighead Descendancy chart to this point (51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1670 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland; died in Apr 1739 in Newville, Cumberland, Pennsyvania.

    Notes:

    One of TWK's eleven "gateway ancestors." He arrived, with his sister Katherine (also an ancestor of TWK), at Boston in October 1714, on the Thomas and Jane out of Londonderry, William Wilson, master.

    M.A., University of Edinburgh, 28 Jul 1691.

    From The Craighead Family, citation details below:

    Thomas was educated in Scotland as a physician, and married the daughter of a Scotch laird. After practicing medicine for a time, he became much depressed in spirits, and his wife inquiring the cause, he informed her that his conscience upbraided him for not preaching the Gospel. She at once assured him, that she would not stand in the way of what he considered his duty. Accordingly, he soon after abandoned the practice of medicine, studied divinity, and was a pastor for several years in Ireland, principally at Donegal. In consequence, however, of the oppressions endured by the Presbyterians of that countiy from the government and from the Established Church, and their past experience giving them but little hope of any permanent relief, large numbers of the people determined to emigrate to America.

    Among these emigrants was Thomas Craighead, who came to New England in 1715, accompanied by Rev. William Homes, who was married to Mr. Craighead's sister Catharine. Mr. Homes settled at Martha's Vineyard, and is buried with his wife, at Chilmark. Their eldest son Robert was a sea-captain, resided in Boston, and married Mary, a sister of Benjamin Franklin.

    The first public mention made of Thomas Craighead in this country is by Cotton Mather, who speaks of him as preaching at Freetown, which was about forty miles south of Boston, and urges the people to do all in their power to have him settle among them. He appears to have been a relative of Mr. Hathaway, of that town, and probably had gone there in the first instance at that gentleman's invitation. Mather writing to a friend entreats the people "to give a demonstration of the wisdom that is from above," by encouraging Mr. Craighead in his work, and says, "That he was a man of an excellent spirit, and a great blessing to the plantation; a man of singular piety, meekness, humility, and industry in the work of God. All that are acquainted with him have a precious esteem of him, and if he should be driven from among you, it would be such a damage, yea, such a ruin, as is not without horror to be thought of."

    The efforts made for his settlement in Freetown were unsuccessful, for we find a notice in President Stiles's papers of his coming "to the Jerseys" in the spring of 1723. Whether he came direct from this town, or preached in other places in New England previous to his removal, we cannot now determine. On page one hundred and ninety-five of the New England Historical Register we have an extract from the diary of Jeremiah Bumstead, which refers to a meeting held in the Old South Church, Boston, June 19th, 1722, at which Mr. Craighead officiated. In the year 1724 (January 28th) he became a member of New Castle Presbytery, which at that period included portions of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, and is spoken of in the minutes as having "lately come from New England." He received a call from White Clay Creek, Delaware, in February of the same year, and accepted it on the condition that he should have the privilege of preaching every third Sabbath at Brandywine. He was installed September 22d, 1724, and continued his ministry with this people for a period of seven years. According to the Records of the Presbyterian Church, 1706-1788, he was Moderator of the Synod in 1726, and was present at the formal adoption of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms, as also of the Explanation of the Adopting Act.

    Mr. Craighead removed to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1733, and September 3d of the same year, united with Donegal Presbytery, when a call was placed in his hands from the Church at Pequea. This he accepted, and was installed pastor October 31st, Rev. Mr. Anderson presiding. The Presbytery in its minutes always speaks of him as "Father Craighead," either out of respect and veneration for his years, or from a special affection for him. That he was respected for his talents and learning, and loved for his genial spirit and piety, there are abundant proofs. He was very active in planting and building up churches in the region. "His preaching was remarkably fervent, and often attended with revivals. His theology was strictly conformed to the Westminster Confession, for which he displayed a special attachment, and which he was the first to subscribe, both in New Castle and Donegal Presbyteries."

    While pastor at Pequea, in the spring of 1736, the session of the Church complained to the Presbytery because Mr. Craighead debarred his wife from the communion table. The matter was fully considered during its next session, and as there were no hopes of settling the difficulty, Presbytery in September judged it expedient to dissolve the pastoral relation. At the same meeting Mr. Craighead was appointed by the Presbytery to supply "the people of the Conodoguinet," by which was meant the congregation whose place of worship was at Meeting House Springs, from one to two miles northwest of Carlisle, in Cumberland County. After fulfilling this appointment, and a subsequent one at Hopewell, he received a call from the latter people, which he desired to accept; but as there were difficulties respecting "the boundaries" between this congregation and that of Pennsborough, action in the case was delayed. He, in the meantime, supplied the church at Hopewell, whose place of meeting was at "the Big Spring," now Newville.

