Nielsen Hayden genealogy

George Dunbar

Male Abt 1370 - 1457  (~ 85 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  George Dunbar was born about 1370 (son of George Dunbar and Cristina Wardlaw); died between 1455 and 1457.

    Family/Spouse: Beatrice. Beatrice died before 1421. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Marjory Dunbar

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  George Dunbar was born about 1340 (son of Patrick Dunbar and Isabel Randolph); died in 1420.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1336
    • Alternate death: Between 1416 and 31 Mar 1423

    Notes:

    10th Earl of Dunbar. CP styles him "Earl of March, or Dunbar."

    "[E]ngaged in Border warfare to regain his hereditary land from the English, sacking Roxburgh in 1378, at the battle of Otterburn in 1388, broke with the Scottish king in 1400 and entered English service, gained high favor with King Henry IV, fighting for him at Homildon Hill and Shewsbury, later reconciled with the Scottish regent and restored to his earldom before June 1409." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below]

    "[I]n the reign of Robert II (1370-90) he is styled Lord of Annandale and Man. A Warden of the Marches, 1372; was at the Parl. at Scone, 1373, when the succession to the throne was settled; accompanied Douglas in his raid into England, after whose death at Otterburn, in 1388, the command of the Scots devolved on him. His da., Elizabeth, having been betrothed to the Duke of Rothesay, the h. ap. to the Crown, and that prince, disregarding such contract (having m. Marjorie Douglas in Feb. 1399/1400), the Earl renounced his allegiance, 25 July 1400, and joined the English, whose King (Henry IV) granted him the forfeited estates of the Lord Bardolf, he having assisted at the battles of Homildon Hill, 14 Sep. 1402, and of Shrewsbury, 23 July 1403. After the death of Robert III in 1406, he treated with the Regent Albany for restoration to Scotland. This, however, was not effected without his resigning, to the all powerful Earl of Douglas, the Lordship of Annandale, the Castle of Lochmaben, &c., by charter 2 Oct. 1409. In 1411 he was one of the Commissioners for a truce with England." [Complete Peerage, citation details below]

    George married Cristina Wardlaw. Cristina died after 1418. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Cristina Wardlaw died after 1418.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 7 Mar 1402

    Notes:

    "[W]ith her children shared her husband's exile in England, received in June 1407 along with him a grant of £90 from the English king, wrote about this time a letter, in French, to Henry IV, signing as 'The Countess of March of Scotland,' probably survived her husband." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below]

    A footnote on the same page (191) of The Ancestry of Charles II: "She is said to have been the dau. of Sir Alexander Seton of Seton (SP 2:273) and is called dau. of Sir Alan de Seton at CP 4:509. However, the earl's daughter Elizabeth asked for prayers for the souls of the Dunbar and Wardlaw family members (SP 2:275-76). As Andrew B. W. MacEwen has pointed out, Elizabeth was obviously remembering her father's family and then her mother's family."

    Children:
    1. David Dunbar was born in in of Auchtermonzie, Fife, Scotland; died after 12 Dec 1452.
    2. 1. George Dunbar was born about 1370; died between 1455 and 1457.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Patrick Dunbar (son of Alexander Dunbar); died between 1356 and 1357 in On pilgrimage to the Holy Land; was buried in Candia, Crete.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1357, Crete

    Notes:

    Not to be confused with his uncle Patrick, 8th Earl of Dunbar, who married Agnes Randolph, sister of this Patrick's wife Isabella Randolph. Agnes was "Black Agnes", renowned for her heroic defense of Dunbar Castle against an English siege.

    "[F]ought against the English at the battles of Neville's Cross near Durham (1346) and Poitiers (1356)." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below]

    Patrick married Isabel Randolph about 1340. Isabel (daughter of Thomas Randolph and Isabel Stewart) was born about 1320; died after 1360. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Isabel Randolph was born about 1320 (daughter of Thomas Randolph and Isabel Stewart); died after 1360.
    Children:
    1. 2. George Dunbar was born about 1340; died in 1420.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Alexander Dunbar (son of Patrick of Dunbar and Marjory Comyn).
    Children:
    1. 4. Patrick Dunbar died between 1356 and 1357 in On pilgrimage to the Holy Land; was buried in Candia, Crete.

