Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Garsenda of Sabran

Female Abt 1180 -

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  • Name Garsenda of Sabran  [1, 2
    Birth Abt 1180  [3
    Gender Female 
    Person ID I5377  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2021 

    Father Rainou de Sabran dit du Cayler 
    Mother Garsenda of Forcalquier   d. Bef 1193 
    Marriage Abt 1178  [3
    Family ID F1957  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alfonso II,   b. Abt 1180   d. Feb 1209, Palermo, Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Marriage 1193  [1, 4
     1. Raymond Berenger,   b. Abt 1195   d. 19 Aug 1245, Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône, France Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 50 years)
    Family ID F4029  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 29 Nov 2015 

  • Notes 
    • Also called Garsenda of Forcalquier, Gersenda of Sabran, Garsenda de Proensa, Garsenda de Proença.

      From Wikipedia (accessed 25 July 2021): She "was the Countess of Provence as the wife of Alfonso II from 1193 and the Countess of Forcalquier in her own right from 1209. She brought Forcalquier to the House of Barcelona and united it to Provence. She was also a patron of Occitan literature, especially the troubadours, and herself wrote some lyric poetry and is counted among the trobairitz as Garsenda de Proensa. She was, in the words of her most recent editors, 'one of the most powerful women in Occitan history'."

      She retired to the monastery of La Celle in the mid-1220s, but in 1242 she visited her newborn great-granddaughter Beatrice of England and Beatrice's parents, granddaughter Eleanor of Provence and her husband King Henry III of England, in Bordeaux. Henry was pursuing a war in France at that time and Garsenda brought 60 knights to his service. Her date of death is unknown, but she may have lived as late as 1257.

      Matt Baker of has pointed out that if this Garsenda were to be regarded as the founder of a matrilineal dynasty, and if that dynasty operated by rules paralleling that of patrilineal dynasties (i.e., male descendants are only considered members of the House if their mother was a member; having a grandmother as a member doesn't convey membership in the House), then the putative "House of Garsenda" would be the greatest royal dynasty in the history of Europe, containing within itself:

      6 Queens Regnant
      38 Queens Consort
      27 Kings
      7 Holy Roman Emperors
      5 Holy Roman Empresses
      3 Empresses Consort
      1 Prince Consort (Prince Philip of Great Britain)
      1 Kaiser (Wilhelm II)
      1 Empress Regnant (Catherine the Great)
      1 queen mother (Helene of Romania)

      Video: Europe's Hidden Matrilineal Dynasty: House of Garsenda. Chart here.

  • Sources 
    1. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.

    2. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition, by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    3. [S49] Genealogics by Leo Van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes and Leslie Mahler.

    4. [S846] Spanish-language Wikipedia.