    The same difficulty which had interfered with his usefulness in his last charge followed him to Hopewell, and was again fully considered at two successive meetings of Presbytery. Both Mr. Craighead and his wife appeared before that body. The former finally consented that the session should allow his wife to come to the Lord's table; and the latter stated that "she had nothing to complain of against her husband except this single act, and that he had uniformly treated her with kindness." By this means the trouble was amicably settled--a trouble which probably arose from there being two families in the same house; for the Presbytery, in consenting to withdraw all action in the case, instructed him that "his son John and family must no longer continue to live with him."

    Presbytery declaring itself satisfied with this settlement of the domestic
    difficulty, and the boundary between the congregations of Pennsborough and Hopewell being fixed, the latter renewed their call, which was accepted, Nov. 16th, 1737. The installation was ordered to take place "at some convenient time before the next stated meeting," and occurred October, 1738, his son, Rev. Alexander Craighead, conducting the services on the occasion.

    Mr. Craighead's pastorate at Newville, however, was of only a short duration. He was now far advanced in life, though his earnestness and power remained unabated. A descendant of his (Mr. Thomas Craighead, formerly of Whitehill, Pa.) states, that under his impassioned sermons not infrequently his audience would be melted to tears, and the emotions of his hearers became so intense that they were unwilling to disperse at the proper time. On one of these occasions, near the close of April, 1739, he became exhausted, and hastened to pronounce the benediction; and waving his hand he exclaimed, "Farewell! farewell!" and sank down and expired in the pulpit. His remains are said to have been placed under the corner-stone of the present house of worship at Newville.

    Family/Spouse: Margaret Wallace. Margaret (daughter of Michael Wallace and Barbara Cunningham) was born about 1664; died in 1738 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 54. Thomas Craighead  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1702 in Ireland; died in Aug 1735 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.

  2. 53.  Katherine Craighead Descendancy chart to this point (51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born about 1672; died on 10 Apr 1754 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    One of TWK's eleven "gateway ancestors." She arrived, with her brother Thomas (also an ancestor of TWK), at Boston in October 1714, on the Thomas and Jane out of Londonderry, William Wilson, master.

    Katherine married Rev. William Homes on 26 Sep 1693 in Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland. William (son of John Homes) was born about 1663 in Donaghmore, Donegal, Ireland; died on 20 Jun 1746 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 55. Capt. Robert Homes  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 23 Jul 1694 in Stragolan, Fermanagh, Ireland; died before 22 Oct 1727.
    2. 56. Margaret Homes  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Feb 1696 in Strabane, Donacavey, Tyrone, Ireland; died on 26 Apr 1778 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.


Generation: 18

  1. 54.  Thomas Craighead Descendancy chart to this point (52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1702 in Ireland; died in Aug 1735 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware.

    Thomas married Margaret Brown in near Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Margaret (daughter of George Brown and Margaret Macky) was born in 1702 in Ireland; died on 13 Sep 1765; was buried in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 57. Ann Craighead  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 1 Jul 1725 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.

  2. 55.  Capt. Robert Homes Descendancy chart to this point (53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 23 Jul 1694 in Stragolan, Fermanagh, Ireland; died before 22 Oct 1727.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 25 Jul 1694

    Notes:

    Assumed to have been lost at sea in about 1727.

    "May 15 1726. I heard this day from son Robert and understood that he has sold his sloop and designs to settle on shore and leave off the sea." ["Holmes, William. Diary." Manuscript digitized at the Congregational Library and Archives. 15 May 1726 entry on manuscript page 126 (click on the "close and view content" button on the lower right). Thanks to Jan Wolfe for finding this.]

    "October 22. 1727. I heard the melancholy news of son Robert's death, but had no account of the circumstances of it." ["Diary of Reverend William Homes", citation details below]

    Robert Homes is mentioned several times in the autobiography of his brother-in-law Benjamin Franklin, who consistently spells his last name "Holmes." Those instances are reproduced here on Janet and Robert Wolfe's (excellent) genealogy site.

    Robert married Mary Franklin on 3 Apr 1716 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Mary (daughter of Josiah Franklin and Abiah Folger) was born on 26 Sep 1694 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died in 1731 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 58. William Homes  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Jan 1717 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jul 1785 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  3. 56.  Margaret Homes Descendancy chart to this point (53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 28 Feb 1696 in Strabane, Donacavey, Tyrone, Ireland; died on 26 Apr 1778 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

    Family/Spouse: John Allen. John (son of James Allen and Elizabeth Partridge) was born about 1682 in West Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; died on 17 Oct 1767 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 59. Elizabeth Allen  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 29 Sep 1720 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; died on 20 Mar 1790 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.


