Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John, King of England

Male Abt 1166 - 1216  (~ 49 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John, King of England was born Abt 27 Dec 1166, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England (son of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England); died 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried , Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Nicknamed "Lackland".

    "With regard to the birthdate of John, there have been disagreements as to the exact date and year, because of discrepancies in the sources. This was recently discussed in detail in Lewis (2002), where the conclusion was reached that 1166 was more likely than 1167. A statement in the early thirteenth century that John received that name because he was born about the time of the feast of St. John (27 December) would, if true, indicate that date as a plausible date of birth [Ex chronico anonymi canonici, ut videtur, Laudensis, RHF 13, 678-9]. However, that source only indicates a birth on about that date ('circa festum S. Johannis natus fuit'), not on it." [Stewart Baldwin, The Henry Project]

    For at least part of his upbringing, he was raised in the remarkable household of his father Henry II's justiciar Ranulph de Glanville, along with, among others, the Walter brothers, nephews of Glanville's wife Bertha de Valognes. Theobald Walter would become, under John, chief butler of England and Ireland and the founder of enduring lordships in Munster and Leinster. Hubert Walter would become archbishop of Canterbury, Ranulph de Glanville's successor as justiciar of England, and then, in John's kingship, chancellor of England. Also raised and educated in the same household was Geoffrey fitz Peter, who would become John's justiciar.

    John — Clemence. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Joan of England was born Bef 1190; died 30 Mar 1236; was buried , Llanvaes, Anglesey, Wales.

    John — (Unknown daughter of William de Warenne). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Richard fitz Roy died Bef 24 Jun 1246.

    John — (Unknown mistress of King John). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Isabel fitz Roy

    John married Isabel 29 Aug 1189, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. Isabel (daughter of William fitz Robert and Hawise of Leicester) died 14 Oct 1217. [Group Sheet]

    John married Isabel of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England 24 Aug 1200, Bordeaux, Gironde, France. Isabel (daughter of Adémar and Alix de Courtenay) died 31 May 1246; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Henry III, King of England was born 1 Oct 1207, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England; died 16 Nov 1272, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. Richard of Cornwall, King of the Romans was born 5 Jan 1209, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England; died 2 Apr 1272, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Joan of England was born 22 Jul 1210, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England; died 4 Mar 1238, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Tarrant Keynston Abbey, Tarrant Crawford, Dorset, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Henry II, King of England was born 4 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France (son of Geoffrey V of Anjou and Maud "The Empress"); died 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France

    Notes:

    Also called Henry Fitz Empress; Henry Fitz Geoffrey.

    Henry married Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England 18 May 1152, Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, Gironde, France. Eleanor (daughter of William X of Aquitaine and Aénor de Châtellerault) was born 1122; died 1204; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England was born 1122 (daughter of William X of Aquitaine and Aénor de Châtellerault); died 1204; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1124
    • Alternate death: 31 Mar 1204, Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
    • Alternate death: 1 Apr 1204

    Notes:

    Also called Alienor, Helienordis. Duchess of Aquitaine.

    Children:
    1. Henry the Young King, Titular King of England was born 28 Feb 1155; died 11 Jun 1183, Castle of Martel, Lot, France.
    2. Richard I, King of England was born 8 Sep 1157, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England; died 6 Apr 1199, Châlus, Aquitaine, France; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.
    3. Eleanor of England was born 1161; died 21 Sep 1214; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
    4. 1. John, King of England was born Abt 27 Dec 1166, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England; died 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried , Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Geoffrey V of Anjou was born 24 Aug 1113 (son of Fulk V, King of Jerusalem and Eremburge de la Flèche); died 7 Sep 1151, Château-du-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France; was buried , Le Mans Cathedral, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France.

    Notes:

    Count of Anjou.

    Also called Geoffrey Plantagenet; Geoffrey "le Bel".

    Royal Ancestry, Wikipedia, and most notably the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography all say he married the Empress Matilda in Le Mans. The Henry Project says the wedding took place in Worcester, citing L. C. Bethemann, ed., Roberti de Monte Chronica (a continuation by Robert de Torigni of the chronicle of Sigebert de Gembloux).

    Geoffrey married Maud "The Empress" 22 May 1128, Le Mans Cathedral, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France. Maud (daughter of Henry I, King of England and Matilda of Scotland, Queen Consort of England) was born Abt 8 Feb 1102, London, England; died 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France; was buried , Abbey of Bec, Eure, Normandy, France. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Maud "The Empress" was born Abt 8 Feb 1102, London, England (daughter of Henry I, King of England and Matilda of Scotland, Queen Consort of England); died 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France; was buried , Abbey of Bec, Eure, Normandy, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1104

    Children:
    1. 2. Henry II, King of England was born 4 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France; died 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.

