Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William Tyrwhit

Male Abt 1456 - 1522  (~ 66 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William Tyrwhit was born about 1456 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Jane Waterton); died on 9 Apr 1522; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.


    Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1481-2, 1494-5, 1500-1, 1517-18; King's esquire; Steward of the Manor of Barton on Humber, Lincolnshire.

    Knighted at the Battle of Stoke, 1487; made a banneret at Blackheath, 1497.

    William Tyrwhit (d. 1522) = Anne Constable (d. >1518)
    Agnes Tyrwhit (d. >1522) = Thomas Burgh, 3rd Baron Burgh (1487-1550)
    William Burgh, 4th Baron Burgh (1522-1584) = Catherine Clinton (d. 1621)
    Thomas Burgh, 5th Baron Burgh (1558-1597) = Frances Vaughan (d. 1647)
    Catherine Burgh (1600-1646) = Thomas Knevet, 5th Baron Berners (1596-1658)
    Elizabeth Knevet (1608-1670) = Sir John Rous, 1st Bt. (1608-1670)
    Sir John Rous, 2nd Bt. (d. 1730) = Anne Wood (d. 1736)
    Sir Robert Rous, 4th Bt. (d. 1735) = Lydia Smith (d. 1769)
    Sir John Rous, 5th Bt. (d. 1771) = Judith Bedingfield (d. 1794)
    Louisa Judith Rous (1770-~1804) = John Brereton Birch (d. 1829)
    Rev. Henry William Rous Birch (1794-1854) = Lydia Mildred (b. 1798)
    Selena Acton Birch (1829-1880) = Rev. Richard Henry Bicknell (1823-1869)
    Constance Rosalie Bicknell (1869-1941) = George Augustus Auden (1872-1957)
    Wystan Hugh (W. H.) Auden (1907-1973)

    Family/Spouse: Anne Constable. Anne (daughter of Robert Constable and Agnes Wentworth) was born in in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England; died after 1518. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Robert Tyrwhit was born about 1482 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died on 4 Jul 1548 in Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Wrawby, Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Adam Tyrwhit and Elizabeth Lumley); died in 1457.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1430, of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: Between 1457 and 1458

    Robert married Jane Waterton. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Jane Waterton (daughter of Richard Waterton and Constance Assenhall).
    1. 1. William Tyrwhit was born about 1456 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died on 9 Apr 1522; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Adam Tyrwhit was born about 1411 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tyrwhit and Constance St. Quintin); died about 1452.

    Adam married Elizabeth Lumley. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 5.  Elizabeth Lumley (daughter of Ralph Lumley and Eleanor Neville).
    1. 2. Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died in 1457.

  3. 6.  Richard Waterton was born about 1400 in Medley, Yorkshire, England (son of John Waterton); died on 29 Mar 1461 in Towton, Yorkshire, England.


    "Early in 1421, Richard Waterton, son and heir of John Waterton, Nicholas Harewood and William Withornwick, executors of John Waterton's will, petitioned Henry V for letters discharging them from the custody of some gold cups and other plate which had been pledged to John Waterton as a security for his wages during the Agincourt campaign. On 2 May 1421, Richard son and heir of John Waterton, esquire, and his executors had a pardon from the king of "all debts, accounts, prests, receipts, liveries, wastes, stripments, dilapidations, exiles, trespasses, impeachments, misprisions, losses, actions, complaints, demands, farms, arrears, concealments, fines, issues and amercements" which seems to have covered just about everything except murder. [...] Richard Waterton later married Constance Asshenhul and was the ancestor of the Waterton family of Burn (in Brayton), Walton, Cawthorne, and Minsthorpe (in South Kirkby), Yorkshire and Corringham, Lincolnshire." [John Watson, "The Two John Watertons - Part 2", 2 Nov 2014, post to soc.medieval.genealogy.]

    Probably died in the Battle of Towton, according to John Watson.