Generation: 19

  1. 57.  Ann Craighead Descendancy chart to this point (54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 1 Jul 1725 in White Clay Creek, New Castle, Delaware; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania.

    Notes:

    Also called Alice Craighead.

    Family/Spouse: Rev. Alexander McDowell. Alexander (son of John McDowell) was born in 1721 in Gleno, Raloo, Antrim, Ireland; died on 13 Jan 1782; was buried in Stone Graveyard, Lewisville, Chester, Pennsylvania. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 60. Dr. John McDowell  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1750 in Cecil County, Maryland; died on 1 Jan 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

  2. 58.  William Homes Descendancy chart to this point (55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 10 Jan 1717 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jul 1785 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 10 Jan 1716, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
    • Baptised: 13 Jan 1717, Old North Church, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts

    Notes:

    His grandfather William Homes wrote in his diary: "My Grand Son William Homes was born on Jany 10 1716/17 at 2 afternoon. He was baptized in the old north church by Dr Increase Mather the 13th day of the same month."

    He was a gold and silver smith. Described (by an unattributed source quoted in Lineage of the Bowens of Woodstock, Connecticut, citation details below, as "a man of tender conscience, good-tempered, and inclined to jocoseness," "thin, [with] large joints, [and] round-shouldered," and was "thought to bear a striking resemblance to his uncle, Benjamin Franklin."

    Also according to Lineage of the Bowens of Woodstock, Connecticut, he was born in the same house where his famous uncle is said to have been born.

    William married Rebecca Dawes on 24 Apr 1740 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Rebecca (daughter of Thomas Dawes and Sarah Story) was born on 9 Mar 1718 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died in Jul 1786 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 61. Sarah Holmes  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 2 Jan 1748 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 21 Mar 1826 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.

  3. 59.  Elizabeth Allen Descendancy chart to this point (56.Margaret18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 29 Sep 1720 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; died on 20 Mar 1790 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

    Elizabeth married Zachariah Mayhew on 21 Nov 1738. Zachariah (son of Experience Mayhew and Remember Bourne) was born before 14 May 1718; died on 6 Mar 1806. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 20

  1. 60.  Dr. John McDowell Descendancy chart to this point (57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1750 in Cecil County, Maryland; died on 1 Jan 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Notes:

    From "The McDowell Family", citation details below:

    John was born in Cecil county, Maryland, in 1750; was educated as a physician at the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania. He married Martha Johnston, at New London Cross Roads, Chester County. About the year 1804 he removed to Steubenville, Ohio and died there January 1, 1825. He was an officer and surgeon in the Continental and United States army. In the Revolutionary War he served with distinction and honor; was engaged in the 'Crossing of the Delaware,' the battle of Princeton, Trenton and others. Congress presented him with a sword. He was a close personal friend of Gen. George Washington, and one of the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati. His military record is as follows: First lieutenant and surgeon's mate, Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion, Jan 9, 1776; first lieutenant, no date, and captain Seventh Pennsylvania March 20, 1777; transferred to First Pennsylvania, Jan. 1, 1783, and served to Nov. 3 1783; surgeon United States infantry regiment, Aug. 1, 1784; resigned July 24, 1788.

    He served his State as a member of the Executive Council for three years and was also a member of the Legislature.

    John married Martha Johnston in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania. Martha (daughter of Alexander Johnston and Martha) was born in in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 62. Alexander Johnston McDowell  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1788 in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania; died on 6 Dec 1871 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; was buried in Union Cemetery, Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

  2. 61.  Sarah HolmesSarah Holmes Descendancy chart to this point (58.William19, 55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 2 Jan 1748 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 21 Mar 1826 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    Also called Sarah Homes.

    Sarah married Benjamin Tappan on 22 Oct 1770 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Benjamin (son of Rev. Benjamin Tappan and Elizabeth Marsh) was born on 21 Oct 1747 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 29 Jan 1831 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 63. Benjamin Tappan, Senator from Ohio  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 25 May 1773 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 20 Apr 1857 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.
    2. 64. Arthur Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 22 May 1786 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 23 Jul 1865 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut.
    3. 65. Lewis Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 23 May 1788 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jun 1873 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.


