Nielsen Hayden genealogy

St. Marguerite Bourgeoys

Female 1620 - 1700  (79 years)


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  • Name Marguerite Bourgeoys 
    Prefix St. 
    Born 17 Apr 1620  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Baptised 17 Apr 1620  Saint-Jean-du-Marché, Troyes, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Died 12 Jan 1700  [3
    Buried 13 Jan 1700  Montréal, Québec Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I32415  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 2 Apr 2021 

    Father Abraham Bourgeoys,   b. Bef 13 Oct 1579,   d. Oct 1651, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 72 years) 
    Mother Guillemette Garnier,   b. Bef 5 Sep 1593,   d. Between 12 Dec 1638 and 19 Dec 1638  (Age > 45 years) 
    Married 3 Feb 1609  Saint-Rémy, Troyes, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4
    Family ID F4169  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • "Marguerite Bourgeoys [...] was a French nun and founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal in the colony of New France, now part of Québec, Canada. Born in Troyes, she traveled to Fort Ville-Marie (now Montreal) by 1653, where she developed the convent and educated young girls, the poor, and children of First Nations until shortly before her death at the turn of the 18th century. She is also significant for developing one of the first uncloistered religious communities in the Catholic Church. Declared 'venerable' by the pope in 1878, she was canonized in 1982 and declared a saint by the Catholic Church." [Wikipedia]

      A more detailed biography of her can be read here at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography. In addition, the site of the Canadian medieval music ensemble Schola Magdalena features this thoughtful essay about her.

      As a side note, evidently Marguerite Bourgeoys coined the phrase "filles du roi" to describe the women who were brought to New France to alleviate the colony's catastrophic shortage of marriageable women in the 1660s and 70s.

  • Sources 
    1. [S5195] Marguerite Bourgeoys and Montreal, 1640-1665 by Patricia Simpson. Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press, 1997.

    2. [S38] Genealogy of the French in North America, by Denis Beauregard. Complete version, 2021.

    3. [S160] Wikipedia.

    4. [S38] Genealogy of the French in North America, by Denis Beauregard. Complete version, 2021., year and town only.