    Feet of Fines: CP 25/1/280/159, number 24 [via John Watson on SGM]:

    1 July 1436, County: Yorkshire. Place: Westminster. Date: One week from St John the Baptist, 14 Henry VI. Parties: William Asenhill', knight, querent, and Richard Waterton' and Constance, his wife, deforciants. Property: The manors of Byrne, Walton', Calthorn' and Mansthorp'. Action: Plea of covenant. Agreement: William has acknowledged the manors to be the right of Constance, as those which Richard and Constance have of his gift. For this: Richard and Constance have granted to William the manors and have rendered them to him in the court, to hold to William, without impeachment of waste, for the life of William, of Richard and Constance and the heirs of Constance, rendering yearly 1 rose at the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, and doing to the chief lords all other services. And after the decease of William the manors shall revert to Richard and Constance and the heirs of Constance, quit of the heirs of William, to hold of the chief lords for ever.

    Richard married Constance Assenhall about 1435. Constance (daughter of William Assenhall and Joan Burgh) died after Jun 1444. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 7.  Constance Assenhall (daughter of William Assenhall and Joan Burgh); died after Jun 1444.
    1. 3. Jane Waterton

Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William Tyrwhit was born about 1390 (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Isabell Kelke); died in 1450; was buried in White Friars, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1398
    • Alternate death: 7 Oct 1451


    Fought at Agincourt, 25 Oct 1415. Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in March 1416, 1423, and 1426; sheriff of Yorkshire 7 Nov 1435 to 8 Nov 1436. Knighted by 22 Jul 1418.

    The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article about his father Robert Tyrwhit states that Robert's son and heir William was "thirty years old at his father's death", which would mean William was born about 1398. But this creates chronological problems both for William's first marriage and for the life of his son and heir Adam.

    The History of Parliament has William marrying Constance "by Nov. 1410", and furthermore says that William "died [...] on 7 Oct. 1451, leaving a son named Adam as his next heir. The latter did not live long enough to derive much benefit from his inheritance, and within the year he was succeeded by his own 22-year-old son, Robert."

    It seems to us more likely that the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article is deriving William's age at his father Robert's death from some document (such as an inquisition post mortem) that states that William was at least thirty years old when Robert died -- IPMs often seem to entail "at least" statements of that sort -- and that William could well have been born much earlier, say around 1390. While the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography gives no birth date for William's father Robert Tyrwhit, it does say that he "appears in chancery records as a JP and commissioner in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire from the early 1390s", and, later, that William was his eldest son and heir. So a circa-1390 birthdate for William is entirely plausible.

    This would mean that William married Constance by 1410 at age twenty or so; that his son and heir Adam was born in 1411 or 1412; and that Adam was old enough by 1430 or so to father his own heir Robert, which accords with the History of Parliament statement that Adam died "within the year" of his father William's 7 Oct 1451 death, and was succeeded by his 22-year-old son Robert.

    From the History of Parliament:

    The Tirwhits owed much of their importance in Lincolnshire to the successful career of Robert Tirwhit, the distinguished lawyer, who became a King's serjeant in 1399 and a justice of the king's bench nine years later, being also then retained as a councillor for the duchy of Lancaster. That he was in a position greatly to advance his own son's interests seems certain, for at the time of the latter's first return to Parliament in 1416, he was active on the bench in both Kesteven and Lindsey (as well as elsewhere) and thus probably played no small part in influencing the electors. William Tirwhit was, however, already a figure of some consequence in his own right, notwithstanding his early involvement in the unsuccessful rebellion led by the Percys against Henry IV in 1403. Royal letters of pardon had been granted to him two years later (probably through the intercession of his father), and, somewhat chastened by the experience, he returned to live quietly for a while at Kettleby, acting occasionally as a witness and feoffee for local landowners, including Sir George Monbourcher and his wife Elizabeth, the heir of Gilbert Umfraville, titular earl of Angus. It was during this period that he married his first wife, Constance, and received from his father an estate in the Yorkshire village of Thorngumbald. Despite the mediation of his maternal uncle, Roger Kelk, a dispute with one of his neighbours led, in November 1410, to a violent affray, as a result of which the judge himself went to law, claiming damages of £40 from his son's assailants. The case never reached a verdict, presumably because pressure was brought on the defendants to settle out of court; and in April 1412 William was confirmed in possession of these holdings, together with the manor of Wrawby in Lincolnshire, which also appears to have been settled upon him when he married. It is uncertain whether William took part in his father's celebrated attack upon William, Lord Roos, which incurred the wrath of the 1411 Parliament and led to the public humiliation of the judge, but he may well have been one of the armed men who attempted to ambush Roos 'in manner of war.' His rather belligerent temperament found a more legitimate outlet once Henry V's plans for an invasion of France got under way, and in April 1415 he was retained by the King to serve with three archers for the forthcoming campaign.