Generation: 21

  1. 62.  Alexander Johnston McDowell Descendancy chart to this point (60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born in 1788 in New London Crossroads, Chester, Pennsylvania; died on 6 Dec 1871 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; was buried in Union Cemetery, Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1789

    Alexander married Mary Sheldon on 19 Jul 1814 in Jefferson County, Ohio. Mary (daughter of Roderick Sheldon and Mary Sheldon) was born in 1802 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut; died in 1843; was buried in Union Cemetery, Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 66. Lydia Lucretia McDowell  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 4 Jul 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 24 Dec 1904 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

  2. 63.  Benjamin Tappan, Senator from OhioBenjamin Tappan, Senator from Ohio Descendancy chart to this point (61.Sarah20, 58.William19, 55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 25 May 1773 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 20 Apr 1857 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Notes:

    "[A]n Ohio judge and Democratic politician who served in the Ohio State Senate and the United States Senate. He was an early settler of the Connecticut Western Reserve in northeastern Ohio and was one of the first settlers in Portage County and the founder of the city of Ravenna, Ohio." [Wikipedia]

    "TAPPAN, Benjamin, a Senator from Ohio; born in Northampton, Mass., May 25, 1773; attended the public schools; apprenticed as printer and engraver; traveled to the West Indies; studied painting with Gilbert Stuart; studied law; admitted to the bar in Hartford, Conn., and commenced practice in Ravenna, Ohio, in 1799; member, State senate 1803-1805; moved to Steubenville, Ohio, in 1809 and continued the practice of law; served in the War of 1812; held several local offices; county judge; judge of the fifth Ohio Circuit Court of Common Pleas 1816-1823; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1832; United States district judge of Ohio 1833; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1839, to March 3, 1845; chairman, Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses (Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses), Committee on the Library (Twenty-seventh Congress); censured by the Senate in 1844 for breach of confidence for passing copies of a proposed treaty with Texas to the press; died in Steubenville, Jefferson County, Ohio, April 20, 1857; interment in Union Cemetery." [Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress]

    An Ohio state historical marker placed in the year 2000 at Ravenna reads: "BENJAMIN TAPPAN, JR. (1773-1857) - The founder of Ravenna Township in 1799, Benjamin Tappan, Jr. led a distinguished life of public service. An aggressive force in local politics, he served in the Ohio Senate from 1803 to 1805, as judge of the fifth court of common pleas from 1816 to 1823, and as a Federal district judge from 1826 to 1833. Tappan served as aid-de-camp to Major General Elijah Wadsworth following the surrender of Detroit in the War of 1812, provisioning and arming local militia units defending the northwest frontier against a possible British invasion."

    After his retirement from electoral politics, in 1838 Benjamin Tappan formed a law partnership with Edwin M. Stanton, who would later be Secretary of War throughout the Civil War, under both Lincoln and Johnson. It was Johnson's attempt to fire Stanton that led to his impeachment. Tappan's son Benjamin Stanton, M.D. (1812-1884) married, as his first wife, in May 1838, Oella Stanton, sister of Edwin M. Stanton.

    Benjamin married Elizabeth "Betsy" Lord in 1823. Elizabeth (daughter of Abner Lord and Mary Selden) was born on 16 Jul 1784 in Lyme, New London, Connecticut; died on 14 Jun 1840. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 67. Eli Todd Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 30 Apr 1824 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 23 Oct 1888 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio.

  3. 64.  Arthur Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (61.Sarah20, 58.William19, 55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 22 May 1786 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 23 Jul 1865 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut.

    Notes:

    "Arthur Tappan was a New York drygoods merchant, and an abolitionist. He was widely known as a patron of religious and patriotic organizations, endowed Lane Seminary at Cincinnati, a professorship at Auburn Theological Seminary, and built Tappan Hall at Oberlin College, Ohio; he assisted in founding the Journal of Commerce and the Emancipator, and was first president of the Anti-Slavery Society. He aided in sustaining the Liberator, and by paying an enormous fine, freed William Lloyd Garrison from the Baltimore jail. One of the most notable of his benefactions was his paying the tuition of one hundred divinity students for four years at Yale College." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below]

    From Wikipedia (accessed 9 May 2021):

    In 1826, a year after the Erie Canal was completed, Arthur and his brother Lewis moved to New York City, the new national center of business and retail trade, where they established a silk importing business. With Samuel Morse, in 1827 the brothers founded the New York Journal of Commerce.

    Arthur and Lewis Tappan were successful businessmen, but commerce was never their foremost interest. They viewed making money as less important than saving souls. They made the Journal of Commerce a publication free of "immoral advertisements." Arthur Tappan's summer home in New Haven, Connecticut, was destroyed by a mob in 1831 (along with a black hotel and a black home) after his support for a surprisingly unpopular (New Haven Excitement) proposal of a college for African Americans in that city.

    Both men suffered in the anti-abolitionist riots of 1834, in which mobs attacked their property. Arthur Tappan was one of two signatories who issued a disclaimer on behalf of the American Anti-Slavery Society, of which he was president, in the aftermath of the riots, emphasising its dedication to abolishing slavery within the existing laws of the United States.