  3. 6.  William X of Aquitaine was born 1099 (son of William IX of Aquitaine and Philippa of Toulouse); died 26 Mar 1136, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Mar 1136, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain
    • Alternate death: 9 Apr 1137

    Notes:

    Called "The Saint." Duke of Aquitaine. Also, as William VIII, Count of Poitou. Also Duke of Gascony.

    William married Aénor de Châtellerault 1121. Aénor (daughter of Aimery I and Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard) died Aft 3 Mar 1130. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Aénor de Châtellerault (daughter of Aimery I and Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard); died Aft 3 Mar 1130.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft Mar 1130

    Notes:

    Also called Eleanor; Aénor de Rochefoucauld.

    Children:
    1. 3. Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England was born 1122; died 1204; was buried , Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Fulk V, King of Jerusalem was born Between 1089-1092 (son of Fulk IV "Le Rechin" and Bertrade de Montfort); died 1142; was buried , Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1092
    • Alternate death: 13 Nov 1143, Acre, Palestine
    • Alternate death: 10 Nov 1144, Jerusalem

    Notes:

    Count of Anjou 1109-1129; Count of Maine (jure uxoris) 1110-1129.

    Fulk married Eremburge de la Flèche 1110. Eremburge (daughter of Helie de la Flèche and Matilde de Chateau-du-Loir) died 1126. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Eremburge de la Flèche (daughter of Helie de la Flèche and Matilde de Chateau-du-Loir); died 1126.

    Notes:

    Also called Ermengarde of Maine.

    Children:
    1. Sibyl of Anjou was born 1112; died 1165.
    2. 4. Geoffrey V of Anjou was born 24 Aug 1113; died 7 Sep 1151, Château-du-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France; was buried , Le Mans Cathedral, Le Mans, Maine, Pays de la Loire, France.

  3. 10.  Henry I, King of England was born 1068 (son of William I, King of England and Matilda of Flanders, Queen Consort of England); died 1 Dec 1135, Lyon-la-Forêt, near Rouen, Normandy, France; was buried , Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Between May and Sep 1068, Selby, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate birth: Between Feb and May 1069, Selby, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate birth: 1068-1069
    • Alternate birth: 1068-1069

    Notes:

    Called "Beauclerc" by later historians, but not during his lifetime.

    Died after eating lampreys, which had been forbidden to him by his physician. Body buried at Reading Abbey, England. Entrails buried at Port-du-Salut Abbey, France. The Middle Ages: weird.

    Henry married Matilda of Scotland, Queen Consort of England 11 Nov 1100. Matilda (daughter of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (Alba) and St. Margaret of Scotland) was born 1079; died 1 May 1118, Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried , St. Peter's, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Matilda of Scotland, Queen Consort of England was born 1079 (daughter of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (Alba) and St. Margaret of Scotland); died 1 May 1118, Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried , St. Peter's, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Notes:

    "Although she is usually called Matilda, she was born with the name Eadgyth (Edith), as Orderic Vitalis notes." [The Henry Project]

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Reared at Romsey Abbey in Hampshire but never having taken religious vows, Matilda was the orphaned daughter of Malcolm III (Canmore), king of Scots (d. 1093), and his celebrated queen, the saintly Margaret (d. 1093), and, through Margaret, a direct descendant of Edmund Ironside and the West Saxon kings. Matilda's marriage to Henry would thus have pleased both Scots and Anglo-Saxons. More importantly, however, it reinforced Henry's claim to the throne by providing his children with a direct hereditary link to the old English royal line. The blood of both Alfred and William the Conqueror would flow through them. By an odd chain of circumstances, Matilda was also the god-daughter of Henry's brother, Duke Robert Curthose. [...]

    She became a widely admired queen, presiding competently as regent over England during Henry's frequent sojourns in Normandy and, through her patronage, making the English royal court a centre for writers and musicians. She commissioned the writing of a history of England by the monks of Malmesbury Abbey, for example, and thus became a benefactor of the great historian William of Malmesbury. She may also have given her patronage to the unknown writer who produced the first major poem to be written in Anglo-Norman French, the Voyage of St Brendan. Moreover, as a spiritual disciple of Anselm, Matilda used her close relationships with both the archbishop and her royal husband to intervene with some effect in the complex negotiations over lay investiture. The impression conveyed by her letters is that while her love of Anselm was deep and genuine, it was exceeded by her devotion to her husband and his policies.