    Shortly after his return from France, Tirwhit entered Parliament for the first time. A year later, in the spring of 1417, he and Sir Richard Hansard (who was one of Justice Tirwhit's leading supporters in his dispute with Lord Roos) were arraigned at Lincoln on an assize of novel disseisin, but they managed to avoid appearing in court. The prospect of foreign conquests took him abroad once more in the following July as a member of King Henry's second expedition to Normandy. On this occasion he served with one mounted lance and three archers in the retinue of Robert, Lord Willoughby, for whom he was later to act as a trustee. The next four years were spent in France where he distinguished himself sufficiently to receive a knighthood and be made captain of three captured enemy castles. He apparently relinquished his command soon after the death of Henry V, and was back in England by September 1423, when he once again stood for Parliament, along with his old friend, Sir Richard. Although he was returned for the third (and last) time in 1426, Tirwhit clearly remained somewhat under the shadow of his father, and it was not until the latter's death, while still in office, that he came to occupy a dominant position in the county community. This was largely because of the dramatic improvement in both his finances and his territorial influence which followed his succession to the remaining family estates.

    William married Constance St. Quintin before Nov 1410. Constance (daughter of Anselm St. Quintin) was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England; died before 1 Sep 1431. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 9.  Constance St. Quintin was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Anselm St. Quintin); died before 1 Sep 1431.
    1. 4. Adam Tyrwhit was born about 1411 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died about 1452.

  3. 10.  Ralph Lumley was born about 1360 in of Lumley in Little Lumley, Durham, England (son of Marmaduke de Lumley and Margaret de Holand); died on 5 Jan 1400 in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England; was buried in Chester-le-Street, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1361, of Lumley in Little Lumley, Durham, England
    • Alternate birth: 1362


    Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Obtained license to crenelate his manor-house at Lumley. Taken prisoner by the Scots at the battle of Otterburn, 19 Aug 1388, but subsequently freed.

    "[T]ook part 1399 in attempt by the Earl of Huntingdon to restore Richard II (his half-brother) and was beheaded by the citizens of Cirencester Jan 1399/1400, being posthumously attainted and his peerage forfeited." [Burke's Peerage]

    Summoned to Parliament by writs, 28 Sep 1384 to 30 Sep 1399.

    Ralph married Eleanor Neville about 1380. Eleanor (daughter of John de Neville and Maud Percy) died after 1441. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 11.  Eleanor Neville (daughter of John de Neville and Maud Percy); died after 1441.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 16 Jul 1447

    1. 5. Elizabeth Lumley

  5. 12.  John Waterton was born about 1365 in of Waterton, Lincolnshire, England (son of Richard Waterton and Juliana); died between 16 Mar 1417 and 5 Nov 1417.


    From "The Two John Watertons - Part 2", by John Watson, a post to soc.medieval.genealogy dated 2 Nov 2014:

    John Waterton, esquire was the son of Richard, son of William, son of Ingram de Waterton and was the brother of the king's esquire Robert Waterton. He was probably born between 1360 and 1370.

    The first notice we have of him and his brother Robert is that they were with Henry Bolingbroke, earl of Derby, on his expedition, firstly to Calais, then to Prussia and Lithuania in 1390-91, together with their cousin Sir Hugh Waterton, who was Bolingbroke's chamberlain. John Waterton received pay as an esquire during the expedition until 30 April 1391. John and his brother Robert, master of Henry's horses, sailed with Henry to Danzig in July-August 1392, at the start of his journey to Jerusalem, but returned from Danzig to England in September 1392.

    John Waterton appears to have taken up residence firstly in Yorkshire and later in Lincolnshire, but exactly where is difficult to say. [...] He was sheriff of Lincoln between 29 November 1410 and 10 December 1411, when his brother Robert replaced him as sheriff. [...]

    After Henry V came to the throne in 1413, John Waterton appears to have been given two positions by the new king; as master of his horse, taking over from his brother Robert who had served as master of the horse to Henry Bolingbroke; and secondly as steward of the royal soke of Kirton in Lindsey in Lincolnshire. [...]