    "In the great commercial crisis of 1837 he suffered immense losses; and not long after turned his attention to other and more retired occupations, by which he obtained a comfortable subsistence for his family, and the ability still to contribute, though on a greatly diminished scale, throughout his protracted life." [The Life of Arthur Tappan by Lewis Tappan, 1870, page 405.] Their philanthropic efforts crippled and pledges not met, the Tappans were forced to close their silk-importing business, and almost their paper, but the brothers persevered. In the 1840s, they founded another lucrative business enterprise when they opened the first commercial credit-rating service, the Mercantile Agency, a predecessor of Dun and Bradstreet.

    The Tappan brothers made their mark in commerce and in abolitionism. Throughout their careers, the Tappans devoted time and money to philanthropic causes as diverse as temperance, the abolition of slavery, and their support of new colleges in what was then the west of the country: successively, the Oneida Institute, Lane Theological Seminary, the Lane Rebels at Cumminsville, Ohio, and Oberlin Collegiate Institute. Their beliefs about observing Sabbath extended to campaigns against providing stagecoach service and mail deliveries on Sundays.

    In 1833, while a principal owner of the Journal of Commerce, Arthur Tappan allied with William Lloyd Garrison and co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society. Arthur served as its first president, and there was in 1835 a reward of $20,000 (equivalent to $495,677 in 2019) for his capture and delivery to New Orleans.

    He resigned in 1840 because of his opposition to the society's new support of women's suffrage and feminism. Their early support for Oberlin College, a center of abolitionist activity, included $10,000 to build Tappan Hall. Oberlin's green Tappan Square now occupies the site.

    Continuing their support for abolition, Arthur and his brother founded the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1840 and the American Missionary Association in 1846. After the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed, Tappan refused to comply with the new law and donated money to the Underground Railroad. The brothers' positions on the slavery issue were not universally popular. In early July 1834, Lewis Tappan's New York home was sacked by a mob, who threw his furniture into the street and burned it.

    The Tappans and the Journal of Commerce attracted bitter criticism for their campaign to free the Africans who had taken over the slave ship Amistad in 1839. James Gordon Bennett, Sr.'s rival New York Morning Herald denounced "the humbug doctrines of the abolitionists and the miserable fanatics who propagate them," particularly Lewis Tappan and the Journal of Commerce.

    Arthur Tappan died in 1865, Lewis in 1873. Both men lived long enough to see the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment eliminate slavery in the United States, granting freedom to millions of African Americans. Arthur is buried in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven.

    Arthur married Frances Antill on 18 Sep 1810. Frances was born on 4 May 1785 in Montréal, Québec; died on 21 Jul 1863 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut; was buried in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 65.  Lewis Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (61.Sarah20, 58.William19, 55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 23 May 1788 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 21 Jun 1873 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.

    Notes:

    Buried at Green-Wood, section E, lot 19728.

    "He was a drygoods merchant in New York City, a philanthropist and anti-slavery advocate, the partner in business of his brother, Arthur Tappan. He was a leading founder of the American Missionary Association." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below]

    His many books and tracts include Address to the Non-Slaveholders of the South: On the Social and Political Evils of Slavery (1843); The Fugitive Slave Bill: Its History and Unconstitutionality (1850); American Slavery (1852); The War: Its Causes and Remedy (1861); Is It Right To Be Rich? (1869); and The Life of Arthur Tappan (1870).

    From Wikipedia (accessed 9 May 2021):

    Lewis Tappan [...] was a New York abolitionist who worked to achieve freedom for the enslaved Africans aboard the Amistad. Tappan was also among the founders of the American Missionary Association in 1846, which began more than 100 anti-slavery Congregational churches throughout the Midwest, and after the American Civil War, founded numerous schools and colleges to aid in the education of freedmen.

    Contacted by Connecticut abolitionists soon after the Amistad arrived in port, Tappan focused extensively on the captive Africans. He ensured the acquisition of high-quality lawyers for the captives, which led to their being set free after the case went to the United States Supreme Court. With his brother Arthur, Tappan not only gained legal help and acquittal for the Africans, but also managed to increase public support and fundraising. Finally, he organized the return trip home to Africa for surviving members of the group.

    Lewis Tappan was the brother of Senator Benjamin Tappan and abolitionist Arthur Tappan. His middle-class parents were strict Congregationalists. Once Lewis was old enough to work, he helped his father in a dry goods store. On his sixteenth birthday, he ventured into other areas of commerce, and ultimately started The Mercantile Agency in 1841 in New York City. The Mercantile Agency was the precursor to Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) and modern credit-reporting services. (D&B is still in existence today.)

