Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Margaret Cunningham

Female


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Margaret Cunningham

    Family/Spouse: William Stirling. William (son of Lucas de Striveling and Marjory Dunbar) was born in in of Rathoran, Lorne, Argyll, Scotland; died between 8 Sep 1468 and 23 May 1471. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 2. Elizabeth Stirling  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Elizabeth Stirling Descendancy chart to this point (1.Margaret1)

    Elizabeth married Adam Crichton before 25 Jun 1479. Adam (son of James Crichton and Agnes Hepburn) was born in in of Ruthven, Angus, Scotland; died before 18 Nov 1516. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 3. James Crichton  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Ruthven, Angus, Scotland.


Generation: 3

  1. 3.  James Crichton Descendancy chart to this point (2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1) was born in in of Ruthven, Angus, Scotland.

    Notes:

    3rd of Crichton. Although SP (citation details below) identifies the father of Margaret Crichton as "John Crichton of Ruthven".

    James married Janet Ogston in 1506. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 4. Margaret Crichton  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 4

  1. 4.  Margaret Crichton Descendancy chart to this point (3.James3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1)

    Margaret married Peter Hay about 1530. Peter (son of Edmund Hay and Janet Boyd) was born in in of Megginch, Perth and Kinross, Scotland; died in 1565. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 5. Catherine Hay  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Megginch, Perth and Kinross, Scotland; died after 1612.


Generation: 5

  1. 5.  Catherine Hay Descendancy chart to this point (4.Margaret4, 3.James3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1) was born in in of Megginch, Perth and Kinross, Scotland; died after 1612.

    Family/Spouse: George Drummond. George (son of George Drummond and Janet Haliburton) was born in in of Blair, Perthshire, Scotland; died on 4 Jan 1594. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 6. Katherine Drummond  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Blair, Perthshire, Scotland.


Generation: 6

  1. 6.  Katherine Drummond Descendancy chart to this point (5.Catherine5, 4.Margaret4, 3.James3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1) was born in in of Blair, Perthshire, Scotland.

    Katherine married Nicholas Campbell before 1563. Nicholas (son of Donald Campbell, Abbot of Coupar Angus and Margaret) was born in 1517; died in 1587; was buried in Bendochy, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 7. Margaret Campbell  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1571 in of Keithick, Couper Angus Parish, Perthshire, Scotland; died after 8 Aug 1631.


Generation: 7

  1. 7.  Margaret Campbell Descendancy chart to this point (6.Katherine6, 5.Catherine5, 4.Margaret4, 3.James3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1) was born about 1571 in of Keithick, Couper Angus Parish, Perthshire, Scotland; died after 8 Aug 1631.

    Margaret married Alexander McGruder before 26 May 1605. Alexander was born about 1569 in Craigneich, Muthill Parish, Perthshire, Scotland; died before 1 May 1617. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 8. Alexander Magruder  Descendancy chart to this point was born about 1610 in Belliclone, Maderty Parish, Perthshire, Scotland; died between 12 Mar 1677 and 17 Apr 1677 in Calvert County, Maryland.


Generation: 8

  1. 8.  Alexander Magruder Descendancy chart to this point (7.Margaret7, 6.Katherine6, 5.Catherine5, 4.Margaret4, 3.James3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.Margaret1) was born about 1610 in Belliclone, Maderty Parish, Perthshire, Scotland; died between 12 Mar 1677 and 17 Apr 1677 in Calvert County, Maryland.

    Notes:

    One of JMF's two gateway ancestors, but fittingly, given JMF's delight in ambiguity and historical contingency, his status as a "gateway ancestor" is controversial. In 2015, the lineage society the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne announced that Margaret Campbell was not his mother and therefore his descendants no longer qualified for membership, but (to the best of our knowledge, and that of historian Susan Tichy), no evidence for this was put forth.

    It is certainly true that the evidence for the Maryland immigrant being the Alexander who was second son of Alexander McGruder and Margaret Campbell is circumstantial. In our view, it passes the test of being strong enough circumstantial evidence to warrant recording what appears to be the probable line.

