Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Katherine Craighead

Female Abt 1673 - 1754  (~ 81 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Katherine Craighead was born about 1673 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland (daughter of Rev. Robert Craighead and Agnes Heart); died on 10 Apr 1754 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Abel Hill Cemetery, Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1672

    Notes:

    One of TWK's twelve proven "gateway ancestors." She arrived, with her brother Thomas (also an ancestor of TWK), at Boston in October 1714, on the Thomas and Jane out of Londonderry, William Wilson, master.

    There are several places in Ireland called Donaghmore, Donoughmore, or Domhnach Mór -- the latter is simply Irish for "big church." Notwithstanding some online sources that give her birthplace as Donoughmore in county Cork, she was clearly born in Donoughmore in county Donegal, where her father was the Presbyterian minister from 1658 to 1688.

    Katherine married Rev. William Homes on 26 Sep 1693 in Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland. William (son of John Homes) was born about 1663 in Donaghmore, Donegal, Ireland; died on 20 Jun 1746 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Capt. Robert Homes was born on 23 Jul 1694 in Stragolan, Fermanagh, Ireland; died before 22 Oct 1727.
    2. Margaret Homes was born on 28 Feb 1696 in Strabane, Donacavey, Tyrone, Ireland; died on 26 Apr 1778 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Rev. Robert Craighead was born about 1633; died on 22 Aug 1711 in Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland.

    Notes:

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Craghead, Robert (c. 1633–1711), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and author, was born in Scotland to unknown parents and graduated MA from the University of St Andrews in 1653. In 1658 he commenced his ministry in Donoughmore, co. Donegal. In 1661 he was one of thirty-six Presbyterian ministers in Ireland ejected from his parish for refusing to conform to the established church. He remained with his people and contrived to exercise an effective ministry among them. The troubles of 1689 drove him and his family into the besieged city of Londonderry, and from it to Glasgow, where for a time he ministered in a congregation.

    On 1 July 1690 he was called to be minister of the Presbyterian congregation in Londonderry, and remained there until his death. The bishop of Derry from 1691 to 1702 was William King, afterwards archbishop of Dublin. King had already crossed swords with Joseph Boyse, minister of Wood Street congregation in Dublin, on the subject of Presbyterian worship, hoping to persuade his readers to follow his own pilgrimage from Presbyterianism to Anglicanism. His representations of Presbyterian practice were factually incorrect, and Craghead felt impelled to answer them in two pamphlets, An Answer to a Late Book Intituled ‘A Discourse Concerning the Inventions of Men in the Worship of God’ (1694) and An Answer to the Bishop of Derry's Second Admonition to the Dissenting Inhabitants of his Diocese (1697). Neither work reveals Craghead as a particularly effective controversialist. His replies to King are orderly, thorough, and factual. They contain a wealth of information about Presbyterian life and spirituality, and especially about Presbyterian public worship. They confirm the very large numbers attending Presbyterian services in north-west Ulster at this time. While Boyse and Craghead display common purpose in their defence of Presbyterian forms of worship, it is fascinating to discern contrasting views on points of detail. Boyse reflects the broader and more English practice of Dublin Presbyterianism, while the stricter Ulster-Scot ethos of northern congregations is firmly embodied in Craghead's work. Craghead's pamphlets lack the grace of Boyse's writing, and the fire of good polemic, but are none the less an important contribution.

    Craghead's other writings were of a devotional and practical kind. His Advice for the Assurance of Salvation (1702) and the posthumous Walking with God (1712) have both been lost to posterity. His Advice to Communicants was first published in Glasgow in 1695, and was reprinted several times. It was an attempt to deal with many of the problems and difficulties felt by the ordinary people with whom Craghead worked as a pastor. It is a rich treasure house of Christian devotion and evidences the scrupulous care given by Craghead and others of his generation to the doubts and questions of his people. Through all his writings runs a firm Calvinist theology. Craghead married Agnes, daughter of the Rev. John Hart, minister of Taughboyne, and they had three sons: Thomas, Robert, and Samuel. Craghead died in Londonderry on 22 August 1711.

    Robert married Agnes Heart about 1668. Agnes (daughter of Rev. John Heart and Agnes Baxter) was born before 17 Dec 1648. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Agnes Heart was born before 17 Dec 1648 (daughter of Rev. John Heart and Agnes Baxter).

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 17 Dec 1648, Dunino, Fife, Scotland

    Children:
    1. Rev. Thomas Craighead was born about 1670 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland; died in Apr 1739 in Newville, Cumberland, Pennsyvania.
    2. 1. Katherine Craighead was born about 1673 in Donoughmore, Donegal, Ireland; died on 10 Apr 1754 in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts; was buried in Abel Hill Cemetery, Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.


Generation: 3

  1. 6.  Rev. John Heart was born between 1616 and 1617 in Scotland (son of David Heart and Jean Mowat); died on 8 Jan 1687; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland
    • Alternate death: 8 Jan 1688

    Notes:

    His gravestone at Taughboyne reads:

    HIC IACET CORPUS M----- IOANNIS HART ILLUSTRISSO STEMMATE ORIUNDI PASTO[RIS] VIGILANTIS PIENTISS [PHI]LOSOPHI THEOLOGI EXIMII QUI CHRISTUM PRAEDICANDO ECCLES TABOYNENSI MAG CUM FR[UI] TU SUPRA 30 ANNOS SUDAVIT ED MULTA PROPT[ER] CRISTUM PASSUS TANDEM MATURAM ANIMAM DEO ED DIDIT AETAT 70 IAN 8 AN 1687

    (Here lieth the body of Master John Hart of noble descent, a watchful pastor, a devout philosopher, a distinguished divine, who labored for over 30 years preaching Christ with much success in the church of Taughboyne, and after much suffering for Christ's sake at length gave up his ripened spirit to God on 8th January 1687 aged 70 years.)