    Convinced by Arthur to read a biography of William Wilberforce, who led the cause for abolition in Great Britain, Tappan started his quest for abolition in the United States. [...]

    Despite his Congregationalist upbringing, Lewis Tappan became attracted to Unitarianism for intellectual and social reasons. William Ellery Channing, a Unitarian minister, became Tappan's pastor. As a peace advocate, Channing played an influential role in Tappan's decision to join the Massachusetts Peace Society. In 1827 his brother Arthur convinced him to return to a Trinitarian denomination. Tappan joined Arthur in the Congregational church. Lewis Tappan initially supported the American Colonization Society (ACS), which promoted sending freed blacks from the United States to Africa, based on the assumption that this was their homeland, regardless of where they were born.

    Frustrated by the slow progress of the ACS, Tappan and a sizable nucleus of men, including his brother Arthur, Theodore Dwight Weld, Gerrit Smith, Amos A. Phelps, and James Gillespie Birney, left the ACS to join what was to become known as the "immediatist" camp, who wanted to end slavery in the United States. Weld gained considerable influence following the move of the Tappan brothers to this group. In December 1833, at Philadelphia, Lewis Tappan joined activists such as William Lloyd Garrison to form the American Anti-Slavery Society.

    The departure of the Tappans from the ACS is partially explained by the death of an African whom they repatriated. Captured in Africa and enslaved in Mississippi, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori was a Fulani prince. He would have had potentially lucrative trade contacts in Africa. Partly for business reasons, the Tappans focused on Ibrahim's repatriation, which was finally achieved. Shortly after reaching his homeland, however, Ibrahim died in 1829. This ended the Tappans' hopes of easily establishing significant African trade.

    The Tappan brothers were Congregationalists and uncompromising moralists; even within the abolitionist movement, other members found their views extreme. Lewis Tappan advocated intermarriage (at the time called "amalgamation") as the long-range solution to racial issues, as all people would eventually be mixed race. He dreamed of a "copper-skinned" America where race would not define any man, woman, or child. Tappan characterized the arrival of the Amistad and its Africans on American shores as a "providential occurrence" that might allow "the heart of the nation" to be "touched by the power of sympathy."

    The Tappan brothers created chapters of the American Anti-Slavery Society (AAS) throughout New York state and in other sympathetic areas. Although Tappan was popular among many, opponents of abolition attacked his homes and churches by arson and vandalism.

    Lewis began a nationwide mailing of abolitionist material, which resulted in violent outrage in the South and denunciation by Democratic politicians, who accused him of trying to divide the Union. In the North, the mailings generated widespread sympathy and financial support for the American Anti-Slavery Society. By 1840, however, the anti-slavery program had expanded and the movement splintered.

    After 1840, church-oriented abolitionism became dominant. That year Tappan formed the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in disagreement with the AAS. The latter allowed a woman, Abby Kelley, to be elected to serve on the AAS business committee. Because of his strict religious beliefs, Tappan opposed the participation of women in an official capacity in the public society.

    Tappan founded the abolitionist Human Rights journal and a children's anti-slavery magazine, The Slave's Friend.

    "In July, 1831, Lewis Tappan, Gale, and others founded the Society for Promoting Manual Labor in Literary Institutions ['literary institutions' being schools], and later in the same year persuaded Theodore Weld, a living, breathing, and eloquently-speaking exhibit of the results of manual-labor-with-study, to accept the general agency." [A History of Oberlin College by Robert Samuel Fletcher, 1943] Manual labor--most commonly agricultural, or in a print shop--was supposed to bring students the physical and moral (psychological) benefits of exercise, while providing a type of financial aid to needy students. Among the charges to Weld, who in 1832 traveled over 4,500 miles (7,200 km) and gave over 200 lectures on manual labor and temperance, was "to find a site for a great national manual labor institution where training for the western ministry could be provided for poor but earnest young men." [Ibid.] At the recommendation of Weld, the Tappans supported the new Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati. When Weld led a mass exodus to Oberlin, it then received their support.

    In 1841, the Amistad case went to trial. Tappan attended each day of the trials and wrote daily accounts of the proceedings for The Emancipator, a New England abolitionist paper. He was a frequent contributor. Throughout the trials in New Haven, Connecticut, Tappan arranged for several Yale University students to tutor the imprisoned Africans in English. The lessons included their learning to read New Testament scriptures and to sing Christian hymns. The Africans later drew from these skills to raise funds to return to Africa.

    After achieving legal victory in the US Supreme Court, Tappan planned to use the Amistad Africans as the foundation for his dream to Christianize Africa. The village of Mo Tappan, site of a mission to the Mende people, in modern Sierra Leone, is named for him.

