Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Maria de Molina

Female Abt 1262 - 1321  (~ 59 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Maria de Molina was born about 1262 (daughter of Alfonso and Mayor Afonso de Meneses); died on 17 Jul 1321 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain.

    Notes:

    Regent of Castile.

    Maria married Sancho IV, King of Castile and León in 1281. Sancho (son of Alfonso X, King of Castile and León and Yolande of Aragón) was born on 13 May 1258; died on 25 Apr 1295 in Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Fernando IV, King of Castile was born on 6 Dec 1285 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; died on 7 Sep 1312 in Jaén, Andalusia, Spain.
    2. Beatriz of Castile was born in 1293 in Toro, Castile, Spain; died on 25 Oct 1359 in Lisbon, Portugal; was buried in Lisbon Cathedral, Lisbon, Portugal.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Alfonso was born between 1203 and 1204 (son of Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia and Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo); died on 6 Jan 1272 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

    Notes:

    Infante de Castilla. Señor de Molina y Mesa.

    Alfonso married Mayor Afonso de Meneses after 1246. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Mayor Afonso de Meneses (daughter of Afonso Telo de Meneses and Maria Anes de Lima).

    Notes:

    Señora de Meneses, Montealegre.

    Children:
    1. 1. Maria de Molina was born about 1262; died on 17 Jul 1321 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born on 15 Aug 1171 in Zamora, León, Spain (son of Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura and Urraca of Portugal); died on 24 Sep 1230 in Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1166

    Notes:

    Called "el Barboso," "the Slobberer," supposedly because he was subject to fits of rage during which he foamed at the mouth. Despite this, he is also notable for having founded the University of Salamanca and for convening what was arguably the first parliament in Western Europe that included representatives of the urban bourgeoisie. Our theory is that he was a marooned time-traveler from the future: if you found yourself stuck in twelfth-century Spain, you'd foam at the mouth once in a while too.

    From Wikipedia:

    In spite of the democratic precedent represented by the Cortes and the founding of the University of Salamanca, Alfonso is often chiefly remembered for the difficulties his successive marriages caused between him with Pope Celestine III. He was first married in 1191 to his first cousin, Theresa of Portugal, who bore him two daughters, and a son who died young. The marriage was declared null by the papal legate Cardinal Gregory for consanguinity.

    After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile. For this second act of consanguinity, the king and the kingdom were placed under interdict by representatives of the Pope. In 1198, Pope Innocent III declared Alfonso and Berengaria's marriage invalid, but they stayed together until 1204. The annulment of this marriage by the pope drove the younger Alfonso to again attack his cousin in 1204, but treaties made in 1205, 1207, and 1209 each forced him to concede further territories and rights. The treaty in 1207 is the first existing public document in the Castilian dialect.

    The Pope was, however, compelled to modify his measures by the threat that, if the people could not obtain the services of religion, they would not support the clergy, and that heresy would spread. The king was left under interdict personally, but to that he showed himself indifferent, and he had the support of his clergy. Berengaria left him after the birth of five children, and the king then returned to Theresa, to whose daughters he left his kingdom in his will.

    Alfonso married Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo before 17 Dec 1197 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain. Berenguela (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England) was born in 1171; died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born in 1171 (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England); died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1179-1180
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1180
    • Alternate birth: Between Jan 1180 and Jun 1180
    • Alternate birth: Bef Aug 1180, Burgos, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate death: 8 Nov 1246, Las Huelgas, near Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Berengaria.

    "The couple separated due to consanguinity in 1204, after which she returned to her father's dominions, where she became regent for her younger brother, Enrique I, King of Castile. She abdicated the throne of Castile 31 Aug 1217, in favor of her son, Fernando." [Royal Ancestry]

    "Starting in 1198, Pope Innocent III objected to the marriage on the grounds of consanguinity, though the couple stayed together until 1204. They vehemently sought a dispensation in order to stay together, including offering large sums of money. However, the pope denied their request, although they succeeded in having their children considered legitimate. Her marriage dissolved, Berengaria returned to Castile and to her parents in May 1204, where she dedicated herself to the care of her children." [Wikipedia]

    Notes:

    Annulled by Pope Innocent III on grounds of consanguinity.

    Children:
    1. St. Fernando III, King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville was born between Jun 1201 and Jul 1201 in En route between Salamanca and Zamora; died on 30 May 1252 in Seville, Andalusia, Spain; was buried in Cathedral Santa María, Seville, Andalusia, Spain.
    2. 2. Alfonso was born between 1203 and 1204; died on 6 Jan 1272 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
    3. Bérenguère of Castile-León was born in 1204; died on 12 Apr 1237 in Constantinople.

  3. 6.  Afonso Telo de Meneses (son of Afonso Tellez de Menezes); died in 1252.

    Notes:

    Senhor de Menezes, Señor de Montealegre.

    Afonso married Maria Anes de Lima. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Maria Anes de Lima
    Children:
    1. 3. Mayor Afonso de Meneses


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura was born in 1137 (son of Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Castile and Berenguela of Barcelona); died on 22 Jan 1188 in Benavente, Italy; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Fernando married Urraca of Portugal in 1165. Urraca (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy) was born about 1150; died on 16 Oct 1188 in Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried in Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Urraca of Portugal was born about 1150 (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy); died on 16 Oct 1188 in Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried in Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1151

    Notes:

    "Su última aparición en la documentación medieval fue en 1211 cuando donó a la Catedral de Zamora la villa de Castrotorafe que había recibido como parte de las arras entregadas por rey Fernando en 1165." [Spanish-language Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 4. Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born on 15 Aug 1171 in Zamora, León, Spain; died on 24 Sep 1230 in Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried in Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

  3. 10.  Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura was born on 11 Nov 1155 in Soría, Castile, Spain (son of Sancho III, King of Nájera, Castile, and Toledo and Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile); died on 22 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 5 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain
    • Alternate death: 6 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain

    Notes:

    Also Lord of Gascony. "Defeated by the Moorish Almohad invaders in 1195, but defeated a combined army of the kings of Leon and Navarre the same year. Won a great victory over the Moors at Navas de Tolosa, 1212." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, which gives the date of his marriage to Eleanor as September 1177, unlike other sources which date it to September 1170.]

    Alfonso married Eleanor of England in Sep 1170 in Burgos, Castile, Spain. Eleanor (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England) was born in 1161; died on 21 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Eleanor of England was born in 1161 (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England); died on 21 Sep 1214; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 13 Oct 1162, Domfront, Normandy, France
    • Alternate death: 25 Oct 1214, Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Leonor.

    "Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake was the only one who was enabled, by political circumstances, to wield the kind of influence her mother had exercised. In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom. She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of León. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII's court due to Eleanor's patronage." [Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 5. Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born in 1171; died on 8 Nov 1244; was buried in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
    2. Urraca of Castile was born between 1186 and 1187; died on 3 Nov 1220 in Coimbra, Portugal.
    3. Blanche of Castile, Queen Consort of France was born before 4 Mar 1188 in Palencia, Castile, Spain; died in 1252 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Maubuisson Abbey near Pontoise, near Paris, France.

  5. 12.  Afonso Tellez de Menezes was born about 1170; died in 1230.

    Notes:

    Señor d'Albuquerque. Señor de Menezes.

    Children:
    1. 6. Afonso Telo de Meneses died in 1252.