    John Waterton was in Henry V's retinue as Master of the King's Horse in the expedition to France in August 1415. On 25 October 1415, he was at the battle of Agincourt with six men at arms. John Waterton survived the battle and returned to England. On 4 February 1417, he was on a commission of walliis et fossatis in Lincolnshire and on 16 March 1417, he was a surety for Nicholas Tourney as sheriff of Lincoln.

    This is the last notice that I can find for John Waterton. On 5 November 1417, Sir Gerard Usflete was appointed to the office of steward of the royal soke of Kirton in Lindsey in place of John Waterton, deceased.

    1. 6. Richard Waterton was born about 1400 in Medley, Yorkshire, England; died on 29 Mar 1461 in Towton, Yorkshire, England.

  6. 14.  William Assenhall was born about 1370 in of Guilden Morden, Cambridgeshire, England; died before 22 Apr 1443.


    Also known as William Harpenden; Harpeden; William Asconhall; Asenhill; Asunhall, Essenhell, Hasehull.

    Knight of the shire for Cambridgeshire. Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire; Usher of the King's Chamber.

    The year given is my own guess from his likely age at various early events in his life. He could have easily been five years younger. Note: Richard II and Henry Bolingbroke/Henry IV, important patrons in his life, were both b. 1367.

    Events in his life, abstracted from his entry in the History of Parliament:

    1390, valet to Henry Bolingbroke at the siege of Vilnius, Lithuania ("possibly").

    1392-93, valet to Henry Bolingbroke on pilgrimage to Jerusalem ("possibly").

    Sep 1397, granted the late Earl of Arundel's grange at Tyburn, Middlesex, while a King's Esquire to Richard II. "In aid of the maintenance of his estate."

    3 Feb 1398, witnessed the will of John of Gaunt. ("Plausibly." "[M]ay be identified with the William Harpeden esquire who witnessed the will made by Henry's father, John of Gaunt.")

    Apr 1399, granted, by Richard II, a life annuity of £20 charged on the Exchequer.

    May 1399, accompanied Richard II's expedition to Ireland.

    Feb 1400, annuity confirmed by the new king, Henry IV. He was also accepted as an esquire into Henry's household.

    1402, among those escorting Henry's daughter to her wedding in Germany.

    1403, send on royal business to Picardy.

    Nov 1404, marriage to Joan Burgh. She was the widow of Thomas Hasilden (1323-1387), controller of John of Gaunt's household.

    Nov 1404 - abt Mar 1413, usher of the King's chamber.

    Nov 1404, with his wife, granted an annuity of £40 for life, from the issues of the estates of the duchy of Lancaster in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.

    aft 1404, changed his name from William Harpeden to William Assenhall.

    27 Jan 1406, appointed Justice of the Peace for Cambridgeshire. To Feb 1407, then 16 Jan 1414-Feb 1419, 8 Jul 1420-Feb 1425, 12 Feb 1429-d., and Cambridge 24 Nov 1429-Feb 1432.

    1406, Knight of the shire, Cambridgeshire. And again in Oct 1416, 1422, 1423, 1425, 1426, and 1429.

    1413 (or 1414 -- "in the first year" of Henry V's reign), appointed escheator of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. To 12 Nov 1414.

    Aug 1415, served in Henry V's first campaign in France. Fell sick at the siege of Harfleur; returned to England 7 Oct.

    May 1416, knighted.

    May 1416, spent three months at sea in the force sent to relieve Harfleur.

    4 Nov 1418, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, to 23 Nov 1419. Note that Wikipedia's article about this office lists him as "William Asconhall".

    Mar 1422, supplied a man-at-arms to join the royal armies in France.

    1425, secured exemption, by letters patent good for 12 years, from holding royal office against his will.

    1431, named executor of Sir John Tiptoft's estates.

    bef 1440, founded a perpetual chantry at Cambridge, in the house of the Carmelites.

    William married Joan Burgh before Nov 1404. Joan (daughter of John Burgh and Katherine Engaine) died before 1433. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  7. 15.  Joan Burgh (daughter of John Burgh and Katherine Engaine); died before 1433.
    1. 7. Constance Assenhall died after Jun 1444.