    From Susan Tichy, "Was Alexander Who We Think He Was?":

    But how do we know he was the second son of these parents?

    We don't, not absolutely. We believe it on the basis of two pieces of evidence.

    1) In Maryland, Alexander named three of his plantations for Dunblane (a cathedral town in Perthshire), Craigneich (the farm where Alexander Magruder the elder was born), and Inchaffray (an abbey and estate near Maderty, where Alexander the elder was chamberlain--corrupted in Maryland to Anchovie Hills). Craigneich is especially convincing because it was (and is) a private farm, not a large estate. It is unlikely a man without intimate connections there would have bestowed this name on a Maryland farm, and few would have had such connections.

    Alexander named no plantations for Balmaclone (or Belliclone) where he is believed to have been born. That was a Drummond farm, to which his mother had a lifetime right as widow of her first husband, Andrew Drummond. Craigneich was a McGruder farm and had been for several generations. Alexander was seven or eight years old when his father died and his mother remarried, at which point he probably would have been sent to live at Craigneich to be raised by his father's family.

    2) The Records of the Privy Council (vol. viii, pp 101-102) show that on 22 November, 1622, one "Alexander McA Growder," twelve years old, was fined for illegally carrying arms and shooting deer and wildfowl with some other boys at Spittalsfield, Caputh Parish, near Cargill, about six miles from Dunkeld.

    This provides a birth date of ~1610, which places him after James, the known eldest son of Alexander Magruder and Margaret Campbell. This family–and James especially–also show strong association with Cargill. Later in his life, James Magruder is identified as being either in Cargill, indicating he lived there, or of Cargill, indicating he owned land there. In one record he is designated Laird of Cargill, which, if accurate, indicates a significant elevation in status.

    And that's it. That's our positive evidence.

    What we might call negative evidence boils down to the simple fact that no other candidate can be found in the records. McGruders / MacGrouthers were few in number, so other choices for where to locate Alexander among known families would be slim. In 1620, John McGrouther (brother of Alexander the elder) purchased land in Meigor, in Glen Artney, thus making the rare step from tenant to landowner. His descendants owned this farm until the 19th century when the line died out. Because of land ownership, there are more records for that family than for any other. Among them there is no Alexander who could be our immigrant, nor is there a Maryland plantation called Meigor.

    Don McGruther has found a few McGruthers, MacCrouthers, and other variations of the name, scattered through the southern Highlands, Edinburgh, and as far as Ireland, but it seems far-fetched to imagine that Alexander came from one of those families. His strong attachment to Perthshire, in particular to Inchaffray and Craigneich, establishes his origins in the McGrouther heartland.

    From Susan Tichy, "Alexander Magruder, The Immigrant":

    [Alexander Magruder] was the first of his name in America. Born about 1610 at the small estate of Belliclone (now Nether Belliclone farm) in Madderty Parish, Perthshire, in Scotland's Central Highlands, Alexander was the son of Alexander McGruder, the elder, and Margaret Campbell of Keithick. He is believed to have arrived in Maryland in January 1652 as a prisoner of war, having been captured during Cromwell's invasion of Scotland late in the civil wars that attended the Protestant Reformation. Upon arrival, Alexander was sold into indentured servitude. In the disease-ridden Chesapeake, half of all indentured servants died within a year. Those who survived their term--most commonly five years--received their freedom and a "headright" to 50 acres of unimproved land--which they first had to find, then pay a surveyor and, for a fee, register their ownership. Alexander received his first of two headrights in November 1653, indicating that he served a remarkably short indenture. He went on to be one of the largest landowners among formerly indentured men of his generation. Historian Russell R. Menard, who studied men who arrived as indentured servants from 1648-1652, identifies him as one of only three who owned more than 1,000 acres when they died.

    Family/Spouse: Sarah. Sarah died between 1671 and 1672. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. 9. Samuel Magruder  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1660; died in 1711.