Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Henry Percy

Male 1341 - 1408  (66 years)


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  • Name Henry Percy 
    Born 10 Nov 1341  of Warkworth, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Feb 1408  Bramham Moor, near Tadcaster, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried York Cathedral, York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I18025  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestors of JTS
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2017 

    Father Henry de Percy,   b. Between 1322 and 1325, of Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 18 May 1368, Warkworth, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years) 
    Mother Mary of Lancaster,   b. Abt 1320,   d. 1 Sep 1362  (Age ~ 42 years) 
    Married Bef 5 Sep 1334  [1
    Family ID F11215  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret de Neville,   d. 11 May 1372 
    Married 12 Jul 1358  Brancepeth, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
    +1. Henry "Hotspur" Percy,   b. 20 May 1364,   d. 21 Jul 1403, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F11212  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Earl of Northumberland. From Wikipedia:

      Henry Percy was originally a follower of Edward III of England, for whom he held high offices in the administration of northern England. At a young age he was made Warden of the Marches towards Scotland in 1362, with the authority to negotiate with the Scottish government. In February 1367 he was entrusted with the supervision of all castles and fortified places in the Scottish marches. He went on to support King Richard II and was created an Earl and briefly given the title of Marshal of England. Between 1383 and 1384 he was appointed Admiral of the Northern Seas. After Richard elevated his rival Ralph Neville to the position of Earl of Westmorland in 1397, Percy supported the rebellion of Henry Bolingbroke, who became King as Henry IV.

      On King Henry IV's coronation he was appointed Constable of England and granted the lordship of the Isle of Man. Percy and his son, Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", were given the task of subduing the rebellion of Owain Glynd?r, but their attempts to make peace with the Welsh rebels did not meet with the king's approval.

      In 1403 the Percys turned against Henry IV in favour of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, and then conspired with Owain Glynd?r against King Henry. The Tripartite Indenture was signed by all three parties, which divided England up between them. Glynd?r was to be given Wales, and a substantial part of the west of England, Northumberland was to have received the north of England, as well as Northamptonshire, Norfolk, Warwickshire, and Leicestershire. The Mortimers were to have received the rest of southern England, below the river Trent.

      The Percy rebellion failed at the Battle of Shrewsbury, where Hotspur was killed. Since the earl did not directly participate in the rebellion, he was not convicted of treason. However, he lost his office as Constable. In 1405 Percy supported Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York, in another rebellion, after which Percy fled to Scotland, and his estates were confiscated by the king.

      In 1408 Percy invaded England in rebellion once more and was killed at the Battle of Bramham Moor. Percy's severed head was subsequently put on display at London Bridge.

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.