  2. 10.  Thomas Randolph (son of Thomas Randolph and (Unknown half-sister of Robert de Brus, King of Scotland)); died on 20 Jul 1332 in Musselburgh, East Lothian, Scotland; was buried in Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland.

    Notes:

    Earl of Moray.

    From Wikipedia, accessed 21 Mar 2020:

    Thomas supported Robert [de Brus] in his attempt to take the throne, and was present at his uncle's coronation in 1306. He was probably knighted by the king then or shortly after. Following the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Methven, he was taken prisoner by the English, coming under the custody first of Sir Adam Gordon and then of the Earl of Lincoln. During his confinement he joined the English cause, and remained attached to them until he was captured by Sir James Douglas in 1307, and persuaded to rejoin the Scottish side. His defection came to the attention of Edward II of England, who forfeited all his lands, bestowing them on his favourite Hugh le Despencer.

    In 1312 Robert created him Earl of Moray, and he became ruler of a large swathe of land in the north of Scotland, far exceeding his southern possessions. He was also made lord of the Isle of Man [...] Around this time he became one of Robert's most trusted lieutenants, and he seems to have accompanied him on most of his campaigns. His most famous achievement was on 14 March 1314 when he carried out a daring attack on Edinburgh Castle. This was one of a handful of castles in Scotland still in English hands, and stood on top of an apparently unscalable rock. Amongst Moray's men was William Francis, the son of a former governor of the castle, who knew of a secret path up the rock. Moray used this path to reach the castle, and successfully retook it for the Scots.

    Moray played an important role in the Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, where he commanded one of the three divisions (schiltrons) of the infantry, the others being commanded by King Robert and Edward Bruce, the king's brother. [...]

    In 1315 Moray accompanied Edward Bruce, the king's brother, during his invasion of Ireland. He was one of the principal leaders in the war against the English settlers in Ireland. He returned twice to Scotland during the war to obtain reinforcements and to get Robert's personal presence in Ireland.

    Moray's name appears directly after Robert's on the famous Declaration of Arbroath, which was sent to the Pope by the nobles of Scotland to persuade him to recognise Scotland as an independent nation. Later, in 1324, he was sent to meet the Pope in person at his court in Avignon. At this meeting he successfully persuaded the Pope to recognise Robert as King of Scots. The next year the Pope wrote to Moray declaring his hope and trust in his efforts to make peace between England and Scotland, and gave permission for him to visit the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

    Moray was again sent to France in 1325, this time to persuade King Charles IV to sign the Treaty of Corbeil renewing the Franco-Scottish alliance, which he did successfully.

    After his return to Scotland he had a commanding role in the Battle of Stanhope Park against the English. The English suffered a humiliating defeat, and were forced to sign the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton, by which Scotland's independence was finally acknowledged.

    During the King's final years, Moray had been a constant companion, and had superintended the household of the young heir to the throne, David. Before his death, Robert decreed that Moray would serve as regent for David, who was only five years old when he succeeded as king. Moray performed this role justly and wisely, but died at Musselburgh three years later while on his way to repel an invasion by Edward Balliol and his supporters. At the time it was said that he had been poisoned by the English, but some modern historians believe that it is more likely that he died from a kidney stone.

    ——

    The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says that the symptoms leading to his death more strongly suggest liver cancer.

    Thomas married Isabel Stewart. Isabel (daughter of John Stewart and Margaret de Bonkil) died after 16 Jul 1351. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  3. 11.  Isabel Stewart (daughter of John Stewart and Margaret de Bonkil); died after 16 Jul 1351.

    Notes:

    "[S]he was still alive on 16 July 1351, when she founded and endowed, with lands purchased by herself, a chaplainry for the soul of her late husband, Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below]

    Children:
    1. 5. Isabel Randolph was born about 1320; died after 1360.