    In 1846, Tappan was among the founders of the American Missionary Association (AMA), led by Congregational and Presbyterian ministers, both white and black. It linked anti-slavery activists of the East with Ohio and other Midwestern activists. In addition, it took over managing numerous disparate missions: an Oberlin, Ohio mission to the Red Lake-area Ojibwe, a mission to Jamaica, a Mende mission to the Amistad Africans, and a mission to escaped blacks living in Canada. As the AMA grew in influence, it expanded its enterprises. Among these, it began 115 anti-slavery Congregational churches in Illinois, aided by anti-slavery ministers such as Owen Lovejoy there.

    In 1858, Tappan was the Treasurer of the AMA. Under the leadership of President Lawrence Brainerd, Tappan, Foreign Corresponding Secretary Rev. George Whipple, and Home Missions Corresponding Secretary Rev. S.S. Jocelyn, the AMA opposed the long-established and powerful American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and American Home Missionary Society because of what the AMA alleged was their complicity with slavery. During and after the American Civil War, Tappan and his brother Arthur worked from New York with the AMA on behalf of freedmen in the South. In postwar efforts, it led the founding of numerous schools and colleges for freedmen, the historically black colleges and universities (HBCU).

    Unwilling to reduce his commitment to U.S. government action against slavery in the southern states, Tappan and other radical political abolitionists denounced the Democratic Party as essentially pro-slavery. Though mistrustful of politicians, Tappan supported various antislavery parties that culminated in formation of the Republican Party. In both 1860 and 1864, Tappan voted for Abraham Lincoln.

    Tappan supported the Emancipation Proclamation but believed that additional liberties were necessary. He wrote to Charles Sumner: "When will the poor negro have his rights? Not, I believe, until he has a musket in one hand and a ballot in the other."

    Lewis married Susanna Aspinwall on 7 Sep 1813. Susanna was born on 17 Jul 1790 in Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts; died on 24 Mar 1853 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in Walnut Street Cemetery, Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Lewis married Sarah Jackson in 1854. Sarah was born on 14 Oct 1807 in Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts; died on 19 Jul 1884 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; was buried in East Parish Burying Ground, Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]



Generation: 22

  1. 66.  Lydia Lucretia McDowell Descendancy chart to this point (62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 4 Jul 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 24 Dec 1904 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio.

    Lydia married Eli Todd Tappan on 4 Feb 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. Eli (son of Benjamin Tappan, Senator from Ohio and Elizabeth "Betsy" Lord) was born on 30 Apr 1824 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 23 Oct 1888 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 68. Mary Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 14 Dec 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 25 Aug 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

  2. 67.  Eli Todd TappanEli Todd Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (63.Benjamin21, 61.Sarah20, 58.William19, 55.Robert18, 53.Katherine17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 30 Apr 1824 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 23 Oct 1888 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio.

    Notes:

    "[A] American educator, mathematician, author, lawyer and newspaper editor who served as president of Kenyon College, among other public distinctions." [Wikipedia]

    "He was educated in the schools of Steubenville, by private tutors, and at St. Mary's College, Baltimore, Md. He studied law with his father and his father's partner, Edwin M. Stanton, who was afterwards Secretary of War under Lincoln. Although admitted to the bar in 1846, Mr. Tappan turned his attention to journalism, publishing for two years a paper called the Ohio Press. He later practiced law in Steubenville, where he was mayor, 1844-5, and superintendent of schools, 1856-9. He was professor of mathematics in the University of Ohio, 1859-60 and 1865-8. He was president of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, 1869-75, and commissioner of the Public Schools of Ohio, from 1887 until the time of his death. He was the author of a number of textbooks on mathematics. He received the following degrees: A. M. from St. Mary's, 1860; LL.D., from Williams, 1873, from Washington and Jefferson, 1874, and from several other colleges." [Tappan-Toppan Genealogy, citation details below.]

    Eli married Lydia Lucretia McDowell on 4 Feb 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. Lydia (daughter of Alexander Johnston McDowell and Mary Sheldon) was born on 4 Jul 1825 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 24 Dec 1904 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 68. Mary Tappan  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 14 Dec 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 25 Aug 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.


Generation: 23

  1. 68.  Mary TappanMary Tappan Descendancy chart to this point (66.Lydia22, 62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 14 Dec 1851 in Steubenville, Jefferson, Ohio; died on 25 Aug 1916 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    "[A]n American novelist and short story writer best known for her acute characterizations and depictions of academic life." [Wikipedia]

    Mary married John Henry Wright on 2 Apr 1879 in Gambier, Knox, Ohio. John (son of Rev. Austen Hazen Wright and Catherine Myers) was born on 4 Feb 1852 in Urumiah, Persia; died on 25 Nov 1908 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 69. Austin Tappan Wright  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 20 Aug 1883 in Hanover, Grafton, New Hampshire; died on 19 Sep 1931 in Las Vegas, San Miguel, New Mexico; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.


