Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather

Male 1663 - 1728  (65 years)


Generations:      Standard    |    Vertical    |    Compact    |    Box    |    Text    |    Ahnentafel    |    Fan Chart    |    Media    |    PDF

Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather was born on 12 Feb 1663 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts (son of Increase Mather and Maria Cotton); died on 13 Feb 1728 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Increase Mather was born on 21 Jun 1639 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts (son of Rev. Richard Mather and Elizabeth Holt); died on 23 Aug 1723 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 23 Jun 1639, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts

    Increase married Maria Cotton on 6 Mar 1662. Maria (daughter of Rev. John Cotton and Sarah Hawkredd) was born on 16 Feb 1642 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Maria Cotton was born on 16 Feb 1642 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts (daughter of Rev. John Cotton and Sarah Hawkredd).

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 20 Feb 1642, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts

    Children:
    1. 1. Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather was born on 12 Feb 1663 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 13 Feb 1728 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Rev. Richard Mather was born in 1596 in Lowton, Winwick, Lancashire, England (son of Thomas Mather and Margaret Abraham); died on 22 Apr 1669 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    Emigrated 1635 on the James out of Bristol. Minister for decades at Dorchester, from 1662 he shared those duties with William Stoughton. A biographical sketch of him can be found in his grandson Cotton Mather's Magnalia Christi Americana.

    Richard married Elizabeth Holt on 29 Sep 1624 in Bury, Lancashire, England. Elizabeth (daughter of Edmund Holt) died in 1655. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Elizabeth Holt (daughter of Edmund Holt); died in 1655.

    Notes:

    Called in some sources Catherine Holt. We go with Puritan Pedigrees (citation details below).

    Children:
    1. Timothy Mather was born in 1628 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England; died on 14 Jan 1684 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.
    2. 2. Increase Mather was born on 21 Jun 1639 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 23 Aug 1723 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

  3. 6.  Rev. John Cotton was born on 4 Dec 1585 in Derby, Derbyshire, England (son of Roland Cotton and Mary Hurlbert); died on 23 Dec 1652 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Notes:

    From Wikipedia:

    John Cotton (4 December 1585 – 23 December 1652) was a clergyman in England and the American colonies and, by most accounts, the preeminent minister and theologian of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He studied for five years at Trinity College, Cambridge and another nine at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He had already built a reputation as a scholar and outstanding preacher when he accepted the position of minister at Saint Botolph's Church in Boston, Lincolnshire in 1612. As a Puritan, he wanted to do away with the ceremony and vestments associated with the established Anglican Church and preach in a simpler manner. He felt that the English church needed significant reforms, yet he was also adamant about not separating from it; his preference was to change it from within. Many ministers were removed from their pulpits for their Puritan practices, but Cotton thrived at St. Botolph's for nearly 20 years because of supportive aldermen and lenient bishops, as well as his very conciliatory and gentle demeanor. By 1632, however, the Anglican church had greatly increased its pressure on the non-conforming clergy, and Cotton was forced to go into hiding. The following year, he and his wife boarded a ship for New England.

    Cotton was highly sought as a minister in Massachusetts and was quickly installed as the second pastor of the Boston church, sharing the ministry with John Wilson. He generated more religious conversions in his first six months than had been made the previous year. Early in his Boston tenure, he became peripherally involved in the banishment of Roger Williams, who blamed much of his troubles on Cotton. Soon after, Cotton became embroiled in the colony's Antinomian Controversy, when several adherents of his "free grace" theology (most notably Anne Hutchinson) began criticizing other ministers in the colony. He tended to support his adherents through much of that controversy; near its conclusion, however, he realized that many of his followers held theological positions that were well outside the mainstream of Puritan orthodoxy, which he did not condone.

    Following the controversy, Cotton was able to mend fences with his fellow ministers, and he continued to preach in the Boston church until his death. A great part of his effort during his late career was devoted to the governance of the New England churches, and he was the one who gave the name Congregationalism to this form of church polity. A new form of polity was being decided for the Anglican Church in the early 1640s, as the Puritans in England gained power on the eve of the English Civil War, and Cotton wrote numerous letters and books in support of the "New England Way". Ultimately, Presbyterianism was chosen as the form of governance during the Westminster Assembly in 1643, though Cotton continued to engage in a polemic contest with several prominent Presbyterians on this issue.

    Cotton became more conservative with age. He battled the separatist attitude of Roger Williams, and endorsed severe punishment -- including death -- of those whom he deemed heretics, such as Samuel Gorton. He was a scholar, an avid letter writer, and the author of many books, and was considered the "prime mover" among New England's ministers. He died in December 1652 at age 67, following a month-long illness. His grandson Cotton Mather also became a prominent New England minister and historian.

    John married Sarah Hawkredd on 25 Apr 1632 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England. Sarah (daughter of Anthony Hawkredd and Isabel Bonner) was born about 1601; died on 27 May 1676. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Sarah Hawkredd was born about 1601 (daughter of Anthony Hawkredd and Isabel Bonner); died on 27 May 1676.

    Notes:

    The Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire gives her maiden name as Hawkredd. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says it was Hawkridge.

    Robert Charles Anderson's entry on John Cotton in The Great Migration Begins leaves her maiden name blank, but his entry on the Rev. Richard Mather in The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume V, M-P calls her "Sarah (Hawkredd) (Story) (Cotton), daughter of Anthony Hawkredd".

    Children:
    1. Rev. Seaborn Cotton was born on 12 Aug 1633 in At sea; died on 20 Apr 1686 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire.
    2. Rev. John Cotton was born on 15 Mar 1640 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 18 Sep 1699 in Charleston, South Carolina.
    3. 3. Maria Cotton was born on 16 Feb 1642 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Thomas Mather was born in in of Lowton, Winwick, Lancashire, England.

    Thomas married Margaret Abraham on 30 Sep 1591 in Warrington, Cheshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Margaret Abraham
    Children:
    1. 4. Rev. Richard Mather was born in 1596 in Lowton, Winwick, Lancashire, England; died on 22 Apr 1669 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

  3. 10.  Edmund Holt was born in in of Bury, Lancashire, England.
    Children:
    1. 5. Elizabeth Holt died in 1655.

  4. 12.  Roland Cotton was born in in of Derby, Derbyshire, England; died after 29 Jan 1604.

    Notes:

    A lawyer.

    Roland married Mary Hurlbert on 16 Aug 1582 in Derby, Derbyshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  5. 13.  Mary Hurlbert
    Children:
    1. 6. Rev. John Cotton was born on 4 Dec 1585 in Derby, Derbyshire, England; died on 23 Dec 1652 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

  6. 14.  Anthony Hawkredd was born before 3 Aug 1561 (son of William Hawkredd and Cassandra Claymond); died on 28 Apr 1628; was buried on 29 Apr 1628 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 3 Aug 1561, St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

    Anthony married Isabel Bonner on 27 Apr 1595 in Frieston, Lincolnshire, England. Isabel (daughter of Robert Bonner and Mabel Harrison) was born before 12 Feb 1570; died before 22 Jun 1615; was buried on 22 Jun 1615 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  7. 15.  Isabel Bonner was born before 12 Feb 1570 (daughter of Robert Bonner and Mabel Harrison); died before 22 Jun 1615; was buried on 22 Jun 1615 in St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 12 Feb 1570, St. Botolph's, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    The second half of John Anderson Brayton's 2007 article (citation details below) says she was buried in Boston on 22 Jun 1614, rather than 1615.

    Children:
    1. 7. Sarah Hawkredd was born about 1601; died on 27 May 1676.