    Children:
    1. 5. Maud "The Empress" was born Abt 8 Feb 1102, London, England; died 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France; was buried , Abbey of Bec, Eure, Normandy, France.

  5. 12.  William IX of Aquitaine was born 22 Oct 1071 (son of Guy-Geoffrey of Poitou and Hildegarde of Burgundy); died 10 Feb 1126.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 10 Feb 1127

    Notes:

    Also called Guilhèm de Peitieus; Guillaume de Poitiers. Duke of Aquitaine; also, as William VII, Count of Poitou. A leader of the Crusade of 1101, he is much more famous as the first troubador poet whose work has survived.

    "Ab la dolcher del temps novel"
    By William IX, Duke of Aquitaine

    Out of the sweetness of the spring,
    The branches leaf, the small birds sing,
    Each one chanting in its own speech,
    Forming the verse of its new song,
    Then is it good a man should reach
    For that for which he most does long.

    From finest sweetest place I see
    No messenger, no word for me,
    So my heart can't laugh or rest,
    And I don't dare try my hand,
    Until I know, and can attest,
    That all things are as I demand.

    This love of ours it seems to be
    Like a twig on a hawthorn tree
    That on the tree trembles there
    All night, in rain and frost it grieves,
    Till morning, when the rays appear
    Among the branches and the leaves.

    So the memory of that dawn to me
    When we ended our hostility,
    And a most precious gift she gave,
    Her loving friendship and her ring:
    Let me live long enough, I pray,
    Beneath her cloak my hand to bring.

    I've no fear that tongues too free
    Might part me from Sweet Company,
    I know with words how they can stray
    In gossip, yet that's a fact of life:
    No matter if others boast of love,
    We have the loaf, we have the knife!

    Translated by A. S. Kline. © 2009; All Rights Reserved. This work may be freely reproduced, stored, and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose.

    "For any of the later Provençals, i.e., the high-brows, we have to...'put ourselves into the Twelfth Century' etc. Guillaume, writing a century earlier, is just as much of our age as of his own."
    [Ezra Pound, The Spirit of Romance]

    And Poictiers, you know, Guillaume Poictiers,
    had brought the song up out of Spain
    with the singers and viels...
    [Ezra Pound, Canto VIII]

    William married Philippa of Toulouse 1094. Philippa (daughter of William IV of Toulouse and Emma of Mortain) died 28 Nov 1117. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Philippa of Toulouse (daughter of William IV of Toulouse and Emma of Mortain); died 28 Nov 1117.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 28 Nov 1118, Fontévrault Abbey, near Chinon, Anjou, France

    Notes:

    Also called Mathilda; Maud. Regent of Toulouse.

    Ancestral Roots and other sources to the contrary, she was probably never married to Sancho V Ramirez (1043-94), king of Aragon. Wikipedia's article on Philippa of Toulouse cites two sources to this effect:

    "Szabolcs de Vajay, 'Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende', in Me?langes offerts a? Rene? Crozet, 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, 'The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine', in Journal of Medieval History, vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Sancho's wife Felicie was clearly still married to him just months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable."

    Children:
    1. Agnes of Aquitaine
    2. 6. William X of Aquitaine was born 1099; died 26 Mar 1136, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.
    3. Agnes of Aquitaine was born Abt 1105; died Abt 1159.

  7. 14.  Aimery I was born Abt 1076 (son of Boson II and Aliénor de Thouars); died Bef 1144, Notre-Dame de Noyers monastery, Nouâtre, Indre-et-Loire, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 7 Nov 1144, Notre-Dame de Noyers monastery, Nouâtre, Indre-et-Loire, France

    Notes:

    Also called Almeric. Viscount of Chatellerault. Died as a monk.

    Aimery — Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard. Dangereuse (daughter of Bartholomew de l'Isle Bouchard and Gerberge) was born Abt 1079; died Aft 1119. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard was born Abt 1079 (daughter of Bartholomew de l'Isle Bouchard and Gerberge); died Aft 1119.

    Notes:

    Also called La Maubergeonne; Amauberge. The latter may have been her actual baptismal name.

    Mistress to William IX of Aquitaine, father of her son-in-law.

    Also called La Maubergeonne; Amauberge. Mistress to William IX of Aquitaine, father of her son-in-law.

    Children:
    1. 7. Aénor de Châtellerault died Aft 3 Mar 1130.