Generation: 24

  1. 69.  Austin Tappan WrightAustin Tappan Wright Descendancy chart to this point (68.Mary23, 66.Lydia22, 62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 20 Aug 1883 in Hanover, Grafton, New Hampshire; died on 19 Sep 1931 in Las Vegas, San Miguel, New Mexico; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    Author of Islandia, a quasi-utopian novel published eleven years after his death, which has remained almost uninterruptedly in print.

    Austin married Margaret Garrad Stone on 14 Nov 1912 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Margaret (daughter of William Eben Stone and Katherine Maria Fay) was born on 19 Jul 1886 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts; died on 1 Sep 1937 in London, England; was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 70. Sylvia Wright  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 21 Jan 1917 in Berkeley, Alameda, California; died on 9 May 1981 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
    2. 71. Phyllis Wright  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 11 Dec 1919 in Berkeley, Alameda, California; died on 23 Feb 2007 in New York, New York.


Generation: 25

  1. 70.  Sylvia Wright Descendancy chart to this point (69.Austin24, 68.Mary23, 66.Lydia22, 62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 21 Jan 1917 in Berkeley, Alameda, California; died on 9 May 1981 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    As a San Francisco newspaper columnist, she coined the word "mondegreen."

    "Sylvia Wright, a Writer and Harpers Ex-Editor," in The New York Times, 13 May 1981:

    Sylvia Wright, a freelance writer who frequently and humorously commented in national magazines on trends in modern living, died of cancer Saturday at her home in Cambridge, Mass. She was 64 years old.

    Miss Wright was also a former editor of Harpers Bazaar. A collection of her magazine articles, ''Get Away From Me With Those Christmas Gifts,'' was published by McGraw-Hill in 1957. She was also the author of a novel, ''A Shark Infested Rice Pudding.''

    After her graduation from Bryn Mawr College, Miss Wright edited and prepared for publication ''Islandia,'' a Utopian novel about an imaginary country written by her father, the late Austin Tappen [sic] Wright, who was a professor of law at the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Pennsylvania. The novel, which has been a steady seller, was published in 1942, reissued in 1958. It is currently published by Arno Press Inc. and the New American Library.

    At her death, Miss Wright was writing a biography of her great-aunt, Melusina Fay Peirce, an early feminist and first wife of the American physicist, mathematician and philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce.

    Miss Wright is survived by her husband, Paul J. Mitarachi; a son, John; a sister, Phyllis King of Manhattan; and two brothers, Benjamin and William Wright.


  2. 71.  Phyllis Wright Descendancy chart to this point (69.Austin24, 68.Mary23, 66.Lydia22, 62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 11 Dec 1919 in Berkeley, Alameda, California; died on 23 Feb 2007 in New York, New York.

    Notes:

    Phyllis Wright and Lowell King were seventh cousins once removed, her being a 6XG-granddaughter of the Rev. James Fitch (1622-1702) and Priscilla Mason (1641-1714), and he being a 7XG-grandson of the same couple.

    Phyllis married Lowell King on 27 Sep 1941 in New York, New York. Lowell (son of Clarence Baker King and Alice Darracott Seabrook) was born on 2 May 1920 in New Canaan, Farfield, Connecticut; died on 27 Aug 1969 in New York, New York. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 72. Tappan Wright King  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Sep 1950 in Las Vegas, San Miguel, New Mexico.


Generation: 26

  1. 72.  Tappan Wright King Descendancy chart to this point (71.Phyllis25, 69.Austin24, 68.Mary23, 66.Lydia22, 62.Alexander21, 60.John20, 57.Ann19, 54.Thomas18, 52.Thomas17, 51.Agnes16, 48.John15, 45.Jean14, 42.Christian13, 35.Robert12, 28.James11, 24.Margaret10, 20.Elizabeth9, 16.Edward8, 13.Richard7, 10.Richard6, 8.Isabella5, 6.Pedro4, 4.Alfonso3, 2.Fernando2, 1.Sancho1) was born on 10 Sep 1950 in Las Vegas, San Miguel, New Mexico.

    Tappan married Beth Ann Meacham on 13 Oct 1978 in New York City. Beth (daughter of Richard Allen Meacham and Marion Ann Gaunder) was born on 14 Nov 1951 in Newark, Licking, Ohio. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]