    Much documentation for the life of the Rev. John Heart/Hart, compiled by Janet Wolfe, can be found here.

    It had long been noted that "David Heart of Rusland, William and Mr. John Heart, his sons" witnessed a charter by Mr. Patrick Grahame of Rothisholm, dated at Kirkwall (in the Orkney islands), 8 Feb 1638. (Calendar of the Laing Charters, citation details below, pp. 529-30.) But then:

    Jan Wolfe, on soc.genealogy.medieval, 9 May 2017:

    Document SC11/5/1644/11, held at the Orkney Archives, is the marriage agreement, dated 21 February 1644, for Margaret Heart, daughter of David Heart and Jean Mowat, and James Grahame. The NAS catalog description is here:

    http://catalogue.nrscotland.gov.uk/nrsonlinecatalogue/details.aspx?reference=SC11/5/1644/11

    I recently ordered an image of this document from the Orkney Archives.

    The contract specifies that James Grahame's part of the agreement is to be done by the "advyse of the said Dauid Heart if he sall be on lyff And failyeing of him throw deceas be the advyse of the said [William] Heart his eldest sone and of Mr John Heart Minister his secund sone or ather of thame."

    With this evidence, I think that we can now confidently identify the parents of John Heart as David Heart and Jean Mowat. Jean's mother, Christian Stewart, was a daughter of Earl Robert Stewart of Orkney, and Robert was a son of King James V of Scotland by Euphame Elphinstone.

    John Heart, who received his M.A. at St. Andrews in May, 1637, was ordained at Crail on March 22, 1643.

    Agnes Heart, daughter of John Heart and Agnes Baxter, married Robert Craighead. Their children include colonial immigrants Thomas Craighead, husband of Margaret Wallace, and Katherine Craighead, wife of William Homes. Thomas and William were both Presbyterian ministers. Thomas and Margaret lived in Freetown, Bristol County, Massachusetts, and then in Pennsylvania. Katherine and William lived in Chilmark, Dukes County, Massachusetts (on Martha's Vineyard) where William was the minister from the fall of 1715 until his death in 1746.

    From "Fasti of the Irish Presbyterian Church" (citation details below):

    HART, JOHN: b. Scotland; educ. St. Andrews; M.A. (St. And.) 1637; ord. at Crail, 22 March 1642/3; mar. 1644, Agnes Baxter; res. 1646; inst. Dunino, 30 Dec. 1646; res. 1650; inst. Dunkeld, 1650; joined the Protesters 1651, and was dep. 1652; inst. Hamilton (2nd charge), 23 Jan. 1653. In Oct. 1655, a Commissr. from Taughboyne appeared at the Syn. of Glasgow and Ayr with a call to Mr. Hart. Inst. Taughboyne (Monreagh) 1656. Recd. £150 a year as from 29 Sept. last, from the Protectorate on the petition of the inhabitants and report of Drs. Winter and Harrison, and Mr. Mather as to his piety, etc., and that he had been there near half a year and had a great charge of children (25 March 1656). Dep. for non-conformity, 1661, but continued to minister.

    On a visit to Dublin in the winter of 1662/3 some of those engaged in Blood's Plot applied to Mr. Hart for his concurrence. When examined later as to his complicity he incautiously dropped a word that brought trouble to Mr. Thos. Boyd, M.P. for Bangor. In vindicating himself he said that when the plot was revealed to him he expressed his abhorrence, as Mr. Boyd in Dublin knew. This led to Mr. Boyd's arrest and subsequent expulsion from the House of Commons. Hart seems to have been liberated on bail to appear when called upon. Excommunicated and imprisoned in Lifford, 1664-70, for disobeying a summons, issued by Robt. Leslie, Bp. of Raphoe, to appear before his court. Fined 20 and imprisoned 8 months for his connexion with a Fast (17 Feb. 1681), appointed by Laggan Presby.

    Died 8 Jan. 1687, aged 70; int. at Taughboyne.

    John married Agnes Baxter on 2 Apr 1644 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Agnes (daughter of William Baxter and Catharine Downie) was born before 15 Feb 1619; died before 21 May 1689; was buried on 21 May 1689 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 7.  Agnes Baxter was born before 15 Feb 1619 (daughter of William Baxter and Catharine Downie); died before 21 May 1689; was buried on 21 May 1689 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 15 Feb 1619, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

    Children:
    1. 3. Agnes Heart was born before 17 Dec 1648.


Generation: 4

  1. 12.  David Heart was born in in of Rusland, Harray, Orkney, Scotland; died after 8 Mar 1656.

    Notes:

    Much documentation for the life of David Heart/Hart and Jean Mowat, compiled by Janet Wolfe, can be found here.

    David married Jean Mowat before Oct 1615. Jean (daughter of John Mowat and Christian Stewart) died in May 1682. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 13.  Jean Mowat (daughter of John Mowat and Christian Stewart); died in May 1682.
    Children:
    1. 6. Rev. John Heart was born between 1616 and 1617 in Scotland; died on 8 Jan 1687; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.

  3. 14.  William Baxter was born about 1584 (son of Robert Baxter and Catherine Ra).

    William married Catharine Downie on 30 Nov 1609 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 15.  Catharine Downie (daughter of William Downie).

    Notes:

    "[L]ikely born near Edinburgh, Scotland, in the late 1580s." [Jan Wolfe, SGM, 18 Feb 2021]

    Children:
    1. 7. Agnes Baxter was born before 15 Feb 1619; died before 21 May 1689; was buried on 21 May 1689 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.