Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John Oldcastle

Male Abt 1370 - 1417  (~ 47 years)

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  • Name John Oldcastle  [1
    Birth Abt 1370  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Death 14 Dec 1417  St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    Person ID I19630  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 16 Mar 2020 

    Father Richard Oldcastle,   b. of Almeley, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Isabel 
    Family ID F16253  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Katherine ferch Richard ab Ieuan   d. Bef Jun 1408 
    Marriage Bef 1394  [2
    +1. Matilda   d. Between 8 Oct 1457 and 4 Nov 1457, Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F11923  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 15 Mar 2020 

  • Notes 
    • Knight of the shire for Herefordshire, Jan 1404. Following his second marriage, to Joan de la Pole, Lady Cobham, as jure uxoris Lord Cobham he was summoned to Parliament by a series of writs from 26 Oct 1409 until 22 Mar 1413.

      The place of his execution is the intersection of Oxford Street, New Oxford Street, Tottenham Court Road, and Charing Cross Road. Centre Point rises from the northwest corner of this intersection.

      From Wikipedia:

      Sir John Oldcastle (died 14 December 1417) was an English Lollard leader. Being a friend of Henry V, he long escaped prosecution for heresy. When convicted, he escaped from the Tower of London and then led a rebellion against the King. Eventually, he was captured and executed in London. He formed the basis for William Shakespeare's character John Falstaff, who was originally called John Oldcastle.

      The detailed account of him in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography can be read here. His History of Parliament entry is here. A casual account of him is here.

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families by Douglas Richardson. Salt Lake City, 2013.

    2. [S47] The History of Parliament. Some citations point to entries from the printed volumes not yet added to the online site.

    3. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant ed. Vicary Gibbs, H. A. Doubleday, Duncan Warrand, Howard de Walden, Geoffrey H. White and R. S. Lea. 2nd edition. 14 volumes (1-13, but volume 12 spanned two books), London, The St. Catherine Press, 1910-1959. Volume 14, "Addenda & Corrigenda," ed. Peter W. Hammond, Gloucestershire, Sutton Publishing, 1998.

    4. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.