Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Ramon III Berenguer

Male 1082 - 1131  (48 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Ramon III Berenguer was born 11 Nov 1082, Rodez, France (son of Ramon II Berenguer and Mahalta of Apulia); died 23 Jan 1131, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 19 Jul 1131, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

    Notes:

    "The Great." Count of Barcelona.

    Ramon married Dulce de Gévauden 3 Feb 1112. Dulce (daughter of Gilbert of Gévauden and Gerberga of Provence) was born Aft 1092; died Between 28 Nov 1127 and 1130. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Ramon IV Berengar was born Abt 1113; died 6 Aug 1162.
    2. Berenguela of Barcelona was born Abt 1114; died 15 Jan 1149, Palencia, Castile, Spain; was buried , Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.
    3. Berenguer Ramon I was born Abt 1114; died 1144.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Ramon II Berenguer was born 1055 (son of Ramon I Berenguer and Almodis de La Marche); died 5 Dec 1082.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 6 Dec 1082

    Notes:

    "The Fratricide"; "The Towhead". Count of Barcelona. "Killed while hunting in the woods of Perxa del Astor."

    Ramon married Mahalta of Apulia Bef 13 Jul 1078. Mahalta (daughter of Robert Guiscard and Sikelgaita) was born Abt 1059; died 19 Sep 1108. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Mahalta of Apulia was born Abt 1059 (daughter of Robert Guiscard and Sikelgaita); died 19 Sep 1108.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1111 and 1112

    Children:
    1. 1. Ramon III Berenguer was born 11 Nov 1082, Rodez, France; died 23 Jan 1131, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Ramon I Berenguer was born 1023 (son of Berengar I Raymond and Sancha Sanchez); died 26 May 1076; was buried , Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

    Notes:

    "The Old". Count of Barcelona.

    Ramon married Almodis de La Marche Aft Apr 1053. Almodis (daughter of Bernard I and Amelie) was born Abt 1010; died 16 Oct 1071. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Almodis de La Marche was born Abt 1010 (daughter of Bernard I and Amelie); died 16 Oct 1071.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1020

    Notes:

    Married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038. After three children, he divorced her "due to consanguinity" and arranged for her to marry Pons of Toulouse. She had several children by Pons and was still married to him in 1053 when she was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, who kidnapped her from Narbonne with help from his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. Ramon married her immediately and set about getting her with children. Pope Victor II excommunicated them both, but the writ was rescinded in 1056.

    From Wikipedia:

    Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding [Almodis, who married Count Pierre of Melgueil]. A few years before, in 1060, [her first husband] Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son [by her second husband] William IV of Toulouse.* Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan [by her first husband], Raymond IV of Toulouse [by her second], and Berenguer Ramon [by her third] all took the Cross.

    *****

    She was murdered in October 1071 by one Pere-Ramon who had been Ramon Berenguer's heir before Ramon married her. Wikipedia: "He was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname 'The Fratricide' when he killed his own twin brother."

    *****

    * See her first husband Hugh V's entry: she seems to have persuaded him to enter the fray on behalf of her son by husband #2, and he lost his life by so doing.

    Children:
    1. 2. Ramon II Berenguer was born 1055; died 5 Dec 1082.

  3. 6.  Robert Guiscard was born Abt 1015, near Coutances, Normandy, France (son of Tancred of Hauteville and Fressenda); died 17 Jul 1085, Lixorion, Kefallinia, Ionian Islands, Greece.

    Notes:

    "Robert Guiscard (c.?1015 - 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer conspicuous in the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily. Robert was born into the Hauteville family in Normandy, went on to become Count of Apulia and Calabria (1057-1059), and then Duke of Apulia and Calabria and Duke of Sicily (1059-1085). His sobriquet, in contemporary Latin Viscardus and Old French Viscart, is often rendered 'the Resourceful', 'the Cunning', 'the Wily', 'the Fox', or 'the Weasel'. In Italian sources he is often Roberto il Guiscardo or Roberto d'Altavilla (from Robert de Hauteville)." [Wikipedia]

    The Byzantine historian Anna Comnena described Robert Guiscard:

    "This Robert was Norman by birth, of obscure origins, with an overbearing character and a thoroughly villainous mind; he was a brave fighter, very cunning in his assaults on the wealth and power of great men; in achieving his aims absolutely inexorable, diverting criticism by incontrovertible argument. He was a man of immense stature, surpassing even the biggest men; he had a ruddy complexion, fair hair, broad shoulders, eyes that all but shot out sparks of fire. In a well-built man one looks for breadth here and slimness there; in him all was admirably well-proportioned and elegant...Homer remarked of Achilles that when he shouted his hearers had the impression of a multitude in uproar, but Robert's bellow, so they say, put tens of thousands to flight." [The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, trans. E. R. A. Sewter (London: Penguin, 1969), p. 54.]

    Robert married Sikelgaita 1058. (daughter of Guaimar IV of Salerno and Gemma) was born Abt 1040; died 16 Apr 1090. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Sikelgaita was born Abt 1040 (daughter of Guaimar IV of Salerno and Gemma); died 16 Apr 1090.

    Notes:

    Also Sichelgaita; Sigelgaita de Salerno.

    Children:
    1. Sibylle de Hauteville
    2. 3. Mahalta of Apulia was born Abt 1059; died 19 Sep 1108.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Berengar I Raymond was born Abt 1005 (son of Ramon III Borrell and Ermensinde of Carcassonne); died 26 May 1035; was buried , Santa Maria de Ripoli, Ripoll, Catalonia, Spain.

    Notes:

    Also called "The Crooked"; "The Hunchback". Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

    Berengar married Sancha Sanchez 1021. Sancha (daughter of Sancho Garcia and Urraca Gomez) died 26 Jun 1026. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Sancha Sanchez (daughter of Sancho Garcia and Urraca Gomez); died 26 Jun 1026.
    Children:
    1. 4. Ramon I Berenguer was born 1023; died 26 May 1076; was buried , Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

  3. 10.  Bernard I was born Abt 974 (son of Adelbert I and Aisceline of Limoges); died Between 1038 and 16 Jun 1047.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1047

    Notes:

    Comte de la Marche and Périgord.

    Bernard — Amelie. Amelie was born Abt 985; died 1072. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Amelie was born Abt 985; died 1072.

    Notes:

    Also called Ainal. She is shown in various sources as of the families d'Angoulême, de Montignac, or d'Aulnay, but her parentage is unknown.

    Children:
    1. Adelbert II died 1088.
    2. Rangarde la Marche
    3. 5. Almodis de La Marche was born Abt 1010; died 16 Oct 1071.

  5. 12.  Tancred of Hauteville was born Abt 970; died Abt 1041.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 980

    Notes:

    "Tancred of Hauteville (980-1041) was an 11th-century Norman petty lord about whom little is known. His historical importance comes entirely from the accomplishments of his sons and later descendants. He was a minor noble near Coutances in the Cotentin. Various legends arose about Tancred which have no supporting contemporary evidence that has survived the ages." [Wikipedia]

    Tancred — Fressenda. Fressenda died 1057. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Fressenda died 1057.
    Children:
    1. 6. Robert Guiscard was born Abt 1015, near Coutances, Normandy, France; died 17 Jul 1085, Lixorion, Kefallinia, Ionian Islands, Greece.
    2. Roger I d'Hauteville was born 1031; died 22 Jun 1101.

  7. 14.  Guaimar IV of Salerno was born Abt 1013 (son of Guaimar III of Salerno and Gaitelgrima of Capua); died 2 Jun 1052.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 3 Jun 1052

    Notes:

    "Guaimar IV (c. 1013 - ass. 2 or 3 June 1052) was Prince of Salerno (1027-1052), Duke of Amalfi (1039-1052), Duke of Gaeta (1040-1041), and Prince of Capua (1038-1047) in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052. He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power." [Wikipedia]

    Assassinated by the his wife's four brothers.

    Guaimar married Gemma Bef 1032. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Gemma (daughter of Laidulf of Capua).
    Children:
    1. 7. Sikelgaita was born Abt 1040; died 16 Apr 1090.